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    Student’s Name Professor’s Name Course Date Sheldon Wolin, “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” Introduction Sheldon Wolin on “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” is concerned with the political uses and significance of democracy in regard to two entirely opposed ideas that illustrate two equally contrasting states of affairs (Wolin, 29). First, Woldin states that democracy represents of government and political authority normally referred to as a constitution. Second, he speaks of the revolution, unsettling political movement. According to Woldin, the constitution symbolizes the repression of the revolution, while the revolution the demolition of the constitution. The two opposing notions are interlinked by democracy. There is a great need to reconceived democracy not as a type of government, it should be defined as a form of being that is as a result of bitter incidents, and is destined to temporarily succeed (Wolin, 43). Democracy is a rebellious and political moment that assumes destructive and revolutionary proportions. Democracy in Ancient Times Traditionally, democracy has been defined as a type of government in which citizens are vested with supreme power. A democratic state is characterized with proper equality of privileges and rights, social or political equality, and a democratic spirit. The main role of democracy was to transform politics in speech and sight, make power visible, and make decision making open so that ordinary men could have power. Over a period of time, democratic theorists such as Woldin, have primarily concerned themselves with examining the meaning and definition of the notion of democracy, while simultaneously focusing on its obligations, moral foundations, challenges, and general allure of a democratic governance. Democracy in the modern world cannot be perceived as a whole political system, provided with the great potentialities of modern power forms, and its impact on the natural and social world (Wolin, 42). Modern Democracy There is a great difference between facets of democracy in the organizational impulses of modern and ancient constitutionalism. Democracy from primeval to modern times has allegedly weakened the power of law, and the practice of compliance to government. Initially, demos were used to change the political art practice where the elite competed for office and honors. Currently, demos are used to reverse the worldwide trends of institutionalized power systems to benefit a few and exploit many citizens (Wolin, 48). The rupture between modern and ancient democracy conceptions should be considered as the needed foundation for the development of modern democracy. This is because the social complexity, large populations, and great physical dimensions make the politics of a small polis old-fashioned. Conclusion There is a need to renew democracy through relying on voluntary associations. “Voluntary associations are often see as a key to enhancing political participation in the wider community” (Eikenberry, 7). Ordinary citizens have the capability of developing new cultural patterns of unity at any moment. People who use their power for improved healthcare, better schools, safer water, low income housing among others are (without their knowledge) renewing the democracy. “Philanthropic supporters enable the provision of a broad array of activities and activities that may not be provided otherwise” (Eikenberry, 16). Self- governing and independent voluntary associations should always replace hierarchical corporate authorities. This provides the affected interests with voices, hence promoting government through consent in the entire society, and not just in the state. Through such actions, the state complexity will be reduced and the ancient democratic representative mechanisms shall be able to function effectively.
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    Health Services (2) What is the correct procedure to follow if a safety breach – an injury, or personal contact with clinical waste, for example – has occurred? In cases where a safety breach such as an injury or personal contact with clinical waste has occurred, the OSH Act states that the employer must report the injury or injuries and provide first aid procedures and facilities. All serious injuries contracted during work (loss of sight, fractures), specific infectious diseases like viral hepatitis and HIV and other injuries that may prevent the worker from working for 10 consecutive days must be reported to WorkSafe (Govt. of Western Australia, 2011). Why is it important to separate waste at the point of generation? It is important to separate waste at the point of generation to reduce the risk of contaminating the personnel involved in the disposal and the public; and its potential to pollute the environment if not managed properly. The process of separation must be done at the point of generation and the separation as per type of waste must be kept during accumulation, handling, interim storage and transportation (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2005). Australia is a product of a unique blend of established traditions and new influences. Give examples of how the Australian society has changed over time. Consider the types of food, traditions, cultural diversity, and technology. The Australian society has changed over time because of the immigration and race relations. Its culture becomes multicultural and diversity was promoted, resulting to a multicultural policy recognising diversity in lifestyle (food, dress) and linguistic. The diverse migrant communities in Australia brought with them their lifestyle, food and cultural practices. An example is the invasion of the British colonists where indigenous people were dominated by force. This invasion also produced mixed European-Aboriginal descent children, where some were forcefully taken from their aboriginal mothers to be ‘civilised’ and reared in the ‘white’ society (everyculture.com, 2014). Australia is a society embracing many different cultures. These cultural differences are demonstrated and expressed in various ways. An example is the Jawoyn indigenous communities in Katherine, Northern Territory; their culture is quite different to the city culture of a capital city. Identify two (2) other cultures within Australia that are quite different from one another, and explain their differences. One is the Islamic culture in Australia. Some of the differences between Muslims and other cultures in Australia are their way of dressing, their practice of segregating men from women, the kind of foods they eat (no pork and its byproducts) and their customs and traditions in terms of marriage and burial. Muslim women generally wear hijab and cover their legs and arms. The Tiwi people or the indigenous group in Australia that live in the Tiwi islands are distinct from other cultures when it comes to their beliefs in mourning, marriage and language. The Tiwi people when mourning paint their body and require others to feed them. Body painting has been practised in the Tiwi culture as part of ceremonies since time immemorial. When it comes to marriage, their culture dictates that newborn girls are engaged to men who are at least 60 years old, but their marriage will not be consummated until the girls reach 14 years of age. Tiwi females are allowed to marry at all times because they believe that a child should not be born fatherless. When the husband dies, the girl’s new partner takes the role of father to all the children of the girl from previous marriages (Hewett et al., 1988). A person may come from a cultural background but not hold all of the same beliefs or customs as others from that background. An example is that a family may raise their children in the Jewish faith but the children may not hold this same belief themselves and may, as adults, live a life that does not uphold any of the traditional Jewish values. For example, the children might not: marry someone from the Jewish faith; celebrate Jewish festivals; speak Hebrew; follow dietary restrictions such as refraining from eating pork or shellfish.
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    Hope is the belief that people generally have that things will get better in future, people who face different difficult situations have the feeling that all will be fine in future. Hope is a feeling that everybody has, be it rich or poor, sick or healthy, young and old and is an assurance that the difficult situation one face is going to be over whether there is an evidence or not. This is the feeling that helps to provide people with the driving force to explore more ideas, opportunities, inventions and innovations. It enables people to keep going regardless of whatever situation they are going through, hope can be a treatment to cancer patients looking forward to get treatment, and a bridge between success and failure to students waiting to sit exams. Lack of hope results in distress, mental breakdown and suicide in some cases. According to Dr. Barbara, hope reveals itself more in difficult and uncertain situations and helps one to develop new ideas to develop possibilities and breakthrough, psychologist C.R Snyder on the other hand argued that hope is the view of having a goal in mind to be achieved and the stamina and determination to see the goal go through in good time. In “Hope Theory” by Snyder, the author states the importance of hope in the life of everyone, it is an essential fact in the the life of human beings since helps in providing the focus and goals to be achieved and the energy and stamina to effect the implementation of any work or idea however hard it may seem. It compares two types of people, one type is the hopeless that give in to challenges in their lives, and the hopeful that pushes on harder to overcome such challenges, the second group of people have the ability to find alternative opportunities to achieve their goals if one method fails. People who have hopeful outlook towards life tend to be performers and achievers and have a peaceful of mind since they are aware and appreciate their abilities and achievements, they suffer less stress. According to the theory, for one to be hopeful he must have a goal that gives him the right direction to tread towards and to keep him on track, another way that enables people to be hopeful is to have pathways that give them the means of reaching their goal and at the right time, this calls for being very versatile and flexible and finding different ways of tackling the issue at hand, this also increases the opportunities that one has for succeeding and improves one`s confidence. The agency for success encompasses the goal and pathway parts of success and it is a very vital part in the success component. It is the belief that a person must have that he can perform and he can deliver, a person must believe in himself first before he can put any idea into action, this is where hope must be developed in order for realized success agenda to be Mark Zuckerberg, the founder of facebook said in one the his conferences that the biggest risk is not taking any risk, Mark first tried the idea of starting facebook in his hostel room in Harvard University, that is taking a big step and exercising hope. Venturing into a field that nobody has tried before and believing in oneself that the idea will succeed in unforeseen future. That hope that Mark took has pushed facebook into international investment venture and is currently the admiration of any investor, this brings to justifies the fact that whether one is in a situation more that is more unlikely to succeed, whether someone is a junior or has been in the professional field for years, the career that one selects is covered with a number of uncertainities and calls for one to have hope in order to develop in his choice of profession Walt Disney is also another practical example of how hope influences professional excellence, Disney was fired by the newspaper editor in the media firm he was working, the editor accused him of lacking in imagination and proper ideas for the company and was then viewed as a liability and was damaging the image of the company in the public arena. To add to his misfortunes, several of his business collapsed making him a pauper, all these however did not discourage him to try again and again. He had the hope for a better future in his career, he made a grand comeback with his movie ”Snow White” and is currently a household name in the movie and animation industry, he believed in himself and had the hope of pushing his career to the top when all avenues seemed dim, he has helped to shape the childhood of many kids through his imagination that was once questioned. Positive psychology is a recently introduced field of study that deals with how people can live a happy life and get fulfillment in their lives, it deals with how science can be used to effect happiness in people`s lives and create satisfaction. The positive psychology theory suggest how easy happiness can be obtained, it comes up when people decide to put themselves first and engage in building personal well-being and to get the full satisfaction in their lives regardless of how good or bad the situation they may be in. Professor Martin formulated the theory of happiness and simplified it in the PERMA model. The theory suggests that for people to experience positive psychology, they must first develop the Positive Emotion towards life. Having positive emotion helps in making people to have a light mood and helps one to perform better at work and in the learning institutions, it helps one to develop and improve on the personal well-being, helps to bring joy and fulfillment in relationships and enables one to develop the art of being creative, to develop new ideas and to have a positive attitude towards life and look at the future with hope and a light heart. The second concept that should be developed towards positive psychology is the Engagement. An example is seen when a person sits in one place and does nothing, he tends to develop a feeling of boredom and being useless, but when the same person starts engaging in any activity, he gets cheerful and having a sense of personal fulfillment which in turn leads to a change of the view he has towards life from negative to positive leading to positive psychology. The third way to develop positive psychology is to be in relationship, the feeling of loving someone or being loved enables one to be cheerful, have a blissful life and helps one to see the future optimistically because of the good times they share with the loved one which one wishes should last forever. Good relationship with co-workers, fellow students, room mates, friends and relatives helps in developing positive psychology. Another way of developing positive psychology is to involve oneself in an activity that brings personal fulfillment to oneself that is beyond oneself, this can be engaging in activities such as planting of trees the neighborhood, visiting the sick in hospitals, visiting prisoners, cleaning the neighborhood, providing for the underprivileged in the society, among others. Lastly, positive psychology is also achieved by Accomplishment. This is where a person sets personal goals and works towards achieving such goals, there comes a lot of fulfillment and psychological peace when one sees that personal ideas have come to reality and the set goals have been achieved. The society today faces a lot of problems and there are a lot of things that bring discouragement to people in the society, such things as crimes, terrorism and conflict, inflation of goods and high living standards, among others bring a lot of discouragement to people day in day out, however, researchers have provided ways of changing the situation and lighten the mood, people can now focus on the positive psychology to change to the optimistic view towards life. Having hope in life and the daily challenges helps one to achieve more as seen in the cases of Walt Disney and Mark Zuckerberg, by having hope in life, we can change the redefine life and bring a new meaning to it, everyone has the power to direct his life and determine success one wants in his life through hope and developing positive psychology.
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    Research Paper “How hope leads to professional success” You are required to complete a research paper on a major topic in positive psychology.(Note: You should consult with the instructor on appropriate research topics.) The research paper must include a discussion of the relevant theories appropriate to the topic, identify current research efforts, and apply the topic. You may also consider comparing and contrasting positive psychology theories as a means of addressing a specific topic. Your paper must comply with all guidelines identified in the most current version of the APA Publication Manual. The paper should be at least five to six pages in length, typed and double-spaced, and include three to four scholarly references beyond the textbook. Rubric for Research Paper   5 4 3 2 1 0 Content             1. All topics are discussed in clear detail.             2. Assertions are supported correctly.
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    IAH 209 FS 14 Essay Grading Parameters 4 A, A- 3 B+, B, B- 2 C+, C, C- 1 D+, D 0 E
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    IAH 209 FS 14 CRITICAL ESSAY GUIDELINES   In the course syllabus you will notice that you are responsible for a critical essay responding to a contemporary exhibit of visual art. This essay is not a research paper like you are assigned in other classes. The goal of this essay is to deepen your understanding of visual art through consideration of artistic information and informed writing.  In order to write this essay, you must focus your attention on the exhibit, write a careful and detailed description of the event, give thought to the structure of the work presented, and draw your own conclusions about the meaning and significance of the work.  Although this may seem difficult at first, most students find that by working in a step by step approach, they are able to write an essay that helps them to understand what they have seen (and sometimes heard). This handout is a guide to preparing this essay. First, to reinforce what is in the syllabus, this essay should be about a contemporary exhibition. That means work that was originally created since 1945.  If you are in doubt about whether an exhibit focuses on contemporary art, please ask. The essay must be about an exhibition attended this semester, and cannot be about an exhibition attended before you started this class. Each essay must be 6 to 8 pages in length, not including a title page.  It must neat (proper grammar, punctuation, spelling and typing), it needs to be typed and double spaced, size 12 Times New Roman Font, with 1” margins, STRUCTURE In general, the following outline will give you the essay structure that I expect. One of the first things to think about with the essay is how much of the exhibit you will write about. Let's say you have been to an exhibit with 100 works of art. Writing about all of that is well beyond the scope of a five-page paper. I would like you to write some about the exhibition in general, but to really concentrate on three works, and to write about them in depth. This may become clearer as you read below.   Introduction This is your opportunity to introduce the facts about the exhibit. When did it take place, where was it, who was involved in it? Description This is where you describe the exhibition. What did you see and what did it look like? This should be done in detail and if done effectively, should be complete enough for a reader to imagine the exhibition without actually attending it. Of course, if you have been to an exhibit with many works of art it would take many more than five pages to describe all that. Therefore I suggest that after a general description of the exhibition, you focus on three works in the exhibit and that you describe each of them in depth. Interpretation All works of art have meaning. Interpretation is your attempt to decide what these works mean. Interpretation is personal and all interpretations of an object will not be identical. Likewise, there is no single correct interpretation for a work of art. Interpretations, however, should be based on evidence - the evidence supplied to the reader with your description of the work. Interpretations are often judged on how well they fit the evidence. Keep in mind that you are concentrating on the three works that you have already described.
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    Please find one "contemporary exhibit of visual art" from the website i attached, it dose not matter which one you choose but it has to be originally created since 1945. And, follow the instruction that i gave to you which explain what kind of essay you should write. please note that this essay is not a research paper like you are assigned in other classes. The goal of this essay is to deepen your understanding of visual art through consideration of artistic information and informed writing.  the structure of this essay should be: 1.Introduction2.Description 3.Interpretation 4.Judgement 5.conclusion thank you due Monday 12pm.
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    Introduction Management if the process of coordination of all activities in an organization or any business with the aim of achieving the objectives and goals of the organization. Management aims at coordinating the efforts of the employees in an organization using the available resources to achieve the set goals effectively and efficiently to minimize the cost of production. It includes activities such as planning, organizing, staffing and controlling the resources and workforce to achieve the desired goals.
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    Assignment Preparation Task 1 & 2 Nikola Naumovnikola@ukcbc.co.uk Teaching and Learning Activities Workshop
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    How to justify managerial decisions Nikola Naumovnikola@ukcbc.co.uk Learning outcomes Be able to structure your 3.1 and 3.2
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    Prioritization of objectives and Team Management Nikola Naumovnikola@ukcbc.co.uk Learning outcomes Learn how to set and prioritise objectives and targets to develop own potential
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    Motivation, motivational techniques and conflict resolution Nikola Naumovnikola@ukcbc.co.uk Learning outcomes Understand the concept of motivation
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    Student’s Name Professor’s Name Course Date Sheldon Wolin, “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” Introduction Sheldon Wolin on “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” is concerned with the political uses and significance of democracy in regard to two entirely opposed ideas that illustrate two equally contrasting states of affairs (Wolin, 29). First, Woldin states that democracy represents of government and political authority normally referred to as a constitution. Second, he speaks of the revolution, unsettling political movement. According to Woldin, the constitution symbolizes the repression of the revolution, while the revolution the demolition of the constitution. The two opposing notions are interlinked by democracy. There is a great need to reconceived democracy not as a type of government, it should be defined as a form of being that is as a result of bitter incidents, and is destined to temporarily succeed (Wolin, 43). Democracy is a rebellious and political moment that assumes destructive and revolutionary proportions. Democracy in Ancient Times Traditionally, democracy has been defined as a type of government in which citizens are vested with supreme power. A democratic state is characterized with proper equality of privileges and rights, social or political equality, and a democratic spirit. The main role of democracy was to transform politics in speech and sight, make power visible, and make decision making open so that ordinary men could have power. Over a period of time, democratic theorists such as Woldin, have primarily concerned themselves with examining the meaning and definition of the notion of democracy, while simultaneously focusing on its obligations, moral foundations, challenges, and general allure of a democratic governance. Democracy in the modern world cannot be perceived as a whole political system, provided with the great potentialities of modern power forms, and its impact on the natural and social world (Wolin, 42). Modern Democracy There is a great difference between facets of democracy in the organizational impulses of modern and ancient constitutionalism. Democracy from primeval to modern times has allegedly weakened the power of law, and the practice of compliance to government. Initially, demos were used to change the political art practice where the elite competed for office and honors. Currently, demos are used to reverse the worldwide trends of institutionalized power systems to benefit a few and exploit many citizens (Wolin, 48). The rupture between modern and ancient democracy conceptions should be considered as the needed foundation for the development of modern democracy. This is because the social complexity, large populations, and great physical dimensions make the politics of a small polis old-fashioned. Conclusion There is a need to renew democracy through relying on voluntary associations. “Voluntary associations are often see as a key to enhancing political participation in the wider community” (Eikenberry, 7). Ordinary citizens have the capability of developing new cultural patterns of unity at any moment. People who use their power for improved healthcare, better schools, safer water, low income housing among others are (without their knowledge) renewing the democracy. “Philanthropic supporters enable the provision of a broad array of activities and activities that may not be provided otherwise” (Eikenberry, 16). Self- governing and independent voluntary associations should always replace hierarchical corporate authorities. This provides the affected interests with voices, hence promoting government through consent in the entire society, and not just in the state. Through such actions, the state complexity will be reduced and the ancient democratic representative mechanisms shall be able to function effectively.
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    Health Services Q & A Part 2
    Health Services (2) What is the correct procedure to follow if a safety breach – an injury, or personal contact with clinical waste, for example – has occurred? In cases where a safety breach such as an injury or personal contact with clinical waste has occurred, the OSH Act states that the employer must report the injury or injuries and provide first aid procedures and facilities. All serious injuries contracted during work (loss of sight, fractures), specific infectious diseases like viral hepatitis and HIV and other injuries that may prevent the worker from working for 10 consecutive days must be reported to WorkSafe (Govt. of Western Australia, 2011). Why is it important to separate waste at the point of generation? It is important to separate waste at the point of generation to reduce the risk of contaminating the personnel involved in the disposal and the public; and its potential to pollute the environment if not managed properly. The process of separation must be done at the point of generation and the separation as per type of waste must be kept during accumulation, handling, interim storage and transportation (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2005). Australia is a product of a unique blend of established traditions and new influences. Give examples of how the Australian society has changed over time. Consider the types of food, traditions, cultural diversity, and technology. The Australian society has changed over time because of the immigration and race relations. Its culture becomes multicultural and diversity was promoted, resulting to a multicultural policy recognising diversity in lifestyle (food, dress) and linguistic. The diverse migrant communities in Australia brought with them their lifestyle, food and cultural practices. An example is the invasion of the British colonists where indigenous people were dominated by force. This invasion also produced mixed European-Aboriginal descent children, where some were forcefully taken from their aboriginal mothers to be ‘civilised’ and reared in the ‘white’ society (everyculture.com, 2014). Australia is a society embracing many different cultures. These cultural differences are demonstrated and expressed in various ways. An example is the Jawoyn indigenous communities in Katherine, Northern Territory; their culture is quite different to the city culture of a capital city. Identify two (2) other cultures within Australia that are quite different from one another, and explain their differences. One is the Islamic culture in Australia. Some of the differences between Muslims and other cultures in Australia are their way of dressing, their practice of segregating men from women, the kind of foods they eat (no pork and its byproducts) and their customs and traditions in terms of marriage and burial. Muslim women generally wear hijab and cover their legs and arms. The Tiwi people or the indigenous group in Australia that live in the Tiwi islands are distinct from other cultures when it comes to their beliefs in mourning, marriage and language. The Tiwi people when mourning paint their body and require others to feed them. Body painting has been practised in the Tiwi culture as part of ceremonies since time immemorial. When it comes to marriage, their culture dictates that newborn girls are engaged to men who are at least 60 years old, but their marriage will not be consummated until the girls reach 14 years of age. Tiwi females are allowed to marry at all times because they believe that a child should not be born fatherless. When the husband dies, the girl’s new partner takes the role of father to all the children of the girl from previous marriages (Hewett et al., 1988). A person may come from a cultural background but not hold all of the same beliefs or customs as others from that background. An example is that a family may raise their children in the Jewish faith but the children may not hold this same belief themselves and may, as adults, live a life that does not uphold any of the traditional Jewish values. For example, the children might not: marry someone from the Jewish faith; celebrate Jewish festivals; speak Hebrew; follow dietary restrictions such as refraining from eating pork or shellfish.
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