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    Student’s Name Professor’s Name Course Date Sheldon Wolin, “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” Introduction Sheldon Wolin on “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” is concerned with the political uses and significance of democracy in regard to two entirely opposed ideas that illustrate two equally contrasting states of affairs (Wolin, 29). First, Woldin states that democracy represents of government and political authority normally referred to as a constitution. Second, he speaks of the revolution, unsettling political movement. According to Woldin, the constitution symbolizes the repression of the revolution, while the revolution the demolition of the constitution. The two opposing notions are interlinked by democracy. There is a great need to reconceived democracy not as a type of government, it should be defined as a form of being that is as a result of bitter incidents, and is destined to temporarily succeed (Wolin, 43). Democracy is a rebellious and political moment that assumes destructive and revolutionary proportions. Democracy in Ancient Times Traditionally, democracy has been defined as a type of government in which citizens are vested with supreme power. A democratic state is characterized with proper equality of privileges and rights, social or political equality, and a democratic spirit. The main role of democracy was to transform politics in speech and sight, make power visible, and make decision making open so that ordinary men could have power. Over a period of time, democratic theorists such as Woldin, have primarily concerned themselves with examining the meaning and definition of the notion of democracy, while simultaneously focusing on its obligations, moral foundations, challenges, and general allure of a democratic governance. Democracy in the modern world cannot be perceived as a whole political system, provided with the great potentialities of modern power forms, and its impact on the natural and social world (Wolin, 42). Modern Democracy There is a great difference between facets of democracy in the organizational impulses of modern and ancient constitutionalism. Democracy from primeval to modern times has allegedly weakened the power of law, and the practice of compliance to government. Initially, demos were used to change the political art practice where the elite competed for office and honors. Currently, demos are used to reverse the worldwide trends of institutionalized power systems to benefit a few and exploit many citizens (Wolin, 48). The rupture between modern and ancient democracy conceptions should be considered as the needed foundation for the development of modern democracy. This is because the social complexity, large populations, and great physical dimensions make the politics of a small polis old-fashioned. Conclusion There is a need to renew democracy through relying on voluntary associations. “Voluntary associations are often see as a key to enhancing political participation in the wider community” (Eikenberry, 7). Ordinary citizens have the capability of developing new cultural patterns of unity at any moment. People who use their power for improved healthcare, better schools, safer water, low income housing among others are (without their knowledge) renewing the democracy. “Philanthropic supporters enable the provision of a broad array of activities and activities that may not be provided otherwise” (Eikenberry, 16). Self- governing and independent voluntary associations should always replace hierarchical corporate authorities. This provides the affected interests with voices, hence promoting government through consent in the entire society, and not just in the state. Through such actions, the state complexity will be reduced and the ancient democratic representative mechanisms shall be able to function effectively.
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    Health Services Q & A Part 2
    Health Services (2) What is the correct procedure to follow if a safety breach – an injury, or personal contact with clinical waste, for example – has occurred? In cases where a safety breach such as an injury or personal contact with clinical waste has occurred, the OSH Act states that the employer must report the injury or injuries and provide first aid procedures and facilities. All serious injuries contracted during work (loss of sight, fractures), specific infectious diseases like viral hepatitis and HIV and other injuries that may prevent the worker from working for 10 consecutive days must be reported to WorkSafe (Govt. of Western Australia, 2011). Why is it important to separate waste at the point of generation? It is important to separate waste at the point of generation to reduce the risk of contaminating the personnel involved in the disposal and the public; and its potential to pollute the environment if not managed properly. The process of separation must be done at the point of generation and the separation as per type of waste must be kept during accumulation, handling, interim storage and transportation (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2005). Australia is a product of a unique blend of established traditions and new influences. Give examples of how the Australian society has changed over time. Consider the types of food, traditions, cultural diversity, and technology. The Australian society has changed over time because of the immigration and race relations. Its culture becomes multicultural and diversity was promoted, resulting to a multicultural policy recognising diversity in lifestyle (food, dress) and linguistic. The diverse migrant communities in Australia brought with them their lifestyle, food and cultural practices. An example is the invasion of the British colonists where indigenous people were dominated by force. This invasion also produced mixed European-Aboriginal descent children, where some were forcefully taken from their aboriginal mothers to be ‘civilised’ and reared in the ‘white’ society (everyculture.com, 2014). Australia is a society embracing many different cultures. These cultural differences are demonstrated and expressed in various ways. An example is the Jawoyn indigenous communities in Katherine, Northern Territory; their culture is quite different to the city culture of a capital city. Identify two (2) other cultures within Australia that are quite different from one another, and explain their differences. One is the Islamic culture in Australia. Some of the differences between Muslims and other cultures in Australia are their way of dressing, their practice of segregating men from women, the kind of foods they eat (no pork and its byproducts) and their customs and traditions in terms of marriage and burial. Muslim women generally wear hijab and cover their legs and arms. The Tiwi people or the indigenous group in Australia that live in the Tiwi islands are distinct from other cultures when it comes to their beliefs in mourning, marriage and language. The Tiwi people when mourning paint their body and require others to feed them. Body painting has been practised in the Tiwi culture as part of ceremonies since time immemorial. When it comes to marriage, their culture dictates that newborn girls are engaged to men who are at least 60 years old, but their marriage will not be consummated until the girls reach 14 years of age. Tiwi females are allowed to marry at all times because they believe that a child should not be born fatherless. When the husband dies, the girl’s new partner takes the role of father to all the children of the girl from previous marriages (Hewett et al., 1988). A person may come from a cultural background but not hold all of the same beliefs or customs as others from that background. An example is that a family may raise their children in the Jewish faith but the children may not hold this same belief themselves and may, as adults, live a life that does not uphold any of the traditional Jewish values. For example, the children might not: marry someone from the Jewish faith; celebrate Jewish festivals; speak Hebrew; follow dietary restrictions such as refraining from eating pork or shellfish.
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    Social Media and Trust in Romantic Relationships Makena Schwartz Arizona State University Social Media and Trust in Romantic Relationships Social media has been known to play a big role in shaping relationships. When people state that they are using Facebook, they use it to keep in touch with people and to monitor the lives of their friends and families. The current generation has become masters of the technology and social media and technology use has grown to become an obsession. While social media was meant to be a good thing, a place where people keep in touch and to show friends and family where one has been when one was away. However, social media has taken a negative turn and is affecting relationships. Social media affects trust in romantic relations depending on its usage, wrong usage through lack of privacy, surveillance, social media addiction, misinterpretations, unrealistic expectations, and toxic behavior lead to mistrust while proper usage through effective communication strategies leads to enhancement of trust. Definition of Social Media and Trust Social media can be defined as the use of online platforms to keep in touch with one’s friends and families. There are several social media platforms that allow for different individuals to keep in touch. The different platforms which are popular include Twitter, Instagram, Facebook, WhatsApp, Snapchat, Pinterest. The young population engages with all these social media platforms through social media multitasking. This is because the young population seek arousal and find pleasure from several social media platforms (Change, 2017). All these social media platforms have different functionalities and operate differently. Twitter is mostly used to post short messages and images while Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat, and Pinterest are predominantly used for sharing images and videos. All social media platforms affect the way information is shared and can affect the romantic relationships between partners. Trust in romantic relationships occurs when the two partners think of each other as being reliable, and that they have confidence and feel safe with them both emotionally and physically. Trust will occur both partners believe that they will not do anything that can be harmful to the other partner or to the success of the relationship. There are several factors that can destroy trust in a relationship such as cheating, lying, and mistreatment of the other partner. Social media has opened up the way partners connect. This has led to the emergence of several trust issues and insecurities among partners. Lack of Privacy One of the reasons why Social Media can destroy trust in romantic relationships is that it exposes too much of one’s personal and private life. Social media enables one to see the location of the girlfriend or boyfriend and the activities that they are undertaking. It is thus difficult for both of the partners to keep their private and personal life away from the other partner. In case one of the partners dislikes a certain place and the other posts that they were in the same location, it can lead to conflicts and mistrust. Social media enables public sharing of content and posting where anyone that can access one’s profile can view the activity. This leads to a reduction in privacy among those that post anything or comment on different social media platforms. For instance, when a partner comments on one of the photos of a previous girlfriend or boyfriend and the other partner comments back a few times, mistrust can occur as it might appear that they are flirting. Additionally, the current partner would feel insecure. The lack of privacy in social media posts and comments means that one can easily look into the life of their partner without their consent. In case the other partner engages in communication or flirts with others, it can lead to mistrust and trouble. Despite the privacy settings that are available on social media, people usually have little control over information that is available about themselves. Social media makes use of tagging and people might not be aware that they are in a photo that has been posted online without their permission. Comments can be made on the photo without the knowledge of the owner. The lack of control can lead to several moments where a partner is interpreted in the wrong context leading to misinterpretation. This can strain the relationship as it leads to higher levels of mistrust. Surveillance Social media has made it easy to monitor one’s partner leading to higher levels of mistrust among those in romantic relationships. People choose to monitor their partners in order to get a feeling of reassurance depending on the information that one finds. Social media surveillance has been surveyed on the impact that it has on relationships. A study by Hennessy et al. (2018) found that Facebook is associated with jealousy and monitoring of the profile of a partner online. The study further revealed that there has been an increased Twitter-related conflict which is usually associated with infidelity, breakup, and even divorce. The study showed that there is a relationship between Twitter fighting where individuals exhibit conflicts in their relationships. Negative interactions on Twitter is an avenue where people can show the underlying relationship and communication problems in their relationships. The study concluded that the use of Twitter and other social media platforms damages relationships. Social Media monitoring can occur when someone checks on friends and posts in the relationship on a frequent basis. One could check on different factors which one could consider insecure about the relationship. Checking phone messages and social media texts is not a good thing and shows that there is a distrust in the relationship. Relationships are usually built on trust and such forms of surveillance usually lead to a negative outcome of the relationship. Such forms of behavior show that there are insecurities in the relationship and the relationship will not go for the long-term. The use of social media has made it easy to get sneaky. A partner can easily engage in messaging and be involved in other relationships. In order for one to hide their tracks, they can choose to erase their history and messages. This shows that it is to engage in another relationship on social media and not be found. Social media has also made it possible to meet strangers online and for people to be bold knowing that they will never meet them in person. Such forms of behavior can friction and damage relationships especially if it becomes publicly known. Social media surveillance of partners is common in relationships regardless of whether there is a level of mistrust in the relationship or not. Fox and Warber (2014) hypothesized that relationships that have a high degree of social media surveillance have high uncertainty and a fear of the future. However, the research concluded that several partners engage in social media surveillance regardless of whether there is uncertainty in the relationship or not. The study mentioned that being found monitoring and surveying one’s social media platform led to a high degree of mistrust in the relationship. This is because partners expect to be trusted without necessarily being monitored. Any form of monitoring through social media shows that one of the partners does not fully trust the other one. Misinterpretation and Misunderstanding
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    Method Method Description This study focuses on relational satisfaction among dating and married couples. A survey design will be the research method for this study. A correlational design is appropriate because this study aims to understand how couples perceive their relationship. More precisely, questionnaires will be conducted in responds to the following hypothesis question; overbenefitted and underbenefitted relational partners are less satisfied than people in equitable relationships. This study assumes that perceived equity is positively related to relational satisfaction. The questions pertain to how each partner views the overall relationship. Equity seems to play a vital role in the determining relational satisfaction, therefore it will be examined. Procedures Participants. A non-random, convenience and snowball sample of 250 couples (500 individuals total) will be required for this study. A large number of participants will be needed to ensure that the population will be accounted for. Although this study includes people from a large age range, all participants must meet an age requirement of 18 years or older. Also, all participants must have been in a relationship for at least 6 months. Two types of participants will be recruited for this study. Dating couples will be recruited from Arizona State University communication classes. Students will be given extra credit for participating in a two part study. Encouraging student’s participation by offering extra credit will be the most efficient method of reaching a quota of 250 couples. Part one of the study requires the student and their partner to fill out a questionnaire about their perception and their partner’s perception of the relationship. Part two entails students to have their parents fill out the same questionnaire. In other words, married couples will be recruited by the student participants. Procedures. Participation is based on a first come first served basis. The first 125 students who sign up will receive extra credit upon completing their participation. Student couples will show up to a designated area on school campus. They will immediately separated and given identical questionnaires. They will be instructed to complete the questionnaire and any clarification will be addressed by a confederate. Participants will be asked not to discuss their responds with their partner’s until both complete the questionnaires. This will prevent biased responds form participants. After the couple completes the questionnaire, the student who signed up for the study will be given two confidential envelops for each parent. Parents will be instructed to fill out the survey individually and their children (student) will return the package to an assigned area. The procedure for this study is appropriate because students have the incentive to gain extra credit. Also, reliability and validity will be determined by the instrumentation of study. Instrumentation Participants will complete a series of questions which will be integrated into a larger whole. The perception of the relationship will be measured by the quality of marriage index (QMI). Although the index was designed for assessing marital quality, researchers have successfully employed the index to nonmarital relationships. This index appears to be internally consistent. Baxter (1990), reported a Cronbach alpha of . 95. Couples evaluate the quality their relationship by responding to five items using a Likert scale that ranges from very strongly disagree (1) to very strongly agree (7). Also, a one item scale asks participants to assess the degree of happiness in their relationship ranging from very unhappy (1) to perfectly happy (10). In addition to the quality of marriage index, the measure of equity will be determined by the Hatfield global measure of equity-inequity. This scale has been validated by previous literature reviews; it has a Cronbach alpha of . 95. Participants will be asked, “Considering what you put into your relationship compared to what you get out of it, and what your partner puts into it, compared to what he/she gets out of it, who is getting the better deal?” (Hatfield, 1979). Responses will be based on a nine-point scale with “I much more” at one end, and “He/she much more” at the other. Limitation and Conclusion Although this study will gain insight on how couples perceive the relationship, it may contain potential treats to internal and external validity. In particular, the Hawthorne effect might impact the conclusion. Because participants know they are a part of a study, they may answer in a favorable manner and might not respond truthfully. Another threat to internal validity may be selection. Because most of the participants come from an educational background, the results may not be generalized to the population. Moreover, a major concern that comes from external validity must be replication. Since students are encouraged to participate for extra credit, they may not be concerned with the credence of the study, but only their extra credit points. Perhaps future studies will take into account of these threats to internal and external validity. To neutralize the Hawthorne effect, researchers can explicitly ask participant to answer truthfully. Also, to decrease the threat of selection, participants can be obtained by via e-mail and mail. In addition, providing various incentives for subject may encourage their concern for the credence of the study. This study aims to support the hypothesis question, overbenefitted and underbenefitted relational partners are less satisfied than people in equitable relationships. Since relational satisfaction is a crucial element to the success of the relationship, it must be examined. Partners can sustain high levels of satisfaction by equalizing the relationship. References Baxter, L.A. (1990). Dialectical contradictions in relationship development. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 7, 69-88. Hatfield, E. (1979). Equity theory and intimate relationships. Social Exchange in Developing Relationships, 99-133. Norton, R. (1983). Measuring marital quality: A critical look at the dependent variable. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 45, 141-151.
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    Name: Professor: Course: Date: Research There are various methods of evaluating evidence which can be grouped either as qualitative or quantitative. One quantitative method is the use of theories while one qualitative method is fieldwork. Theories involve the use of hypothesis which needs to be verified through data and fact-finding, comparing data among others; this is a method that involves the use of statistics, data, surveys and numbers to confirm or dispute situation on the ground. In this manner, a supposition or a system is used to explain an event, specifically basing on general principles which are not dependent on the event being explained (LoBiondo-Wood, Geri, and Judith 122). Theories can apply to different situations, and they are abstract in nature without any specified topic area or content; they have shapes and boundaries but lack content on the inside and only make sense and become useful when filled with goals, problems, and practical topics. On the other hand, fieldwork makes use of subjective devices among them being interviews, journaling, drawings among others. Fieldwork is research dealing with processes and meanings, patient perception and experience. There is a challenge of measuring criteria in fieldwork hence it needs interpretation and emphatic understanding. Furthermore, variables and results are contextual in fieldwork, it involves conducting interviews, to ascertain perceptions and attitudes of the population under study (LoBiondo-Wood, Geri, and Judith 157). Fieldwork differs from theories as a method of evaluating evidence in that it entails well-defined methods such as making direct observations, informal interviews, taking part in group work, collective discussions, examinations of personal documents in a group setting and carrying out self-analysis. As theories make justification through the use of numbers, fieldwork evaluates evidence by checking character, lineament, and caliber of ingredients of evidence. Work Cited LoBiondo-Wood, Geri, and Judith Haber. Nursing Research-E-Book: Methods and Critical Appraisal for Evidence-Based Practice. Elsevier Health Sciences, 2014.
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    Name: Professor: Course: Date: World Literature The theme of heroism is presented in various ways in the book, ‘The Epic of Gilgamesh’ and an examination of the same helps to advise the population to acquire necessary skills from the book to make their lives better. One of the ways in which Gilgamesh is presented as an epic hero is apparent in the vent when he defeated the Beast Humbaba, which was a creature that lived in the Cedar forest and intimidated all those that lived in the locality. The beast was so harsh that he did not allow anybody to pass through the forest and this caused a lot of challenges to the population, a matter which forced Gilgamesh to attack the monster to create a long-term solution to the issue. Despite the advice from the population not to attack the monster, he decided to face it in a war with the view of eliminating the threats it imposed on the population. In this manner, Gilgamesh tries to save his people of his home town of Urok from the hands of the beast and although he is less confident about the battle with the beast, he uses his ingenuity to combat the beast by making the beast to marry his sister and have his sisters to be the mistresses of the beast at the same time. The best least expected the trick and this is a trick that the best least expected and led to his beheading. The craftiness of Gilgamesh and his determination led to his success in killing the beast and later returned home. The heroism in Gilgamesh is evident in the way he was not afraid to jeopardize his life to save his people. The other way in Gilgamesh shows his heroism is through climbing Mount Mashu and this is an adventure which exposed Gilgamesh as a heroic character and this is because he showed endurance in the process of climbing the mountain. In this manner, it exposed the fierceness of the character and his bravery by going up the steep cliff, and this is because such an adventure was considered to be treacherous and impossible for the normal human being to do. The surprise that the scorpion guard had as he watched Gilgamesh climb the steep cliff informed his decision to allow him to pass through the gate at the pinnacle of the mountain. In the end, the scorpion encouraged Gilgamesh to nurture his bravery and continue with his endeavors and have a successful life. The bravery of Gilgamesh presented him as a hero and this helped in the development of the theme of heroism in the book. The third way in which the theme of heroism is furthered in the book is through killing the bull of heaven. This is the story that starts when he first overcomes the advances of the Queen of Heave as she tried to manipulate him, this is a character of a great hero in that it is, in most cases, difficult to decline the advances of a queen and the high moral that Gilgamesh upheld in him helped him to overcome the challenges. The other way in which Gilgamesh shows his heroism is by raising the moral bar much higher that even the queen could not conform to the same; this is evident in the reasons that Gilgamesh gave for rejecting the advances of the queen and he posited that the queen is selfish. It is a unique show to have a normal person setting moral standards for the queen and rebuking her for her inequities. Additionally, the fact that Gilgamesh did overcome other threats on his life shows his heroism in the book, and this is evident when he and his friend Enkidu killed the Bull of Heaven using a sword thereby ripping his heart off. The heroism of Gilgamesh is no highlighted on his killing the Bull of Heaven but on the high moral standards that he set in his interaction with the queen. The final way in which Gilgamesh shows heroism is through him discovering the plant of eternal life. Th heroism evident in Gilgamesh as a king is apparent in the great care he gave to his kingdom; this is the love and care that surpassed his own fame, praise and glory and helped in enlightening the population to put the interests of the people first and first ensure that the society is safe and free of any threats from external forces. The heroism in Gilgamesh led hi into the giving up his safety and was ready to give up his immortality to make his kingdom better if he could find the plant of life. It is heroic act that needs to be applauded in the book and encourage contemporary leaders to further selfless leadership skills in the society. Another way in which the heroic nature is revealed was through putting the interest of the elderly first when he discovered the eternal life. He acknowledged that it is the elderly that needed the plant the more because they would die soon; the thought is, in itself, heroic, and this is because it was informed by critical thinking and decision making that only the exemplary leaders can show. The heroism is apparent in the great devotion of Gilgamesh to his people and the great focus he had on improving the quality of life on the population to improve quality of life of everyone in the society. There is a need to learn from the heroic acts of the Gilgamesh and the leaders in the modern society should be encourage to develop selfless acts to make the society better and work towards improvement of the quality of life in the society. Upon the acquisition of the skill outlines in the book and portrayed by Gilgamesh, there is bound to be realized a better society where everyone has a chance for self-growth and development. The returning home of Gilgamesh also tells of the heroism in him. It is shown in the part when Gilgamesh decided to go back to Uruk and stops shortly to take a bath, the slay serpent then steal the herb thereby forcing his to go back home. After the incident, he returns home to tell of changed immortal condition because he has become immortal from the events that have unfolded. The heroism in him is apparent because he has the courage to face his people and inform them of the challenge that has befallen him and how his special abilities has been affected. It is this kind of sincerity and openness with the people that presents him as a brave person who is ready to face aby challenges regardless of whether he has special abilities or not, and tackle the challenges he faces practically.
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    Name: Professor: Course: Date: Technology and Pop Culture: The Movie ‘Wall-E’ Summary In the movie, ‘Wall-E,’ the main idea is the destruction that irresponsible human behaviors can cause and effects of huge trash on the planet earth. The large multi-national, Buy N Large is behind all the trash that has engulfed the earth and made it inhabitable for the humankind. With the interest to restore the planet earth, Buy N Large sends robots to the earth to restore it after 700 years of habitation by the humankind. The difficulty that the robots get as they try to restore the earth forces Buy N Large to recall all the robots back to the space and leaving only Waste Allocation Load Lifters – Earth, otherwise called WALL – E. Wall-E decided to remain on earth because of his desires to restore the earth and make it habitable again for humanity. Wall-E soon realizes that the earth can still support plant and animal life when he finds a plant that is growing. Sooner, the large spaceship sends Eve, a sleek robot to carry out reconnaissance on the earth to determine where the earth can still support life, sooner, Wall-E and Eve fall in love the two develop a string bond where they support one another and save one another from destruction by McCrea. The poor lifestyles that human beings live in the spaceship also tell of the negative effects of living in a purely automated world. Essay Question Three It is prudent that the sentience that Wall-E has is driven by the unique vision that he has for the future, and this is what drives his interest in the restoration of the planet earth to make it habitable once again. However, as much as Wall-E is bent on making the planet more habitable, the contemporary world does not share the same vision as Wall-E. It is because as Wall-E aims at creating a peaceful coexistence between robots and plants and animals, the contemporary society only focuses on the technological development and the development of robots with less focus on their coexistence in the society. The way the current technology is evolving would lead to the future told in the movie, and this is because the society only pays attention to the robotics and technological development and focuses less on the preservation of the environment. There are fewer concerns and initiatives aimed at improving quality of the environment and prevention of pollution in the society. Essay Question Four It is prudent that technology has various benefits to the population and there is a need for the society to ensure that there is a proper application of technology to improve living conditions of the population. My opinion about technology in the movie is that it is very helpful and helps to preserve human lives and tries to restore the earth to support both plan and animal life. In this way, the technology in the movie aims at improving quality of life of humans as it is prudent that life at the spaceship is very poor due lack of activities that make humans active and healthy. One technology that I would critique is Wall-E, and this is because it is this technology that has remained on earth and taken attention to help restore the planet earth. The personal efforts that it has made led to the identification of plant life which is proof that planet earth can still support life. Additionally, the way it protects the plant while at the spaceship, starliner Axiom, as the superiors at the ship plan to destroy it proves his usefulness in the movie and how helpful it is to people. In this manner, the technology of Wall-E is more helpful to the population. Essay Question Seven It is prudent that the main aim of technological advancement is to make lives easier for the populace and help in solving the challenges that human beings face. In this case, the role of technology in improving living conditions of the population is apparent in the way spaceship, the starliner Axiom, provided a conducive environment to the population after the earth became inhabitable for human life. Despite the fact that human beings in the spaceship has very poor health conditions, the ship supported their livelihood and enabled them to live and survive the inhabitable environmental conditions in the society. The movie helps to advise developers and designers in the new world value, and the ethical standards that they should consider are that no form of technological development should surpass human life and that human life should remain supreme. The same is an issue of focus in that the multi-national Buy N Large focused on technological development so much that it paid minimal attention to the conservation of the natural environment, the ecosystem, and human lives. Despite the interest in the technological development, the society should give, preserve nature and nurture it to preserve itself to enable it support life. Furthermore, developers and designers should value superiority of human beings and not replace human beings with robots or technology in general. Essay Question Eight If I were to create a robot, I would want it to have the ability to communicate with human beings so that both can share experiences to set limits of technological development. By robots having the ability to communicate with people, the two entities can share ideas, agree on the roles of either party without conflicting their roles and nurture a peaceful coexistence in the society. Additionally, I would like the robot to have a sense of feeling and emotions and make decisions basing on reasons. The emotions and feelings in the robots would help the robots to make the right decisions and appeal to the ethos, pathos, and logos of human beings when making decisions. Moreover, the sense of reasoning, the same way Wall-E had a good reasoning would prevent challenges witnessed in the movie. Finally, I would like the robot to have a personality because it is such a personality that would enable it to operate within the confines of natural law. Opinions from the Movie The movie plays a critical role in educating the society and advocating for a clean environment. Despite the initiatives that environmental experts have made in the contemporary world, it is prudent that the society pays little attention to the effects of waste and production of non-biodegradable products. When such products rise to a higher level, the result will be the events shown in the movie, Wall-E, and the world will not be conducive for human habitation anymore. The movie employs various skills to appeal to the emotions of the viewers to change their behavior and engage in the improvement of the society as a whole. Additionally, the role of technology is also outlined in the best way possible, and this is because it is shown as the only remedy for human beings. It, therefore, follows that despite the negative effects of technology in other spheres of life, there is a need to create a good correlation between the two and ensure that technological helps in the growth and development of the population. It is because the movie tells of the way technology, the spaceship, helped in supporting human life and another technology, Wall-E, helped to discover that the earth could still support life. Feasibility Currently, the technology shown in the movie is not feasible, and this is because of the unrealistic nature of the way technology is presented. One of the reasons is that there can ever be a spaceship so big that can support lives of every human being on earth. Additionally, the daily requirements on such a ship cannot enable human beings to last long and the fact that the spaceship supported human lives for 700 years is unrealistic. However, one way in which technology in the movie is feasible is evident through Eve who was sent on a reconnaissance mission to check whether the earth can still support human life. It is because there have been developed robots that scan the environment and make decisions basing on their interpretation of the data they collect. An example of the same is the modern-day driverless cars that can scan the environment and react depending on the data that they collect. In this manner, there is a need to engage in more research to improve initiatives on technological advancement.
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    Name: Professor: Course: Date: Do Religion and Prayer Benefit Health After having a keen examination of the arguments that the book discusses, it becomes prudent that the author creates a free, fair and credible examination of the controversial issues that affect the modern-day society with the view of enlightening and informing the populace on them. I agree with the main arguments in the books and the discussion on the relevance of religion and prayer on health plays a critical role as it advises on the ethical, moral and religious grounds that indeed religions has a positive impact on the health of the population. One of the arguments of the article that I agree with is that there is a need for people to maintain a highly spiritual life so as to have a healthy lifestyle because it is through religion that people get enlightened on the healthy ways of living. The arguments that Daniel put across are of great importance in the society. Additionally, being prayerful and upholding one’s religion helps to create spiritual food to the faithful and improve the health of the population for the better. I also agree with the method used to reach the conclusions, and one of them is that they solicit views from conflicting parties through a debate-style and this helps to create holistic information on the topical issues and which gives the audience to make an informed choice which is not skewed towards any agenda. Additionally, the conclusions from the book are also authoritative because they are the result of fervent discussion and examination of various factors, data and information. Moreover, the conclusions are presented before a panel of researchers to examine the authenticity and credibility of any information or evidence presented during the study. Strengths and Weaknesses One of the strengths of the views and the perceptions of the book was that it presented a holistic perspective of the various contentious issues in the society, and this was because there was the soliciting of the opposing viewed of every issue that was presented in the process and helped in creating uniform stand on the same. The other strength of the book was that the issues that the books helped to tackle are those that affect contemporary society and the relevance that resulted from the helps in enlightening the population on how to tackle the challenges they face in the society to expand the social fabric of the society. In this manner, there is a need to borrow ideas from the book and help in the creation of the solution to the modern-day challenges and stimulate critical thinking of the society. The final strength that I found from the book is that the book helped to focused on both the current and classical issues in the society to help in understanding how the past affects the present and how the same affects the future. Despite the various strengths, there were weaknesses and one of them was that the there was no standardization of debate as the points were based on the degree of evidence and knowledge that the presenters have hence there could arise misleading conclusions from the same. Additionally, there are some factors that are time-dependent and five years from now, they would become obsolete and meaningless. In this manner, there is a need for the population to identify facts that are time-dependent and those that can stand the test of time. Questions Unanswered The questions that were left unanswered from the studies that were highlighted from the book were the source of credibility and integrity of the panel that either approved or dismissed the different views of the participants. The other question that was not answered was the source the remedy incase the participants felt that thee was unfairness; this is because there is bound to be realized cases of unfairness in the cases of investigation. Additionally, the panel can also err in the process of making their final decisions and dismiss and credible though or accept unauthentic view. In this manner there is a need to create additional checks to the answers that were given during the investigation to arrive to conclusions that can stand the test of time and benefit the population with the view of improving the quality of life in the population. The points that did not make sense to me that the being prayerful improves the health of the population, and this is because I felt that being prayerful included fasting and fasting limits people to eat and in some cases, might lead to starvation of the people that are praying. In this manner, Infelt that the point was misleading or it was framed in the wrong manner and was not to be included as a credible point during the discussion process. I go to appreciate the diversity of the participants and how they helped to deconstruct the topical issue . Work Cited Daniel, Eileen. (2013). Taking Sides: Clashing Views in Health and Society. 11th Edition. New York: McGraw Hill.
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    Sponsorship : what you need to talk here its how sponsorship affect ROA : Various researchers have examined the impacts that sponsorships have on organizations and how they influence the ability of organizations to fulfill their corporate social responsibilities (CSR) thereby establishing the need to probe the advantages and disadvantages of the same. According to Chen, Hung and Wang (2017), sponsorship, as part of CSR, creates a brand enhancement, and this happens through association with a company with a strong reputation. Chen, Hung, and Wang also add to the same and posits that the second advantage of sponsorship is that it raises awareness thereby making an organization to gain visibility and improve its media coverage. The third benefit of sponsorship as Grant, (2016) outlines is that opens up the access to the niche markets, and this happens when a firm links up with a brand that has a reputation in such a market. Finally, sponsorships have related effects on costs of carrying out business activities and is cost-effective compared to mainstream advertising. Despite the advantages of sponsorships, there are related disadvantages, and one of them can be the negative image association by associating with a brand with a tainted image hence affecting market performance and inability to fulfill objectives of the CSR. Lys, Naughton, and Wang (2015) also add that another disadvantage of CSR is that it makes firms and companies to lose control of their operations and gives up such control to the sponsoring firms. The third problem of sponsorship is that sponsorship clutter might turn off the audience and thereby make no sponsor to turn out. Finally, sponsorships can also lead to ambush marketing, and this happens when a competitor deflects some audience from the sponsor hence reducing market share in the market (Lins, Servaes and Tamayo 2013). Sponsorship affects return on assets because it markets products and services of a company which leads to a rise in the number of clients hence a higher sales and profits and revenues. The net result of the same is that it helps a company to generate more profits from its assets. Sponsorship affects return on investment in various ways, and one of them is that it creates awareness on the population about the brands that are beings sponsored leading to the increase in the sales. In this manner, the awareness that is achieved through sponsorship helps in the creation of market tracking and advertising testing to check where the assets organizations are yielding profits. It makes it possible for organizations to apply principles that can boost quality on the return on investments. The other way in which sponsorships affect ROA is that they change perceptions that the audience have on the various brands of products; this makes the brands to be appealing thereby making them to fit the needs of audience. The changes in the perception encourages the audience to buy the brands hence increasing the same thereby improving return on investments. The final effect that sponsorships have on ROA is that they boost customer engagement, and this makes the customers to get interested in the products or the brands that are being sponsored thereby leading them to research more on the products, visiting stores hence leading to the increase in the number of purchases from the companies. H1 : Energy Saving : how Energy Saving affect ROA : and give citation . The other activity of CSR which is energy saving also has various advantages and disadvantages on the operations of companies. The first advantage is that it helps the sponsoring firms to use the initiative of energy saving to market their products hence increase the sales of the same to expand their market segment (Harjoto, Laksmana, and Lee, 2015). The second advantage of the same is that it creates an avenue for sponsoring companies to conduct research and understand opportunities in the market which they can fill and increase their profits and revenue. The result of such a possibility is an improvement in the innovation and inventions in companies and the creation of products of higher values. Finally, Malik (2015) posits that energy saving as a component of CSR enables sponsoring companies to interact with the society and boost association between companies and the society which strengthens customer loyalty. However, the plan of energy saving as a CSR activity has related disadvantages, and one of them is that is not a cost-effective plan because it requires companies to spend a lot of resources in such activities to carry out such activities. The second disadvantage is that it may not directly lead to the increase in the customer segment but might market products of other companies in return (Madsen and Rodgers 2015). The relation between energy saving and the return on assets is that it creates an opportunity for firms to vend and sell their products which expands the market share of companies. It is because, through energy saving activities, corporations get the opportunity to manufacture their products and can be a means of introducing new products in the market to fulfill the needs of customers. However, the strategy reduces the return on assets because firms use their assets for non-profitable activities in the society; this creates a negative impact on organizations and affects their business activities (Grant 2016). Energy saving affects return on assets (ROA) in various ways and one of them is that it reduces the expenses that companies incur in the process of engaging in business activities and the reduction in the costs of production and the costs of doing business leads to increase in the profits and revenue in organizations. Engaging in the energy-saving initiatives enables the organizations to adopt efficient ways of doing business which the results to the effectiveness in the business processes hence an increase in the profits and revenues of organizations. The result is an increase in the profits and a better performance in organizations. H2 : Water Recycle : how water recycle affect ROA : citation as well The third CSR activity, which is water recycle, also has associated negative and positive impacts on the society. The first advantage of the same is that it preserves the environment by eliminating, or otherwise reducing, harmful and toxic substances in the water sources; this leads to a healthier population (Harjoto, Laksmana and Lee 2015). Additionally, water recycle reduces the cost of acquiring water for both commercial and domestic use because recycled water is cheaper hence decreasing budgeting in the population. Furthermore, water recycle reduces pollution, and this is because it eliminates effluence of toxic water into other water sources thereby removing the cases of water pollution. Moreover, the same CSR activity plays a critical role in the conservation of natural resources through the prevention of indiscriminate utilization of natural resources such as water sources (Lys, Naughton and Wang 2015). Finally, water recycles increases employment activities through the creation of opportunities to recycle water which offers employment to the society. Water recycle as a corporate social responsibility activity also has related disadvantages to the populace and one of them is that it is an unhygienic process of providing services to the population. It is because the debris that with which water recyclers interact may create a health issue and for the workers and the surrounding community (Chen, Hung, & Wang, 2017). When water is not recycled correctly, there may be contamination of other water sources hence become a massive health concern in the population. Finally, the other disadvantage of the CSR activity is that it is a costly process that requires high investments to make the plan a success. The high cost of machines and technical workforce for recycling water makes it an illegal CSR activity. In this manner, water recycling hurts the return on assets as it requires enormous capital investment and this reduces the return on investment on companies hence making it an unfortunate CSR venture (Lins, Servaes and Tamayo, 2017). H3 : Donation: how Donation affect ROA The final CSR activity is a donation, and it has various advantages in the population, and the first advantage is that it has a direct impact on the recipient thereby making it a very effective method of carrying out CSR activities in the modern society. Additionally, the process of donation creates an opportunity for companies to have a personal interaction with the community thereby boosting commitment that corporations have on the welfare of the population (Madsen and Rodgers 2015). Moreover, the method can be used to gain information from the community and identify a niche which companies can use to improve their quality of service and build a better society. Finally, the initiative can be cost-effective as it enables firms to choose among the various types of donations and can accept the least expensive forms of contribution but still fulfill the aims of the CSR (Grant 2016). One disadvantage of the CSR activity is that it is not a long-lasting solution to the problems facing the communities and can be an ineffective method to carry out a CSR. In this manner, companies can spend vast amounts of resources and funds on the donation without any positive impacts on the recipients thereby leading to loss of money (Malik 2015). Besides, a contribution can be a costly method of CSR thus leading use of vast amounts of money and resources in the process. Finally, the donation does not offer a holistic solution to the issues affecting the society because it only improves the social and economic welfare of the population without focusing on ecology. The donation has a positive impact on return on assets because it improves customer loyalty on the products and services of the company the offers donation (Harjoto, Laksmana and Lee 2015). The result is a higher return on assets. In this manner, there is a need to identify the most effective products to donate to fulfill the aims of CSR and benefit the population. H4 :
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    In Response to the Case for Colonization Student Name Course Date The article, ‘The Third World Quarterly Debacle’ talks about the conflicting views about the effects of colonization in the modern society and highlights supporting voices for colonization. In the article, the main proponents for colonization such as Helen Zille of South Africa and Bruce Gilley posit that decolonization has led to the economic, political and social problems that the contemporary world faces hence the need to re-introduce colonization. Through Gilley’s article, the audience is shown the benefits of colonization and legitimacy of the same and the economic turmoil that decolonization has caused. However, there are various dissenting voices to the same which posits that colonization encouraged racial discrimination and praised white supremacy1 Mittelman, James H., and Mustapha Kamal Pasha. Out from underdevelopment revisited: Changing global structures and the remaking of the Third World. Springer, 2016. . The dissenting voices reveal that some of the negative effects of colonization are a takeover of foreign lands, unthinkable brutality, slavery, dispossession, subjugation of indigenous people and economic exploitation through the use of the authoritarian and ruthless rule. The article focuses on downplaying the views of Gilley on colonization and rubbishes his calls for the Western powers to decolonize the world. The article relates to what has been taught in class, and this is because it talks about colonialism and modernity and how the Western colonization applied skewed methods to entrench their authority in other countries. The lessons taught in class revealed that the European powers supported alternative institutions that supported their brutal leadership and killed all the civil movements that fought to bring change against the brutal leadership. The article gives a fair hearing to the issue of colonization and the calls to re-introduce colonization in the modern society. It supports the teaching in the class that colonization was wrong and led to gross violation of human rights and theft of resources from the colonized countries to the colonial powers. The article suggests that a solution to ending the current political problems in the contemporary world is not to re-introduce colonization but to strengthen institutions to make them work better and improve governance. The article outlines that poor governance, unfair distribution of resources, and improve on civilization is the solution to the social problems the world faces. I support the findings of the article that colonization was bad and that it cannot be the solution to the problems that the world faces, this is because the injustices brought forth by colonization still affect the unity and social fabrics of the formerly colonialized countries hence the need to denounce the same in the modern society. Additionally, it is through the transfer of resources from the colonized countries to the European countries, and the depletion of resources led to the current economic turmoil in the developing countries. In this manner, the article seeks to enlighten and sensitize the developing countries to build a strong governance to encourage long-term growth and development in the contemporary world. The article changed my perception of colonization, and this is because it highlighted the small benefits that colonialism brought to the colonized and one of them being civilization. Additionally, I got to acknowledge the views of the article that departure of colonial powers has led to economic struggles of the formerly-colonized countries and Zimbabwe is a good example. In this regard, I got to appreciate the small benefits that colonization brought in the world and the need to appreciate the role that colonial power brought in the governance of the population. Bibliography Mittelman, James H., and Mustapha Kamal Pasha. Out from underdevelopment revisited: Changing global structures and the remaking of the Third World. Springer, 2016.
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    Yinze Sun 109341493 WRT102.77 Research Paper The Great Spreading of Shared Bike Introduction Industrial revolution gave people motor cars, but most importantly, it also gave the world bicycles. While cars are four-wheeled, bicycles have only two wheels, using and occupying smaller spaces than cars. Recently, a concept of bicycle using appears all around the world. It claims that people living in congested cities or regions can share bicycles from a public station, especially for short-term use. For example, a user can pick a bicycle from station A, rides it to work and leaves it to another station B where is nearby the workplace so that the bike can be available for another user. Furthermore, this concept that has been popular in many countries called Shared Bike. It is important to know how it works and how does it affect in such countries. Therefore, this research paper examines the shared bike’s spreading in different countries and suitable recommendations that may take the practice moving forward. The importance of the shared bike spreads a lot of virtues in the society and the same establishes the need to facilitate the spreading of the shared bike so as to have greater benefits to the populace. There are several reasons why countries adopt bike sharing system. Bicycles are two wheeled so they take smaller spaces than vehicles when they are in use. Additionally, bicycles do not produce any smoke because they do not even use fuel to supply power. This means that their using does not result in pollution of the environment which can be seen with the use of motor vehicles. It can also be noted that bicycles do not provide any kind of noise during its use. Therefore, it can be said that using bicycles can help to reduce pollution, noise and congestion in the various cities across the globe.  For the reasons above, governments have been encouraging their people to use bicycles instead of motor vehicles when attending to their daily journey such as work. Therefore, governments try to introduce a concept which is known as bike sharing. European countries such as France are the first group of countries putting bike sharing system into practice. France plans to make the first minute of borrowing shared bike cheaper to increase users. For example, making the first 20-30 minutes more affordable so that many citizens could be encouraged to share the bikes (Fricker, Christine & Gast, 267). The inspiration for France to encourage this practice are the same ones mentioned earlier such as desiring to ease congestion, pollution and noise (Ji et al., 252). As in the public knowledge, most European cities are highly organized. A city as big as Paris, for example, would be a disaster for traffic jams because, the populations are empowered to the extent that if all of the workers opt to go to work or whatever errand using cars, the traffic jams could take a whole day to clear. This call for alternative ways of transporting people from point one to the next, and such alternatives should be able to occupy less space than that used by motor vehicles, and this is where the bicycles come in. France, with its advancement in information technology has used the maps such as Google maps in helping its people to locate the stations that can best serve (Shaheen et al., 164). France has a higher market penetration with 1 bike shared among 97 inhabitants. Its Vélo'v station in Lyon shares one bike among 121 residents. This is the reason it is emphasized that this sharing only serves short-term purposes and for short distances. For those who may desire long-term deals, there are places where one can rent a bicycle for a more long-term use. London is not left behind as it has Smart Bike Programs, which are a product of its public-private initiatives (Shaheen et al., 163). What London has done with regard to bike sharing shows that even in cases where the government is not keen to provide its own bicycles for public sharing, it can enter into arrangement with private business community to make the bikes available.  According to Shaheen et al., other European nations such as Netherlands are known to have people who have traditionally enjoyed using bicycles as they go about their daily chores. In other words, the country’s working population is more inclined to using bicycles than other forms of transportation. The practice of bike sharing is also popular in other continents. In the continent of Asia, for example, China has thirteen public systems of bike sharing. Wuhan alone has almost 90,000 bikes while Hangzhou has around 60,000 (Wang, n.p.). The study conducted by Yue Wang estimated that total number of bicycles’ fleet being shared in China stand at 650000. The reason for this large number is rather obvious as China has an extremely large population. Using large media of transport does not favor a country whose working population could be near a billion. As the sharing of bicycles rose in popularity, China realized that the dock system was not working for it efficiently given the large population. Therefore, the introduction of dock-less system of sharing has been a huge relief in this country. With it, Beijing alone is able to share more than 2.35 million bicycles. The other country outside China where this large number of bicycles can be found is France especially in its largest dock Velib. Spain and Italy lead China with the number of docks with 132, 104 and 79 respectively. These countries also have smart bike programs to make the process easy. The practice is also popular in the Americas with the USA’s number leading as many of its states have embraced the practice which started in Oregon in 1994 (Shaheen, n.p.). Overall, bike sharing is practiced in 5 continents with the practice evidenced in over 712 cities across the globe. Africa is the only continent left out or that has not started this practice of bike sharing. Africa lags behind in most developments, more so, the ones that require technology because of socio-economic and political reasons. For example, most people that use bike sharing systems may be having their own personal bicycles, but which they fear using or leaving in public places because they can be stolen. Therefore, they use the public ones to avoid theft. This conveys a message that countries using public bicycle sharing systems should use technologies and procedures that can prevent theft of bicycles when left in stations, and probably this is what Africa lacks. Two things that should concern countries as bike sharing progresses towards the future include the fact that the practice should help conserve the environment, and second, people using the bicycles should be able to derive greater satisfaction such as being able to cover hostile topographies at a faster speed.  This is the reason this research paper recommends e-bike sharing.  This process involves sharing of bikes that have an electric engine (Zhang, 125). This electricity should be rechargeable using solar energy, at best, but other forms of recharging can also be used. Apart from making bikes rechargeable at the stations, e-bike sharing increases the bikes’ range so that users are able to cover longer distances without a lot of strain.  A good example is using the Hybrid2-system that can store the pedal power on a (ultra) capacitor as witnessed in vehicle-to-grid systems in which the energy then gets fed back to the major electricity grid (Zhang, 129). Bike sharing is something that should be encouraged, and the recommendation goes to countries that have not embraced it especially the African ones that they need to employ relevant technologies to ensure that they have this practice in place. From the discourse above, it is evident how bike-sharing situation is in different countries, whereby some countries practice bike sharing more widely than others do. The reasons for this evidence are varied as identified in this research paper. The practice is visible in five continents with leading countries being the Spain, France, London, China, Italy and Netherlands. Africa seems to lag behind in embracing the practice. Bike sharing is a welcome idea as it is a leading way in which respective governments can fight congestion, pollution and noise in cities. This is the reason this research paper recommends that more research should be done on ways that can make the bicycle use even more popular. Moreover, using electric engine can endear the bicycle to many people because they will be using less effort to make it move. It is also recommended that bike sharing should be as clean as possible since the primary reason for its adoption was to make the environment pollution free. The economic developments that China has witnessed in the modern society can be attributed either directly or indirectly through encouraging efficient and effective transport system which improves the quality of life. As a result, there is a need to ensure that transport sectors encourage the use shared bikes to book transportation for everyone in the society and enhance movement from one place to another. The importance of shared bikes is evident in the plans of New York to increase the number of shared bikes in the city and increase the number of users. The expansion strategy aims at adding 2,000 new bikes into the city to improve efficiency and effectiveness in the use of shared bikes. One of the reasons for the increasing use of shared bikes is the creation of employment activities because the shared bikes have led to additional 450 jobs in the city. Additionally, the bikes encourage the citizens to engage in tourism activities as they use cheap means of transportation to visit remote locations to have new experiences. Furthermore, New York has realized reduction in the household expenses as they save on fuel when they use shared bikes while travelling from one location to another; this is because the cost of fuel is relatively lower that the cost of fuel for cars thereby enabling households to reduce their daily expenses. Finally, the shared bikes improve the health of the population because they enable citizens to walk from more as compared to the use of cars, and this helps citizens to have better lifestyles. Conclusion Despite the various technological developments that have been witnessed in the contemporary world, there is a need to appreciate the role that shared bikes have had in the society. As much as cars have had a positive impact, they have also led to the increase in traffic jams that have had tremendous negative effects in the society. In this relation, the positive bikes have come in handy to tackle the escalating traffic jams in cities thereby benefiting the population in a great way. It is therefore prudent that governments appreciate related innovation regarding shared bikes and make them more accessible and highly available; such would improve transportation in cities and make life easier and more efficient. One change that should be made is that there should be regulation of the shared bikes so that they do not annul the importance the cars in the modern society and encourage technological and technical development.                       
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    Police Racial Profiling Institutional Affiliation Name Introduction Racial profiling is the act of suspecting or the targeting of a person using the basis of the race of such a person to further the idea of stereotyping about the race of such a person without focusing on the individual suspicion of such a person (Lewis, 2015). It is prudent that racial profiling by the police has been fueled by racial segregation and the same has had a negative impact on the police force because of the reduction of public confidence on the police which has then affected the operation and the activities of the police in the modern society. In this manner, there is a need to examine the same and identify how it affects the daily lives of the population, people under the greatest threat of the same, and suggested solutions that can bring a long-term solution and improve living conditions of the population (Zack, 2015). It is prudent that the issue of racial profiling is widespread in Canada and Toronto has been the center of the vice thereby establishing the need to examine the same with the view of creating a long-term solution. Despite governments rolling out various inquiries to examine the same, a lot less has been done because there is no action taken against the police with the view of ending the vice (Hayle, Wortley, & Tanner, 2016). The blacks decry discrimination against them and the poor police in the city, a matter which has made live difficult for them in Canada. According to Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC), ‘public interest inquiry' into the racial profiling by the Toronto police only proves what the blacks in the city knows but offers not the solution to challenges that the blacks face. The conduct of Toronto Police Service (TPS) has been under scrutiny for a long time (Zack, 2015). Racial profiling police in Canada is a critical issue, and the authorities need to find a long-term solution to the same because it affects the daily lives of blacks, limits their engagement in economic development and threatens unity between the blacks and whites in Canada. To help in addressing the issue of police racial profiling in Canada, there are questions that help to address the issue and create a solution to the same, and some of them include: Why has the issue of police racial profiling lasted for so long in Canada? What is the role of the police in ending racial profiling? How does political leadership influence the issue of police racial profiling? What is the evidence of racial discrimination by the police? Who are the people under the greatest threat?
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    Sponsorship Various researchers have examined the impacts that sponsorships have on organizations and how they influence the ability of organizations to fulfill their corporate social responsibilities (CSR) thereby establishing the need to probe the advantages and disadvantages of the same. According to Chen, Hung, and Wang, (2017), sponsorship, as part of CSR, creates a brand enhancement, and this happens through association with a company with a strong reputation. Chen, Hung, and Wang also add to the same and posits that the second advantage of sponsorship is that it raises awareness thereby making an organization to gain visibility and improve its media coverage. The third advantage of sponsorship as Grant, (2016) outlines is that opens up the access to the niche markets, and this happens when a firm links up with a brand that has a reputation in such a market. Finally, sponsorships have related effects on costs of carrying out business activities and is cost-effective compared to mainstream advertising. Despite the advantages of sponsorships, there are related disadvantages, and one of them can be the negative image association by associating with a brand with a tainted image hence affecting market performance and inability to fulfill objectives of the CSR. Lys, Naughton, and Wang, (2015) also add that another disadvantage of CSR is that it makes firms and companies to lose control of their operations and gives up such control to the sponsoring firms. The third disadvantage of sponsorship is that sponsorship clutter might turn off the audience and thereby make no sponsor to turn out. Finally, sponsorships can also lead to ambush marketing, and this happens when a competitor deflects some audience from the sponsor hence reducing market share in the market (Lins, Servaes, & Tamayo, 2017). Sponsorship affects return on assets because it markets products and services of a company which leads to an increase in the number of clients hence a higher sales and profits and revenues. The net result of the same is that it helps a company to generate more profits from its assets. Energy Saving The other activity of CSR which is energy saving also has various advantages and disadvantages on the operations of companies. The first advantage is that it helps the sponsoring firms to use the initiative of energy saving to market their products hence increase the sales of the same to expand their market segment (Harjoto, Laksmana, & Lee, 2015). The second advantage of the same is that it creates an avenue for sponsoring companies to conduct research and understand opportunities in the market which they can fill and increase their profits and revenue. The result of such an opportunity is an improvement in the innovation and inventions in companies and the creation of products of higher values. Finally, Malik, (2015) posits that energy saving as a component of CSR enables sponsoring companies to interact with the society and boost association between companies and the society which strengthens customer loyalty. However, the plan of energy saving as a CSR activity has related disadvantages, and one of them is that is not a cost-effective plan because it requires companies to spend a lot of resources in such activities to carry out such activities. The second disadvantage is that it may not directly lead to the increase in the customer segment but might market products of other companies in return (Madsen, & Rodgers, 2015). The relation between energy saving and the return on assets is that it creates an opportunity for firms to market and sell their products which expands the market share of firms. It is because, through energy saving activities, firms get the opportunity to manufacture their products and can be a means of introducing new products in the market to fulfill the needs of customers. However, the strategy reduces the return on assets because firms use their assets for non-profitable activities in the society; this creates a negative impact on organizations and affects their business activities (Grant, 2016). Water Recycle The third CSR activity, which is water recycle, also has associated negative and positive impacts on the society. The first advantage of the same is that it preserves the environment by eliminating, or otherwise reducing, harmful and toxic substances in the water sources; this leads to a healthier population (Harjoto, Laksmana, & Lee, 2015). Additionally, water recycle reduces the cost of acquiring water for both commercial and domestic use because recycled water is cheaper hence reducing budgeting in the population. Furthermore, water recycle reduces pollution, and this is because it eliminates effluence of toxic water into other water sources thereby eliminating the cases of water pollution. Moreover, the same CSR activity plays a critical role in the conservation of natural resources through the prevention of indiscriminate utilization of natural resources such as water sources (Lys, Naughton, and Wang, 2015). Finally, water recycles increases employment activities through the creation of opportunities to recycle water which offers employment to the society. Water recycle as a corporate social responsibility activity also has related disadvantages to the populace and one of them is that it is an unhygienic process of providing services to the population. It is because the debris that with which water recyclers interact may create a health issue and for the workers and the surrounding population (Chen, Hung, & Wang, 2017). When water is not recycled properly, there may be contamination of other water sources hence become a massive health concern in the population. Finally, the other disadvantage of the CSR activity is that it is a costly process that requires high investments to make the plan a success. The high cost of machines and technical workforce for recycling water makes it a bad CSR activity. In this manner, water recycle has a negative effect on the return on assets as it requires huge capital investment and this reduces the return on investment on companies hence making it a poor CSR venture (Lins, Servaes, & Tamayo, 2017). Donation The final CSR activity is a donation, and it has various advantages in the population, and the first advantage is that it has a direct impact on the recipient thereby making it a very effective method of carrying out CSR activities in the modern society. Additionally, the method of donation creates and opportunity for companies to have a person interaction with the society thereby boosting commitment that companies have on the welfare of the population (Madsen, & Rodgers, 2015). Moreover, the method can be used to gain information from the population and identify a niche which companies can use to improve their quality of service and build a better society. Finally, the initiative can be cost-effective as it enables firms to choose among the various types of donations and can choose the least expensive types of donation but still fulfill the aims of the CSR (Grant, 2016). One disadvantage of the CSR activity is that it is not a long-lasting solution to the problems facing the communities and can be an ineffective method to carry out a CSR. In this manner, companies can spend huge amounts of resources and funds on the donation without any positive impacts on the recipients thereby leading to loss of money (Malik, 2015). Besides, a donation can be a costly method of CSR thereby leading use of huge amounts of money and resources in the process. Finally, the donation does not offer a holistic solution to the issues affecting the society because it only improves the social and economic welfare of the population without focusing on ecology. The donation has a positive impact on return on assets because it improves customer loyalty on the products and services of the company the offers donation (Harjoto, Laksmana, & Lee, 2015). The result is a higher return on assets. In this manner, there is a need to identify the most effective products to donate to fulfill the aims of CSR and benefit the population. References Chen, Y. C., Hung, M., & Wang, Y. (2017). The Effect of Mandatory CSR Disclosure on Firm Profitability and Social Externalities: Evidence from China. Journal of Accounting and Economics. Grant, R. M. (2016). Contemporary Strategy Analysis Text Only. John Wiley & Sons. Harjoto, M., Laksmana, I., & Lee, R. (2015). Board diversity and corporate social responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics, 132(4), 641-660. Lins, K. V., Servaes, H., & Tamayo, A. (2017). Social capital, trust, and firm performance: The value of corporate social responsibility during the financial crisis. The Journal of Finance. Lys, T., Naughton, J. P., & Wang, C. (2015). Signaling through corporate accountability reporting. Journal of Accounting and Economics, 60(1), 56-72. Madsen, P. M., & Rodgers, Z. J. (2015). Looking good by doing good: The antecedents and consequences of stakeholder attention to corporate disaster relief. Strategic Management Journal, 36(5), 776-794. Malik, M. (2015). Value-enhancing capabilities of CSR: A brief review of contemporary literature. Journal of Business Ethics, 127(2), 419-438. Servaes, H., & Tamayo, A. (2013). The impact of corporate social responsibility on firm value: The role of customer awareness. Management Science, 59(5), 1045-1061.
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    Name: Professor: Course: Date: Journal About a Disruptive Technology Introduction Autonomous Cars With the various types of technological developments in the contemporary world, there are different kinds of breakthroughs that technical experts have made and examination of the same helps to appreciate the various kinds of innovation whose main focus is to improve the quality of life and make the world a better place to live in. One of the greatest breakthroughs that scientists have made is the development of self-driving cars otherwise called autonomous cars. As I get to write about disruptive technology, the main thing that comes to my mind is the self-driving cars, and this is because they have a great impact in the society and have helped in the improvement of the quality of life in addition to life better. Inasmuch as the autonomous cars have challenges, there are various benefits of the same and I would focus more on the benefits in the contemporary world. iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAATAAAAC5CAIAAAAgUfQAAAAAAXNSR0IArs4c6QAAtWRJREFU eF7tnQecHEeV/3tiT57ZvKvdVc7BkmxLzjngHMABGwcwyWQODjjSAX/gOOCAA5OTCcY2joDB OcrZkizJVs7aHCfn6en5f3ue1AyrGdnLyciG7c9q1NNTXV1d9X4v1atXllKppEwcEz0w0QOv jx6wvj6aMdGKiR6Y6AGjByYAOUEHEz3wOuqBCUC+jgZjoikTPTAByAkamOiB11EPTADydTQY E02Z6IEJQE7QwEQPvI56YAKQr6PBmGjKRA9MAHKCBiZ64HXUAxOAfB0NxkRTJnpgApATNDDR A6+jHpgA5OtoMCaaMtEDE4CcoIGJHngd9cAEIF9HgzHRlIkesGSz2YlemOiBiR54nfTAhIR8 nQzERDMmesDogQlATtDBRA+8jnpgApCvo8GYaMpED0wAcoIGJnrgddQDE4B8HQ3GRFMmemAC kBM0MNEDr6MemADk62gwJpoy0QMHmoeMOVVPKW3PxvRiUXGFLA6vpmS1XEa1qtU7rjC+BHYW z152UFKMG838dzbdVrV+S7FQ/bklx/gG0nKQ6qnxVNWaT+RLujfk0hVrLquXciVdceiqplrG 186DVFpNhGM+T9AaVGJZpdGlpHh9R9Kr2LV41SdoturtdBTsB6VFurqXTsaMe60EiLWeW1T1 qu2x5V5fYsZiddkLFmtOUVyK4kxncwlXUVXy3pyvSvsPBEi9oLoZGr2gFPWSxWFRrYqMSKbG uFiqd1CtUZQBMIfBPLGUqneotQahUMc4CaUWMMZbT/XHano4bXNaPUGHrlg00JjV9JJNcVgc B4egx/mySlHJjaqOBsVtTaY0n1JKJP0ld9hlr89DINUOS43+0cc3vjXHvfzD/uNus9fonxrP 1WtkMLXWav94O+4glY/b+xyKz6q4dYeet2XzJc1jDXlKznwejI49DgTIrE3l1ew2RlRJZ7K5 XFZ12Fyqw2pxVm2qbqnygAO9lG5I2jGw5IqlBsD0WngxmM94jvJzqxzjrafGM10lt9tuy2YL JYtuBYhWSy6fzyuK2zZOST6edzpAWZuqDin5kKaouVzMo7lzBXdBiVlyBWdr1btsjEC1o2Q5 OEFdNoun6rjXBHCN50Li1emwpsQ4SB06zmr8uR67o063BdJ6IV/KOVSnqgTp4lJunIBUS4VS
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    Name: Professor: Course: Date: Immigration in the News The issue of immigration law has been a critical issue in the society, and the same has attracted attention from various countries globally. One of the executive changes that have been witnessed in the country is Donald Trump’s change of the immigration policy to favor the financially stable English speakers into the United States. The Trump administration highlights various reasons for the change, and the main one is that it would encourage financial stability of Americans citizens. The new policy aims at reducing the number of legal immigrants and implementing a merit-based visa scheme to check financial status of immigrants. If enacted, the RAISE Act would lead to a reduction in the number of immigrants into the United States by 50 percent over a period of 10 years. Additionally, the new policy would annul the use of diversity lottery visas cut ‘chain immigration.’ According to President Trump, the new policy would help to reduce poverty levels, increase the wages and save billions of taxpayers’ money. The fact that the new policy bases on English competency would ensure that the immigrants in the country have the right skills to help in building America’s economy and their financial stability would help to reduce draining of America’s resources to other countries. The result of the same is an expansion of America’s economy and increase in job opportunities. The new policy aims at creating barriers to immigrants that come into the United States to collect welfare and leaving the country in a deplorable state. Although the Act had initially stalled when it was first introduced in the Senate, Mr. Cotton and Mr. Perdue, the two people behind the Act plan to re-introduce it to the Senate after making some changes and soliciting President Trump's backing. The new policy conforms with President Trump's pledges he made during the electioneering period where he promised to crack on illegal immigrants, eliminate cases of immigrants stealing America's jobs and reducing criminal activities perpetrated by the illegal immigrants. Additionally, the new policy would help to effect travel ban with six Muslim-majority countries and set legitimate grounds for the allowing and rejecting immigrants basing on the skills and financial capabilities and the ability to maintain a good record in the country. The new policy will have widespread implications in the country and is seen as one of the most dramatic attempts of changing immigration policies in the US. According to Trump, the new laws are unfair to Americans because it gives immigrants an edge over poor and struggling Americans and that the increase in unskilled immigrants had depressed wages and harmed working families. The new policy by President trump has elicited various reactions from different quarters, and I feel that the new policy will be unfair to the immigrants because many immigrants move to the US in search for jobs which they cannot find in their countries. Moreover, I also feel that the new policy is only a strategy of President Trump to shift blames from his legislative failures to the immigrants and has no moral or ethical base. In most of Trump's policies, they are formed to shift blames to other people and make Trump appear as a competent leader which he is not. The policy comes prematurely, and Trump should focus on the improvement of welfare programs to benefit everyone living in America and creating barriers to the immigrants would reduce workers in the country and create a vacuum of employment in the economy. Bibliography Gest Justin, Measuring and comparing immigration, asylum and naturalization policies across countries: Challenges and solutions, GLOBAL POLICY, 5.3 (2014): 261-274. LR: Emily Shugerman, Donald Trump Announces New Immigration Policy Favoring Financially Stable English Speakers, INDEPENDENT, August 2, 2017, at 15:55 BST. Retrieved from: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/donald-trump-immigration-policy-english-speakers-financial-stable-raise-act-tom-cotton-david-perdue-a7873711.html. LR: Steil Justin Peter and Ion Bogdan Vasi, The new immigration contestation: Social movements and local immigration policy making in the United States, AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY, 2000–2011, 119.4 (2014): 1104-1155. Ybarra Vickie, Lisa Sanchez and Gabriel Sanchez, Anti-immigrant anxieties in state policy: the great recession and punitive immigration policy in the American states, STATE POLITICS & POLICY QUARTERLY, 2005–2012, 16.3 (2016): 313-339.
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    Name: Professor: Course: Date: Journal About a Disruptive Technology Introduction Autonomous Cars With the various types of technological developments in the contemporary world, there are different kinds of breakthroughs that technical experts have made and examination of the same helps to appreciate the various kinds of innovation whose main focus is to improve the quality of life and make the world a better place to live in. One of the greatest breakthroughs that scientists have made is the development of self-driving cars otherwise called autonomous cars. As I get to write about disruptive technology, the main thing that comes to my mind is the self-driving cars, and this is because they have a great impact in the society and have helped in the improvement of the quality of life in addition to life better. Inasmuch as the autonomous cars have challenges, there are various benefits of the same and I would focus more on the benefits in the contemporary world. iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAATAAAAC5CAIAAAAgUfQAAAAAAXNSR0IArs4c6QAAtWRJREFU eF7tnQecHEeV/3tiT57ZvKvdVc7BkmxLzjngHMABGwcwyWQODjjSAX/gOOCAA5OTCcY2joDB OcrZkizJVs7aHCfn6en5f3ue1AyrGdnLyciG7c9q1NNTXV1d9X4v1atXllKppEwcEz0w0QOv jx6wvj6aMdGKiR6Y6AGjByYAOUEHEz3wOuqBCUC+jgZjoikTPTAByAkamOiB11EPTADydTQY E02Z6IEJQE7QwEQPvI56YAKQr6PBmGjKRA9MAHKCBiZ64HXUAxOAfB0NxkRTJnpgApATNDDR A6+jHpgA5OtoMCaaMtEDE4CcoIGJHngd9cAEIF9HgzHRlIkesGSz2YlemOiBiR54nfTAhIR8 nQzERDMmesDogQlATtDBRA+8jnpgApCvo8GYaMpED0wAcoIGJnrgddQDE4B8HQ3GRFMmemAC kBM0MNEDr6MemADk62gwJpoy0QMHmoeMOVVPKW3PxvRiUXGFLA6vpmS1XEa1qtU7rjC+BHYW z152UFKMG838dzbdVrV+S7FQ/bklx/gG0nKQ6qnxVNWaT+RLujfk0hVrLquXciVdceiqplrG 186DVFpNhGM+T9AaVGJZpdGlpHh9R9Kr2LV41SdoturtdBTsB6VFurqXTsaMe60EiLWeW1T1 qu2x5V5fYsZiddkLFmtOUVyK4kxncwlXUVXy3pyvSvsPBEi9oLoZGr2gFPWSxWFRrYqMSKbG uFiqd1CtUZQBMIfBPLGUqneotQahUMc4CaUWMMZbT/XHano4bXNaPUGHrlg00JjV9JJNcVgc B4egx/mySlHJjaqOBsVtTaY0n1JKJP0ld9hlr89DINUOS43+0cc3vjXHvfzD/uNus9fonxrP 1WtkMLXWav94O+4glY/b+xyKz6q4dYeet2XzJc1jDXlKznwejI49DgTIrE3l1ew2RlRJZ7K5 XFZ12Fyqw2pxVm2qbqnygAO9lG5I2jGw5IqlBsD0WngxmM94jvJzqxzjrafGM10lt9tuy2YL JYtuBYhWSy6fzyuK2zZOST6edzpAWZuqDin5kKaouVzMo7lzBXdBiVlyBWdr1btsjEC1o2Q5 OEFdNoun6rjXBHCN50Li1emwpsQ4SB06zmr8uR67o063BdJ6IV/KOVSnqgTp4lJunIBUS4VS
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    Name: Professor: Course: Date: Immigration in the News The issue of immigration law has been a critical issue in the society, and the same has attracted attention from various countries globally. One of the executive changes that have been witnessed in the country is Donald Trump’s change of the immigration policy to favor the financially stable English speakers into the United States. The Trump administration highlights various reasons for the change, and the main one is that it would encourage financial stability of Americans citizens. The new policy aims at reducing the number of legal immigrants and implementing a merit-based visa scheme to check financial status of immigrants. If enacted, the RAISE Act would lead to a reduction in the number of immigrants into the United States by 50 percent over a period of 10 years. Additionally, the new policy would annul the use of diversity lottery visas cut ‘chain immigration.’ According to President Trump, the new policy would help to reduce poverty levels, increase the wages and save billions of taxpayers’ money. The fact that the new policy bases on English competency would ensure that the immigrants in the country have the right skills to help in building America’s economy and their financial stability would help to reduce draining of America’s resources to other countries. The result of the same is an expansion of America’s economy and increase in job opportunities. The new policy aims at creating barriers to immigrants that come into the United States to collect welfare and leaving the country in a deplorable state. Although the Act had initially stalled when it was first introduced in the Senate, Mr. Cotton and Mr. Perdue, the two people behind the Act plan to re-introduce it to the Senate after making some changes and soliciting President Trump's backing. The new policy conforms with President Trump's pledges he made during the electioneering period where he promised to crack on illegal immigrants, eliminate cases of immigrants stealing America's jobs and reducing criminal activities perpetrated by the illegal immigrants. Additionally, the new policy would help to effect travel ban with six Muslim-majority countries and set legitimate grounds for the allowing and rejecting immigrants basing on the skills and financial capabilities and the ability to maintain a good record in the country. The new policy will have widespread implications in the country and is seen as one of the most dramatic attempts of changing immigration policies in the US. According to Trump, the new laws are unfair to Americans because it gives immigrants an edge over poor and struggling Americans and that the increase in unskilled immigrants had depressed wages and harmed working families. The new policy by President trump has elicited various reactions from different quarters, and I feel that the new policy will be unfair to the immigrants because many immigrants move to the US in search for jobs which they cannot find in their countries. Moreover, I also feel that the new policy is only a strategy of President Trump to shift blames from his legislative failures to the immigrants and has no moral or ethical base. In most of Trump's policies, they are formed to shift blames to other people and make Trump appear as a competent leader which he is not. The policy comes prematurely, and Trump should focus on the improvement of welfare programs to benefit everyone living in America and creating barriers to the immigrants would reduce workers in the country and create a vacuum of employment in the economy. Bibliography Gest Justin, Measuring and comparing immigration, asylum and naturalization policies across countries: Challenges and solutions, GLOBAL POLICY, 5.3 (2014): 261-274. LR: Emily Shugerman, Donald Trump Announces New Immigration Policy Favoring Financially Stable English Speakers, INDEPENDENT, August 2, 2017, at 15:55 BST. Retrieved from: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/donald-trump-immigration-policy-english-speakers-financial-stable-raise-act-tom-cotton-david-perdue-a7873711.html. LR: Steil Justin Peter and Ion Bogdan Vasi, The new immigration contestation: Social movements and local immigration policy making in the United States, AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY, 2000–2011, 119.4 (2014): 1104-1155. Ybarra Vickie, Lisa Sanchez and Gabriel Sanchez, Anti-immigrant anxieties in state policy: the great recession and punitive immigration policy in the American states, STATE POLITICS & POLICY QUARTERLY, 2005–2012, 16.3 (2016): 313-339.
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    Name: Professor: Course: Date: Film Journal The film, ‘The Golem’ is directed by Paul Wegener and Henrik Galeen in 1915 and tells of a golem, a clay statue, which is resurrected by a Kabbalist rabbi through the use of a magical amulet 400 years ago. An antique dealer finds the same golem and brings him back to life but soon falls in love with antiques dealer's wife, Jessica. However, Jessica does not reciprocate the love thereby making golem to become murderous and kill several people. The horror in the film captivates fear among the viewers and suits German expressionism, it is very easy to follow the themes of the film, and the intent of revenge and the fright is supported by the use of a dark atmosphere of the film and golem's use of heavy and loud words. Battleship Potemkin is a film directed by Sergey Eisenstein and is about a revolution that the crew of the battleship, Potemkin. The crew started rioting in the ship after being given rotten meal for dinner thereby leading to a strong disagreement between the crew and the officers in the ship. Upon landing at the port, the revolution that started in the ship fueled the revolution on land between the populace and the imperial rule in Russia. The film is short and specific to the point as the events tell of people fed up with the improper rule of the authorities, poor leadership is evident when the sailors are served with maggot-filled food while the anger among the populace is apparent in stiff opposition and demonstrations they stage against the officers. Finally, the ease with which citizens at the port are charged tells of a long-term dictatorial rule. In the film, ‘How Green Was My Valley’ directed by John Ford in 1941 is about a struggling family of the Morgans, the story is set in the South Wales Valleys to relate to the life in South Wales coalfields. The tough life in the mines forces Gwilym and his older sons to work in the mines and hopes that his youngest son will get a better life. The beauty of his daughter, Angharad, also makes the father believe that his daughter will marry a wealthy person and have a better life. Huw focuses on his academics and making him leave the dangerous life in the coal mines leaving his elder brothers there, later, his eldest brother, Ivor, and father die in the mines. The film inspired me in a big way and encouraged me to work to change my states of life. It is easy to follow the storyline, and the harsh events help to appeal to the emotion of the viewer. The use of simple language suits the target audience of the film, the people of low social class. The film, ‘Bicycle thieves’ directed by Vittorio De Sica in 1948 is about a man, Antonio Ricci who has been jobless for two years. When he finally finds a job, the only requirement for him is to own a bicycle, he re-acquires his bicycle from the pawn shop but stolen on the first day of work. Antonio and his son a mission of recovering the bicycle but all their attempts fail, the soon walk back home to unemployment. I enjoyed the simplicity and the symmetry of the storyline of the film, despite it appealing to the emotion of the viewer, it tells of the challenges that unemployed people face and frustrations that come with high rates of unemployment. Breathless is a film directed by Jean-Luc Godard, tells of an irresponsible youth Michel whose criminal activities lead him to jail and later to his early death. First, he steals a car, kills a police officer pursuing him and tries to escape with his American Girlfriend, Patricia. Patricia soon learns about his ordeals and exposes him to the police who then arrest him and takes him to prison. Michel escapes in prison and is killed in the streets later. One thing I loved about the film is its cool modernity where an improvised jazz is employed to counter Resnais’ atonal music; this creates a true French atmosphere. However, I never liked the poor quality of the camera although the assault on accepted grammar created humor. The film of ‘Blow-Up’ directed by Michelangelo Antonioni is about a successful and arrogant photographer who shoots models and trending fashion. He lives a reckless life of alcohol, pop music, marijuana and easy sex. His daily life changes one day when he takes the picture of a young lady and old woman at the park. The young lady notices his demands for the pictures, the obsession with which the lady pursues the pictures attracts his attention on the same and realizes that he has shot either murder or a planned murder. I liked the classy nature of the film and the high taste of fashion that the characters show. Additionally, the film tells of the effect of pop culture and how it supports the highlife of the populace. The film is about the class struggle in a society disintegrated into classes basing on their economic and social welfare. The fil is directed by Andres Wood and produced in the year 2004. The wealthy in the society feel that the poor must work harder to earn the pennies they get, payment for the services is very poor and thereby increasing class differences. In the film, I like how realistic it is and shows the society as it is without much exaggeration. The events transport the readers to the past thereby giving the opportunity to view the past life and past events. Moreover, I liked how the film touches on the themes of friendship, politics, social classes and process of growing up; it is evident that writing of the plot was tactical as evident in the accuracy of costumes, sets, and props. The final film is ‘Horrible Bosses’ directed by Seth Gordon and in the year 2011, and this is a film which depicts that three employees go through in the hands of their bosses. Through the film, the viewer is taken through the sexual abuse, mental torture, and physical abuse through which employers expose on their juniors. In the film, I liked the high-definition pictures of the film, the comedy-tinged in the movies, the diversity of ideas to highlight the ingredients of horrible bosses in the contemporary society. It helps to address common issues at the workplace and matches the contemporary society in every detail.
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    The Theme of Feminism Institutional Affiliation Name A Room of One’s Own In the book, ‘A Room of One's Own,' the theme of feminism is brought out in various ways. An examination of the same helps in understanding effects of feminism in the society and how to deal with the same to create a smooth correlation between the two genders and improve the social welfare of the females. The books advocates for the women to have financial freedom and intellectual independence so that they can engage in the building of the society and contribute to the literary improvement of the same. Since the book champions, women's development it does not put express blames on either male and the authorities but only works towards expanding the social and economic space for the women to engage in the building of their societies. In this regard, there is a need to acknowledge the importance of the book in uplifting women and help them in their economic developments. Woolf acknowledges that the society is not inclined towards suppressing the women but only sensitizes the population to change different instincts by both genders so that there can be a redefinition of the society and the behaviors of individuals and create new opportunities where women can engage for their personal and professional development. The idea of feminism is further championed as Woolf tells of her struggles to acquire university education when her brothers have all the resources and time to get the best education they needed. In her case, she had to make efforts and organize external resources for her to get the same education as her brothers who attended both Oxford University and Cambridge University. Despite the males in the society being supported to get an education, Woolf acquires education through her efforts and the journey is not an easy and it is the same conditions that all other females pass through in their lives. In this manner, it helps to highlight challenges facing females and the need to change the statues of women in the society. In the process of advocating for the women’s rights, Woolf creates a fictitious character called Judith Shakespeare, the sister of William Shakespeare, who faces several obstacles in her journey to become a decorated poet just like her brother. The challenges that come her way limit her ability to fulfill her dreams and she end up committing suicide. In this manner, the author explains the negative challenges that result from the limited space of women and advises the society to make efforts to make support the female gender. Additionally, the book expounds on the issue of feminism and tells of the taboo that surrounds female homosexuality and explains that as much as the male gender can become homosexual, the females can also have affection towards fellow women. Although the author does not advocate for social evils such as homosexuality, she advises that there is a need to understand the sexuality of women and womanhood as a whole. Woolf gets personal and shows her negative perspective when championing feminism in the modern society and states that men are ruddy, have a disgusting presence and the fact that men remind the women of her iniquities even when she needs to be encouraged and supported to become a better person. Additionally, the lectures that Woolf gives to fellow women seek to encourage them to be united to help in improving their social status and develop a new community for women. In this manner, the lecture that the Woolf organized at first women’s colleges at Cambridge focused on soliciting ideas from the educated and professional women to match the professorial man. The aim of the lecture was to create a new social order and change the weak areas of women for their development. A Vindication on the Rights of Woman The second book, ‘Vindication on the Rights of Woman’ also highlights the issue of feminism in two different ways. The first way is by enlightening the population to create a revolution in the manners of females. The revolution that the author advises seek to restore lost the dignity of women and make them feel as though they are part of human species and equal to men and not as second-class citizens. The author advises on the need to reform women so that they can reform the world and ensure that they help in the growth and development of the populace. Changing the status of women is the solution to the challenges that females face, and this is only possible by creating a distinction between unchangeable morals from the local manners. The female gender should be sensitized to engage in challenging tasks to improve their competence levels and encourage equality in the modern society. One conspiracy that the author seeks to deconstruct is that women are foolish and ignorant and that they cannot be useful and engage in building the society. To change such a misleading belief, the author posits that thee is a need for a revolution to create a long-term solution to the same and help in the growth and development of the female gender and give them an opportunity to improve their lives and the society in general. According to the author, the revolution would only be successful if the women overcome the bonds that women place on them and the tags that men have given them by associating them with beauty, foolishness and useless. The change of mentality is the first step towards creating an overhaul of the women species in the society; Female should change their mentality and beliefs that have to need forced on them and become more reasonable, improve their virtues and develop the modesty that comes from a pure mind and rational reasoning. A change in the perspectives of women would come with various benefits because they would not be viewed as second-class citizens or playthings of men. Women should challenge themselves to acquire education, get financial independence and improve their participation in politics and autonomy. The gendered system in the society is a dangerous one which does not fulfill the needs of the female gender but furthers the idea of men. Since the author challenges the women to expand their participation, there is a need to ensure that men are involved in making the world a better place for women and that the required changes are made without any conflict. The increasing advocacy for women's rights has had a positive impact on the society and fruits of the same have been realized. Strong women leadership can play a critical role in furthering women’s agenda and ensure that every girl-child reach their full potential and overcome all barriers they face. References Woolf, V. (2015). A room of one's own and three guineas. OUP Oxford. Wollstonecraft, M. (1892). A Vindication of the Rights of Woman. Prabhat Prakashan.
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    Student’s Name Professor’s Name Course Date Sheldon Wolin, “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” Introduction Sheldon Wolin on “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” is concerned with the political uses and significance of democracy in regard to two entirely opposed ideas that illustrate two equally contrasting states of affairs (Wolin, 29). First, Woldin states that democracy represents of government and political authority normally referred to as a constitution. Second, he speaks of the revolution, unsettling political movement. According to Woldin, the constitution symbolizes the repression of the revolution, while the revolution the demolition of the constitution. The two opposing notions are interlinked by democracy. There is a great need to reconceived democracy not as a type of government, it should be defined as a form of being that is as a result of bitter incidents, and is destined to temporarily succeed (Wolin, 43). Democracy is a rebellious and political moment that assumes destructive and revolutionary proportions. Democracy in Ancient Times Traditionally, democracy has been defined as a type of government in which citizens are vested with supreme power. A democratic state is characterized with proper equality of privileges and rights, social or political equality, and a democratic spirit. The main role of democracy was to transform politics in speech and sight, make power visible, and make decision making open so that ordinary men could have power. Over a period of time, democratic theorists such as Woldin, have primarily concerned themselves with examining the meaning and definition of the notion of democracy, while simultaneously focusing on its obligations, moral foundations, challenges, and general allure of a democratic governance. Democracy in the modern world cannot be perceived as a whole political system, provided with the great potentialities of modern power forms, and its impact on the natural and social world (Wolin, 42). Modern Democracy There is a great difference between facets of democracy in the organizational impulses of modern and ancient constitutionalism. Democracy from primeval to modern times has allegedly weakened the power of law, and the practice of compliance to government. Initially, demos were used to change the political art practice where the elite competed for office and honors. Currently, demos are used to reverse the worldwide trends of institutionalized power systems to benefit a few and exploit many citizens (Wolin, 48). The rupture between modern and ancient democracy conceptions should be considered as the needed foundation for the development of modern democracy. This is because the social complexity, large populations, and great physical dimensions make the politics of a small polis old-fashioned. Conclusion There is a need to renew democracy through relying on voluntary associations. “Voluntary associations are often see as a key to enhancing political participation in the wider community” (Eikenberry, 7). Ordinary citizens have the capability of developing new cultural patterns of unity at any moment. People who use their power for improved healthcare, better schools, safer water, low income housing among others are (without their knowledge) renewing the democracy. “Philanthropic supporters enable the provision of a broad array of activities and activities that may not be provided otherwise” (Eikenberry, 16). Self- governing and independent voluntary associations should always replace hierarchical corporate authorities. This provides the affected interests with voices, hence promoting government through consent in the entire society, and not just in the state. Through such actions, the state complexity will be reduced and the ancient democratic representative mechanisms shall be able to function effectively.
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    Health Services Q & A Part 2
    Health Services (2) What is the correct procedure to follow if a safety breach – an injury, or personal contact with clinical waste, for example – has occurred? In cases where a safety breach such as an injury or personal contact with clinical waste has occurred, the OSH Act states that the employer must report the injury or injuries and provide first aid procedures and facilities. All serious injuries contracted during work (loss of sight, fractures), specific infectious diseases like viral hepatitis and HIV and other injuries that may prevent the worker from working for 10 consecutive days must be reported to WorkSafe (Govt. of Western Australia, 2011). Why is it important to separate waste at the point of generation? It is important to separate waste at the point of generation to reduce the risk of contaminating the personnel involved in the disposal and the public; and its potential to pollute the environment if not managed properly. The process of separation must be done at the point of generation and the separation as per type of waste must be kept during accumulation, handling, interim storage and transportation (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2005). Australia is a product of a unique blend of established traditions and new influences. Give examples of how the Australian society has changed over time. Consider the types of food, traditions, cultural diversity, and technology. The Australian society has changed over time because of the immigration and race relations. Its culture becomes multicultural and diversity was promoted, resulting to a multicultural policy recognising diversity in lifestyle (food, dress) and linguistic. The diverse migrant communities in Australia brought with them their lifestyle, food and cultural practices. An example is the invasion of the British colonists where indigenous people were dominated by force. This invasion also produced mixed European-Aboriginal descent children, where some were forcefully taken from their aboriginal mothers to be ‘civilised’ and reared in the ‘white’ society (everyculture.com, 2014). Australia is a society embracing many different cultures. These cultural differences are demonstrated and expressed in various ways. An example is the Jawoyn indigenous communities in Katherine, Northern Territory; their culture is quite different to the city culture of a capital city. Identify two (2) other cultures within Australia that are quite different from one another, and explain their differences. One is the Islamic culture in Australia. Some of the differences between Muslims and other cultures in Australia are their way of dressing, their practice of segregating men from women, the kind of foods they eat (no pork and its byproducts) and their customs and traditions in terms of marriage and burial. Muslim women generally wear hijab and cover their legs and arms. The Tiwi people or the indigenous group in Australia that live in the Tiwi islands are distinct from other cultures when it comes to their beliefs in mourning, marriage and language. The Tiwi people when mourning paint their body and require others to feed them. Body painting has been practised in the Tiwi culture as part of ceremonies since time immemorial. When it comes to marriage, their culture dictates that newborn girls are engaged to men who are at least 60 years old, but their marriage will not be consummated until the girls reach 14 years of age. Tiwi females are allowed to marry at all times because they believe that a child should not be born fatherless. When the husband dies, the girl’s new partner takes the role of father to all the children of the girl from previous marriages (Hewett et al., 1988). A person may come from a cultural background but not hold all of the same beliefs or customs as others from that background. An example is that a family may raise their children in the Jewish faith but the children may not hold this same belief themselves and may, as adults, live a life that does not uphold any of the traditional Jewish values. For example, the children might not: marry someone from the Jewish faith; celebrate Jewish festivals; speak Hebrew; follow dietary restrictions such as refraining from eating pork or shellfish.
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