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    Student’s Name Professor’s Name Course Date Sheldon Wolin, “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” Introduction Sheldon Wolin on “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” is concerned with the political uses and significance of democracy in regard to two entirely opposed ideas that illustrate two equally contrasting states of affairs (Wolin, 29). First, Woldin states that democracy represents of government and political authority normally referred to as a constitution. Second, he speaks of the revolution, unsettling political movement. According to Woldin, the constitution symbolizes the repression of the revolution, while the revolution the demolition of the constitution. The two opposing notions are interlinked by democracy. There is a great need to reconceived democracy not as a type of government, it should be defined as a form of being that is as a result of bitter incidents, and is destined to temporarily succeed (Wolin, 43). Democracy is a rebellious and political moment that assumes destructive and revolutionary proportions. Democracy in Ancient Times Traditionally, democracy has been defined as a type of government in which citizens are vested with supreme power. A democratic state is characterized with proper equality of privileges and rights, social or political equality, and a democratic spirit. The main role of democracy was to transform politics in speech and sight, make power visible, and make decision making open so that ordinary men could have power. Over a period of time, democratic theorists such as Woldin, have primarily concerned themselves with examining the meaning and definition of the notion of democracy, while simultaneously focusing on its obligations, moral foundations, challenges, and general allure of a democratic governance. Democracy in the modern world cannot be perceived as a whole political system, provided with the great potentialities of modern power forms, and its impact on the natural and social world (Wolin, 42). Modern Democracy There is a great difference between facets of democracy in the organizational impulses of modern and ancient constitutionalism. Democracy from primeval to modern times has allegedly weakened the power of law, and the practice of compliance to government. Initially, demos were used to change the political art practice where the elite competed for office and honors. Currently, demos are used to reverse the worldwide trends of institutionalized power systems to benefit a few and exploit many citizens (Wolin, 48). The rupture between modern and ancient democracy conceptions should be considered as the needed foundation for the development of modern democracy. This is because the social complexity, large populations, and great physical dimensions make the politics of a small polis old-fashioned. Conclusion There is a need to renew democracy through relying on voluntary associations. “Voluntary associations are often see as a key to enhancing political participation in the wider community” (Eikenberry, 7). Ordinary citizens have the capability of developing new cultural patterns of unity at any moment. People who use their power for improved healthcare, better schools, safer water, low income housing among others are (without their knowledge) renewing the democracy. “Philanthropic supporters enable the provision of a broad array of activities and activities that may not be provided otherwise” (Eikenberry, 16). Self- governing and independent voluntary associations should always replace hierarchical corporate authorities. This provides the affected interests with voices, hence promoting government through consent in the entire society, and not just in the state. Through such actions, the state complexity will be reduced and the ancient democratic representative mechanisms shall be able to function effectively.
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    Health Services Q & A Part 2
    Health Services (2) What is the correct procedure to follow if a safety breach – an injury, or personal contact with clinical waste, for example – has occurred? In cases where a safety breach such as an injury or personal contact with clinical waste has occurred, the OSH Act states that the employer must report the injury or injuries and provide first aid procedures and facilities. All serious injuries contracted during work (loss of sight, fractures), specific infectious diseases like viral hepatitis and HIV and other injuries that may prevent the worker from working for 10 consecutive days must be reported to WorkSafe (Govt. of Western Australia, 2011). Why is it important to separate waste at the point of generation? It is important to separate waste at the point of generation to reduce the risk of contaminating the personnel involved in the disposal and the public; and its potential to pollute the environment if not managed properly. The process of separation must be done at the point of generation and the separation as per type of waste must be kept during accumulation, handling, interim storage and transportation (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2005). Australia is a product of a unique blend of established traditions and new influences. Give examples of how the Australian society has changed over time. Consider the types of food, traditions, cultural diversity, and technology. The Australian society has changed over time because of the immigration and race relations. Its culture becomes multicultural and diversity was promoted, resulting to a multicultural policy recognising diversity in lifestyle (food, dress) and linguistic. The diverse migrant communities in Australia brought with them their lifestyle, food and cultural practices. An example is the invasion of the British colonists where indigenous people were dominated by force. This invasion also produced mixed European-Aboriginal descent children, where some were forcefully taken from their aboriginal mothers to be ‘civilised’ and reared in the ‘white’ society (everyculture.com, 2014). Australia is a society embracing many different cultures. These cultural differences are demonstrated and expressed in various ways. An example is the Jawoyn indigenous communities in Katherine, Northern Territory; their culture is quite different to the city culture of a capital city. Identify two (2) other cultures within Australia that are quite different from one another, and explain their differences. One is the Islamic culture in Australia. Some of the differences between Muslims and other cultures in Australia are their way of dressing, their practice of segregating men from women, the kind of foods they eat (no pork and its byproducts) and their customs and traditions in terms of marriage and burial. Muslim women generally wear hijab and cover their legs and arms. The Tiwi people or the indigenous group in Australia that live in the Tiwi islands are distinct from other cultures when it comes to their beliefs in mourning, marriage and language. The Tiwi people when mourning paint their body and require others to feed them. Body painting has been practised in the Tiwi culture as part of ceremonies since time immemorial. When it comes to marriage, their culture dictates that newborn girls are engaged to men who are at least 60 years old, but their marriage will not be consummated until the girls reach 14 years of age. Tiwi females are allowed to marry at all times because they believe that a child should not be born fatherless. When the husband dies, the girl’s new partner takes the role of father to all the children of the girl from previous marriages (Hewett et al., 1988). A person may come from a cultural background but not hold all of the same beliefs or customs as others from that background. An example is that a family may raise their children in the Jewish faith but the children may not hold this same belief themselves and may, as adults, live a life that does not uphold any of the traditional Jewish values. For example, the children might not: marry someone from the Jewish faith; celebrate Jewish festivals; speak Hebrew; follow dietary restrictions such as refraining from eating pork or shellfish.
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    BUSINESS studied and Management
    Indigenizing University Courses and Curriculum Name University Indigenizing University Courses and Curriculum Concerning demands that perspectives of First Nation, Métis, and Inuit Peoples (FNIM) of Canada be consolidated into substance saturated with Eurocentric, straight instructive movement, this investigation expects to analyze how a combination of Indigenous proficiencies and non-Indigenous conventions of learning sway the scholarly improvement of Aboriginal Access Studies understudies. Socially responsive teaching method (CRP) is arranged in a system that perceives the rich and changed social riches, information, and abilities of different students. This approach tries to build up a philosophical perspective of encouraging that is devoted to supporting understudies' scholastic, social, passionate, mental, and physiological prosperity. The following authors have provided invaluable insights into the indigenization subject Jacobs, T. (2013). Teaching Truly: A Curriculum to Indigenize Mainstream Education. New York: Peter Lang. According to this article, Valuing the need to conceptualize and grow socially responsive teaching method, this paper exhibits the after effects of a two-year longitudinal investigation concentrated on deciding the apparent here and now estimation of the course from the understudies' points of view. As to original ideas of regard, significance, correspondence, and duty, we perceive the conventions and traditions of the Syilx Okanagan Nation in whose un-ceded region the University of British Columbia's (UBC) Okanagan grounds is arranged (Jacobs, 2013). In September 2005, the Okanagan Nation Alliance invited UBC to customary Syilx domain in an official service, where a Memorandum of Understanding was agreed. As needs be, the two creators recognize pioneer (Karen) and Métis (Lyle) viewpoints amid on-running and ceaseless joint efforts with associates from Aboriginal Projects and Services (APS), and network individuals from Westbank First Nation, Ki-low-Na Friendship Society and the Métis Society of British Columbia. Mihesuah, A., & Waziyatawin. (2014). Indigenizing the Academy: Transforming Scholarship and Empowering Communities. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. In an endeavor to check the commonness of skillet Indigenous ways to deal with teaching method, Mihesuah and Waziyatawin (2014) allude to the terms Aboriginal as First Nation, Inuit and Métis Peoples of Canada. As of late, the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC, 2016) proposed that the term Aboriginal neglects to mirror the chronicled, social and phonetic decent variety among First Nations, Inuit and Métis Peoples. SSHRC characterizes the term Indigenous Learning as the "customary information is particular to put, typically transmitted orally, what's more, established in the experience of numerous ages (Mihesuah & Waziyatawin, 2014). It is dictated by an Aboriginal network's territory, condition, area, culture and dialect. Aboriginal people groups as comprehensive, including body, psyche, sentiments, and soul allude to Indigenous knowledge as the essential furthermore, viable learning held by Indigenous people groups internationally, typically depict customary learning. In this article, utilization of the term Aboriginal is reliant on institutional or approach related tradition. Whitinui, P., María C., & Onowa McIvor. (2018). Promising Practices in Indigenous Teacher Education. Singapore: Springer. According to Whitinui, María and Onowa McIvor (2018), culturally responsive pedagogy is a methodology that spotlights classroom educational program and practice on understudies' social edges of reference. A teaching method perceives understudies' disparities, approves understudies' societies, and affirms that social compatibility of classroom hones increment understudies accomplishment in schools. In traditional Western school structure, Eurocentric works on concentrating on individual controls where understudies are required to learn in a direct manner flourish, to the impediment of those covered up, other voices (Whitinui, María & Onowa, 2018). Concerning this, inquire about shows that understudies who are socially assorted have a shaky association with schools whose instructive practices underline customary, Eurocentric, and regularizing approaches. These sorts of practices have a tendency to bar students from non-standard social foundations by disregarding their particular social habitus and social capital. This muddling finishes in a debasement of character and method for being, bringing about social brokenness for students and the instructive foundation in which they are enlisted. There are negative instructive effects of regulating instructive talks on minorities by conceptualizing the term social intermittence. Deliberate minorities (such as., settlers) tend to frame non-oppositional optional contrasts with the predominant culture while, automatic minorities (e.g., Native American) tend to frame oppositional auxiliary contrasts with the predominant culture (Whitinui, María & Onowa 2018). At issue is the way that both intentional and automatic minorities are required to cling to prevailing (White) American social casings of reference on the off chance that they need to procure upward social and financial versatility. Thusly, the idea of social brokenness, which theorizes that significant contrasts in the school encounters of students lie in the incongruence of their social foundation and the way of life of the school, takes part in the troublesome talk about the execution of CRP in advanced education. Stuhldreier, M., & Ford, M. (2009). Developing curriculum through integration of Aboriginal culture with educational theory and practice. PowerPoint presentation at the 7th UQAT Annual First Nations Symposium. Winnipeg, MB: Red River College. This presentation focused on decent variety training to demonstrate that regulating positions with respect to the grant of educating and learning, regardless of best endeavors, strengthen race, class, and sex disparities. Positive instructive results for understudies, especially those from non-standard foundations, rely upon the degree of a postsecondary foundation's promise to create comprehensive practices that grasp furthermore, esteem contrast (Stuhldreier & Ford, 2009). Rising as a worldwide pattern, pluralistic social orders can position instructive establishments to give openings to get to social and social capital, an important condition for creating financial versatility. By perceiving that open organizations pine for the propagation of the monetary, political, social, and social mores of a Eurocentric perspective, CRP instinctively reacts to the "concealed" voices by approving various understandings and methods. Curricular decisions identifying with class, race, and sex affected on the improvement of perspectives, values, and instructive practices. These distinctions were illustrative of particular financial and social outlines that either guaranteed or invalidated life odds of underrepresented populaces. These outlines or codes are natural convictions, conventions, and practices found in course books, practice, and arrangement that approve and imitate standard belief system. Whenever standardized, this support of overwhelming gathering values in social establishments, for example, schools and colleges are perceived as a need for accomplishment in the public eye. These examinations inferred that the best indicators of accomplishment in training are educational encounters, demeanors, aura toward distinction, and a duty at individual and institutional levels.
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    BUSINESS studied and Management
    Indigenizing University Courses and Curriculum Name of Student Name of University Indigenizing University Courses and Curriculum Introduction Concerning demands that perspectives of First Nation, Métis, and Inuit Peoples (FNIM) of Canada be consolidated into substance saturated with Eurocentric, straight instructive movement, this investigation expects to analyze how a combination of Indigenous proficiencies and non-Indigenous conventions of learning sway the scholarly improvement of Aboriginal Access Studies understudies. Socially responsive teaching method is arranged in a system that perceives the rich and changed social riches, information, and abilities of different students. This approach tries to build up a philosophical perspective of encouraging that is devoted to supporting understudies' scholastic, social, passionate, mental, and physiological prosperity. Statement of the Problem The problem under exploration is on the level of research on indigenizing university courses and curriculums. The report provides an insight into some of the research studies on indigenizing university courses and curriculum. These studies have value to the research topic because they highlight the methods used by the researchers in their exploration of the topic and the quality of their findings. These research articles also support the indigenization of university courses and curriculum. Additionally, the identification and location of the study articles is an indication of the interest in the research topic. The selected research articles provide valuable information that can be used as a framework and guide in attempts to indigenize university courses and curriculum. The following researchers have provided invaluable insights into the indigenization subject. Materials Jacobs, T. (2013). Teaching Truly: A Curriculum to Indigenize Mainstream Education. New York: Peter Lang. According to this article, Valuing the need to conceptualize and grow socially responsive teaching method, this paper exhibits the after effects of a two-year longitudinal investigation concentrated on deciding the apparent here and now estimation of the course from the understudies' points of view. As to original ideas of regard, significance, correspondence, and duty, we perceive the conventions and traditions of the Syilx Okanagan Nation in whose un-ceded region the University of British Columbia's (UBC) Okanagan grounds is arranged (Jacobs, 2013). In September 2005, the Okanagan Nation Alliance invited UBC to customary Syilx domain in an official service, where a Memorandum of Understanding was agreed. As needs be, the two creators recognize pioneer (Karen) and Métis (Lyle) viewpoints amid on-running and ceaseless joint efforts with associates from Aboriginal Projects and Services (APS), and network individuals from Westbank First Nation, Ki-low-Na Friendship Society and the Métis Society of British Columbia. Mihesuah, A., & Waziyatawin. (2014). Indigenizing the Academy: Transforming Scholarship and Empowering Communities. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. In an endeavor to check the commonness of skillet Indigenous ways to deal with teaching method, Mihesuah and Waziyatawin (2014) allude to the terms Aboriginal as First Nation, Inuit and Métis Peoples of Canada. As of late, the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC, 2016) proposed that the term Aboriginal neglects to mirror the chronicled, social and phonetic decent variety among First Nations, Inuit and Métis Peoples. SSHRC characterizes the term Indigenous Learning as the "customary information is particular to put, typically transmitted orally, what's more, established in the experience of numerous ages (Mihesuah & Waziyatawin, 2014). It is dictated by an Aboriginal network's territory, condition, area, culture, and dialect. Aboriginal people groups as comprehensive, including body, psyche, sentiments, and soul allude to Indigenous knowledge as the essential furthermore, viable learning held by Indigenous people groups internationally, typically depict customary learning. In this article, utilization of the term Aboriginal is reliant on institutional or approach related tradition. Whitinui, P., María C., & Onowa McIvor. (2018). Promising Practices in Indigenous Teacher Education. Singapore: Springer.
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    BUSINESS studied and Management
    Exploratory Paper: Sex cannot be addictive Name of Student Name of Institution Exploratory Paper: Sex cannot be Addictive Abstract The subject of sexual addiction has interested researchers for many years. Understanding traits such as hyper-sexuality and other sex habits has been a focus of literary studies in the area. From a normal perspective, sex is not expected to be harmful and not physically addictive. Sex involves both the physical, mental and behavioral components of an individual and this explains why studies in the area have been slow. For many years, research has shown that sex can be addictive and there has been classification of symptoms and development of treatment plans. Recent studies indicate a contrary image, that sex cannot be addictive. By invoking the definition of addictions and drawing comparison to other known addictions such as drug and substance use, this paper seeks to demonstrate that there is little evidence to prove that sex can be addictive.
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    BUSINESS studied and Management
    Name Instructor’s name Course Date A Case against Sweatshops Question: Would you (continue to) buy Nike products, given what you have learned about Nike’s record of monitoring working conditions in plants that manufacture its goods? My position posting Immanuel Kant theory on ethics focuses on the importance of upholding human dignity, providing grounds for respect of employers to their employees. According to Arnold and Bowie, Kant states that the key principle that defines the second formulation of categorical imperative is, “Act so that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in that of another, always as an end and never as a means only"(222). My stand on whether to buy Nike products, even after Jim Keady’s Behind The Swoosh and Arnold and Bowie’s “Sweatshops and Respect for Persons” still stands, and I will continue to buy Nike products, as I believe that the treatment of employees lies with the enterprise management, and must be solved through the available internal decision mechanisms. However, I disagree with the inhumane working environment that they should, according to Jim Keady’s Behind the Swoosh, and willing to recommend better ideas to improve the approach for better work, improved production and eventually better wages. This case is a reminder of the importance of acknowledging the rights and dignity of the workers of Nike products, and the horrible conditions they endure. I am as disappointed with the multinational enterprise as the rest of you are, and I believe that better treatment that they deserve. I would like to ensure my absolute agreement over the same fact that better treatment is essential to the workers, while still holding on to the opinion that it’s a managerial decision to alter the lives and working conditions of the workers, to ensure a more productive and humane environment.
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    BUSINESS studied and Management
    International Trade in Diamond By (Student’s Name) Course Name of Professor Date Diamond is one of the most highly regarded mineral elements on earth. Companies such as DeBeers have marketed diamonds as the ultimate jewelry through strategic marketing. Diamond rings, especially, have risen in popularity and are used in engagements and weddings. Most of the world’s diamonds are sourced in the following countries: India, Congo, Central African Republic, Guinea, South Africa, Russia, and Botswana among others. The western world is one of the leading markets for diamonds and its products. In 2016, an estimated 128 million carats of diamond were produced from mines across the world and sold elsewhere for processing. The 128 million carats generated an estimate 15.4 billion USD before processing which appreciated to 25.1 billion USD after processing. The international trade in diamond is clearly a big industry worldwide1 Statista, (2018). Topic: Diamond Industry. www.statista.com. Retrieved 17 October 2018, from https://www.statista.com/topics/1704/diamond-industry/. The trade, however, has been accused of hurting economies especially economies where diamonds are from. While diamond trade is a billion dollar industry, most of the proceeds do not get into the hands of the miners and other people handling the diamonds at the mines. Reports have indicated that most of the world’s diamonds are mined through conditions that exploit workers, use underage workers, and impoverish communities. In Africa, for instance, about one million diamond miners earn less than a dollar per day, ending up living in abject poverty. In addition to the low pay, most of the mines are unsafe and there are often no safety and health plans in place. This explains why most of the miners end up dying or being injured in mudslides, collapses of mines and other accidents in the mines. The use of underage labor also characterizes the mining, with children making up a significant portion of mineworkers2 Brilliant Earth. (2018). Conflict Diamond Issues. Brilliant Earth. Retrieved 17 October 2018, from https://www.brilliantearth.com/conflict-diamond-facts/
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    BUSINESS studied and Management
    Student’s Name: Professor’s Name: Course: Date: Boomerang Kids to return Home At least twenty percent of people in their 20s and 30s live with their parents and seek financial help from them. A generation ago, only 10 percent of people in their 20s and 30s lived with their parents and with few seeking financial help from them. The current trend escalates from the overlapping economic trends experienced in the 1980s and 1990s. According to The New York Times Magazine, more than fifty percent of recent college graduates are yet to secure jobs forcing them to work in substandard jobs whose pay cannot meet all their needs. With the current economic recession, it is more beneficial for boomerang generation to return home than to face aggressive economic tides out there. A series of systematic changes – rapid advance in technology, the growth of foreign trade, among others – were witnessed in the 1980s, which significantly destabilized the US economy (Davidson, 3). This has since affected workers especially those at the onset of their careers. This has since rendered boomerang kids financially unstable forcing them to depend on their parents. With these unfavorable economic tides, boomerang kids should consider returning home to have their parents care for them before they can regain their footing. Secondly, research shows that approximately 34 percent of adults could not afford to pay their rent, therefore, relying on their parents (Davidson, 5). There is a saying that states “if you cannot afford it, stay without it.” Why should someone rent a house if they cannot afford to pay for it? What options do they have in their predicament? Its only one: returning home. For centuries, each succeeding generation in the United States is richer than the previous one. However, this trend is gradually losing its footing with kids falling permanently behind their parent’s achievements. As such, parents should come to the rescue of their kids owing to the fact that their failure is not their fault but due to unfavorable economic conditions. The boomerang generation is remarkable optimistic as more than 70 percent of them believe that they will achieve more than what their parents will. However, 9 percent think that they may fail to afford the lives they want (Davidson, 9). It is now that the parent should come in. Other than paying for their bills, parents are responsible for advising their children on important matters. Home provides a better environment for the advice session than doing it over the mobile phone call. Secondly, parents should not spend their fortune paying for their children’s education expenses and then spend their drying resources to support them pay for their bills as adults. For instance, why should these kids rent a house in a city while doing nothing? It is cheaper to cater to a kid’s expenses while at home than when he or she is miles away. What is more worrying is that some of these kids engage in illegal activities like selling drugs without their parent’s knowledge. However, parents should not be overprotective to an extent they deny their children a chance to unleash their potential. There are boomerang kids out there struggling to make their end meets. At times, they may be unable to meet their expenses. Should they return home? The answer is no. Those to return home are those out there who need not only financial support but also some personalized life coaching. Boomerang generation should understand the idea behind returning home. Firstly, returning home will help to equally distribute resources. Most cities across the globe are struggling to provide basic needs like water to its occupants due to population while there plenty of these in the rural areas. To ease this congestion in the cities, boomerang generation should set the pace by returning home. Secondly, there is massive pollution of the natural resources in the cities. In one way or another, depopulating will help to decrease the levels of pollution across the cities. However, they should engage themselves in meaningful activities once they go home. The globe is experiencing a worrying trend as most youths are moving to cities leaving only the old population to farm. As such, food production is gradually diminishing year after year. The same is experienced in the selection of course in colleges with most youths preferring science-related courses at the expense of agricultural courses. To reverse this trend, the boomerang kids need to be encouraged to return home or even take agricultural related courses. Secondly, farming is as profitable as any other field. The diminishing volumes of agricultural produce are due to overreliance of the old population to steer the agricultural sector. If more youths decide to get back home and embrace farming, there would be an increased food production across the country. A well-fed nation is a productive nation. The boomerang kids should embrace farming not only as a way to be occupied but also as a way to enrich themselves and contribute directly to the economy. The current economic trends have since rendered the boomerang kids jobless. As such, most of them are relying on their parents to cater for their expenses. With a significant number of these unemployed youths stuck in cities, there is a need to encourage them to return home. Firstly, they need to accept they cannot afford to pay for their bills and then seek help. The most forthcoming help is returning home. By doing this, they can set pace in the campaign to end overpopulation in cities. Better still, they can embrace farming and help stabilize the diminishing food production in the country. Youths must stop being lazy or even return home for their own sake and generations to come. Works Cited Davidson, Adam. "It’s official: The boomerang kids won’t leave." The New York Times 20 (2014).
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    BUSINESS studied and Management
    C20129 Mengyao Hao 300129847 / 784533Wqnmlgb
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    BUSINESS studied and Management
    University Businesses Affected By Global Issues Author Date Professor’s Name Program of Study Businesses Affected By Global Issues Introduction One of the ways in which the world can be described is that it has undergone change at an extraordinary pace. There are different types of global forces at work, which have affected business operations and sustainability. Technology is one of the important forces that have led some businesses to succeed as others succumb because of their failure to adapt to technological changes. The global issues of interest are technology and innovation, government policies and attitudes, corporate social responsibility, and cultural factors. The objective of this exploration is to investigate the impact of these external factors on the internal operations of a business. Most businesses operating on a global scale are influenced by these factors in their strategies, overall business practices, and operations.
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    BUSINESS studied and Management
    Name: Professor: Course: Date: Business plan for a retail establishment Description of the type of establishment chosen including the products offered The retail business establishment to venture into is an Electrical and Electronics retail shop. It would sell a different home and office electrical appliances and gadgets of different brands at an affordable cost. The products would range from household electronics goods such as television sets, radio sets, fridges, electric cookers and microwaves among others as well as office electronics needs such as photocopiers, scanners, and printers among others electronic goods. The business would prioritize customer satisfaction where customers would be assured of value for money and guaranteed satisfaction in the products that the business would offer. It would venture in actions that build good short and long-term relationship between customers and suppliers among others involved in the business lines. It would focus on adding value from both the customer and suppliers perception that would consider the results, process quality as well as price and customer access costs. The retail store would be strategically located making it easier for customers to have access and also it shall have adequate parking as a majority of the customers would drive and carry the products in their cars. The business shall invest in its personnel (employees) that would play a critical role in value addition, expansion of the business and creating a brand and image. It would help the business distinguish itself from the competitors enabling the business to command a larger portion of the market share. The electrical and electronics retail business would concentrate on customer service that plays a critical role in managing a sustainable business. In particular, it would focus on customer concerns and address them appropriately, empower frontline employees that mostly would directly get into contact with the customers and express sincere understanding of the customer’s needs. Moreover, the retail business would work closely with suppliers and customers and act as a link point between the two and in particular collecting information and feedback about the products that the customers have bought and suggestions from the customers on the possible improvement areas and ideas. For example, in the event that the products offered experiences technical failures and challenges, there would be full refund and or replacement of the products as well as the products shall have guarantees over a given time period. The electronic retail business shall have a multi-channel retailing where customers shall visit the physical stores or website of the business to buy. The approach would enable customers from different market segments to engage with the business with ease and choose their preferred options in buying. The payment options for the business would also be broad where it would have the credit card options supported by MasterCard and Visa Cards among others that would enable the customers to make online payments such as PayPal among others. The business shall embrace an augmented customer service that would offer it a competitive advantage over its competitors. For example, it shall provide a double warranty to its customers that would compel the suppliers as well as the business to assure the customers of warranty in the products purchased. Moreover, it shall have a special delivery of delicate products to the client’s destinations and also help the clients fix and mount the electronic products in their premises assisted by quality technicians from the business. It shall demonstrate and assure the customers of the proper functioning of the different products that the retail business would offer to guarantee them that the products they purchase would provide value for money. Quality products and customer service shall be the key attributes that shall give the business a competitive advantage over the competitors. It shall provide a typical customer service that will include credit, delivery, installation, packaging, special sales, professional complaints/ returns handling and have mail orders. The firm’s ownership structure The electrical and electronic retail business will be a partnership between two people. Each member shall contribute half of the required costs to start and operate the business where the percentage of the profits between the two parties shall be equally divided. All the business agreements between the partners shall be made formal through signings of the legal agreements with an attorney and registered with the relevant institutions to enhance professionalism in the management and operation of the business. Description of customer base The customers shall be segmented into two groups that include customers of office electronic equipment and those of home or household electronics equipment. The two groups shall provide the customer base of the retail business that ultimately would determine the business goal employed to satisfy each customer base and enable the business remain competitive and profitable. The strategy used to enhance office electronic sell will be provided by customers who fall in corporate brackets. It is because most of the office electronic products are used by other businesses and organizations to support their operations. The customer base for household electronic products will have a different approach to enhancing the business operations. However, each strategy shall be shaped well that increases the customer satisfaction and add value to the customers that would target to develop a long-term business relationship. Each brand customer base shall also have different segments that the business shall categorize and study the specific needs that they have. For example, corporate might be small, medium or larger that might need different office electronic requirements. The strategy to approach each customer base hence would be different. Households electronic needs also differ where people in the middle- class and lower-class electronics needs might differ. The business shall design strategies that fulfill the entire customer base to enhance business growth and expansion. The business shall provide products that satisfy all the segmented customer base and needs.
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    BUSINESS studied and Management
    Business Law Name of Student Name of University Business Law Exercise 1 Issue 1: Is Damage To Collateral A Defense? Damage to collateral cannot be used as a defense. In this case, it cannot be used as a defense of excuse or justification that does not involve a rebuttal of an allegation. Tri-County defaulted on the borrowed amount, which led to the repossession of its assets. During the process of repossession, the inventory was damaged by the security. This cannot be used as a defense because Fred and Randelle Burk acted as surety for the loan. It is not a defense to set off the remaining loan amount because the loan has a surety. From a legal viewpoint, the surety is liable on the debt (Miller, 2012). Issue 2: What Defenses Are Available To Sureties? Defenses of the sureties include release of the principle, modification of the contract, creditor failure to perfect, statute of frauds, and creditor’s failure to inform the surety of the material facts that are within their knowledge, which affects the debtor’s ability to perform (Miller, 2012). Other defenses include general contract defenses, material breach by creditor, illegality or impossibility of performance, creditor’s fraud, lack of mutual assent, and statute of limitations (Miller, 2012). Exercise 2 Employees should be held responsible for their social media postings. Social media provides a platform for people to communicate and interact, in addition to joining a large global community. Employees must understand that social media has an impact on public relations. Therefore, they must understand the inappropriate and appropriate content that has the potential to affect the public’s perception of their employer (Guerin, 2017). Employee’s content on social media that paints a negative picture of their employer can cause trouble for the employer. In most of the cases, employee’s posts are perceived as company policy. Therefore, posts that talk negatively, express racism, or threaten and harass other employees have the potential to be perceived as company policy. Companies should hold employees responsible for their social media activities because employees serve as ambassadors of the company. When posting on social media, employees must ensure that they have made it clear that they are speaking from their viewpoint or personal perspective and not from the official company or employer position. Furthermore, employees should restrict their social media activities to their personal time and resources. Exercise 3
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    BUSINESS studied and Management
    Business Law Name of Student Name of University Business Law Exercise 1 Issue 1: Is Damage To Collateral A Defense? Damage to collateral cannot be used as a defense. In this case, it cannot be used as a defense of excuse or justification that does not involve a rebuttal of an allegation. Tri-County defaulted on the borrowed amount, which led to the repossession of its assets. During the process of repossession, the inventory was damaged by the security. This cannot be used as a defense because Fred and Randelle Burk acted as surety for the loan. It is not a defense to set off the remaining loan amount because the loan has a surety. From a legal viewpoint, the surety is liable on the debt (Miller, 2012). Issue 2: What Defenses Are Available To Sureties? Defenses of the sureties include release of the principle, modification of the contract, creditor failure to perfect, statute of frauds, and creditor’s failure to inform the surety of the material facts that are within their knowledge, which affects the debtor’s ability to perform (Miller, 2012). Other defenses include general contract defenses, material breach by creditor, illegality or impossibility of performance, creditor’s fraud, lack of mutual assent, and statute of limitations (Miller, 2012). Exercise 2 Employees should be held responsible for their social media postings. Social media provides a platform for people to communicate and interact, in addition to joining a large global community. Employees must understand that social media has an impact on public relations. Therefore, they must understand the inappropriate and appropriate content that has the potential to affect the public’s perception of their employer (Guerin, 2017). Employee’s content on social media that paints a negative picture of their employer can cause trouble for the employer. In most of the cases, employee’s posts are perceived as company policy. Therefore, posts that talk negatively, express racism, or threaten and harass other employees have the potential to be perceived as company policy. Companies should hold employees responsible for their social media activities because employees serve as ambassadors of the company. When posting on social media, employees must ensure that they have made it clear that they are speaking from their viewpoint or personal perspective and not from the official company or employer position. Furthermore, employees should restrict their social media activities to their personal time and resources. Exercise 3
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    BUSINESS studied and Management
    Business Law Name of Student Name of University Business Law Abstract United States of America vs. George Vernon Hansen was heard at the United States District Court in the District of Columbia in December 5, 1995. Hansen was appealing his conviction and sentencing for making false financial statements in matters within the mandate and jurisdiction of the agency or department of the U.S, which was in violation of the 18 U.S.C 1001 (1982). His conviction came from his omissions in his financial disclosure statement filed under the Ethics in Government Act (1978). Hansen’s position is that the presumption against the implied repeal is not applicable to his case because there was no appeal involved. The U.S government’s position is that George V. Hansen failed to make correct financial disclosures for the period when he was the Member of Congress as stipulated under the Ethics in Government Act (1978). It can be viewed that the court ruled in favor of George V. Hansen. Facts of the Case United States of America vs. George Vernon Hansen was heard at the United States District Court in the District of Columbia in December 5, 1995. The appellant George V. Hansen is a former Representative. In this case, he was appealing his conviction and sentencing for making false financial statements in matters within the mandate and jurisdiction of the agency or department of the U.S, which was in violation of the 18 U.S.C 1001 (1982) (Justice Case Law, 1995). George V. Hansen’s conviction came from his omissions in his financial disclosure statement filed under the Ethics in Government Act (1978). The main issue of appeal was whether the violation of the Ethics in Government Act is subject to criminal proceedings and penalties of 18 U.S.C 1001 (Justice Case Law, 1995). He was appealing whether omissions from his form were material and whether his trial began within the time limits set out by the Speedy Trial Act (1982).
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    BUSINESS studied and Management
    iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAN0AAAEOCAYAAAANGRIvAAAAAXNSR0IArs4c6QAAAARnQU1B AACxjwv8YQUAAAAgY0hSTQAAeiYAAICEAAD6AAAAgOgAAHUwAADqYAAAOpgAABdwnLpRPAAA AAlwSFlzAAAXEQAAFxEByibzPwAA/3lJREFUeF7s/XV0nNmW5YvW7b63u2+/8fr2re6u7jp1 6nCezJPMaaeZmZnZsi1ZtsiWZMkiiyyLLWZmZkZLsmTJkpkpTcnMMN9vf5JPHar7xvv7lcfY I0KhUDjiiz33ornm+ru/+7d//3YF/u0K/NsV+Lcr8G9X4P8vrkBkz7sK7f1Qx3s/lj+3/n0f Kej0xwo987ESzn6q3OFPVXnuU7Vd/FJF7be1zdlNb894XhNnPq95i2ZrwfIFmrpwvKbNn6AZ 88Zp6rxXNXfFTC1avliL16zUohWLNHX2G3p76mtatGmN4ir6VHP+c2UPvqcTHTcVduaxkq99 q4RbUvytn5TIir/9k+Ju/aiYOz8o6e5PynhHyr7/kwof/KTyhz+q4dFPan9P6vtAOvOhdJrb wQ9+0oUPf9Ilfr7BuvMJtx+N3r//qfTel9L7LHP76PMfdf+zn6zHzXr46U96xHr46Y/c/mj9 fPejH3TtvR905b2fdJV17t3vNfLoR51/Vxp6yP/58CdVv/OTyt75QZXv/Kiqez+qhvdYw2P1 rI4HvDfe5zmef+ndH3X5vR91ifc8ZN43j7c8+FGNvEbb45/UxGpltfP/tL87etvB87r421P8 3P3uD7rx8U96/4vR9//uFz/p3S9/Gv1MPPYht2aZn+9/9oPu8plufizd5rq8w3V4+AWf6fMf WOb2Jz02z+WxR9x/8Lms59/geZf5zGZd4bpdMotrevV9HjfX9oMfdP6DHzXyvrnOPPYhn4fr ffkjnvMRn4+/u/TR97rGc+7wXt/hNR+Y/5v38YBrev8Tri/3H/K6j7l99zPzHkbf//u8hw/+ 5HN8aO4/eXzsc1nfnfncfIbHrHd57+/xd+Z13n1yy/3HfHeP+b/M9/nI3Jrvn/f5Dp/hBtfy Et/LVa77BfbS0N0f1M/+6mWdusN1vss1v8Pi525+No+1sQfbb//Izz9az+vmfvPtb9V661u1 3PxOTTe/V9uN79V6nZ+vf6OWG/zuxtfquP6VOq58qc5LX6rt8te/+rPDJKzvfQX3fKiA3g/k d/pD1kcK7Ad0gwZ0nyl/5HPVnPtM7Ze+Uln3fbkEx2nmoqkaP/U5TZkFyOZM0oTpL2ji9Fc1 Zearmj73Fc1YOE4LVizUvMWzNGnWm3r1zWf08vjntHDzGoXktyq27ZZciru0O7NB/qfuKP76 94oBdLEALvbmD4piGdAlAr4kPmz6vZ8s0OVzwUrY8LWPxEaVutmcvSw+gobYDFe4sNf5Um/z pd7jgt/kYt9iUzwY+2LMl/ynoDMb8j7rEQC0vjjWY7P4+RF/c4/f3eP1zLrNa901t6yzAKSP L66Ow6DyPmADZLXWrQEe74/32sTPnfd/0FmedxHQXeP9XQMEF7kd5udT5jPwxbfzOQzgWgBi 09hqNqDk9238rp3fdT/+kc/FZjOfw2zGsY1oPsuTw8Q8ZjbivU9+1C02/W2ee4vrYADw4DPA xrI2v3XYmPWj7nKN7vIZb3N7necZ8FwFTFf5rFcAz0VzUPCeL/OZz7N5R97/UWe53he53td4 znWzzMFmgPchYP3we13nO7jH/2v+j9FDzNyOgcC8f5YBmbX+FdB9MHaIGCA++c7efXLYjH1P fwk663ljr2tuH3MtLNCZ75/3+A7v9cbj73XlAYcpe+gi38sI39UZvsN+Vt89qQfQ9QAsA7pO
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    BUSINESS studied and Management
    A Pamphlet of Resources to Make Available To the Military Family Name Institution Affiliation Date A Pamphlet of Resources to Make Available To the Military Family A PAMPHLET OF RESOURCES TO MAKE AVAILABLE TO MILITARY FAMILY FACTS ABOUT THE INTERVIEW Military life
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    BUSINESS studied and Management
    Briefing Note Name Institution Executive Summary Petrochemicals market demand continues to be on the rise around the world because of positive consumption, economic, and demographic trends. Qatar Petrochemical Products Ltd (QAPPL) should position itself to take advantage of this trajectory. The starting point is through expansion of its operations in the regional markets. This briefing note seeks to demonstrate to the company’s senior management on the need to implement an expansion strategy, particularly in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) market. It will show why this market is ideal in contributing towards QAPPL’s long-term vision regarding sustaining constant increase in its revenue and gradually expanding its market share. In order to achieve its vision, the company should improve on the efficiency of its production to produce petrochemical products at the lowest cost possible. Based on reliable, valid, and credible sources related to petrochemicals industry, it is evident that the expansion move will result in positive returns on investments. This briefing note recommends that QAPPL should start implementing expansion strategy into UAE. This action will be necessary in not only contributing to the objectives of increasing the firm’s revenues and market share, as well as laying a foundation upon which further expansion can be undertaken into other regional markets. Introduction/ Issue Whereas recent years have witnessed refined products facing declining or flat market demand thus forcing players in that industry to brace for reduced sales and revenues, the demand in the petrochemicals market has continued to increase (Market Research Future, 2018). Players in the petrochemicals industry, therefore, ought to capitalize on this growing demand to aid in the thriving of their businesses. One of the primary strategy towards achieving this goal is to find new markets and set base there (Toledo et al, 2015, p. 120). Companies in countries within the Gulf Co-operation Council (GCC) tend to have a competitive advantage in the petrochemicals industry compared to players in other countries. However, recent years have witnessed heightened competition from firms from Europe and the United States (Hou and Zhao 2017). This situation has prompted companies within GCC, including in Qatar to enhance their investments in developing large-scale plants locally and diversifying into external markets with the view of consolidating their position as global market leaders in petrochemical products (OGJ Editors, 2018). While regional markets within GCC have many producers of petrochemicals and expanding into those markets can prove to be counterproductive, studies have shown that it is a good starting point for firms that seek to expand into other international markets (Market Research Future, 2018). Due to the great prospects of petrochemicals industry in the GCC region and globally, QAPPL should seek to expand to the UAE market before venturing into the international market. The company should seek to maximize on the investment opportunities available in UAE as a strategy of diversifying geographically and capturing the global market share (Chaudhuri, 2016, p. 40). This idea is informed by the statistics that shows UAE as the most promising investment destination in the region. According to the available data, UAE is the second biggest regional economy after Saud Arabia (Middle East Institute, 2018). The country’s economy has been growing at a very fast pace; it is estimated that it has grown by about 231 times between 1971 and 2013. Besides, it ranks among the top 30 best nations to do business in the world based on the regulatory environment and economic performance (Middle East Institute, 2018). Therefore, there is a huge possibility that QAPPL expansion into this market is likely to result in high returns on investments. Key Considerations Expansion into the regional market, particularly the UAE market takes into account a number of relevant key considerations. The first major consideration relates to the various trends that shape the petrochemical market growth (Henderson and Cool, 2013, p. 351). The demand in this sector encompasses derivatives of the monomers such as butadiene, propylene, and ethylene (Burdick & Leffler, 2011, p. 16). The consumption of these products is largely driven by population. It is estimated that about 9.2 billion people will be living on planet earth by 2040, implying that there would be an additional 1.6 billion people compared to 2018 (Market Research Future, 2018). Assuming that the petro-chemical per-capita consumption rate stagnates from the 2017 levels, the increase in population would automatically translate to increase in the overall consumption of these products (Hou and Zhao, 2017).
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    Name Professor Course Date Book Review 2: Children of the Dust How Journey Is a Common Motif in Spiritual Writings Journey is a common motif in most spiritual writings. In the case of Ali Eteraz’s Children of Dust, the spiritual journey taken by the author illustrates the influences of the different environments in shaping his understanding of the religions that he interacted with. The journey also influenced his spiritual maturity. Different dynamics play a crucial role in illustrating the changes he experienced. Ali Eteraz’s journey gave him an opportunity to experience transition during different phases of his life. Through the journeys, Ali Eteraz was able to discover his true self. This was possible through the different experiences in his life journey. Ali Eteraz divided the journey into five segments, in which there was a new transformation in his life and character. This led to realize his real place in the world. Throughout these journeys, Eteraz focused on the theme of practicing a new and different religion and its impact on the status and future of a person in the western world and in the afterlife. The first step in his journey was his birth and being named “The Promised”. The locations in which he lived under the name “The Promised” are Pakistan and Jamaica. During this phase of his journey, Eteraz was under the care of his parents since he was in childhood. This phase of his journey mainly revolved around his experiences at the madrassa and school. He was surrounded by strict religious adults such as his parents and teachers who expected him to live up to his religious name and his pre-destined life. The second phase of his life occurred when he changed his name to Amir when the family moved to the U.S. According to Eteraz, he changed his name to Amir to become more American. The location in which Eteraz experienced this phase of the journey included Alabama and New York City. This was an important phase of the journey because he evolved his spiritual maturation, self-understanding, and understanding of Islam. For instance, Amir was constantly teased in school because of his name, which bothered him for months. It was at this phase of the journey that he started developing a liberal view on religious, especially Islam. He also experienced love when he fell in love with a non-Muslim girl. Even though he enjoyed the freedoms of the American citizenship, his religion was increasingly becoming a burden. The third phase of his life is when he became a fundamentalist and decided to change his name to Abu Bakr Ramaq. He changed his name to honor the Islamic religion, history, ancestry, and lifestyle. He experienced this phase of the journey in New York, Alabama, and Pakistan. In this stage of his journey, Abu Bakr honors his Muslim heritage by recognizing the fact that he is Muslim. He is inspired and honored to become a devout Muslim following the discovery that he is a descendant of a popular and famous Islamic figure. He recognizes and becomes motivated by Muslim religious philosophies and the teachings of the Quran. Unlike in the U.S where he wanted to live an ordinary life, he focused more on becoming a reverent Muslim. Based on his awakening or religious empowerment, he loved his religious to the point of taking offense when people based him on stereotypes rather than recognizing him for what he had become. This was evident when he lamented, "I had exalted the people of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan as the highest of believers. I had vested them with the authority to judge my Iman, my belief; my taqwa, my piety. If only those righteous Muslims had cut open my chest and seen how the four chambers of my heart pumped blood suffused with Islam-yet they did not. I was sneered at by the very ones who were supposed to embrace me." The next phase of his journey is the post-modern phase in which he changed his name to Amir ul-Islam, which was a combination of his secular and religious names. This phase of his journey occurred in Atlanta and Washington DC where he expressed his disapproval of the way his religion had treated him when he was in Pakistan. Because he was still unhappy with his experiences in Pakistan, he wanted to take revenge on his religion. This was exerted when he lost his virginity in an attempt to show Allah that he did have to listen and follow what was written in the Quran. In this phase of his journey, Amir did not want to embrace Islamism and please Allah. However, he was bound and afraid of the Mannanat. He looked like a pious Muslim on the outside, but on the inside, he was filled with hatred. His objective was to exert revenge on the people that doubted his religion. The last phase of his journey was the reformation phase in which he changed his name to Ali Eteraz where he sought to become a noble priest. This phase of his life was experienced in Kuwait and California. In this phase of his journey, he was focused on changing the way people viewed Islam. He wanted to show the world the real Islam and not the Islam depicted by Islamic States and other extreme groups. According to Ali, 'I don't think human dignity is, or should be based upon religion. The basis of human dignity comes simply from the inherent autonomy and individuality of the person. Religions should supplement that but not be an exclusive source." This is an indication that he wanted to embrace the good side of his religion and show the world that the Islamic religion is a force that can change the world and promote peace. How Islam/The Islamic Ethos Is Expressed In Contemporary Pakistani Culture In Pakistan, every Muslim is expected to observe the pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca. In most of the instances, the Muslim makes promises to Allah in addition to making devotions to become servants of Islam for life in Pakistan, people believe in superstitions. Mainly, they believe in superstitions that are associated with the Islam religion. It is also important to note that they believe in having prophetic connections with Allah. Many Pakistanis also believe that they can have dreams that have prophetic connections with their lives. During his residency in Pakistan, Eteraz saw that most people were blessed to receive their fortunes. Additionally, they follow the teachings of the Quran that an elder male should head a household thus, when Eteraz’s father was not around, his elder brother acted as the head of the family. Additionally, the life of a young Muslim man should revolve around the religion this is the case when the Muslim is in his childhood. They are expected to go to the madrassa they are also expected to follow strict religious beliefs and teachings. This constantly pressed Eteraz to live to his pre-destined life and name. While in Pakistan, Eteraz developed the desire to learn the Islamic philosophies and related Islamic courses and topics. During this period, he learned that he was a descendant of a popular and famous Muslim leader. What Lessons We Can Take from Eteraz’s Experiences That Might Contribute to a BetterSocial Experience in Our Culture The lesson that can be taken from Ali Eteraz’s experiences is that life a journey of self-discovery. He started under the care of his parents where his freedoms were limited. The beatings in the madrassa made him by molding him even though they made him rebel, he managed to chart his life and discover himself. These experiences kept him obedient and ensured that even though he rebelled, he maintained his obedience. At this specific point in his life, his Muslim-ness was easily proven wrong. The madrassa did not view him as Muslim enough, thus the steady beating and disciplines. Eteraz was never given the chance and opportunity to investigate what it intended to be Muslim by his own guidelines, comprehension, and learning. In the U.S, Eteraz was in the dim. He discovered that there was nothing static about a Muslim American. Being a Muslim American is definitely not a set pigeonholed; rather it is a persistent battle of the investigation of oneself. While in the U.S, Eteraz thought of an arrangement for freedom. At first, he endeavored to change his name and selected a Manhattan college. Furthermore, he was sent a work by a young lady named Una. His elucidation of the works and lyric gave him a freeing knowledge into life. His elucidation and freeing recognition influenced him to recognize as a Muslim while dropping the things his folks and the Quran Study Circle added to his life. Eteraz was surrendered by Una and was compelled to impart a space to Moosa Farid. The agreement made by Eteraz's picked up force and validity as he distinguished his family genealogy. The sexual wants that Eteraz feel conflicts with his devotion, which made his look for a spouse pressing. The lady that he found was a Lebanese Christian and a shameless Bilquis. She turned into his perfect partner through a procedure of disposal, which is a convention of Islam. Note that her dad despised Punjabis, henceforth the families differences on marriage.
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    Name Professor Course Date Black Panther Introduction The film that I have identified is Black Panther, a 2018 American superhero film, produced by Marvel Studios and based on Marvel Comic characters. After its release in American theaters and other premium large formats, the film received praise from critics for its screenplay, direction, and acting. It also received praise for the production values, costume design, and soundtrack. I selected this film because of its cultural significance and its value on inclusivity, especially in the American superhero scene. Why I am Interested in the Film I became interested in the film because it offers audiences a superhero story that is subversive and an action-adventure that is uproarious. In the movie, African stereotypes are upended and the history of Africans is rewritten. The film tackles the question of superheroes of color. It is vital to note that the superhero sector is not as inclusive because it only features white superheroes. On the face of it, Wakanda is presented in a typical African way. It is presented as a dirty, poor, mountainous, inaccessible, and as a jungle. The point is that Wakandans have deliberately used the condescending stereotypes of African by the west as camouflage to prevent interference from the west or other outside forces. Beneath the camouflage, Wakanda is a secret state that exists as a hidden world of modernity. How the Film Comes Together From a Production Standpoint Idea for the production of the Black Panther film came up in 1992 following success in the Black Panther comic book by Marvel Comics. In 1992, actor Wesley Snipes expressed interest in working on the film. However, the project failed to take off. In 2005, Marvel Studios first announced the Black Panther film as one of its movies based on the Marvel characters. It was also agreed that the film would be distributed by Paramount Pictures. In 2011, Marvel Studios hired Mark Bailey as the lead scriptwriter, and in 2014, the film was announced. In 2016, Chadwick Boseman made his first appearance as the Black Panther in the movie Captain America: Civil War. Additional cast members joined the project to make the film the first Marvel and superhero film that had a predominantly black cast. The producers initiated principle photography from January to April 2017 at the Screen Gems studios in Busan, South Korea, and Atlanta, Georgia. The movie premiered in 2018, in Los Angeles. The Film’s Budget The film had a budget of $200-$210 million (Box Office Mojo 1). The budget was mainly for production, marketing, and distribution of the film. Part of the budget was used in the development phase of movie production. In this part, the budget went into screen and script writing. The amount was also used in casting actors. It is important to note that the film had notable celebrities as actors. Part of the budget was spent on the acquisition and writing of the scenes. It is also important to note the design aspect and its financial costs to the film. There were consultations and collaborations with experts on Africa and African languages. Time of Release Black Panther’s world premier was at the Dolby Theatre in Los Angeles on January 29, 2018. During the release, the theatre had a purple carpet flanked by women costumed as the Dora Milaje. Additionally, cast members wore African attire to honor the African setting of the movie. In locations such as the Unite Kingdom, Taiwan, and Hong Kong, the film was released on February 13, 2018. In South Korea, the film was released on February 14, 2018. In the U.S, the Black Panther opened in 4,020 theatres in both IMAX and 3D formats. It is vital to note that the film was opened in most markets during the first weekend of its release including a cross-country release in Africa. The Film’s Gross Revenues In the U.S and Canada, the Black Panther grossed $700.1 million while in other regions; the film grossed $646.9 million. This led to a global total of $1.347 billion (Box Office Mojo 1). During the film’s theatrical run, Black Panther became the third highest-grossing film in the Marvel Comic Universe. It also became the ninth-highest-grossing film of all time. By March 2018, it was estimated that the movie would have a net profit of approximately $461 million accounting for P&A, production budgets, and talent participation (Box Office Mojo 1). The Film’s Reception by Critics The film was positively received by critics worldwide. In review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 97 percent based on approximately 500 reviews. On average, the film has an approval rating of 8.3/10 (IMDb 1). According to one of the critics, the film elevates superhero movies to a thrilling new height through the introduction of its fully realized characters. By February 18, 2018, Black Panther was one of the best-reviewed Marvel Comic Universe movie on the Marvel Universe website. It managed to beat favorites such as Iron Man and The Dark Knight. How and Why I Liked the Film I liked the film because it is an inclusive action-packed adventure. Black Panther has an impressive cast of black actors for a Hollywood movie, especially a superhero movie. Particular standouts in the movie include Letitia Wright, Chadwick Boseman, and Michael B. Jordan. One of the characteristics of Marvel movies is the lack of a memorable or intriguing villain. However, Michael B. Jordan was impressive as the villain that troubled the Wakanda kingdom. The film is also notable because its central characters are female. Chadwick Boseman as T’Challa surrounded himself exclusively with women. There is also a richness in the diversity of the female characters. Why We Should Expect to See More Films like This We should expect to see more films like the Black Panther. The Black Panther opened up opportunities for more films that are based on the themes of superhero and inclusivity. Thus, it will not be surprising to see a superhero movie that features a cast of Native Americans. Audiences should expect more films that advance the theme of breaking through the stereotypes attached to their community. The success of the Black Panther in theatres showed that audiences have a demand for movies that deviate from the normal white superhero films. This means that movie studios will be willing to fund the production of movies that feature a diverse cast. It also means there is an opportunity and market for movies that tell a different story from the usual white superhero stories.
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    General Knowledge
    Name Professor Course Date Project 2 Question 1 The Porter five forces that will influence my company the most is industry rivalry. The business of making figurines is in a business that is characterized by intense competition. Competitive rivalry is a major determinant of operations in this industry. This force will influence my business because it will make it mandatory for me to understand industry rivals and their operations. Additionally, I must make efforts to understand their marketing strategies in order to position my products in the market. Positioning focuses on public perception of my products and the capability to distinguish the products from competitors. Therefore, I must be aware of the competitor’s pricing and marketing strategy and be reactive to any changes. Important factors in this force include entry and exit barriers, the growth potentials of the industry, strategic focus, diversity of competition, operating costs, capacity increases, and the availability of undifferentiated products. Potential factors that can drive my business include competition between companies, sustainable competitive advantages through innovation, firm concentration ratios, advertising, and the use of effective competitive strategies. I could also use this force to analyze the intensity of competition within the industry. This is possible through the analysis of whether competitors have similar market share, existence of numerous competing companies, industry growth rate, and product differentiation. Question 2 The competitive strategy that the company will use to position itself is the cost and differentiation competitive strategy. This strategy has been selected because it will enable the company position itself as a low cost producer of figurines. Through low-cost production, th company can produce in large scale. This will enable the firm to have economies of scale. It is also important to note that through cost leadership, the company has high utilization, high technology implementation, and good bargaining power. The cost leadership strategy requires the business to focus on long-term commitment to sell figurines at low costs. In addition to the cost leadership strategy, the firm will employ the differentiation strategy. Under the differentiation strategy, the company will maintain unique features on its products through the creation of a differentiating factor. In this case, the differentiating factor is to use different colors and materials to make the figurines high quality and attractive to customers. With the differentiation strategy, the company will achieve market leadership, which will translate to premium prices for the products in the future. Premium prices will result from the high value added features. Question 3 The one source of data that will be used in marketing the product is market survey. In this case, a market survey will be conducted through the research and analysis of a market for figurines. Market research will lead to the generation of data that will provide insights into customer inclinations. It will also provide insights into the capabilities of customers and their purchase potentials. In this case, market survey will be used as a source of data on customer expectations, requirements, and characteristics. The data will be collected through a survey that targets customers and shop owners. The data will be used for pricing trends, competitor analysis, and customer requirements. It will also be used to gain critical customer information and feedback and understand customer position towards purchasing the figurines. The data will also be used to enhance existing services and products. The implementation of the market survey will aid in improving existing products, gaining insights into customer perceptions of the market, and analyzing the levels of customer satisfaction. The market survey will also be used to make well-informed business decisions. Data gathered through a market survey is instrumental in the implementation of changes in the product design and business approaches. It will help in reducing risks involved in business decisions.
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    General Knowledge
    International Trade in Diamond Name of Student Name of University International Trade in Diamond Diamond is one of the most highly regarded mineral elements on earth. Diamonds have been marketed as the ultimate jewelry through strategic marketing by companies such as DeBeers. Diamond rings, especially, have risen in popularity and are immensely used in engagements and weddings. Most of the world’s diamond is sourced in countries such as India, Congo, Central African Republic, Guinea, South Africa, Russia and Botswana among others. The western world is one of the leading markets for diamonds and its products. In 2016, an estimated 128 million carats of diamond were produced from mines across the world and sold elsewhere for processing. The 128 million carats generated an estimate $15.4 billion before processing which appreciated to $25.1 billion after processing. The international trade in diamond is clearly a big industry in the world (Statista, 2018). The trade, however, has been accused of hurting economies especially where the diamond is sourced from. While diamond trade is a billion dollar industry, most of the proceeds do not get into the hands of the miners and other people handling the diamond at the mines. Reports have indicated that most of the world’s diamond is mined through conditions that exploit workers, use underage workers and impoverish communities. In Africa, for instance, about one million diamond miners earn less than a dollar per day, ending up living in abject poverty. In addition to the low pay, most of the mines are safety and there is often no safety and health plan in place. This explains why most of the minders end up dying or being injured in mudslides, collapses of mines and other accidents in the mines. The use of underage labor also characterizes the mining, with children making up a significant portion of mine workers (Brilliant Earth, 2018). The growth in scale in the global diamond trade has encouraged the development of illicit trade in the element. Today, a large segment of the trade comprises of smuggled diamond. Central Africa Republic, one of the poorest countries in the world is also one of the biggest producers of diamond in the world. The country has no real control over mining and trade in the mineral. Rebel and militia groups have established themselves in mineral rich countries and control the extraction and export of the minerals. Citizens in the country do not realize the benefit of the mines as they are continually engulfed in poverty and violence, with reports indicating that the country still has more than 40 million of un-extracted diamond. Conflict diamonds is a growing problem in the area such that despite international sanctions, the trade goes on unabated. With advent of technology, smuggling is even easier (Chutel, 2017). The extraction process of diamond is laden with immense human rights’ abuses. Militaries in some of the countries such as Zimbabwe have been known to control the trade, and occasionally there are excesses committed (Katsaura, 2010). Congo has remained one of the most politically unstable countries in Africa, and it remains one of the most endowed countries in the world in terms of minerals such as diamond and gold. In Congo, government forces and militia groups have often clashed over the mining and the trade. Innocent people are often caught up in the problem, and issues like rape, killings, and excessive use of force on civilians is common. Reports have even implicated the United Nations and other international NGOs for facilitating the illegal trade and abetting the human rights’ excesses (Bieri, 2016). The international trade in diamonds is having gross consequences on the stakeholders, particularly the miners and the communities they live in. the trade benefits a few individuals but hurts millions along the supply chain. There is need for closer management of the trade to mitigate these excesses.
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    Article Summary Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation Article Summary Title: China Wants to Strike Back on Trade. Big U.S. Deals Could Suffer. By Alexandra Stevenson Link: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/07/business/china-trade-deals-retaliate.html The New York Times This article brings to the fore the growing trade problems between the United States and China. In this article, several deals involving US companies have been placed under review by Chinese authorities. This is seen as china’s response to the recent trade tensions owing to claims by President Donald Trump that china should explain the massive trade imbalance between the two countries or face increased tariffs. American firms have a sustained appetite for international markets for growth purposes. Among the deals placed under review is Walt Disney’s acquisition of 21ST Century Fox for $71 billion and United Technologies’ acquisition of Rockwell Collins, a leading aerospace parts manufacturer, for $30 billion. T is important to note that both deals have received an okay from US regulatory authorities and they are only pending approvals from Chinese antitrust officers. China is moving from imposition trade sanctions and tariffs to U.S. goods to targeting multinational firms from America.
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    General Knowledge
    International Trade of iPhone from China Name of Student Name of Institution International Trade of iPhone from China While iPhone is an American brand designed and sold in the United States and global markets, all the development, assembling and packaging takes place in mainland China. Essentially, China is a growing hub in the technology and electronics devices, serving as one of the sources of most of such devices. The main justification why American companies such as Apple and others prefer to source from China is their vast availability of the raw materials, availability of skilled and affordable labor, and related factors that make China a favorite manufacturing destination. The iPhones market has grown tremendously over the past decade. In 2007, an estimated 1.4 million units were sold globally as compared to an estimated 216 million units in 2018. Between 2007 and 2018, Apple has developed and sold more than one billion iPhones. Within the same period, more than 370 million iPhones have been shipped to the United States (Jourdan, 2018). The iPhone trade has a massive impact on the Chinese economy. In 2014, the iPhone market was set to contribute an estimated 1% to the Chinese GDP. Being the assembly hub, the sector directly contributes to creation of employment to the many workers assembling, testing, packaging and shipping the devices. The iPhone market has seen a growing pressure from the Trump administration for China to account for the more than $375 billion trade surplus with the U.S (Jourdan, 2018). While at it, it is important to note that the imbalance may be misguided because Apple works with several other global suppliers such as Samsung, Toshiba and SK Hynix among others from Taiwan and Europe. Other reports have shown that the iPhone trade accounts for an estimated $16 billion of the US-China trade imbalance. Either way, the iPhone trade from China contributed both directly and indirectly to the Chinese economy. Today, China is a growing economic power in the world and some of this growth emanates from its rising role in international trade. A feature that is evident from the design, development, and shipping of Chinese manufactured iPhones to customers is the scale of globalization of the product’s supply chains. While the United States criticizes China for creating unfair trade imbalances, analysts tend to overlook the deficit paid out to international suppliers. The development of the iPhone uses several other global suppliers for parts such as memory chips, displays and other electronic components. For the iPhone X, the estimated cost of the components is $370.25, most of which is shared among the various global suppliers. From that amount, Samsung Electronics takes up an estimated $110 for the supply and fitting of the displays (Schrager, 2018). Additionally, Toshiba Corporation in Japan takes up $44.45 for the supply of memory chips (Schrager, 2018). SK Hynix also supplies the company with memory chips hence takes a cut too. The other suppliers also have to be paid appropriately. In the end, the labor and assembly costs may represent only 3 to 6 percent of the $370.25 manufacturing cost. In this regard, it is unfair to demonize China for the massive trade deficits (Worstall, 2014). Various stakeholders suggest that there is a need to stop companies such as Apple from manufacturing oversees and imposing tariffs on imports from China. From the iPhone case, it is evident that reasons such as cost of manufacture, availability of ready suppliers and talent are the core factors promoting China as the home of the iPhone. While some have argued that this implies exporting American jobs, it is important to note that the firms have to make business sense out of operations (Worstall, 2014). Furthermore, supply chains are today truly global and for products such as phones, no single country has all it takes to build the devices from design to dispatching the final product to the customer.
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    Name Professor Course Date Should First Nation’s Fishing Rights be protected? Introduction In Canada, it is usually difficult to generalize the definition of first nation rights because of the diversity among indigenous people. However, the rights of first nation populations are collective and inherent. These rights flow from the original occupation of present day Canada in addition to the social orders established before the arrival of Europeans to Canada. Conversely, these rights can be disregarded when it comes to commercial activities such as fishing. This is usually the case when indigenous people encroach into conserved land or land under management. Fishing regulations can be imposed on indigenous people in a similar manner to other people. However, first nation fishing rights must be protected to ensure their cultural independence and independence in land and resource use. The protection of first nation fishing rights is important for their independence through self-determination and governance. Indigenous people have rights that include access to ancestral resources and land, in addition to the right to self-governance. It has been argued that first nation people do not have constitutional rights or recognition. However, Canada entered into treaties that enshrine first nation rights to resources and land. This is complemented with federal laws that protect indigenous rights through the Canadian Constitution. First nation rights have been comprehensively covered in the Canadian Human Rights Act. Additionally, Supreme Court cases recognize first nation people and their rights to traditional territories (Henderson and Bell 3). Furthermore, the Delgamuukw case (1977) proved that indigenous people have ancestral rights, which are protected by the constitution. Opponents of the protection of first nation fishing rights also argue that The Indian Act does not recognize or enshrine first nation rights. However, it is vital to note that this act has been historically oppressive. The Indian Act created categories of indigenous people, which caused division among the indigenous people. For instance, the Act established status Indians and gave them privileges such as access to ancestral land and the right not to pay taxes. Conversely, the Act created non-status Indians who were not protected or privileged in any way. Therefore, arguing that first nation people do not have rights based on the categorization of The Indian Act is discriminatory to the first nation people and denies them access to their livelihoods. Even with the Indian Act in force, the rights of first nations should be protected because Canada is a signatory to the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous people (2007). This gives indigenous people the right to land, equality, self-government, basic human rights, and resources. Opponents to this debate contend that there is no need to give first nations autonomy. They instead propose that these people should be assimilated into the Canadian way of life. However, the protection of the fishing rights of first nation people strengthens the cooperation between first nations and Canada and can contribute to reducing conflicts between first nations and the Government of Canada. Self-governance and land claims are central to cooperation efforts between the first nations and the Government of Canada. Rights to self-government, land, and resources are recognized in Section 35 of the Constitution Act (1982) (Henderson and Bell 3). This gives first nations land rights, which exist in historical treaties. There are numerous instances where the fishing rights of first nations have not been protected. For instance, these rights have been challenged at the provincial and local levels. It is vital to note that most first nations have signed land agreements and claims with provincial and federal governments. When the rights to resources, land, and territory are challenged, then relations between the first nations and Government of Canada become less amicable. The Ipperwash and Oka crisis are two instances where local and provincial authorities ignored the indigenous claims to ancestral land. Indigenous people have had to protect their rights, resources, lands, way of life, and people and protecting their fishing rights is a way of helping them protect what they believe is their ancestral right. Opponents of protecting the fishing rights of first nations do not acknowledge the cultural uniqueness and diversity of the Canadian society. It is also important to recognize fishing as part of the culture and identity of first nations. Fishing helps to sustain the first nation’s lifestyle and economies. In most of the first nation societies, fishing is a key activity that transmits languages and culture (Henderson and Bell 3). The activity gives them an opportunity to share, learn, and pass the practice, knowledge, and culture. Most importantly, it is constitutionally protected and an inherent and treaty right. The protection of the fishing rights of these people upholds the reconciliation of the indigenous people and the Government of Canada in addition to raising awareness of their future and shared history. Protecting the fishing rights of first nations honors their inherent right to fish and creates awareness of its connection to establishing sustainable environments, water protection, and conservation. Conclusion First nation fishing rights should be protected for their cultural independence and facilitation of access to resources and land. This will also facilitate their self-determination and governance. It will reduce their dependence on the government for food and support. It is vital to note that indigenous people have rights enshrined in the constitution and treaties, which protect their access to ancestral land and self-governance. Failure to protect their fishing right is an indication of hostility towards the indigenous people because for them it is a cultural activity. These hostilities have been witnessed before in the Oka and Ipperwash crisis that resulted from limiting the indigenous people’s access to their ancestral land. This is significant for the progress of the first nations because it facilitates the transmission of language and cultural practices. The protection of the first nation’s fishing rights signifies cooperation, and the willingness to cooperate with the people.
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    Technology
    Student’s Name Professor’s Name Course Date Sheldon Wolin, “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” Introduction Sheldon Wolin on “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” is concerned with the political uses and significance of democracy in regard to two entirely opposed ideas that illustrate two equally contrasting states of affairs (Wolin, 29). First, Woldin states that democracy represents of government and political authority normally referred to as a constitution. Second, he speaks of the revolution, unsettling political movement. According to Woldin, the constitution symbolizes the repression of the revolution, while the revolution the demolition of the constitution. The two opposing notions are interlinked by democracy. There is a great need to reconceived democracy not as a type of government, it should be defined as a form of being that is as a result of bitter incidents, and is destined to temporarily succeed (Wolin, 43). Democracy is a rebellious and political moment that assumes destructive and revolutionary proportions. Democracy in Ancient Times Traditionally, democracy has been defined as a type of government in which citizens are vested with supreme power. A democratic state is characterized with proper equality of privileges and rights, social or political equality, and a democratic spirit. The main role of democracy was to transform politics in speech and sight, make power visible, and make decision making open so that ordinary men could have power. Over a period of time, democratic theorists such as Woldin, have primarily concerned themselves with examining the meaning and definition of the notion of democracy, while simultaneously focusing on its obligations, moral foundations, challenges, and general allure of a democratic governance. Democracy in the modern world cannot be perceived as a whole political system, provided with the great potentialities of modern power forms, and its impact on the natural and social world (Wolin, 42). Modern Democracy There is a great difference between facets of democracy in the organizational impulses of modern and ancient constitutionalism. Democracy from primeval to modern times has allegedly weakened the power of law, and the practice of compliance to government. Initially, demos were used to change the political art practice where the elite competed for office and honors. Currently, demos are used to reverse the worldwide trends of institutionalized power systems to benefit a few and exploit many citizens (Wolin, 48). The rupture between modern and ancient democracy conceptions should be considered as the needed foundation for the development of modern democracy. This is because the social complexity, large populations, and great physical dimensions make the politics of a small polis old-fashioned. Conclusion There is a need to renew democracy through relying on voluntary associations. “Voluntary associations are often see as a key to enhancing political participation in the wider community” (Eikenberry, 7). Ordinary citizens have the capability of developing new cultural patterns of unity at any moment. People who use their power for improved healthcare, better schools, safer water, low income housing among others are (without their knowledge) renewing the democracy. “Philanthropic supporters enable the provision of a broad array of activities and activities that may not be provided otherwise” (Eikenberry, 16). Self- governing and independent voluntary associations should always replace hierarchical corporate authorities. This provides the affected interests with voices, hence promoting government through consent in the entire society, and not just in the state. Through such actions, the state complexity will be reduced and the ancient democratic representative mechanisms shall be able to function effectively.
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    Health Services Q & A Part 2
    Health Services (2) What is the correct procedure to follow if a safety breach – an injury, or personal contact with clinical waste, for example – has occurred? In cases where a safety breach such as an injury or personal contact with clinical waste has occurred, the OSH Act states that the employer must report the injury or injuries and provide first aid procedures and facilities. All serious injuries contracted during work (loss of sight, fractures), specific infectious diseases like viral hepatitis and HIV and other injuries that may prevent the worker from working for 10 consecutive days must be reported to WorkSafe (Govt. of Western Australia, 2011). Why is it important to separate waste at the point of generation? It is important to separate waste at the point of generation to reduce the risk of contaminating the personnel involved in the disposal and the public; and its potential to pollute the environment if not managed properly. The process of separation must be done at the point of generation and the separation as per type of waste must be kept during accumulation, handling, interim storage and transportation (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2005). Australia is a product of a unique blend of established traditions and new influences. Give examples of how the Australian society has changed over time. Consider the types of food, traditions, cultural diversity, and technology. The Australian society has changed over time because of the immigration and race relations. Its culture becomes multicultural and diversity was promoted, resulting to a multicultural policy recognising diversity in lifestyle (food, dress) and linguistic. The diverse migrant communities in Australia brought with them their lifestyle, food and cultural practices. An example is the invasion of the British colonists where indigenous people were dominated by force. This invasion also produced mixed European-Aboriginal descent children, where some were forcefully taken from their aboriginal mothers to be ‘civilised’ and reared in the ‘white’ society (everyculture.com, 2014). Australia is a society embracing many different cultures. These cultural differences are demonstrated and expressed in various ways. An example is the Jawoyn indigenous communities in Katherine, Northern Territory; their culture is quite different to the city culture of a capital city. Identify two (2) other cultures within Australia that are quite different from one another, and explain their differences. One is the Islamic culture in Australia. Some of the differences between Muslims and other cultures in Australia are their way of dressing, their practice of segregating men from women, the kind of foods they eat (no pork and its byproducts) and their customs and traditions in terms of marriage and burial. Muslim women generally wear hijab and cover their legs and arms. The Tiwi people or the indigenous group in Australia that live in the Tiwi islands are distinct from other cultures when it comes to their beliefs in mourning, marriage and language. The Tiwi people when mourning paint their body and require others to feed them. Body painting has been practised in the Tiwi culture as part of ceremonies since time immemorial. When it comes to marriage, their culture dictates that newborn girls are engaged to men who are at least 60 years old, but their marriage will not be consummated until the girls reach 14 years of age. Tiwi females are allowed to marry at all times because they believe that a child should not be born fatherless. When the husband dies, the girl’s new partner takes the role of father to all the children of the girl from previous marriages (Hewett et al., 1988). A person may come from a cultural background but not hold all of the same beliefs or customs as others from that background. An example is that a family may raise their children in the Jewish faith but the children may not hold this same belief themselves and may, as adults, live a life that does not uphold any of the traditional Jewish values. For example, the children might not: marry someone from the Jewish faith; celebrate Jewish festivals; speak Hebrew; follow dietary restrictions such as refraining from eating pork or shellfish.
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