home > Sharingpaper premium

BEST SHARINGPAPER PREMIUM ESSAYS

  • Sharingpaper premium
    Technology
    Student’s Name Professor’s Name Course Date Sheldon Wolin, “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” Introduction Sheldon Wolin on “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” is concerned with the political uses and significance of democracy in regard to two entirely opposed ideas that illustrate two equally contrasting states of affairs (Wolin, 29). First, Woldin states that democracy represents of government and political authority normally referred to as a constitution. Second, he speaks of the revolution, unsettling political movement. According to Woldin, the constitution symbolizes the repression of the revolution, while the revolution the demolition of the constitution. The two opposing notions are interlinked by democracy. There is a great need to reconceived democracy not as a type of government, it should be defined as a form of being that is as a result of bitter incidents, and is destined to temporarily succeed (Wolin, 43). Democracy is a rebellious and political moment that assumes destructive and revolutionary proportions. Democracy in Ancient Times Traditionally, democracy has been defined as a type of government in which citizens are vested with supreme power. A democratic state is characterized with proper equality of privileges and rights, social or political equality, and a democratic spirit. The main role of democracy was to transform politics in speech and sight, make power visible, and make decision making open so that ordinary men could have power. Over a period of time, democratic theorists such as Woldin, have primarily concerned themselves with examining the meaning and definition of the notion of democracy, while simultaneously focusing on its obligations, moral foundations, challenges, and general allure of a democratic governance. Democracy in the modern world cannot be perceived as a whole political system, provided with the great potentialities of modern power forms, and its impact on the natural and social world (Wolin, 42). Modern Democracy There is a great difference between facets of democracy in the organizational impulses of modern and ancient constitutionalism. Democracy from primeval to modern times has allegedly weakened the power of law, and the practice of compliance to government. Initially, demos were used to change the political art practice where the elite competed for office and honors. Currently, demos are used to reverse the worldwide trends of institutionalized power systems to benefit a few and exploit many citizens (Wolin, 48). The rupture between modern and ancient democracy conceptions should be considered as the needed foundation for the development of modern democracy. This is because the social complexity, large populations, and great physical dimensions make the politics of a small polis old-fashioned. Conclusion There is a need to renew democracy through relying on voluntary associations. “Voluntary associations are often see as a key to enhancing political participation in the wider community” (Eikenberry, 7). Ordinary citizens have the capability of developing new cultural patterns of unity at any moment. People who use their power for improved healthcare, better schools, safer water, low income housing among others are (without their knowledge) renewing the democracy. “Philanthropic supporters enable the provision of a broad array of activities and activities that may not be provided otherwise” (Eikenberry, 16). Self- governing and independent voluntary associations should always replace hierarchical corporate authorities. This provides the affected interests with voices, hence promoting government through consent in the entire society, and not just in the state. Through such actions, the state complexity will be reduced and the ancient democratic representative mechanisms shall be able to function effectively.
    $ 0.09
    3,513words / 4page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Health Services Q & A Part 2
    Health Services (2) What is the correct procedure to follow if a safety breach – an injury, or personal contact with clinical waste, for example – has occurred? In cases where a safety breach such as an injury or personal contact with clinical waste has occurred, the OSH Act states that the employer must report the injury or injuries and provide first aid procedures and facilities. All serious injuries contracted during work (loss of sight, fractures), specific infectious diseases like viral hepatitis and HIV and other injuries that may prevent the worker from working for 10 consecutive days must be reported to WorkSafe (Govt. of Western Australia, 2011). Why is it important to separate waste at the point of generation? It is important to separate waste at the point of generation to reduce the risk of contaminating the personnel involved in the disposal and the public; and its potential to pollute the environment if not managed properly. The process of separation must be done at the point of generation and the separation as per type of waste must be kept during accumulation, handling, interim storage and transportation (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2005). Australia is a product of a unique blend of established traditions and new influences. Give examples of how the Australian society has changed over time. Consider the types of food, traditions, cultural diversity, and technology. The Australian society has changed over time because of the immigration and race relations. Its culture becomes multicultural and diversity was promoted, resulting to a multicultural policy recognising diversity in lifestyle (food, dress) and linguistic. The diverse migrant communities in Australia brought with them their lifestyle, food and cultural practices. An example is the invasion of the British colonists where indigenous people were dominated by force. This invasion also produced mixed European-Aboriginal descent children, where some were forcefully taken from their aboriginal mothers to be ‘civilised’ and reared in the ‘white’ society (everyculture.com, 2014). Australia is a society embracing many different cultures. These cultural differences are demonstrated and expressed in various ways. An example is the Jawoyn indigenous communities in Katherine, Northern Territory; their culture is quite different to the city culture of a capital city. Identify two (2) other cultures within Australia that are quite different from one another, and explain their differences. One is the Islamic culture in Australia. Some of the differences between Muslims and other cultures in Australia are their way of dressing, their practice of segregating men from women, the kind of foods they eat (no pork and its byproducts) and their customs and traditions in terms of marriage and burial. Muslim women generally wear hijab and cover their legs and arms. The Tiwi people or the indigenous group in Australia that live in the Tiwi islands are distinct from other cultures when it comes to their beliefs in mourning, marriage and language. The Tiwi people when mourning paint their body and require others to feed them. Body painting has been practised in the Tiwi culture as part of ceremonies since time immemorial. When it comes to marriage, their culture dictates that newborn girls are engaged to men who are at least 60 years old, but their marriage will not be consummated until the girls reach 14 years of age. Tiwi females are allowed to marry at all times because they believe that a child should not be born fatherless. When the husband dies, the girl’s new partner takes the role of father to all the children of the girl from previous marriages (Hewett et al., 1988). A person may come from a cultural background but not hold all of the same beliefs or customs as others from that background. An example is that a family may raise their children in the Jewish faith but the children may not hold this same belief themselves and may, as adults, live a life that does not uphold any of the traditional Jewish values. For example, the children might not: marry someone from the Jewish faith; celebrate Jewish festivals; speak Hebrew; follow dietary restrictions such as refraining from eating pork or shellfish.
    $ 0.27
    0words / 0page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    The Theme of Death Institutional Affiliation Name The Things They Carried In the book, ‘The Things They Carried' is both a memoir of war and an autobiography of the author and the persona in the book Tim O’Brien. The book tells of the life of and times of O’Brien during the Vietnam War and the challenges that every soldier during the war faced and how such experiences changed their lives. The book is also a collection of short stories where the author tells of life experiences of different soldiers and how such experiences were influenced by their traditions. In this manner, there is a need to acknowledge the different themes that the book furthers and how they relate to the common experiences in the contemporary world. Although there are various themes, one that stands out is the theme of death, and O’Brien uses different experiences to bring out the theme of death and how it influenced the daily lives of the soldier during the Vietnam war. By examining the book, the theme of death comes out in various ways, and the first way is that the soldiers are at the verge of dying all the times of their lives as they engage their enemies in the battlefield. The first way in which the theme of death is brought out is when O’Brien meditates on the inevitability of his death as he learns that he is drafted in ‘On The Rainy River.’ The risk on his life confronts him thereby forcing him to consider escaping to Canada to escape the eminent threat to his life. Despite the threats to his life and the decision to flee to Canada, the lodge owner convinces him otherwise and soon yields to his advice and returns to the Vietnam War. The return to the war exposes additional threats to his life thereby furthering the theme of death in the book even further. The other way in which the theme of death is brought out is through highlighting the deaths of O’Brien’s comrades in the war such as Curt Lemon, Ted Lavender, and Kiowa and the emotional struggles that their fellow soldiers went through as a result of the war. It is prudent that death has strong impacts on the thoughts and actions of the soldiers as they ponder and regret the causes of their deaths. The misery that death of comrades has on the soldier impact greatly on the success of the war and influence their actions. In the book, death is presented as arbitrary where anybody can die no matter the level of preparedness and the soldiers survive only by sheer luck. In the whole book, O’Brien posits that they anticipated to die at any time and they were happy to be alive every single minute. The inevitability of death is brought out through characters, and one of them is through the death of Ted Lavender. In this case, Ted was always prepared in the battlefield and made the necessary arrangements to avert death; this is because Ted always made extra efforts to survive the war among them through carrying an extra magazine of ammo on his gun to have an edge during the war. However, he died on the battlefield thereby proving the fact that death is inevitable in the book. Another example of the inevitable nature of death is apparent in the great faith that Kiowa had on his return back home, despite his faith, his prayerful nature and the fact that he always carried a New Testament on his back, he soon fell a victim of war and died prematurely. It is prudent that death was unexpected in the cases of Lavender, Kiowa, and Lemon, this is because death came to Lavender as a random bullet, as a hidden trap for Lemon and as the least expected mortar fire for Kiowa leading to their premature death. The deaths of the three soldiers form the basis of the narrative, and this is because the three soldiers made extra efforts to survive the war, but it did not come to be that they would return home alive and safe. The soldiers could not predict when they would die and be prepared for the moment or protect themselves against death. The heavy thoughts of death and weighed so much on Rat Kiley to the extent that he turned mad. Moreover, O’Brien also tells of the various instances in which he was on the verge of dying because he was shot twice and the second time he was shot was so hurting that he almost dies. Such an experience encouraged him to value his life the more and highlight how soldiers escape death daily on the battlefield. I Heard A Fly Buzz When I Died The theme of death is also brought out in the poem, ‘I Heard a Fly Buzz When I Died,' and the first way the theme is brought out is through the tone of the speaker which is calm and flat. In this way, the speaker uses the tone to acknowledge that death is a natural way of life for everyone and encourages the population to be prepared for the same. The poem presents the speaker as a ghost who watches events that take place at death and takes note on the fly although it does not irritate her. She takes time to describe the events that take place at death, and the calmness shows the mood and tone of the dead. The degree of calmness of the tone of the speaker even makes death not to seem real because of the serene atmosphere that the same creates on the audience leading to the feeling of sadness. The poem focuses on the passage of death and presents it through unsettling and disconnected. In this way, death is presented as painless and a peaceful feeling which gives people the opportunity to have peace. In this regard, there is a need to acknowledge the impact that death has on the population and advise the society to be prepared for death by living according to religious teachings. The book, ‘The Things They Carried' and the poem, ‘I Heard A Fly Buzz When I Died’ helps to address the theme of death in various ways and point out ingredients of death and qualities that people need to acquire to be prepared for death at any time and understand that death is inevitable and can come at any time. The styles that the authors use in bringing out their ideas is very effective it furthering the main theme and boost understanding of the audience so that they acquire lessons in both the book and the poem. There is a need to carry out additional research to understand more on the theme of death and effects of the same on the relatives and friends of the diseased. References Dickinson, E., & Press, P. (2006). I heard a fly buzz when I died. Petra Press. O'brien, T. (2009). The things they carried. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
    $ 0.09
    5,466words / 6page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    <University> <Economics> by <Your Name> <Date> <Lecturer’s Name and Course Number> Introduction Economic evaluation is the process where inputs and outcomes of two alternative activities are identifies, measured and evaluated systematically and the results of such activities are analyzed to reach the best decision for the activities. The main aim of such a process is to arrive at the best method to employ basing on the available evidence to reach the goal. Economic evaluation finds great use in health economics and health technology assessment. There are various methods that are used for such processed among them being cost-benefits analysis, cost-effectiveness analysis and cost-utility analysis. The importance of economic evaluation is apparent in that it has been adopted as a tool used to gauge the effectiveness of healthcare programs. The importance of the same is also apparent in the manner in which there have been increase in the research activities over the same and the examination of the recipients of healthcare, healthcare providers and the general society. Economic evaluation helps health programs in that it highlights the costs and the consequences of programs and the available options that stakeholders have to make when affecting them. The aim is to ensure that resources that assigned to projects give the best quality and become of greatest benefit to the users. Two major concerns come into play while doing an economic evaluation and one of them is the determination whether the planned health procedure of a higher benefit than other activities that could be done with similar resources and whether stakeholders are satisfied that resources should be spent in such programs. The benefits under analysis in this context are either health direct benefits or indirect benefits, while the costs are either direct medical costs, direct non-medical costs and indirect costs. One issue of consideration is the opportunity cost which is the best alternative foregone. In the economic evaluation, thee are three main theories that guide such an evaluation and help in the examination of the same. The first theory is the Utilitarian Theory which posits that healthcare is best distributed to serve as maximum people in the society as possible; this means that healthcare should be used to increase life expectancy, reduction of infant mortality rate even while paying little attention to the quality of the healthcare. The second theory is the Egalitarian Theory whose basis is that everyone has a right to claim healthcare resources that provides an equal level of healthcare without taking into consideration of the quality of such an healthcare service. The final theory that is of concern regarding economic evaluation is Rawlsian theory and this is one which proposes that every right has a right to equal right of access to healthcare services and at a time of making economic and social choices, people that are least advantaged should have maximum access to healthcare services. Cost-Benefit Analysis Cost-benefit analysis is a method of economic evaluation which proposes that at the instance when there is a difference in to health programs, thee is a need to have a common denominator when comparing the results of the two to ensure that quality is the same in the two aspects. It follows that the use of monetary terms plays a critical role in the economic evaluation as it helps in measuring the effects in terms of dollars and pounds. The difference between cost-benefit analysis and cost-effectiveness and analysis and cost-utility analysis is that both the costs and benefits of healthcare provisions are presented in similar values in the method of cost-bene fit analysis. The only issue of concerns is the difficulty of placing monetary value on human life or the various relief services provided to the population and the challenge that follows the same is that there is the possibility that there would not be any alternative. The results of the same is that alternative might be to do nothing, a matter which might cost the service providers a great deal and affect quality of services. The use of cost-benefits analysis has been widespread in the society and economic experts use the same to the gauge the quality of healthcare in the modern society. There are two main methods of carrying a CBA and the first one is the human capital approach which rates health improvement on the future worth of individuals basing on their future incomes. The second approach is the ‘willingness to pay’ approach, and this is the method which examines the ability of the population to pay for the health services or how much they are willing to forego certain health services. Although the method has been used for a long time on environmental issues, it has only been adopted in healthcare. However, there is a need to acknowledge that both projects have their advantages and disadvantages and identification of such helps to ensure proper application. There are various advantages of cost-benefits analysis, and one of them is that it is simple method of measuring economic evaluation, this is because the method only involves weighing benefits and costs and considering where the benefits outweigh the costs. Additionally, there are various formulae that can be employed for cost-benefits analysis among them being taking a quantitative measurement, measuring the amount of the dollar in the costs and benefits of a project. In this manner, it becomes easy to understand economic implications of projects and make a conclusive judgment regarding the continuance of health projects in the society. The other advantage of CBA is its simplicity, and this is evident in the way it is easy to double count the benefits hence eliminating the possibility of overestimating benefits of a project. The result is a very accurate evaluation outcome which paints a clear picture on the project. The third benefit of cost-benefits analysis is that it is a very objective method of economic evaluation in that it provides a genuine way of comparing projects and without considering personal attributes of projects. In this manner, it tends to eliminate problems when examining projects whose owners are emotionally attached to them. By comparing projects basing on their financial costs and benefits helps to create a fair comparison thereby eliminating emotional elements in such projects. The same also eliminates the cases of bias when comparing projects. The final advantage of a CBA is that it makes it easy to estimate the net benefit of a project thereby making it an important method of goal setting, this is because it is very easy to predict benefits of a project as compared to its cost. However, there are various disadvantages of CBA and one of them is that it can result to complications in the process of estimation. The simplicity of the method can be paradoxical and complicate the process and lead to cancellation of health programs later after they have started operational, this is because there can be inaccurate calculations and estimations which make the projects viable which might make a project to be viable in the first instance only to lead to higher costs in the later stages of the project. In this manner, a project can be canceled after spending a lot of money due to a change in the attitudes of a consumers or missed details in a project. Another disadvantage with a CBA is that it requires the use of a common measurement, this makes the qualitative benefits of the same to complicate the process of evaluation.
    $ 0.09
    14,182words / 11page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    Name: Professor: Course: Date: ESSEC Admission Essay What matters most to you, and why? Tell us the values and experiences that have shaped the person you are During the last summer, I worked as a research analyst at Zheshang Asset Managementwith the view of employing my academic competencies and skills to tackle real-world problems. The main aim of getting the job was to have a better understanding of Asset-Backed Securities (ABS) which is a new field pf work in China. The job enabled me to carry out an examination of risk analysis and credit rating on the key debtors in Hangzhou and do a feasibility analysis table on Asset-Backed Securities for the team to which I was assigned. Regardless of my efforts to survey the products and services demanded the most in the market, identify the niches in policies and an examination of the right laws and regulations needed in the Chinese market, the tabled failed to get us the ABS project on which we did bid. Our bid was turned down on the basis of the failure of our credit data and information to reflect the financial situation of the debtors and the thereby making our research null and void on the needs of the debtors. It is the failure in addition to the lessons I learnt in school that helped me realize the impact of such an inaccuracy in the service industry, and how it prevents the development of a modernized finance industry in China. In addition to the work I did in China, I have also worked with Leave Ur Mark (LUM, which is a non-governmental organization in India). I was a volunteer for local business while working with LUM. The main aim of the participation was to do a research on prospects of volunteer works and internships in India for the Chinese college students and to do a business plan to help expansion of LUM in China. I gained more from jobs in which I engaged as compared to the rewards and experience I got. The talks I organized with the Indian local employers helped me to identify niches in the Indian rural areas and how poor business infrastructure and deplorable situations limits business ventures and initiatives, it is the information I got from the same that encouraged me to operate the project to improve the local economy. Other activities in which I engaged were the introduction of schoolmates about India, building of propaganda spot on campus and holding coffee meeting to prepare for presentations. The zeal I had with the support of me team bore results and led to the inception of the first group of volunteers for LUM from China which set the ground for other students to engage in similar activities in the Indian schools, workshops and factories in future. Whenever I think of Ecole Superieure des Sciences Economiques et Commerciales (ESSEC) Business School, there are various aspects that the institution has that impress me the most, and which boost my desire to be part of the prestigious learning environment, and one of them is the recognition that it has received to be one of the leading business schools globally. I would be glad to be part of the school which is among 76 schools to have triple accreditation such as EQUIS, AACSB and AMB globally. In addition to be among the world’s best business institutions, ESSEC Business School is also devoted to having a diverse student population and being part of the institution would help to maintain such diversity.
    $ 0.09
    2,883words / 1page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    Dynamics in the Family Institutional Affiliation Name Introduction It is factual that every family has its unique dynamics and it is such that affect interactions between the family members. The unique dynamics that every family has affects their development, ideas and how family members relate to one another within the family set-up (Barnhill, 1979). Family can be used to mean different things which therefore affect the different feelings, ideas, and thoughts, and affect one's feelings and how they relate to others in the society. Additionally, it is also family dynamics that determine the success that a person would have and their well-being. Understanding the dynamics in a family call for the understanding of family systems theory and this is because it aims to change the traditional thoughts of the population because traditionally, people used to view issues and problems linearly and correlate events with issues that cause them (Boss, 1980). In this manner, the family systems theory posits that issues and events need to be correlated circularly, thereby creating a systemic perspective. The family systems theory establishes that events and problems in a family setup exist within the context of a relationship where the events and problems affect one another. The aim of family systems theory is to examine the patterns of interactions and understand reasons behind the events as opposed to the reasons that led to the occurrence of events (Boszormenyi-Nagy & Framo, 2013). To have a better understanding of systems dynamics of a family, there is a need to examine different types of family and one is the family in the television show, ‘Shameless’ that started airing on Showtime on January 9, 2011. The fans of the comedy-drama TV show are very familiar with the characters such as Frank Gallagher, Fiona Gallagher, Fillip ‘Lip’ Gallagher, Ian Gallagher, Debbie Gallagher, Carl Gallagher and Liam Gallagher who are all part of one family. The story revolves around a dysfunctional family of frank Gallagher who suffers from alcoholism thereby leaving the children to fend for themselves and come of age while still young. As Frank Gallagher spends his days getting drunks and seeking misadventures, Fiona who is the eldest daughter assumes the role of a parent and takes care of his five siblings, she soon gets the challenge of balancing her sex life and the huge responsibility she has at home and breaks bad thereby leaving her brother, Phillip Gallagher, as the caretaker of the family. The issue of alcoholism of their father and lack of parental guidance exposes the children to more social ills among them being pornography, irresponsible sex escapades, and alcoholism. The children struggle to find their daily meals and they survive by their wits, they finally manage to get help through Steve who falls for Fiona and he becomes increasingly attached to the unique and unconventional family. Ultimately, responsibility fall on Phillip Gallaher, who has to manage the actions of his belligerent father, psychotic sister, closeted brother and the internet porn star neighbors. In this case, the ‘diffuse boundaries’ in the Frank Gallagher family tell of a dysfunctional family where there is no clear mode of relation between the members of the subsystem and between the subsystem under investigation and other subsystems. The diffuse boundary is also apparent where the person giving the central command keeps on changing because of the unconventional behaviors of the members of the subsystem. Additionally, the diffuse boundary is also apparent in the case where Frank Gallagher realizes that he has another daughter, Samantha ‘Sammi’ Slott who the Gallagher family does not know. In this case, the one family rule which is unspoken is that everyone has the freedom to enjoy themselves but within the confines of the law, regardless of the social and moral implications. The one family role is to champion self-control as evident in that everyone in the family is not confined to express rules but rules are made with time. References Barnhill, L. R. (1979). Healthy family systems. Family Coordinator, 94-100. Boss, P. G. (1980). Normative family stress: Family boundary changes across the life-span. Family Relations, 445-450. Boszormenyi-Nagy, I., & Framo, J. L. (2013). Intensive family therapy: Theoretical and practical aspects. Routledge.
    $ 0.09
    3,751words / 5page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    Name: Professor: Course: Date: Answer the Simple Question The five most important pieces of information that I learned from Business Professional Development that would be very useful in my collegiate, professional and personal life are a proper dress code, the necessary technical skills needed, creating a strong financial background, having genuine and responsible friends and taking responsibility for one’s actions. First, the dress code is of great importance, and it should suit job description and the working environment of the workers. The right dress code makes people look more professional and earn respect from others, it also creates a good first impression when meeting new people and boosts a person’s confidence (Blau et al. 275). The second important thing is to acquire the relevant technical skills only; this is because there are various technical skills that people acquire, but they never use them in their professional lives hence become useless to them but become a burden. Acquiring the relevant technical details helps to relieve oneself from unnecessary stress and burden. The third most important information I learned is to create a strong financial background through having a trusted banker to help in the management of monetary resources and help in building a strong financial base for development. Additionally, there is a need to build a strong goodwill accounts between one another to help in long-term growth and development and genuine friendship; this means that development of friendship is key to personal and professional development. The fourth information I learned is to get motivation from the right people, and this calls for knowing the records of those giving motivation. It is prudent to identify with the right group that can help in personal and professional development to create a foundation for long-term success (Blau et al. 277). Finally, I learned that I need to take responsibility for all my actions and act in a manner that attracts respect from others. My actions should be beneficial to myself and others and help in the improvement of the society. Work Cited Blau, Gary, et al. "Testing the relationship of gender and business major to professional development behaviors and expected employment." Journal of Education for Business 91.5 (2016): 274-279.
    $ 0.09
    1,984words / 3page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    Name: Professor: Course: Date: Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment Q/As Study and Discussion Dr. Heidegger tries to give the people a second chance because he believes that people should be allowed to change and make the necessary changes in the society and make the world a better place for the society to live in. In this manner he believes that there is no one who is perfect and that no one should be allowed to perish in the world because there is no conclusive evidence that the people that are given the second chance can help in the improvement of the population. Additionally, he is testing is the people he has given a chance can appreciate the opportunity and make the positive changes in themselves any become better people in the society. It is expected that they should appreciate the opportunity and thank the doctor by working with him in the endeavors to make the world a better place to live in. Furthermore, the virtues of the people that are give a second chance is tested and this is because their humility is under test to ensure that they acknowledge the leniency of the other chance ad work to improve the world. Additionally, the other reason for the second chance is that advise the population that there is no condemnation and learn from their mistakes to become better people in the society. It is only through the same that there can be a long-term change in the society and a crucial improvement of the lives of the population through a concerted effort to make the necessary changes to uphold the virtues in the world. The result is a better and more competent social values among the population. Literary Elements Question one The allegorical meaning of Colonel Killigrew is that he is a pleasure seeker and this is apparent in the manner in which he spent all the wealth in his youth and this presents him as a bad example to the population. It is apparent that in the course of his youth he wasted money on alcohol and women and this makes him to be bad example to others in the book. On the other hand, Mr. Gascoigne has an allegorical presentation in the book as a person who is hungry for power and this shows his political history where his political life becomes ruined but later feels that he can step back into the political space to regain his political power even at the old age. Finally, widow Wycherly is presented as person who is obsessed with beauty and this is apparent in the manner in which she misused her beauty in her early ages and failed to invest properly for her old age Question Two The mirror is of great importance to the population in that it shows the personal life of the characters and reveals the hidden secrets in people’s lives. It is evident that the mirror is used to tell the youthful lives of the characters to reveal holistic information to help in understanding them much better. The result of the same is that it helps the characters to have a personal reflection and prevent the challenges that the characters had in their lives and live better lives that can be used to inform the activities of the population and maintain a better lifestyle in the society.
    $ 0.09
    2,665words / 2page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    Name: Professor: Course: Date: Just In Time Part One There is a strong relationship between material requirements planning, capacity planning, and inventory planning and an examination of such a relationship helps in understanding the effects of the same in addressing the challenges that pertinent management. The relationship is that material requirements planning helps in the determination of the quality of materials needed for processing (Azadegan et al. 193). On the other hand, material requirements planning then determines the amount of materials needed which then directly determines the amount of space needed; this affects the capacity of materials and then affects capacity management. Finally, the amount of materials affects the process of inventory during materials management because a higher capacity management requires a higher inventory management. It means that the three factors are related to one another and work in collaboration to ensure that there is a better materials management in the process (Drake et al. 17). The article, ‘Materials Management’ is of great importance as it examines all the ingredients of materials management and creates a better understanding of the pertinent issues that managers need to put on focus. As much as they outline all the factors on materials management, it also uses graphics to show the flow of activities and how one activity affects the next activity. The article is clear, and the use of simple language makes it easy to understand. In the second article, ‘Inventory Management’ there are outlined all the factors pertinent to the management of inventory. The use of various examples in addition to the use of graphics helps to create a clear picture of the processes of inventory and the stages that managers should focus more on during management. The examples that are shown in the figures help to show the real-life examples of the same and how they are applied practically in the society. Part Two One of the benefits of the Just-In-Time purchasing is that it leads to reduced inventory levels and this is because it facilitates the reduction in inventory levels and the associated costs of holding inventory. The second benefit of JIT is that it leads to an improved lead-time reliability because the delivery times under the JIT system are much shorter thereby enabling a more reliable lead time. The final benefit of JIT is that there is an improved quality and customer satisfaction (Azadegan et al. 194). One project that can employ the use of JIT is the reduction of inventory level to increase the inventory turnover ratios. A project manager would need to have the knowledge of JIT to overcome some of the challenges associated with the implementation of the JIT system, and make it easy to switch from one system to the JIT system without any challenges. Finally, the knowledge of JIT helps to change the behavior of customers to improve provision of services using JIT system. The article ‘Just-In-Time (Lean) Purchasing’ presents a holistic information on the JIT system where it highlights all ingredients of the system, outlines the benefits of the system, challenges associated with it, how to employ it in projects and shows examples of projects where it has been employed. Furthermore, the article ‘Inventory Management’ tells of the factors that affect inventory management and how to address such factors to ensure a smooth management of inventory in the society. The article also highlights the challenges related to inventory and the benefits of the same, this is in addition to related concepts and how such concepts improve inventory management. Works Cited Azadegan, Arash, et al. "The effect of environmental complexity and environmental dynamism on lean practices." Journal of Operations Management 31.4 (2013): 193-212. Drake, Paul R., Dong Myung Lee, and Matloub Hussain. "The lean and agile purchasing portfolio model." Supply Chain Management: An International Journal 18.1 (2013): 3-20.
    $ 0.09
    3,406words / 4page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    Urban Planning Institutional Affiliation Name Site and Location of Montreal Montreal, otherwise called French Montreal is a city in the Quebec province located in southeastern Canada. Montreal is the second-largest city in Canada and serves as the headquarters of Quebec province. The land size of the city is about three-quarters of Montreal Island which is the largest of all the islands in the country (Zhang, & Awasthi, 2016). The total area of the city is 141 square miles, and the metro area is 1,644 square miles. The population of the city according to the 2006 census is 1,649,519 metro area. Traffic and Transit Congestion in Montreal One of the current issues that face Montreal is traffic congestion, and this has affected the population in various ways and threatens to affect their livelihoods of the population if no solution is sought and fast. The issues of traffic congestion are on the rise and cause various forms of delays in the public transport sector thereby affecting the growth of economy of Montreal and Canada as a whole (Tessier, Morency, & Saunier, 2016). The city of Montreal has ranked as the city with the most traffic congestion in the country hence the need to create a long-term solution to the challenge to prevent more negative effects on the same. Despite the fact that Montreal usually witnesses various forms of traffic congestion in the country, Fall worsens the situation and the closure of roads in the city to improve safety of motorist due to poor sewer systems makes the condition unbearable for drivers. During Fall, one of the hindrances that leads to the increase in traffic congestion, is the ramp between 15 North and the 20 West which is usually closed thereby worsening the already bad state of traffic congestion in the city (Zhang, & Awasthi, 2016). iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAmIAAAFMCAIAAADnekdqAAAAAXNSR0IArs4c6QAA/8pJREFU eF5M/fePpFmWngma1sq1Cg+RkZkRWVmVpasV2dwZcAECO78MMNh/dRdYcEhMk2BPia4umTJ0 uNbmpuU+z7kW2fTOjopwNzf7vvvde8R73vOe7A///X/M5/PlYrlYKOVyOf7On7PZbDgczufz UqnkT8vlarXK93u93t3dXb1aqzcbhUKhPx4OB8PxZDKdTjOZDK8s8l2+srklX7NFJrcslPKZ THYynvAmm5ubpVJlMBj0+32+uVgsF/x/fGWz/JN/8yHZQi5XKOSzvkmGC8pkM7lCqVAqzhbz br8/Go6Ws1E+MyvnfFEhX+BDx/PZdDnf2tvd2NpcLpYX5+eD+15hmc1lcuPRbLacL3PZeZb/ WXKR9XKlVi7PJ+PZeMrd8tPRdMILskU/YjadcVmZ+SKzXJaLpWKRpSk9fPSws77O9yezKdc5 zyxPz6/6o9Gg1x2PRqVCvl6rVXxtkb9sbGy9evXq7PxyPl+019Yb9Up2OSvXaplc6b7Xv7y8 6d5cb6+vdxql+Wy8nE142XQxn0x481k2l1tb39jc2V0W8tc39ydnZ3fdu8V0zlpU8/n99fWP Dw+3mo1iLrvMZKZc4pylW7IO+Uwus1zwFHLF4tx1Kw7ns5Ory6ubWxZ1VirxzyJLmllygzyi xWI2GgxZq3KRNed3sznWmcUvsPxugPRA+eLvPF/umi/+ya7gR/V6jZcPx4N83ueYySzL5Uqp VIznyc/TU/VvPFkeJd8Y9we8Q6VS4fv8hQ/i0+eLebwgm8/5f740l5uOJ15TPrdYTHn8hWKW N5xzHTzkRVxVNj+b8jCXmeySXcBb8Y/5bDGYjIulCtvg+PT06OSk1Vm/793nC7xHvnffG0/8 rFarxXtvbW1xbe/fv6+WK+wBHlytXssvs+cXF/v7+x9//Em93vjyqy//xz//88PHj/nAXr+X zWRLZR51oVIouiyTSalYWs7nw8moWC6xq7mMZrOZbo3dfn9/zxWur69fXV11u12+uba21mw3 O6129747Go1LBQ6Hx+Xs7IzfanbavIxtxxKdX13WGo18vsBqz2PlWQLXJC0Q58V19Yxk/UF+
    $ 0.09
    5,039words / 6page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    Name: Professor: Course: Date: The Measureless States and Virtues According to Damien Keown, the four measureless states and virtues are metta (loving-kindness), karuna (compassion), mudita (sympathetic joy), and upekkha (equanimity). Keown posits that the four measureless states are nurtured through meditation, thereby establishing the need for the population to invest more lot of time and effort to attain such states for their spiritual, personal and interpersonal benefits. Additionally, Keown reveals that the four measureless states are not emotions, but are built by nurturing the spirit and preparing it to develop the virtues. Keown then adds that the benefits of the four measureless states and virtues are far-reaching because they serve to change the thoughts of people and their experiences and views towards oneself and others. The result attaining the measureless states is that they help to loosen bonds which people use to refer to themselves and their ego thereby boosting a person’s spirituality. Regarding the first measureless state and virtue; metta or loving-kindness, Keown stipulates that this is the state that enables disciples to focus in one direction while their hearts are filled with loving-kindness. It, therefore, makes the disciples to have their hearts be filled with loving-kindness for the betterment of the society. The role of this state is that is enables people to live a long life, develop exponentially both materially and socially and relieve themselves from enmity and distress. Metta is also of great importance in the society because it enables disciples to uphold their benevolence and enables disciples to overcome discrimination, and selfishness thereby eliminating any cases of anger, fear, ill will and aversion. Keown proceeds to tell that there is a need for everyone to cultivate the virtue to the same level of love that a mother develops for her child because such a love does not show any discrimination among benevolent and malicious people. The second measureless state that Keown talks about is karuna or compassion, and this is the discipline that enables a disciple to pervade in one direction while filled with compassion. The role of the virtue is that it attracts abundance, prosperity, and eliminates any cases of enmity and provides freedom from distress. When karuna is combined with prajna, or wisdom, the result is the realization that all the sentient beings coexist with one another and that they resemble one another. Additionally, Keown reveals that it is this measureless state that opens the doors to freedom. The third measureless state is mudita or sympathetic joy, and it is this virtue that enables the society to show empathy to others and help in tackling other’s challenges. The roles of this state are that it enables disciples to grow in abundance, free themselves from enmity and relieve themselves from distress. The other role of this measureless state is that it acts as an antidote to the jealousy and envy and helps in the development of metta and karuna. The final measureless state that Damien Keown discusses in his book is upekkha otherwise called equanimity. He posits that the roles of this virtue are that it helps disciples to live in equanimity thereby enabling them to grow great, measureless and refrain from any forms of distress. Keown adds that other roles of upekkha in the society are that it helps disciples to free themselves from discrimination and develope insight in the activities in which they engage. Furthermore, Keown posits that it should not be used to mean unbalanced passions of aversion and attraction. Work Cited Keown, Damien. Buddhism: A very short introduction. Vol. 3. Oxford University Press, 2013.
    $ 0.09
    3,186words / 4page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    Name: Professor: Course: Date: The 1960s and 1970s Period It is prudent that there were various changes during the 1960s and 1970s period and the changes that resulted from the same had a lot of significance in the society. In this manner, there is a need to examine the changes that took place during those periods and how they influenced the society for the better (Bernabé, and Aubrey 115). In the 1960s, Americans’ hope was rejuvenated, and this was due to, among other reasons, the election of John F. Kennedy as the president of the country. Kennedy brought new hope to the population, and the people knew that he had the big solutions to the big problems that affected the citizens. The tone of hope was set and set a renewed hope for the citizens of the country for the next decade. On the contrary, the golden age that the citizens expected in the 1960s did not materialize and the end of 1960s saw the country falling apart (Hodson, Jon and Rowan 8229). On the other hand, the 1970s was a period when there were several struggles in the country, and this was because of the challenges that started in the 1960s. Some of the struggles that the country went through were such as the fight for equality for the marginalized people in the society among them being the women, Native Americans, African Americans, gays and lesbians (Bernabé, and Aubrey 116). The marginalized sought to expand their participation in the country, and some of them protested against the war in Vietnam. The 1970s are seen as a period of repudiation of the 1960s where the enlightenment that the citizens had led to the formation of civil movements in the country to improve the welfare of the population (Hodson, Jon and Rowan 8230). It was also during the 1970s when there was the formation of a ‘New Right' that sought to mobilize political conservatism and the traditional family roles. Despite the changes that took place in the 1960s and 1970s, there were other changes that helped to redefine the American society. One of the changes that took place in the country was the increased consciousness of the black community. World War II helped to sensitize the black Americans which improved the push for racial inequality in the greater American society and specifically in housing an employment. The result of the same was the formation of civil rights movement, and the same was strengthened by the passing of the GI Bill of Rights. Furthermore, it was during those times when there was an increase in the war on poverty, and one of the major changes was the introduction of Work-Study Program which provided the poor college students with campus jobs. One great positive change that took place in the U.S. before the 1960s was that there was great economic growth and development and this was due to the great spending that the country witnessed during World War II. To help in understanding the 1960s and 1970s and the period before then even better, there are books that help to create a clear picture on the same and improve understanding of the population of the same. One of the readings that were of crucial importance and remains to be important is the ‘Speech on Tariff,' and this was the speech that was delivered by the Speaker Henry Clay whose aim was to support the protective tariffs and tell that the ingredients of an ideal American system. The speech was relevant at the time because it aimed at strengthening the American economy and create a ground for a stronger American economy. In this manner, the speech sought to strengthen American banks and help the country to move from the financial challenges of the Great Depression. Another relevance of the reading is that it helped to create a home market in the country that served as a foundation for a genuine American policy. The relevance of the reading in the contemporary American society is that it plays a critical role in strengthening American industry based on strong economic policies to help the country get out of the current economic recession that has also impact the globe in various ways. The other reading that was of great importance was ‘Notes On The State of Virginia’ by Thomas Jefferson, and this is because it is the reading that helped to create a separation of the church and state, upheld the formation of a constitutional government establishment of checks and balanced and interest in individual liberty. The reading was of great importance to the public in that it helped to denounce slavery in the society and addressed the problems of miscegenation. The result was to enlighten the population to know their rights and advocate for the same through social and political movements and expand the political space in the country. In the contemporary American society, the article still proves to be of great importance because it serves to encourage equality among races and boost diversity in the population. It helps to denounce racism that is widespread in American in the current times. The third article that was of great importance during the 1960s and 1970s American society was the ‘Letter to John Adams' by Abigail Adams, and its relevance is that it helped to nurture the spirit of revolution in the society and encouraged citizens to fight for their rights. The relevance of the article is that it championed equal rights for men and women, and the result of the same was an increases intensity to advocate for the rights of men and women to help boost a uniform growth and development in the society. The article helped to expand participation of the female gender in political, social and economic activities and events in the society whose result was an improved governance. The relevance of the article in the contemporary American society is that it has helped in expanding political space for women and eliminate the cases of the tyranny of numbers in the representation of men in the modern American society. The other relevance of the article is that it informs formation of policies to favor women and voice concerns of women in the society to create a conducive environment for their personal growth and development. The final article that was of great importance in the 1960s and 1970s America and is still relevant today is ‘Anarchism: What It Stands For' by Emma Goldman. The article helped to deconstruct the idea of anarchism by enlisting the disadvantages of anarchism and its barriers to economic and social development. The article guided the leadership of American Presidents such as John F. Kennedy to refrain from anarchism and alleviate the social problems that were affecting the society. In the contemporary American society, the article still proves to be of great importance in that it enlists the ingredients of good leadership and how leaders in the modern society can make use of such skills to govern their subjects properly to further holistic development. Works Cited Adams, Abigail. "letter to John Adams." Addressed to His Wife 2 (1776). Clay, Henry, et al. The works of Henry Clay: comprising his life, correspondence and speeches. Vol. 3. GP Putnam's sons, 1904. Goldman, Emma. Anarchism: What it really stands for. Mother Earth Publishing Association, 1911. Jefferson, Thomas. Notes on the State of Virginia: By Thomas Jefferson. Mathew Carey, no. 118, Market-Street, 1794.
    $ 0.09
    6,231words / 5page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    Name: Professor: Course: Date: History Analysis There are various positive impacts that have come with modern history, and there is a need for the population to acknowledge the benefits that have come with the same and how they have helped to improve living conditions of the society. Modern history is a historiographical advance to the timeframe that came after post-classical theory and it is divided into three different timeframes (Zhang, Biying, and Makoto 165). The first period of the modern history is the early modern period and it is the period of time that started in the early 16th century and the great achievements that came during the same periods are such as the Age of Discovery, European Reconnaissance and the Protestant Reformation. The second period was the late modern period and it is this time period that started in the mid-18t century and had had various developments in the society among them being American Revolution, the Great Divergence, French Revolution and Industrial Revolution (Almufti et al. 1647). Modern history is the part of world history that took part up to 1804 when the world’s population reached one billion. The final time period in the modern history is contemporary history and it is the time period that started from 1945 to the present time (Zhang, Biying, and Makoto 165). Some of the major changes that came with the modern history were enlightenment and how it helped in the formulation of ideologies such as liberalism, socialism, communism and fascism; the similarities and differences between fascism and communism; and industrial revolution and its impacts in the society (Almufti et al. 1649). Learning about modern history helps to acknowledge the developments that can with such and identify how they help in improving the quality of life of the population and how to extend the developments that have been made so far to uplift living conditions of the society. The Importance of Enlightenment Ideas The age of enlightenment was a period between 1685 and 1815, and there were various changes that came with the same among them being the changes in the European politics, science, communications and philosophy where was reorientation of the same to capture the changes that were witnessed in the society (Zhang, Biying, and Makoto 166). One person behind the age of enlightenment was John Locks and this is because he is the one who produced the first modern secularized theories of psychology and ethics that furthered enlightenment in the society. There are other philosophers that helped to further enlightenment among them being Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Voltaire, Montesquieu who furthered the idea of social construct which contrasted with the realities in the society. Through their ideas, enlightenment was more critical, revolutionary and helped to reform the society. One importance of enlightenment is that it led to liberalism, and this is because it expanded freedom of the population and posited that individuals have freedom and that the freedoms and rights of individuals and of higher priority than the rights of the community or the state. In this case, liberalization as a result of enlightenment led to expansion of the space to trade and reduction of obstacles against free trade (Almufti et al. 1648). Liberalization worked to eliminate aristocracy and monarchy in the society. The other importance of enlightenment was the development of ideology of socialism and the social theories led to various changes which overturned previous attitudes in the world. The importance of the introduction of socialism led to improved cooperation and harmony in the business sector with the aim of improving the social order in the society and boosted socialness (Zhang, Biying, and Makoto 165). It helped to earn respect for workers and led to the formation of trade unions thereby voicing concerns of workers to create peaceful and conducive business environments. The third importance of enlightenment was that it led to the development of communism and this was through enlightening the society to encourage common ownership of property to encourage uniform growth and development in the world (Almufti et al. 1650). Additionally, through enlightenment, there was the creation of socioeconomic order which was based on common ownership of means of production and elimination of social classes, the state and money (Zhang, Biying, and Makoto 167). Finally, enlightenment also led to fascism, otherwise called open liberalism, and this is through the expansion of the spaces of the three ideologies of liberalism, socialism and communism. The expansion of the three ideologies through enlightenment led to extreme nationalism, capitalism regulated by the state and strengthening the patriarchal tend in the society. With the development of enlightenment, there was strengthening of the power of ‘the people’ and helped in the mixing of collectivism of the three theories leading to the outgrowth of the particularism (Almufti et al. 1649). The Similarities and Differences Between Fascism and Communism Between 1918-1939 There were various similarities between fascism and communism and the first one was that both were based on a one-party system hence they encouraged dictatorship in the society, the second similarity was that both furthered the idea of collectiveness and communal ownership of property and discouraged individual ownership (Almufti et al. 1653). The third similarity was that they both encouraged revolutionary change as opposed to gradual change because they worked to encourage realization of changes much faster. Furthermore, both discouraged free market societies and facilitated the development of controlled markets which was streamlined by the states or relevant authorities. In this manner, they both necessitated government control. The sixth similarity is that both do not recognize individual right but favor collective rights, seventh, they both controlled religion and focused on the development of planned economies (Zhang, Biying, and Makoto 169). Finally, both ideologies encouraged the use of violence and dictator techniques to maintain law and order and make critical changes in the society. Despite the various similarities there were various differences between fascism and communism. One of the differences was that communism encouraged lack of trust to the nationalistic nations and leaders but encouraged international commitment and unity but fascism discourage international law and strengthened belief on nationalistic nations and leaders. It is fascism that led to unity of Germans (Almufti et al. 1654). The other difference is that as communism rejected and abolished all religions, fascism was founded on civic and furthered the development and improvement of civic religion in the society. The key supporters of the different ideologies were also different and this is because communism was supported by Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky while fascism was supported by Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler. The other difference was that communism believed in equality across all genders and all people while fascism believed that some races are more superior than others (Zhang, Biying, and Makoto 167). It is the main reason why Germans considered themselves more superior to other races and considered the blacks to be or least importance in the society. Industrial Revolution and its Significance There were various long-term impacts of industrial revolution in the mid-19th century. One of the long-term changes courtesy of industrial revolution are the social changes and this affected class and regions. One of the social changes was that there was formation of new family and class structures that resulted from the reorganization of the economies; this was due to the new wage economy and the production the shifting of production from the household production to large scale production in factories (Almufti et al. 1658). The new classes have been maintained up to the contemporary society where every country is divided in classes; the lower class, the middle class and the upper class. The other social change was that there was huge migration of people from the rural areas to the urban areas in search of jobs which were created with the high rates of industrialization in the urban centers. The rural urban migration cam as aa result of industries and factories being set up in the towns and the same trend of rural urban migration has been maintained up to the current times where youths moved to towns in search of jobs (Zhang, Biying, and Makoto 170). The other impact of industrial revolution is that it impacted the class structure and this was due to the introduction of capitalism to create. The new form of wealth creation led to the restructuring of the society because of the introduction of the working class and the growth of the middle class in the society (Almufti et al. 1660). The other change in the society due to industrial revolution was the change from the agricultural to service-based society as a result of the introduction of new services that helped in fulfilling human needs and were of great importance to the population. Finally, there were various changes that industrial revolution made to the working class and one of them was the introduction of new wage economy to streamline economic development and channel resources to the societies for development (Zhang, Biying, and Makoto 169). Works Cited Almufti, Ibrahim, et al. "Incorporation of velocity pulses in design ground motions for response history analysis using a probabilistic framework." Earthquake Spectra 31.3 (2015): 1647-1666. Zhang, Junyi, Biying Yu, and Makoto Chikaraishi. "Interdependences between household residential and car ownership behavior: a life history analysis." Journal of Transport Geography 34 (2014): 165-174.
    $ 0.09
    8,414words / 7page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    Name: Professor: Course: Date: Public Affairs Introduction The United States is among the most politically stable countries globally, and this is because of the federal form of governance in the country which has made it possible to devolve systems of governance, instruments of power, and resources. The federal system makes it possible for the different states to enact different policies and take services closer to the populace thereby making it easy to address social, political and economic issues. In this manner, it is prudent to acknowledge the positive impacts of federal governments and advocate for its use in the modern society. One major reason why federal is good for any country and why it has helped to make American stable is that it boosts democracy. One way in which the federal system of governance boosts democracy evident through enactment of different policies on climate change. With the freedom to make laws, the states have the freedom to make their laws which they think is right to improve their states. An example is in the case of California which has used the expanded space for democracy to improve its environment. The expanded space for democracy, through federal governments, has also helped in the improvement of safety by enacting laws that combat social evils such as kidnapping. Although the laws on kidnapping are similar, the democracy that federal states enjoy, enables them to customize rules to suit regions where kidnapping happens more frequently. It is the same democracy which enables the formation of stringent policies in areas which are prone to violence thereby helping to curb social ills such as kidnapping and reduce cases of violence in the society. The other importance of democracy as an ingredient of federalism is that it helps in improving the health of the population, and this is because it enables states to formulate different laws and customize their policies basing common diseases that affect people in the states. An example of how the democracy has helped in improving health of the population is evident through different policies on immunizations and how they have benefitted the population.
    $ 0.09
    1,847words / 2page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    Lab Report Institutional Affiliation Name Lab Report Scale Construction – just homosexuality Method: Participants The experiment involved a total of 41 participants of the age bracket of 18 to 89 years and 9 of the participants were unsuitable to take part in the experiment; this resulted in a mean age of 31.9 and a standard deviation of 19.35. The sample had a balanced gender representation with males being 19 and females 22, additionally, the heterosexuals were 30 in number, homosexuals were 4, 1 bisexual and 1 pansexual. Moreover, the sample also had a diverse religious representation in that it had 13 Christians, 1 Muslim, 1 Hindu, 13 Atheists, 8 Agonistic and the remaining 5 participants failed to disclose their religious affiliations. Another diversity in the sample was evident in the country of origin and this is evident in that 39 of them were from the United Kingdom, 1 was from Goa, and 1 from Poland. The experiment employed the use of opportunity sampling, and this was used within the groups, the reason being that it was same group of participants that filled the two questionnaires. Materials and Procedure The participants consented to the study through signing a consent form and then proceeding to the next stage of filling the two questionnaires. The first questionnaire was LeMar and Kite and the second was the homosexuality questionnaire that was developed later. To ensure that the study collected divergent views from the respondents, the questions came from different subjects among them being the political aspects of the respondents, their work environment and social life. The main aim was to get varied answers basing on the situations of the participants and generate holistic information about the topical issues under examination. Moreover, the respondents were asked to rate the questions on a scale of 1 to 7 where 1 was to strongly disagree and 7 was to strongly agree. The participants also took the contact details of the research conductor to facilitate communication at a later date or withdraw from the study should they wish to do so in future. The Research Study – homosexuality and religion Hypothesis: The level of religiosity of a person determines the scale of negativity at which they view homosexuality. Method: Participants
    $ 0.09
    3,309words / 4page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    Outline Institutional Affiliation Name Cross-cultural management is of great importance in the society and this is apparent in the manner in which it helps in the improvement of business activities in the modern society. In this manner, there is a need to examine companies that use the same strategy and how cross-cultural management has improved the quality of service in the society. However, there are various challenges pertinent to cross-cultural management and an examination of the same helps to develop holistic understanding of the same to improve the quality of service in such organizations. The management of the cross-cultural challenges helps to create hygiene in organization and strengthens the dual-factor of motivation theory to improve the quality of business activities in the society to benefit both the employees and the stakeholders. Cross-cultural management helps in encouraging the culture of diversity which directly leads to success.
    $ 0.09
    834words / 1page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    Name: Professor: Course: Date: Female Discrimination in Medical School Introduction Statistics reveal that female discrimination is still widespread and has far-reaching effects in the field of medicine. In this manner, research proves that the various cases of sexism in the medical profession starts at the medical school and proceed to the later lives of the medical practitioners in the modern society (Fnais et al. 817). Female discrimination on in the medical school results due to the belief that the society has that medicine is a profession only meant for men while the nursing profession is meant for the women. In this manner, the females in the medical school face various forms of discrimination both from their male colleagues and the patients with whom they interact in their daily activities. The stereotyping in the medical school affect activities of the females in the field of medicine hence suggest a need to examine the same and create a long-term solution (Schmitt et al. 921). This paper seeks to analyze reasons for the existence of female discrimination in the medical school, the extent of such discrimination and suggested a solution that can help combat the menace. The Group Under Research The paper focuses on the various forms of discrimination to which females are exposed in the medical school with the view of enlightening the population on the same and advise possible solutions towards the same. Despite the efforts that the society has made end the cases of discrimination of females in the medical schools, there are still various challenges related to the same and pose a threat to successful careers of females in the field of medicine (Cruz 66). Some of the common challenges are the poor representation of the females in the leadership positions in medical sectors. Having a keen examination of the medical school, it becomes evident that between 80 to 90 percent of leadership roles in the medical schools among them being deans of schools are men. As a result, of the same, the ratio of male to female medical students is very high, and this is evident in that 62 percent of students in emergency medicine are men and department of orthopedic surgery only have 4.3 percent female representation (Boulware et al. 253). Obstacles Female Students Face in Medical School The obstacles that the female students face in the medical schools date back more than 150 years ago. During such times their challenges start from admission, and this is because they usually found it hard to get a placement in the medical schools. Most universities during such time upheld the culture and belief that females were not suitable to become doctors and applications of most students get rejected for the simple reasons of being females (Edmunds et al. 2948). Despite the fact that the number of female medical students has increased to nearly 50 percent, there are emerging obstacles to the female gender in the medical schools and one of them is the language that colleagues and patients use to address them both in class and while in internships. In most cases, the female medical students are addressed as ‘Mrs.' ‘Sweetie' and not ‘Doctor' as their profession requires. Although the language might not have any negative effect on the females, it can e very damaging and further cases of discrimination against the females in the medical schools. Additionally, the improper language suggests lack of trust that patients have on the females and affect their confidence in their practice hence poor service (Pololi et al. 202). According to a study by the Women’s Journal of Health, addressing a female medical student as ‘Mrs.’ Even when married suggests that her marital status is worth more than the professional achievements she has made thereby making her academic and professional accomplishments useless. It suggests that the female physicians do not deserve the title of ‘Doctor,' but their male counterparts do (Cruz 67). The other obstacles that female medical students face are that their efforts are rarely recognized, and they receive fewer praises for the efforts they make; this affects their innovation ability and discourages them to engage in research works that could improve the quality of medical practice. Besides, the female medical students find it had to attract confidence from the patients and patients prefer being handled by male physicians as opposed to the female physicians or female medical students. The lack of trust limits the opportunity that the female medical students have to develop their career as they get limited opportunities to treat patients; this affects their experience and competence in the profession (Fnais et al. 819). The final obstacle is that female medical students do not receive equal opportunities as their male counterparts to rise the professional ladder hence rarely assume leadership position is thereby making it challenging to address challenges they face in the medical schools. Methods of Overcoming the Obstacles and Why They Work One of the methods of addressing the challenges that female medical students face is to speak out the challenges to the head of departments to create a long-term solution to the same. Additionally, the female medical students can use the mainstream media and social media to air out their views, experiences and the challenges they face in the medical schools and their practice (Boulware et al. 254). Highlighting their challenges through the media would attract the attention of the population help in creating a long-term solution. Another solution to the challenges that the students face is to increase women representation in the leadership positions so that the leaders can address their challenges much better. Improving equality in the medical profession would encourage female students to work harder and realize their goals; the female students would also be motivated through their female counterparts in the positions of leadership, and they would realize their goals in the profession (Schmitt et al. 922). The other solution to the challenges of female medical students is to encourage specialization and division of labor in the profession where the females are encouraged to take on specific roles and dominate specific service provision. Such a strategy would improve the presence of women in the medical sector and attract trust and confidence from their colleagues and patients (Fnais et al. 820). Furthermore, the female medical students should be equipped with additional skills to help them cope with challenges they face and boost their performance. Finally, there should be enacted stringent punitive measures to any person flouting the rules of medical practice and causing disrespect to the female medical students. The punitive measures would streamline service provision and improve proper personal and interpersonal interaction between female students and their male counterparts and patients (Pololi et al. 205). Such solutions would create long-term solutions to the challenges that female students face. Annotated Bibliography Boulware, L. Ebony, et al. "Race and trust in the health care system." Public health reports (2016). The book by Boulware and colleagues talk about the effects of racial and gender discrimination in the medical sectors and how trust affects the quality of service in the profession. One issue that the article highlights are the racial and gender variation in the health insurance plans and health facilities. To create a better understanding of the state of discrimination in the medical profession, the authors examine a cross-sectional study of a telephone survey that was carried out to gauge the trust that male colleagues and patients have on the female medical students. The responses of the sample of ages between 18 and 75 years revealed that patterns of trust in the healthcare systems depend on the race and gender of the health professionals providing service. The authors end their study by suggesting that there is a need for a better understanding of factors affecting trust of healthcare providers to improve the effectiveness of healthcare and improve satisfaction for patients. Cruz, Taylor M. "Assessing access to care for transgender and gender nonconforming people: a consideration of diversity in combating discrimination." Social science & medicine 110 (2014): 65-73. This book examines that the kinds of stigma that people face in the medical facilities but focuses on the transgender and the gender nonconforming people and the social impacts of the same. The author reveals that effects of past cases of discrimination and stigma are far-reaching thereby proving the need to create a solution to the challenges female medical students face and improve the quality of care to the gender nonconforming people. The paper advises that the appreciating the role of the female medical students helps to introduce new ideas into the profession and address loopholes in the medical sector. Finally, the paper suggests the health insurance should be streamlined to reduce cases of discrimination and make the services affordable to the patients. Edmunds, Laurel D., et al. "Why do women choose or reject careers in academic medicine? A narrative review of empirical evidence." The Lancet 388.10062 (2016): 2948-2958. The book highlights the reasons behind the under-representation of women in the field of medicine and what informs the decision of women to either accept or reject certain courses. To create a holistic examination of the issue, the book refers to 52 studies that have been conducted between 1985 and 2015 and the methodological limitations that cause the disparities in the medical profession. One of the factors that the study revealed as the causes of disparities is the intense research associated with medicine because women are more interested in teaching as compared to research. Additionally, the book also revealed the factors that women’s participation in the medical profession among them being financial status, barriers to entry into the profession and lack of work-life balance for women. In this regard, Edmunds and colleagues advise the need to tackle the challenges and open the profession for women. Fnais, Naif, et al. "Harassment and discrimination in medical training: a systematic review and meta-analysis." Academic Medicine 89.5 (2014): 817-827.
    $ 0.09
    11,554words / 8page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    Name: Professor: Course: Date: Female Discrimination in Medical School Introduction Statistics reveal that female discrimination is still widespread and has far-reaching effects in the field of medicine. In this manner, research proves that the various cases of sexism in the medical profession starts at the medical school and proceed to the later lives of the medical practitioners in the modern society (Fnais et al. 817). Female discrimination on in the medical school results due to the belief that the society has that medicine is a profession only meant for men while the nursing profession is meant for the women. In this manner, the females in the medical school face various forms of discrimination both from their male colleagues and the patients with whom they interact in their daily activities. The stereotyping in the medical school affect activities of the females in the field of medicine hence suggest a need to examine the same and create a long-term solution (Schmitt et al. 921). This paper seeks to analyze reasons for the existence of female discrimination in the medical school, the extent of such discrimination and suggested a solution that can help combat the menace. The Group Under Research The paper focuses on the various forms of discrimination to which females are exposed in the medical school with the view of enlightening the population on the same and advise possible solutions towards the same. Despite the efforts that the society has made end the cases of discrimination of females in the medical schools, there are still various challenges related to the same and pose a threat to successful careers of females in the field of medicine (Cruz 66). Some of the common challenges are the poor representation of the females in the leadership positions in medical sectors. Having a keen examination of the medical school, it becomes evident that between 80 to 90 percent of leadership roles in the medical schools among them being deans of schools are men. As a result, of the same, the ratio of male to female medical students is very high, and this is evident in that 62 percent of students in emergency medicine are men and department of orthopedic surgery only have 4.3 percent female representation (Boulware et al. 253). Obstacles Female Students Face in Medical School The obstacles that the female students face in the medical schools date back more than 150 years ago. During such times their challenges start from admission, and this is because they usually found it hard to get a placement in the medical schools. Most universities during such time upheld the culture and belief that females were not suitable to become doctors and applications of most students get rejected for the simple reasons of being females (Edmunds et al. 2948). Despite the fact that the number of female medical students has increased to nearly 50 percent, there are emerging obstacles to the female gender in the medical schools and one of them is the language that colleagues and patients use to address them both in class and while in internships. In most cases, the female medical students are addressed as ‘Mrs.' ‘Sweetie' and not ‘Doctor' as their profession requires. Although the language might not have any negative effect on the females, it can e very damaging and further cases of discrimination against the females in the medical schools. Additionally, the improper language suggests lack of trust that patients have on the females and affect their confidence in their practice hence poor service (Pololi et al. 202). According to a study by the Women’s Journal of Health, addressing a female medical student as ‘Mrs.’ Even when married suggests that her marital status is worth more than the professional achievements she has made thereby making her academic and professional accomplishments useless. It suggests that the female physicians do not deserve the title of ‘Doctor,' but their male counterparts do (Cruz 67). The other obstacles that female medical students face are that their efforts are rarely recognized, and they receive fewer praises for the efforts they make; this affects their innovation ability and discourages them to engage in research works that could improve the quality of medical practice. Besides, the female medical students find it had to attract confidence from the patients and patients prefer being handled by male physicians as opposed to the female physicians or female medical students. The lack of trust limits the opportunity that the female medical students have to develop their career as they get limited opportunities to treat patients; this affects their experience and competence in the profession (Fnais et al. 819). The final obstacle is that female medical students do not receive equal opportunities as their male counterparts to rise the professional ladder hence rarely assume leadership position is thereby making it challenging to address challenges they face in the medical schools. Methods of Overcoming the Obstacles and Why They Work One of the methods of addressing the challenges that female medical students face is to speak out the challenges to the head of departments to create a long-term solution to the same. Additionally, the female medical students can use the mainstream media and social media to air out their views, experiences and the challenges they face in the medical schools and their practice (Boulware et al. 254). Highlighting their challenges through the media would attract the attention of the population help in creating a long-term solution. Another solution to the challenges that the students face is to increase women representation in the leadership positions so that the leaders can address their challenges much better. Improving equality in the medical profession would encourage female students to work harder and realize their goals; the female students would also be motivated through their female counterparts in the positions of leadership, and they would realize their goals in the profession (Schmitt et al. 922). The other solution to the challenges of female medical students is to encourage specialization and division of labor in the profession where the females are encouraged to take on specific roles and dominate specific service provision. Such a strategy would improve the presence of women in the medical sector and attract trust and confidence from their colleagues and patients (Fnais et al. 820). Furthermore, the female medical students should be equipped with additional skills to help them cope with challenges they face and boost their performance. Finally, there should be enacted stringent punitive measures to any person flouting the rules of medical practice and causing disrespect to the female medical students. The punitive measures would streamline service provision and improve proper personal and interpersonal interaction between female students and their male counterparts and patients (Pololi et al. 205). Such solutions would create long-term solutions to the challenges that female students face. Annotated Bibliography Boulware, L. Ebony, et al. "Race and trust in the health care system." Public health reports (2016). The book by Boulware and colleagues talk about the effects of racial and gender discrimination in the medical sectors and how trust affects the quality of service in the profession. One issue that the article highlights are the racial and gender variation in the health insurance plans and health facilities. To create a better understanding of the state of discrimination in the medical profession, the authors examine a cross-sectional study of a telephone survey that was carried out to gauge the trust that male colleagues and patients have on the female medical students. The responses of the sample of ages between 18 and 75 years revealed that patterns of trust in the healthcare systems depend on the race and gender of the health professionals providing service. The authors end their study by suggesting that there is a need for a better understanding of factors affecting trust of healthcare providers to improve the effectiveness of healthcare and improve satisfaction for patients. Cruz, Taylor M. "Assessing access to care for transgender and gender nonconforming people: a consideration of diversity in combating discrimination." Social science & medicine 110 (2014): 65-73. This book examines that the kinds of stigma that people face in the medical facilities but focuses on the transgender and the gender nonconforming people and the social impacts of the same. The author reveals that effects of past cases of discrimination and stigma are far-reaching thereby proving the need to create a solution to the challenges female medical students face and improve the quality of care to the gender nonconforming people. The paper advises that the appreciating the role of the female medical students helps to introduce new ideas into the profession and address loopholes in the medical sector. Finally, the paper suggests the health insurance should be streamlined to reduce cases of discrimination and make the services affordable to the patients. Edmunds, Laurel D., et al. "Why do women choose or reject careers in academic medicine? A narrative review of empirical evidence." The Lancet 388.10062 (2016): 2948-2958. The book highlights the reasons behind the under-representation of women in the field of medicine and what informs the decision of women to either accept or reject certain courses. To create a holistic examination of the issue, the book refers to 52 studies that have been conducted between 1985 and 2015 and the methodological limitations that cause the disparities in the medical profession. One of the factors that the study revealed as the causes of disparities is the intense research associated with medicine because women are more interested in teaching as compared to research. Additionally, the book also revealed the factors that women’s participation in the medical profession among them being financial status, barriers to entry into the profession and lack of work-life balance for women. In this regard, Edmunds and colleagues advise the need to tackle the challenges and open the profession for women. Fnais, Naif, et al. "Harassment and discrimination in medical training: a systematic review and meta-analysis." Academic Medicine 89.5 (2014): 817-827.
    $ 0.09
    11,554words / 8page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    Name: Professor: Course: Date: Religion The roots of the Catholic church were deep-rooted in Latin American, and this had great significance in the region as it enabled the population to uphold high moral values and improve their spiritual life. However, the roots that the church had made led to a reduction in the number of faithful in the region and reduced their influence (Wade 376). Currently, Latin America has about 425 million Catholics, and Catholics comprise 40 percent of the total world population. One of the factors that led to the decline in the impact of the Catholic church is the decline of Catholic parties in Latin America. The decline of Catholic parties was due to the global political resurgence of religion and thereby leading to the reduction in the effect of the Catholic parties in the region, this also led to the decline of the relevance of the parties as the effect of the political parties strengthened (Penyak, and Walter 292). The other cause of the decline in the impact of the Catholic church was the increasing impact and relevance of Protestant churches, and this was due to the introduction of new religious beliefs and ideas that focused on denouncing beliefs of the Catholic church and encouraged the population to probe the belief of the church. The growth of the Protestant churches in the region came with various negative effects and was an alternative to the dissenting voices in the church (de la Torre 113). The 20th century was a period of enlightenment and the enlightenment that the society received enabled them to question certain religious beliefs thereby leading to the growth of new churches in the society (Levine 206). Additionally, the Protestant churches were more liberal as opposed to the conservative Catholic churches and led to the declining influence of the church. According to a study that was conducted by the Pew Research Center, 69 percent of the total population of Latin Americans confirm to be Catholics, and this is a drop from 90 percent from the 20th century. Additionally, the study reveals that 85 percent of those surveyed were raised as Catholics thereby meaning that there has been a drop of 15 percent of the number of Catholics in the recent past years and this has happened in one generation (de la Torre 115). The study reveals that the drop in the number percentage of Catholic faithful is due to the increase in the number of evangelical and specifically the Pentecostal churches in the region. The growth of the evangelical churches comes at the expense of Catholic churches. The growth has been both rapid and broad leading to great effects on Catholicism. The decline in the influence of the Catholicism in Latin America has led to the erosion of the strong association that the people had with the church (Levine 209). The other reason that those that converted from Catholic was that the church was not adapting to the changes in religion in the modern society, and this is because some of the converts cited lack of more personal connection with God in Catholic as their reason for conversion (Penyak, and Walter 296). The Catholics tend to pray more, are more religious and conservative than the Catholics. Additionally, they also attend services more often, pay much attention to the payment of tithe, and are more opposed to the ills of the society such as same-sex marriage. The high focus on religious principles by the Catholic church is one of the reasons why the evangelical churches are increasing exponentially in Latin America. The Catholic church is seen to be silent on the emerging issues in the society and has made minimal efforts in the recent past to tackle the challenges affecting the society (de la Torre 117). As a result, the faithful convert to other churches that they feel is more relevant. The final reason why there is a decline the number of Catholics in Latin America is due to the increased secularization of the society. The impact of the secularization of the region is prudent in the case of Uruguay which has the Catholics making 42 percent of its total population. Uruguay is the most secular country in Latin America (Levine 202). It is evident because 37 percent of the population is not religiously affiliated as the country has engaged in the secularization of the country for more than 100 years. The secularization has led to the increase in social ills in the country among them being communicating with the spirits, participating in cleansing ceremonies and consulting the traditional healers (Penyak, and Walter 297). The secularization has led to a decline in the faith and belief in the religious teachings which has the led to a reduction in the influence of Catholic church in the society. Having the pope of the Catholic church coming from the region would have various changes and would help in reclaiming the lost glory that Catholic church had in the region. Upon his election as the new pope in 2013, there is hope that Pope Francis is likely to the reverse the declining influence of the Catholic church because they view the election of Pope Francis as an award to the region for their huge allegiance to the Catholic doctrines (Wade 376). The election of Pope Francis opens a door for the pope to make changes in the Catholic faith to adapt to the changing views and perceptions in Latin America. However, there is no express conclusion that election of Pope Francis will have a positive impact on the Catholic church in Latin America as there have been minimal changes witnessed since his election. It is because only Argentina and Uruguay that have ex-Catholics express a favorable view on Pope Francis (de la Torre 119). Women Despite the role of women in the Latin American society being omitted in the sixteenth and early nineteenth century, (1500-1830s), they played a critical role in the unity of the people. They also helped to alleviate the people from their suffering and helped to create unity and denounce the various forms of discrimination such as sexism and communism (Deere, and Magdalena 120). It is prudent that the women were victims of sexism and the patriarchal society, the idea of ‘sisterhood’ that resulted from the same helped to nurture unity among women thereby trumping racism and class. During such times, the roles that the women were given helped to strengthen the society and this was because they were the people involved in the provision of food to their husbands and children and had various housekeeping roles (Craske, and Maxine 77). As a result, it is prudent to acknowledge the role of women and appreciate their efforts in making the society a better place. Despite the women having minimal roles in the society, they were given demeaning status, and this is evident because they were barred from any forms of enlightenment which prevented from making positive changes in their lives and improving their social status. With their downtrodden status, the women in Latin America were assumed to be sexually inferior and could not do the activities in which the male gender engaged (Villarreal-Garza et al. 27). The basic enlightenment that the women had in Latin America was the basic reading and writing, and the same was provided under the close supervision of the male officials to ensure that they were prevented from the access to information that could enlighten them more on their role and responsibilities in the society. The women were prevented from entering the male territories, and which led to great segregation between the male and the female gender, this is in addition to the fact that the females were prevented from making intellectual pursuits to ensure that they did not match the males (Machado et al. 574). The result of such segregation was lack of self-realization for the female gender. The status of women in Latin America has changed for the better in various ways, and this is evident in the great enlightenment that women have received which has then enabled them to take leadership roles (Deere, and Magdalena 124). One contemporary example is that Brazil, a country in Latin America, has recently had a female president; this is despite the various roles and activities in which women engage which have had a positive impact in the society. There is a need to further the enlightenment of the girl child and create a society where both men and women have equal opportunity to engage in the growth and development of their nations for the better (Villarreal-Garza et al. 29). Finally, there is a need to enact policies that give the women more opportunities to enable them to match the abilities and competencies of their male counterparts in the society. Works Cited Chaney, Elsa M. Supermadre: women in politics in Latin America. Vol. 50. University of Texas Press, 2014. Craske, Nikki, and Maxine Molyneux, eds. Gender and the politics of rights and democracy in Latin America. Springer, 2016.
    $ 0.09
    8,408words / 6page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    Name: Professor: Course: Date: The Media in Crime Nature of Violent Crime in the U.S. There are various types of violence in the United States are they include assault with minor injury, assault with no injury, robbery, and wounding. In this case, the types of violence witnessed in the U.S. can be classified into four groups which are a mugging, domestic, acquaintance, and stranger (Jewkes 101). Domestic violence involves all violent crimes including a mugging, and they concern partners, ex-partners relatives and members of the household. Mugging involves the robbery, attempted robbery, and snatch theft, stranger violence, on the other hand, involve assaulting and wounding of a person without the victim knowing the offender. Finally, acquaintance violence deals with wounding and assaulting of victims where the victims know the offender by sight. There are various cases of violence in the U.S., and they are prosecuted as felonies, and when a suspect is convicted, they spend years in state prison (Mason 138). Imprisonment can involve lengthy prison sentence and lead to a strike in the offender’s criminal record. How Violence is Covered in the Media The media covers violence and points an accusing finger at the ease of accessing. Although the media tries to highlight the negative effects of violence in the American society, it plays a minimal role in the reduction of the rates of violence, and it has been blamed for failing to address and highlight the causes and effects of violence in the society (Mason 136). Lack of media voice in America has led to the increase in the cases of shootings because the media only reports but it does not probe violence. How Reality and Media Compare about Violence in the U.S The reality of violence and the violence that the media reports do not compare in equal measure, and this is because media does not report all the cases of violence leading to many cases of violence going unreported. Furthermore, the media does not tell the intensity and effects of violence because of lack of probing of violence (Jewkes 104). Additionally, the media fail to address the legal consequences that follow violence and do no highlight efforts of legal and law enforcement authorities to end violence in the society. Works Cited Jewkes, Yvonne. Media and crime. Sage, 2015. Mason, Paul, ed. Captured by the Media. Willan, 2013.
    $ 0.09
    2,032words / 3page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    Name: Professor: Course: Date: The Media in Crime What is Social Construction Social constructionism is a theory of knowledge in sociology which deals with the analysis of exploitation of jointly constructed understandings of the world that constitute the basis of common suppositions regarding reality also called tulipa (Jewkes 88). The theory of social constructionism or social construct of reality is based on the belief that human beings tend to justify the experience they have developed by making models of the social world and portion out and reckon such models through language (Jewkes 92). In this manner, social constructionism deals with the meanings, beliefs, and intentions that the society places on events and objects and borrowed by the citizens of such a society relating to their views on the object or event. What is Newsworthiness? What Are the Characteristics of Newsworthiness? Newsworthiness is the degree of interest in event, person or fact creating the legitimacy of such to be reported in the newspapers, television or radio. There are five characteristics considered more newsworthy than others (Mason 123). The first characteristic is timing and this means that newsworthy events must be new and should involve the current events or the latest updates, the second characteristic is significance because the news reported must affect a huge number of people to make it important to the audience. The third characteristics of newsworthiness are proximity which means that the events reported as news must be near the audience, the fourth characteristic is prominence and any news that involves prominent people tend to get a better media attention than those that involve less prominent people (Jewkes 98). Finally, human interest is another characteristic of newsworthiness meaning that new that appeal to emotions of the audience and aim at evoking amusement or sadness tend to attract the attention of the audience. The Construction of a Social Phenomenon An example of the construction of a social phenomenon that involves a violent crime is evident in the case of ‘Black Crime’ which took place in the 1970s. In this case, the media portrayed the United Kingdom as a white society, and crime and criminality in the country were associated with only the black people where the presence of blacks was related to the presence of crime, and this discriminated against them as non-British (Mason 127). The phenomenon was constructed by presenting the blacks as weak people and showed the black culture and family life as weak. The message was presented through defining black people as lesser breeds without the Law, and only those that conformed to the law were British thereby segregating the black community. The effect of the message was that the campaign that resulted from the same led to an inquest into the murder of Stephen Lawrence (Jewkes 92). Works Cited Jewkes, Yvonne. Media and crime. Sage, 2015. Mason, Paul, ed. Captured by the Media. Willan, 2013.
    $ 0.09
    2,557words / 3page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    Name: Professor: Course: Date: The Media in Crime How the Media is a Social Institution There are various reasons why the media is a social institution, and the first reason is that media reaches a large group of people in the society as evident in the broadcast, written and spoken media. The second reason why media is social institution is that the media has its culture and the same is called ‘mediated culture' that creates the reflections of the culture and then creates the culture (Mason 121). The final reason is that there have been developed theories to help in telling about the media and influence the role of the media in the society. Some of the theories that talks about the role of media are a class-dominant theory, limited-effects theory, and culturalist theory. How the Media Became a Powerful Institution One way in which the media became a powerful institution is that through the creation of a mediated culture which made the media to reflect and create a culture. In this manner, the impact of the media in disseminating messages to individuals and communities from different sources which the promoted moods, attitudes and the sense of the important things in the contemporary world (Jewkes 89). The Three Types of Media The three types of media are print media, broadcast media, and written media. The print media deals with newspapers, newsletters, journals and magazines and is the oldest form of the media. On the other hand, broadcast media is the use of different methods of communication among them being radio, television among others to disseminate the audio and video content to the audience in different place and geographical locations (Jewkes 96). Finally, written media deals with service such as the copywriting and editorial mostly for the legal sector aim at the production of insightful and effective communication. Reasons Why We Are Obsessed with Media There are various reasons why the media is obsessed with violence and the first reason is that when violence is tilted in the media, it creates a sense of excitement, power and meaning that the audience lack in their lives (Mason 125). The other reason why media is obsessed with violence is that the violent images, sounds and emotions that come with bombings and shootings in the violence helps to sensitize people to such acts hence promote a more peaceful society. Works Cited Jewkes, Yvonne. Media and crime. Sage, 2015. Mason, Paul, ed. Captured by the Media. Willan, 2013.
    $ 0.09
    2,117words / 3page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    Name: Professor: Course: Date: Walden by E.B WhiteQ/As Question One The scene which White describes of a woman with a motorized lawn mower serves to create a nostalgic feeling, appeal to the emotion of the reader, and show how White wishes that he could share the moment with Henry. It shows the trauma that White goes through as he wishes to rewind the time and share the moment with Henry but that cannot come to pass because Henry had died early thereby leaving him with the memories behind. Question 2(a) White feels that Thoreau’s book Walden seems to gain a little headway, as the world loses ground because the book that Thoreau wrote is gaining much attention and the audience of the book is increasing exponentially because of the poor literary skills and styles of contemporary writers. It shows that the authors of the time invest less effort in their books and their incompetent literary works fall below the high standards that Thoreau set in his book. Question 2(b) There are various changes evident around Walden Pond since Thoreau’s time, and one of them is that prices have increased and is no longer a cheap place to live cheaply. White tells of how the prices of nails have increased, and home depot has changed the mode of operation in the area. Moreover, there is an increase in business activities, and the daily activities have changed because of the influx of people to Walden Pond. Question 5(a) White wrote the essay as a letter and did not address the issue directly because it helps to recreate the character of Henry and show the closeness that the two shared. Furthermore, the importance of using a letter is that it helps in understanding the events in the essay and show the interpersonal relation between him and Henry Question 5(b) In the last paragraph, White posits that life is too expensive and unbearable, and the high expenses on life make survival difficult even at Weldon Pond that was considered to be the cheapest. The paragraph also creates a nostalgic feeling as White wishes for the cheap life they had years before.
    $ 0.09
    1,761words / 2page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Research
    Name: Professor: Course: Date: Ancient Philosophy Introduction Learning through the Western tradition, there is a need to acknowledge the efforts that ancient philosophers such as Plato, Socrates, and Aristotle made and how the same has helped in the improvement of the society. However, it is prudent to understand that ancient philosophy dates back past the Pre-Socratics, the Roman philosophy, and the Hellenistic philosophy. One major difference between the ancient philosophy and the Medieval philosophy is that the latter had great influence from Islamic teachings and Christianity and the same had to conform to the same (Brophy, and Carmel 111). On the other hand, the ancient philosophies among them being the Indian and the Chinese philosophy had strong ethical backgrounds, and they have the same effect in the contemporary world to improve understanding of the population. In this regard, there is a need to examine the ideas that some of the key philosophers such as Socrates and Plato helped to further. Socrates Any discussion about Socrates rarely escapes the idea of Meno, otherwise called virtue. Socrates’ dialog on Meno is considered as one of the most influential works that he did, and the same attracts critical questions regarding the same about how the society can uphold virtues and conform to the social frameworks in the contemporary world. In the discussion of virtue, Socrates admits that many people fail to understand what virtue is and posits that having a proper understanding of the meaning of virtue is the first step towards living a virtuous life. Meno gives various definitions of virtue, and one of them is that virtue is the ability to rule men, and this is because it is a virtue that helps to fulfill one's purpose in life (Waterfield 131). In most case, the key purpose is achieving happiness which then means having a lot of pleasure and pleasure is the ability to satisfy one's desires and the aim of satisfying one's desire is the have the power to do all that they need. After the definition of virtue in various ways, Socrates proceeds to show that a part of knowledge that people have is inborn and that there is a need to identify one’s qualities and make use of the same for the improvement of personal well-being. Through the use of Meno’s paradox, Socrates explains that lack of knowledge on people is what drives them to acquire additional information and knowledge and that the same help in the dissemination of information in the society. People only acquire information that they lack, and they seize to acquire such information once they get them. In this case, the intent of acquiring information is because of lack of knowledge of the information one lacks and because they would not know what they look for. It encourages the population to focus on the acquisition of knowledge to have a better understanding of virtue. Additionally, Socrates proceed to expound more on Meno and discusses whether virtues can be taught or not and concludes that virtue is a type of knowledge and knowledge can be taught thereby meaning that virtue can be taught. In this relation, there arises the issue of lack of teachers of virtue, and Socrates reveals that there are no teachers of virtues because virtues are not teachable. Virtues are acquired using personal attributes and ingenuity through learning from different spheres of life. In conclusion, Socrates tries to identify the significance of Meno and ends inconclusively while highlighting that it helps the society to acquire different virtues among them being wisdom and knowledge and conform to the social standards in the population. In the second topic of Euthyphro, Socrates engages in a dialogue with a person who is presumably an expert. In this case, he takes the space of an ignorant person with the hope of learning from the expert, on the contrary, he gets disappointed by lack of the person's ability to educate him on the issue of holiness. Socrates tries to define holiness but fails in his attempts and the same leads other related questions on the same. Socrates holds the thoughts that there is no clear definition of holiness despite holy deeds having a common feature. Socrates fails to give a conclusive answer about holiness because he feels that holiness should not only be taught to others but people should acquire the right skills and competencies that can help them to reach a conclusive answer on the meaning of holiness. The fact that Socrates expects Euthyphro to teach him while he is the one teaching Euthyphro presents an irony in the dialogue and enlightens the society that one of the ingredients of holiness is getting rid of one's inequities and not necessarily working towards achieving the state of holiness. Socrates then proceeds to tell the importance of the gods approving what is holy, in this manner, Socrates reveals that the approval of the gods does not make something holy. It is because the gods can only approve what is holy therefore the approval only comes after something has become holy. In this manner, there is the suggestion that holiness is associated with divinity and that it is prudent to ensure that people receive approval from the divine will for them to be holy. Plato Another philosopher that helped to change the thinking of the society of Plato, and one of the way in which he reveals his ideas is through the topic of Republic where he tells of the various factors that influence the social fabric of the population. He begins by talking about injustice and posits that justice is available in the society to further the interest of the stronger people. Through his interaction with Thrasymachus, Plato tells of how the people can influence justice, and it is the stronger people in the society that have the power and ability to influence how justice is served. Plato then proceeds to reveal that justice only benefits those that flout it and people that do not conform to the law and act unjustly tend to have power and become the rulers in the society (Kraut, 2016). In every society, it is the unjust that gain advantage and while the stupid and weak people are disadvantaged by justice. In the same topic of Republic, Plato then proceeds to tells how justice is closely related to the idea of specialization, and this helps to understand how justice is served in the society and how the same concept is developed. Regarding the issue of specialization, Plato posits that every member of the society must do the activities that suit them without interfering in the activities of other people. The same relates to the economic activities that people do, and Plato reveals that sticking to one's duties without affecting other people helps to build a just society as there will be minimal cases of disagreements. Furthermore, Plato highlights the ingredients of individual justice and compares the same with political justice that has structural relations in the society. In this manner, it is prudent that justice is a complicated matter that requires a deep understanding to ensure that it becomes beneficial to the population (Kraut, 2016). Despite the fact that justice is a tool of the stronger, Plato advises the population to be just and dismisses the thought that people should be unjust so that they can be powerful. In response to the same, Plato advises that justice helps people to build their image in the society and such helps them to be in positions that further their aims. It is prudent that the views of Socrates and Plato are of great importance in the contemporary world as they help the encourage the need of conforming to the structural networks and living by rules and regulations. The result of the same is a happy and fulfilling life that improves social welfare. There is a need to appreciate the roles of the ancient philosophers and apply their ideas in furthering virtues and creating a society virtuous society where justice prevails to all. Teaching about the concepts of the ancient philosophers helps in transferring such ideas from one gene ration to another, and proper application of the same helps to tackle the common social problems that the modern society face. The result of upholding moral principles is a more united society that social growth and development. Governments can also apply the theoretical concepts of ancient philosophers to expand the social and political space for citizens. Works Cited Brophy, Michael, and Carmel Gallagher. "The Socrates Cafe: Philosophy as an integrated therapeutic tool in social care settingss." International Journal of Integrated Care 17.5 (2017). Kraut, R. (2016). Levels of Argument: A Comparative Study of Plato's “Republic” and Aristotle's “Nicomachean Ethics.”. Waterfield, Robin. "Socrates and Philosophy in the Dialogues of Plato. By Sandra Peterson. Pp. xvi, 293, Cambridge University Press, 2011,£ 55.00/$90.00." (2014): 131-132.
    $ 0.09
    7,583words / 6page
    READ MORE

Sharingpaper premium Topics

Other Sharingpaper premium Essays

  • Sharingpaper premium
    Technology
    Student’s Name Professor’s Name Course Date Sheldon Wolin, “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” Introduction Sheldon Wolin on “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” is concerned with the political uses and significance of democracy in regard to two entirely opposed ideas that illustrate two equally contrasting states of affairs (Wolin, 29). First, Woldin states that democracy represents of government and political authority normally referred to as a constitution. Second, he speaks of the revolution, unsettling political movement. According to Woldin, the constitution symbolizes the repression of the revolution, while the revolution the demolition of the constitution. The two opposing notions are interlinked by democracy. There is a great need to reconceived democracy not as a type of government, it should be defined as a form of being that is as a result of bitter incidents, and is destined to temporarily succeed (Wolin, 43). Democracy is a rebellious and political moment that assumes destructive and revolutionary proportions. Democracy in Ancient Times Traditionally, democracy has been defined as a type of government in which citizens are vested with supreme power. A democratic state is characterized with proper equality of privileges and rights, social or political equality, and a democratic spirit. The main role of democracy was to transform politics in speech and sight, make power visible, and make decision making open so that ordinary men could have power. Over a period of time, democratic theorists such as Woldin, have primarily concerned themselves with examining the meaning and definition of the notion of democracy, while simultaneously focusing on its obligations, moral foundations, challenges, and general allure of a democratic governance. Democracy in the modern world cannot be perceived as a whole political system, provided with the great potentialities of modern power forms, and its impact on the natural and social world (Wolin, 42). Modern Democracy There is a great difference between facets of democracy in the organizational impulses of modern and ancient constitutionalism. Democracy from primeval to modern times has allegedly weakened the power of law, and the practice of compliance to government. Initially, demos were used to change the political art practice where the elite competed for office and honors. Currently, demos are used to reverse the worldwide trends of institutionalized power systems to benefit a few and exploit many citizens (Wolin, 48). The rupture between modern and ancient democracy conceptions should be considered as the needed foundation for the development of modern democracy. This is because the social complexity, large populations, and great physical dimensions make the politics of a small polis old-fashioned. Conclusion There is a need to renew democracy through relying on voluntary associations. “Voluntary associations are often see as a key to enhancing political participation in the wider community” (Eikenberry, 7). Ordinary citizens have the capability of developing new cultural patterns of unity at any moment. People who use their power for improved healthcare, better schools, safer water, low income housing among others are (without their knowledge) renewing the democracy. “Philanthropic supporters enable the provision of a broad array of activities and activities that may not be provided otherwise” (Eikenberry, 16). Self- governing and independent voluntary associations should always replace hierarchical corporate authorities. This provides the affected interests with voices, hence promoting government through consent in the entire society, and not just in the state. Through such actions, the state complexity will be reduced and the ancient democratic representative mechanisms shall be able to function effectively.
    $ 0.09
    3,513words / 4page
    READ MORE
  • Sharingpaper premium
    Health Services Q & A Part 2
    Health Services (2) What is the correct procedure to follow if a safety breach – an injury, or personal contact with clinical waste, for example – has occurred? In cases where a safety breach such as an injury or personal contact with clinical waste has occurred, the OSH Act states that the employer must report the injury or injuries and provide first aid procedures and facilities. All serious injuries contracted during work (loss of sight, fractures), specific infectious diseases like viral hepatitis and HIV and other injuries that may prevent the worker from working for 10 consecutive days must be reported to WorkSafe (Govt. of Western Australia, 2011). Why is it important to separate waste at the point of generation? It is important to separate waste at the point of generation to reduce the risk of contaminating the personnel involved in the disposal and the public; and its potential to pollute the environment if not managed properly. The process of separation must be done at the point of generation and the separation as per type of waste must be kept during accumulation, handling, interim storage and transportation (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2005). Australia is a product of a unique blend of established traditions and new influences. Give examples of how the Australian society has changed over time. Consider the types of food, traditions, cultural diversity, and technology. The Australian society has changed over time because of the immigration and race relations. Its culture becomes multicultural and diversity was promoted, resulting to a multicultural policy recognising diversity in lifestyle (food, dress) and linguistic. The diverse migrant communities in Australia brought with them their lifestyle, food and cultural practices. An example is the invasion of the British colonists where indigenous people were dominated by force. This invasion also produced mixed European-Aboriginal descent children, where some were forcefully taken from their aboriginal mothers to be ‘civilised’ and reared in the ‘white’ society (everyculture.com, 2014). Australia is a society embracing many different cultures. These cultural differences are demonstrated and expressed in various ways. An example is the Jawoyn indigenous communities in Katherine, Northern Territory; their culture is quite different to the city culture of a capital city. Identify two (2) other cultures within Australia that are quite different from one another, and explain their differences. One is the Islamic culture in Australia. Some of the differences between Muslims and other cultures in Australia are their way of dressing, their practice of segregating men from women, the kind of foods they eat (no pork and its byproducts) and their customs and traditions in terms of marriage and burial. Muslim women generally wear hijab and cover their legs and arms. The Tiwi people or the indigenous group in Australia that live in the Tiwi islands are distinct from other cultures when it comes to their beliefs in mourning, marriage and language. The Tiwi people when mourning paint their body and require others to feed them. Body painting has been practised in the Tiwi culture as part of ceremonies since time immemorial. When it comes to marriage, their culture dictates that newborn girls are engaged to men who are at least 60 years old, but their marriage will not be consummated until the girls reach 14 years of age. Tiwi females are allowed to marry at all times because they believe that a child should not be born fatherless. When the husband dies, the girl’s new partner takes the role of father to all the children of the girl from previous marriages (Hewett et al., 1988). A person may come from a cultural background but not hold all of the same beliefs or customs as others from that background. An example is that a family may raise their children in the Jewish faith but the children may not hold this same belief themselves and may, as adults, live a life that does not uphold any of the traditional Jewish values. For example, the children might not: marry someone from the Jewish faith; celebrate Jewish festivals; speak Hebrew; follow dietary restrictions such as refraining from eating pork or shellfish.
    $ 0.27
    0words / 0page
    READ MORE