In the short story “The Signal-Man,” Charles Dicken employs a series of elements in his narration with the hope of making the narration more exciting and making the story have more meaning. The short story by Dickens circulates three characters who are; the ghost, the signalman, and the narrator. The story circulates mostly around these three characters, and Dickens manages to expound the plot of his story with them. One of the elements which cut across the story is the use of imagery. Imagery, as Dickens employs it in the story, manages to give the readers the ability to understand the plot in detail and to understand the different perspectives that Dickens is hoping to achieve through the narration. An analysis of the story shows many instances where Dickens has used imagery in his description as a literary device to develop the plot.
Imagery, as has been employed by Dickens, refers to the use of figurative language in such a way that it becomes more appealing to the visual senses of the readers. Use of imagery helps to represent ideas, objects, or even actions among many other things in a literary work such as this story by Charles Dickens. To begin with, at the start of the story, Dickens manages to bring out an instance of imagery in his narration. As the story begins, we are introduced to the narrative which is strolling in the country. On his way, he meets the signalman, and he greets him. The narrator says, and I quote “Halloa! Below there!” (Dickens, p.1). These words as we come to learn later in the story did symbolize the relationship and the connection between the ghost and the narrator. Both used the same words while greeting the signalman. On one front, the ghost appeared to the signalman from the tunnel, and every time the ghost appeared it greeted the signalman with these words. On the other side, the narrator also uses the same words to greet the signalman. Upon noticing this instance of the use of imagery by Dickens in his story, a reader is engraved in the narration as they try to connect the narrator and the ghost. All the same, the use of these words by the narrator to greet the signalman is an example of the use of imagery as it is used symbolically. On a different note, the signalman is cold to the narrator despite this being their first meeting (Dickens, p.3). He is cold to narrator because he can identify the similarity in the use of language by the narrator and the ghost. In some way, his unwelcoming gesture can be explained by the signalman being fearful. However, he later welcomes him in his home “He took me into his box” (Dickens, p.5).
In addition to the above, use of imagery is noticeable in the narration when Dickens uses the tunnel and the ghost. The tunnel which was dark and cold is used to symbolize tragedy and misfortune that is waiting to strike innocent victims. On the other side, the ghost is used as another example of imagery as he symbolizes tragedy and misfortune as well. The two combined, help the reader to understand that anytime the ghost appears to warn the signalman, a tragedy happens. In many instances of the story, the ghost has appeared on the mouth of the tunnel to warn the signalman of an accident (Dickens, p.3). However, the scary part of the warnings by the ghost is that despite its warnings all the accidents and tragedies have happened. It means that the ghost is not only an indication of tragedy but also despite his warnings the misgivings occur. For instance, we understand from the story that the ghost has appeared to the accident man three times. For the first time, the ghost warns of an accident, and as per the warning, an accident occurs on the railway line where several people are killed while others are injured (Dickens, p.5). The second time the ghost appears and issues a warning, and as per the warning, an accident occurs and this time around a young man dies inside the train. As we learn in the story, the cause of the death of the young man cannot be explained which serves to mount more mystery on the relevance of the ghost (Dickens, p.7). Thus, from these examples, the ghost and the train tunnel are used figuratively by the author of the story as forms of imagery. Specifically, they symbolize tragedy and death.
Thirdly, imagery is also used in the story which is shown by the appearance of the ghost to the signalman for the third time. As addressed in the above section, the appearance of the ghost implied that tragedy was to strike again. This time around, the tragedy that strike was different as it involved the signalman. In the accident, a train had hit and killed the signalman. Thus, the story buses imagery to create a connection between the accident and the third appearance of the ghost. Later, we learn that the narrator upon finding out about the death of the signalman he can create a connection of the two incidences. Just like the signalman had told him, there was a man lying on the ground hit by a train and it was the signalman who had been victim to the grueling accident (Dickens, p.11). All in all, these apparitions which the narrator had initially brushed off came into existence.
The use of imagery in the story by Charles Dickens is mostly on apparitions. The apparitions, which can be argued as hallucinations were symbolic in that they symbolized the accidents and tragedies that happened at the railway line. In the story, the author manages to place the signalman as the center of the narration considering that he was the recipient of these apparitions and as we can see he was in a way tasked with the responsibility of ending these tragedies before they happen. However, the signalman is unable to stop these accidents and eventually he even falls victim to one of his apparitions (Dickens, p.3). All the same, imagery can be summed up to mean the use of figurative language to develop the plot of narration and to make a narration more interesting. In the case of “The Signalman,” imagery was used when the author uses the ghost and apparitions, or rather visions to predict accidents that happened on the railway line.
In conclusion, the use of imagery is a vital approach considering that it makes the plot of the narration interesting and appealing to readers. On a different note, imagery also helps to make readers understand in detail the events as they unfold. All the same, its use, as shown above, plays a great role in plot development and makes readers get a more descriptive understand of the story as it unfolds.
The culture of growth and the industrial revolution
During the end of the eighteenth-century innovation slowly paved its way giving way to the industrial revolution in the larger parts of Europe. These innovations were facilitated by a couple of factors such as the learning institutions that systematically, transitioned the work of innovations from one generation to the other. Through this, it was quite easier to incorporate the work of other genius innovators with discoveries to ensure that solid and concrete innovations were brought into existence. Mokyr analyses the economic growth of Europe to have emanated not only from the economic and political influence but also the different competent ideas that were largely brought out as a collective idea of the residentials within the continent. On the other hand, the political and cultural transition also fueled the urge of growth from one generation to the other, an idea that brought a quick spread of innovation giving birth to the culture of growth.
The paper seeks to code the interrelationship between the ideas brought by different inventors in different geographical areas and how they were transitioned from one generation to the other giving birth to a real industrial revolution. More so, this paper will seek to explore the potential power of the institutions towards developing a sustainable transition of knowledge.
There has been a great significance and early traces of scientific innovations in many parts all around the globe such as the Islamic parts and China. However, it is quite astonishing to understand that all this valuable innovation was not brought into existence, a step that would have improved the geographical innovation of the nation.
Analyze the intellectual scene in Europe in 1500–1700
As observed by Mokyr, a republic of letters was formulated at the time of enlightening in western Europe. This was regarded as a ferment of the public debate that can be regarded to as the open science knowledge. More so, this emanated from the deep science innovation, which led to scientific insights to even a more practical technology. Soon the scientists and the newly emerging group of the tinkering began to correspond with their counterparts across the continent. Through this, a new step of competition emanated giving rise to stiff competition in different parts of the continent.
On the other hand, the political fragmentation of Europe played a vital role in empowering and helping formulate regulations that would benefit innovation. More so the rulers within Europe had developed a support mechanism that would attract the most significant and talented intellectual starts to be part of their territories, as innovation was a supreme weapon in concerning and ruling other neighboring communities and territory that were poor regarding innovation.
During the creative and innovative period in 1500-1700, Mokyr reflects on the political fragmented European continent that fostered the markets for the idea to the rest of the world. Furthermore, his ability to freely have a willingness to investigate the underlying form of nature facilitated the idol figure of Europe to other struggling nations (McCormick et al., p.56). The emerging of the trans nation community that profoundly circulated ideas across the continent opened a door for institution facilitation as most of the locally and experimented ideas were documented to nurture improvement of the discoveries. With the proper grasps of the political fragmentation as well as the supportive intellectual environment helps to stitch together the common patterns and roles that heavily supported the industrial revolution in Europe. Additionally, the creative thinkers and the heterodox could easily find a sanctuary in other nations within the continent, a step that was fully supported by the political affairs.
Examples of cultural entrepreneurs such as Francis Bacon and Isaac Newton
Cultural entrepreneurs such as Bacon and Newton formulated new arguments and the theoretical hypothesis that was successfully transitioned to the art market of ideas.
The Comparison of Europe and China
Mokyr’s concept towards the emphasis on the institutional differences between Europe and China during the 1500 period is emphasized by his research, where he explores the different perspectives that profoundly emanates from the two geographical regions. Additionally, this is focused on the purely economic factors such as a networked system of roads that facilitated easy movement and transport solutions across Europe. Additionally, the aspect of property intellectual in Europe played a major role in facilitating the growth of the industrial revolution.
The inventors remained the sole proprietors who granted permissions of their innovations to be applied in varies points across the nation. However, Mokyr argues about the rigidity and the flexibility of both Europe and China’s institution to have played a significant impact on the development and failures of every continent towards innovation. “The failure of radically heterodox views to catch on in China underlines the fundamental difference between China and Europe: there were repressive and reactionary regimes galore in Europe, but the interstate competitiveness constrained their ability to enforce a specific orthodoxy. What was missing in China’s institutions was a high level of competitiveness, both in the market for ideas and at the level of political power” (Mokyr p. 317).
Muslims have by far become part of our community in the United States, where most of them have ventured into different social-economic activities as well as surviving in our parastatals. Additionally, some of them have also taken part in the higher learning institutions here in the United States. In this manner, there is a greater need to understand their cultural background information, a step that gives an opportunity to explore their cultural barriers that may hinder nursing activities from administering certain services. More so, this research gives an opportunity to understand the best approaches in which nurses in our nation may offer effective services without breaching social and cultural practices if this community that has become part of our society. This paper seeks to explore the Muslim community using different Purnell’s domains such as; Workforce issues, overview, High-risk behaviors, Family roles and organization
Most ethnic groups who immigrate to the US have economic and political reasons for the move. What were they?
In the modern American society today, Muslims have profoundly fused with the residents of the United States to contribute to the population growth of the nation. However, most of the Muslims have moved to the nation in search of business opportunities as well as favorable political policies that have favored their flocking over the past centuries. Additionally, some of them moved due to political unrest in their nation.
A futuristic look at the future
A lot lies in the future with lots of inventions being recorded in the past, I mean whoever anticipated that people would fly in the sky or even drive cars across the streets as its being witnessed today. Such inventions are also believed to go a long way in shaping the future while contributing to development as people embrace modernity. However, such technologies have as well presented new challenges as highlighted in this paper. In the recent past, many cities have continued to witness a rise in traffic snarl-ups. The problem becomes worse when the city in question is quite large and so; the larger a city is the more traffic congestion issues it has to grapple with. Urban areas are always on the receiving end when it comes to matters pertaining to traffic (He, Yan, Liu & Ma 425). This aspect can be related to a wide range of reasons. However, for a city to become effectively productive its traffic has to flow.
Urban Problem Solution
One of the causes of urban congestion as highlighted by scholars is the fact that transport terminals such as rail yards, airports, and ports are all found in cities. Therefore, they largely lead to traffic clogging yet commuters are forced to commute for pretty long hours. Most of the time spent in commuting is done between workplaces and homes. This is associated with affordable housing baffling many. People are thus forced to commute far away from the central business district among cities, in search for affordable housing thus bringing about congestion in cities.
A lot of challenges as well emerge from such activity as seen from the lowered rate of productivity among staffs thus implying that organizations are inhibited from realizing much as anticipated. Traffic congestions also result in the air as well as noise pollution. Healthcare related cases have also increased with many people now suffering from chronic diseases while being expressed to a lot of pressure which is bound to have a negative impact on the health sector. As a result, one can easily draw how the level of congestion has an adverse effect on other sectors (Yong, Yulah & Kai, 754).
In addition to this, an increased rate of energy consumption is also quite synonymous with urban congestions. The worst part about these is that congestion often results in impaired safety and proliferated rates of accidents. Since time immemorial, road snarl-ups are also linked to the fact that many urban dwellers rely on vehicle transportation. The increased rates of dependency are associated with the fact that this dependency comes with myriads of advantages, such as convenience and speed. A total vehicle fleet is influenced by a level of growth economically urbanization as well as the need for more leisure time.
For possibly the longest time now, cities have been said to create a wide range of paradoxes, when it comes to geography. For instance, people believe that when the rates of specialization increase, the needs for transport also increase. On the other hand, agglomeration often leads to congestion. Investment and planning practices have also been known to contribute to automobile dependency. In as much as this is advantageous, it is wise to do much in as far as the respective authorities are obliged to bring about a difference. As a result of increased traffic delays, lots of resources are as well lost but ought to be addressed.
When solving issues with regards to traffic problems, critics argue that these are more of lifestyle problems than they are about anything else. Therefore, in order to counter these problems, there is a need for people to change their lifestyles. City planners need to change the manner in which they plan urban centers (He, Yan, Liu & Ma 427). For every city, there must be people who have been accorded with the responsibility of planning it. This may include the police, the utilities, and power organizations as well as other stakeholders just to name a few. When they are coming up with plans that might, in the long run, affect the city lifestyle, these planners ought to get an insight into the future.
The civic authorities have also been ignoring their responsibilities for a pretty long time and so, they need to start being held more accountable. Since time immemorial, civic authorities have always turned to house demolition, as a way of ensuring that there is a decongestion. This should never be the option, as a matter of fact, there is little that demolition can do to ease traffic congestion. The one way that can be applied by civic figures, when it comes to decongesting the urban centers is to ban the public vehicles’ parking that is mostly done on the road. Every commercial center in the city, irrespective of its size, should have the capacity to host vehicles (Wang, Mao, Li, Xiong, Wang n.p).
Increasing the parking fees in public spaces can also work wonders in ensuring that decongestion has been achieved successfully. When public space parking becomes more expensive, people can feel the pressure. Moreover, lane indiscipline can also result in traffic congestion even though; in most cases, these lanes are marked. However, no matter how broadly these lanes end up being marked, people still afford to be undisciplined when it comes to observing the required rules and regulations. Six simple ways have been brought forward, which can go a long way, in ensuring that there is a decongestion and include:
Corporate Contributions to Political Campaigns
Corporate Contributions to Political Campaigns
The era of politics leaves a divided nation not simply because all the activities are shut down to give a room for the campaigns but based on the different sides that we all take have left a great question on our ethical practices. It is the right of every citizen or the organization to cling or support the political party of their interest. However, the big question still lingers in the ethical practice that is emanating due to the practical participation of the corporate participating or supporting the political affairs.
What are the ethical issues?
The theory of utilitarianism is a normative ethic that holds the concept of maximization of the utility. In this element, a utility is significantly defined as an economical gain, pleasure and above all, the lack of suffering due to the aspect of securing an unethical form of favor.
Mill’s theory of utilitarianism argues that we should heavily relay or make a choice of actions that will enhance or provide the best results we should consider which influences the maximum number of beneficiaries (Ruggiero, 2014). Through this concept, it is quite clear that the involvement of the corporate in the political campaign affairs is unethical as this only targets the beneficial concept to the limited group of individuals. In other words, the political candidate supported by the corporate will act under control and pressure from the corporate and not to solve the public affairs.
Basing on Kant’s deontology that dictates and up rises the equal benefit of both parties, Kant appeals that all the aspects of unity should be shared to both the parties. In this manner, we are introduced to a positive means and ways of sharing an equal opportunity to every individual as they worked hard for it. In other words, Kant emphasizes on the respectfulness of the human right, by all means, to ensure there is a clear display of the activates carried out.
What are the breaches of ethical behaviors?
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Eastcom electronics is a small startup made up of 10 staffs employed on a permanent basis. The company specializes in information technology and intends to capitalize on the huge demand with the rest of the market now opening up to technology. A lot has also been achieved from its engagement since it was established and esteemed to keep up with its growth prospects. Several approaches were as well adapted to facilitate growth and help resolve it with ease. While setting up its network, a lot of considerations done, it included things like gauging the level of security requirement as well as the cost implication.
The company thus decided to set up a hybrid network made up of 11 computers. As a result of the company barely being new, it was forced to implement the network from scratch. The cost of implementation also had to be put into consideration. The proposed system was also expected to cater for the growing needs owing to the expected growth only implying it was essential to make it more adaptable to the ever-increasing demand. Rather than employing the service of a server, the network was going to be set up making use of a broadband modem connected to an Ethernet router which then distributed the signal to the rest of the system with devices like printers as well as scanners also being connected to the network. A wireless router enabled wireless connectivity to take place. It was ideal in scaling up the system owing to most of the users making use of laptops while some relied much on their Smartphone.
The Overpowering of Technology, Troubled Identity and Globalization in Gibson’s Neuromancer
The fiction story about globalization came into being after a student got concerned about whether it was of the essence to study this topic. In spite of such a question looking so simple, the subject was, however, too complicated than initially thought. A lot was, therefore done to carry out a study on how the world has evolved with many nations seeking to embrace the idea of globalization. Brien & Szeman also provided a significant contribution to this topic from their research. The focus will, therefore, take an in-depth look at the question while trying to highlight several issues.
Culture plays an integral role in every human society and represents shared a way of life. In the past, most communities were accustomed to certain customs such as the medieval as was the case in Europe. Among the reasons why this came about was because of the established norms which were even passed on to the rest of the society over time. As a result of having no established mechanisms to deal with the growing issues, most developing nations are now struggling with Identity, therefore, likely to apply such customs (Brien & Szeman 21). On the other hand, the new age has seen many people do away with such cultures while trying to conform to the new way of life. It has as well impacted many people (Azzarita n.p). Inequality has also risen with many trying to survive owing to the high level of poverty and likely to bring about isolation.
The popular culture has as well become more synonymous with many now trying to copy the trend. From a commercial kind of perspective, many businesses are likely to benefit more from it. However, this can also be quite detrimental when vices are promoted the in society owing to the kind of impact this is likely to have especially on the youth most of whom are unlikely to question whatever they see. According to Azzarita (2015), most societies did not have an adequate policy in place to help them come up with a way sufficient to ensure the community wasn’t disadvantaged or instead exploited as a result of having a policy lapse. There was thus need to provide; a policy review was done to bring about a difference when trying to avail an excellent mechanism to enhance protection.
Despite human being less social beings, they are, however, classified to be more cultured. It only reemphasizes on how man has learned to coexist in society while observing a given way of life. Socialization also came about as a result of culture. It is even hard for a man to coexist without maintaining such a way of life and has carried on for a long time. On the other hand, this doesn’t imply culture doesn’t change with time as seen from the way the trends keep changing. From the past, different eras were s well witnessed as was the case with the colonial and the pre-colonial period (Brien & Szeman 20). A lot can thus be lean from culture while trying to understand why things happen the way they do. As a result of such experience, one is prone to adapt to the changes taking place with ease even as the environment is modified. Culture is as well ideal when it comes to its ability to conserve knowledge. Such knowledge can thus be passed on over time to the rest of the society, as experienced in the past (Kumar n.p).
One can as well make use of culture when trying to define a specific situation thus likely to as well condition one to act in a particular way. A good example is illustrated by how people are likely to behave whenever they are carrying out a given ceremony. When celebrating, many are likely to be seen drinking as a sign of happiness while sharing the love with those they love. It is, however, not limited to this but can as well be expressed in many ways and even captured by the way they dress. It is, therefore, likely to take note of the various benefits in existence thanks to culture (Azzarita n.p). Among such values are well symbolized in religion while going for worship. On the other hand, owing to the society being made up of different people many are prone to as well embrace different values as was the case with the clamor for nationalism in Europe before the idea of globalization came (Brien & Szeman n.p). It also explains why some tend to conform to immoral acts but could as well be influenced by many factors. To a great extent, a person upbringing plays a crucial role in his life and likely to shape how he chooses to live. However, such practices not highly welcomed in society and prone to as well bring about conflict with many keen on discouraging such vices. It doesn’t only apply at the societal level but still practiced right from the family level whereby the family is the critical unit of the society. As a result, families play a significant role in shaping how the society coexists which each other. Failure to embrace proper norms could cause latter on harm society as the whole. It also signifies why the traditional approach was keen to establish an outstanding culture and has carried on for a long to among other traditional societies.
Apart from just governing how people coexist at the societal level, many are prone to apply culture when deciding on their future career. However, it could as well act as a limiting barrier with many rarely seeing the significance of trying to overcome their perception as a result of embracing a given mindset. It is, therefore, crucial to enhance an open kind of mentality willing to engage in new endeavors while trying to liberate oneself. As a result, culture plays a significant role while shaping how we think and to a great extent affect our personality. From a family setup, a child is more likely to find himself acting like his parents because of the established values. In other words, apart from just directing the child on what to do, a lot can be learned from how parents act (Kumar n.p). Doing is thus of significance as opposed to merely asking people to conform to a given opinion without even questioning everything. However, culture can shape how people think; some even rarely wonder why this happens yet they still adapt to it and has carried on for a long time. In the eventuality of coming across a problematic encounter, many are as well prone to apply culture as a means to solve such challenges. It, therefore, plays an essential in every society and can enhance a coordinated effort while working towards a given goal.
Initially, globalization was meant to encourage capital expansion while trying to exploit the existing resources in new frontiers. However, some view it as a new form of imperialism with its headquarters in the US owing to its support for capitalism. Capitalism is also blamed to have brought about inequality with many now finding themselves in poverty as just a few people continue to control a vast portion of most of the existing resources (Brien & Szeman Pg5). The US is as well seen as a bully because of the way it has continued to propel this agenda. As a result of having a high military power which has continued to modernize has ensured it has the upper hand when dealing with other countries. The idea to globalize is also meant to enhance the United States dominance in the world as a sovereign power. It has, however, attracted a lot of opposition with some keen on ensuring they maintain their ideals but have not managed to have their way entirely. Globalization has contributed much to the development of global democracy (Brien & Szeman Pg2).
Technology and modernization
Different systems keep evolving from the social aspect to the many changes witnessed in technological circles. It has also led to a tremendous difference as seen from the level of growth in technology which has even changed how the world interacts, thanks to the rapid concentration of modernization. Apart from just relaying information, many can travel so fast as opposed to the past when it would take too long to move and thus enhanced the level of interaction while going about the various activities such as trade. The world is as well likely to continue witnessing a lot of developments as innovations continue to take place in the market but as well exposed to new challenges (Azzarita n.p). A good example is demonstrated by how social media has become so popular with many now keen on making use of it. Despite, having derived a lot from its use, many still abuse it with the posting of pornographic materials most of which are likely to hurt most teenagers some of who may be less exposed to adult content. It contributed to the high rise in immorality with many now likely to engage in sex at an early age as opposed to the past when traditions were used to inhibit teenagers from indulging in sex. It provides an excellent example of how despite having played a significant role in easing how people interact can as well contribute to the detriment of the society while encouraging certain vices.