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  • Design
    Smart Clothes
    Smart Clothes Student’s Name Institution Smart Clothes Introduction Customers constitute the foundation of any successful business venture. Satisfaction of customer demand is also central to the development of a business strategy (Bogati, 2017). This is because businesses are set up with the primary motive of making profits through the provision of goods and services that meet market demands. Business managers who take their time to understand the psychological construct of their potential market put themselves in an excellent position to develop products that address customer demand. The objective of this research is to assess the business mentioned above through the lens of Smart Clothes. Chen et al. (2016) posit that smart clothes entail a combination of textiles and technology with the aim of creating products with functional features to satisfy daily activities. i. Need
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  • Design
    The ethics of Wal-Mart
    The ethics of Wal-Mart Student Name Institutional Affiliation The Ethics of Wal-Mart Is Wal-Mart causing the demise of the independent retailer? Wal-Mart is one of the leading brands in retail stores in America as well as around the world. Deagon (2018) refers to Wal-Mart as the largest brick and mortar retail enterprise globally. Wal-Mart is also famous for its related low prices for items on sale, which makes it the most competitive retailer in the country and abroad. As compared to Target, Wal-Mart turnover sales in two and half months equal what Target records in 12 months. Other competing retailers combined, especially those operating in physical locations, cannot beat Wal-Mart in record sales, profit margins, number of employees, number of store locations and branches. Hyken (2017) indicates that Wal-Mart has a 10% stake in the retail store market share which is the largest. The growth and success of Wal-Mart have been a threat to the other retail stores who struggle with brand performance. In August 2016, Wal-Mart introduced an online store through the acquisition of Jet.com (Deagon, 2018). This further threatened Amazon who had enjoyed dominance in online retail methods. Wal-Mart recorded in 2017 sales turnover of over 500 billion dollars which makes it the largest retail store brand both online and having physical locations. With such performance, Wal-Mart is able to control the prices of products from its suppliers so as to maintain significance in terms of the retail prices.
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  • Design
    Critiquing an article
    Critiquing an article The research article entitled “Association between cardiovascular events and sodium-containing effervescent, disperable, and soluble drugs: nested case-control study” was authored by Jacob George, Waseem Majeed, Isla S. Mackenzie, Thomas M. MacDonald and Li Wei and deals about the relationship between the incidence of cardiovascular events and intake of drugs containing sodium as compared to the incidence of cardiovascular events in patients taking the same drugs but are non-sodium formulations. A report by the Institute of Medicine in 2010 suggests that a reduction of sodium intake to the recommended levels could prevent cases of hypertension, save healthcare funds and improves quality life years. The central hypothesis was: patients taking drugs containing sodium formulations could increase the risk of cardiovascular events as compared to patients taking the same drugs but with no-sodium contents. The study was performed to determine the association of sodium formulation to the incidence of cardiovascular events. Title The title of the article accurately described the content of the study, the particular aim that the authors would like to pursue and the type of study that would be used. It can also draw attraction for readers to continue reading because their interests can be stimulated by the mere title alone. Abstract The abstract was informative and clearly provided a good synopsis of the purpose, methods of study, results and the conclusion of the study. It also described what to look for if the reader decided to continue reading the article. It provided vital information of the study, including the statistical findings and the formed conclusion. Introduction The authors have provided good background information about the topic and evidences on why the topic was worth studying. It also stated evidences for the need of the study and the aims and rationale that the authors wanted to pursue. Method The research was a nested case-control study using the United Kingdom’s CPRD (Clinical Practice Research Datalink) database which contains data of primary care practices from January 1987 to December 2010. The study population was comprised of residents in the United Kingdom who were registered with their physician for more than one contact during the above-specified period. The study patients consisted of patients aged 18 years and above who had received at least two prescriptions of drugs with sodium-formulation or the matched non-sodium formulation of the same drugs. Included in the selection of drugs were drugs that had over 1000 prescriptions in the entire database. Patients included in the study were those who were prescribed with sodium-formulation or the standard formulation of the drug within the study period. Their cases were followed-up until December 2010 and those who died, had an outcome event, switched drugs or left the practice within the study period were censored. Excluded in the study were patients who were diagnosed with malignancy, salt wasting conditions, malabsorption syndromes or had history of drug and alcohol abuse prior to the entry date. The sample was big enough as it included patients from 1987 to 2010. The selection of the study sample was less biased as it concentrated on a subset of controls from the study cohorts (Sedgwick 2014) in comparing the effects of sodium-formulated against the standard formulation of the same drugs. Furthermore, the study addressed a clearly focused issue, which is the association of sodium-containing drugs to the incidence of cardiovascular events. In analysing the collected statistics, the study used conditional logistic regression which is effective in investigating the associations between an event (cardiovascular event) or a nonevent and a set of prognostic factors (sodium-containing formulation and non-sodium containing formulations of the same drugs); and in cases with small analysis strata (Pearce 2016). There were some confounding variables in the study, such as smoking and patient’s diet, which could have affected the results of the study. Results The characteristics of the study samples were significant as more have peripheral vascular disease, diabetes, were smokers, had history of angina, have chronic kidney diseases and were taking drugs for cardiovascular diseases. The results supported the hypothesis and other studies related to the effects of sodium to increasing risk of cardiovascular diseases (Burnier, Wuerzner & Bochud 2015). Although there were controversies on the association of dietary sodium and incidence of cardiovascular diseases, the study found a significant trend (P<0.01) in the dose-response relation in terms of cumulative drug dose. This finding has validated the UK’s claim that daily doses of sodium-containing drugs exceeded the recommended daily sodium allowance for an adult. The result of the study was beneficial to public health as consumption of high sodium through ingestion of drugs was not clearly labelled, and therefore, not regulated. However, the findings would have been clearer if the statistical data and comparisons were illustrated through graphs for easier viewing and stronger emphasis on the importance of the association of sodium-containing drugs to the increasing risk of cardiovascular diseases. Discussion The issue studied was relevant as it investigated a potential threat to health which was not obvious as the drugs were normally from a doctor’s prescription. The aims and objectives of the study were met as it was able to establish the association between the effects of the ingested drug with sodium formulation and cardiovascular events. There were some repetitions in the study but seemed important in validating results and comparing them to the findings of previous studies on the effects of salt intake to the incidence of cardiovascular diseases. The results can be generalised to a bigger and wider population as the practice of prescribing sodium-containing drugs is observed by most doctors worldwide. The study implies that greater caution should be taken by doctors in prescribing sodium-containing drugs. In addition, it also implies that government agencies should deal more with the issue and conduct further studies to confirm the results, perhaps, improve their regulations in the admissible daily sodium allowance for adults. Strengths and limitations
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  • Design
    Concept Map - Left Heart Failure
    treatment Management (7) -Patient education & self-care -Lifestyle changes -Medicines -Devices -Surgery
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  • Design
    Acute exacerbation of chronic heart failure - management
    Guided Questions: A nursing implication when caring for a person with an acute exacerbation of heart failure is the need to manage fluid volume excess. Explain the pathogenesis that leads to fluid volume excess when a person has developed an acute exacerbation of chronic heart failure The pathogenesis that leads to fluid volume excess starts with sodium retention. A person may develop an acute exacerbation of chronic heart failure if he has increased total body sodium resulting to a progressive ventricular dysfunction due to volume overload. Too much sodium prevents the Na+ pump/Na+-ATPase of arterial and arteriolar vascular smooth muscle cells stimulating the sodium-calcium exchanger (Bart, 2009). This results to increasing intracellular calcium levels and vasoconstriction and decreasing the synthesis of nitric oxide. Further, sodium retention increases levels of asymmetrical dimenthl L-arginine, an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide production (Bart, 2009). Due to the retention of sodium in the body that obligatory water accumulates, leading to increased extracellular fluid volume and increased pressures on both left and right sides of the heart. When the heart decreases its ability to pump blood to the body efficiently, it backs-up into the veins that carry blood through the lungs to the left side of the heart. When the pressure in these blood vessels increase, the fluid is pushed into the alveoli (air spaces) in the lungs, which eventually decreases the movement of oxygen through the lungs, causing shortness of breath (Mathay & Martin, 2010). Pulmonary congestion causes elevated left-sided pressures, which can be recognised with symptoms such as rales, dyspnea on exertion, cough and through radiographic findings (Bart, 2009). b) Discuss two nursing strategies used to manage pulmonary oedema, a consequence of fluid volume excess and provide evidence-based rationales for these strategies. Two nursing strategies in managing pulmonary oedema, a consequence of fluid volume excess, are (1) improving oxygenation and (2) educating patient on how to do fluid management themselves including monitoring and controlling their symptoms. The patient may be given oxygen therapy where high concentrations of oxygen are used to combat hypoxemia. Intubation and ventilator support may be needed to improve hypoxemia and prevent hypercarbia (Tilney, 2010). Further, symptom monitoring is vital in fluid management. An indication of excessive fluid retention is weight gain so patients should be encouraged to weigh regularly, usually after eating breakfast. A weight change of 2 lb in a day is significant. Weight should be evaluated in relation to nutritional status. Poor nutrition and decreased appetite may be accompanied by fluid retention though the net weight may remain the same. Monitor for bloated neck veins and ascites. Assess for changes in respiratory pattern, crackles in lungs and shortness of breath. Examine by touch any presence of edema in ankles, tibia, sacrum and feet. Monitor chest x-ray reports because when interstitial edema accrues, the x-rays show hazy white lung fields. Moreover, input and output of fluid should be monitored closely because the shifting of fluid out of the intravascular to the extravascular spaces may cause dehydration (Galanes & Gulanick, 2012). If therapy is to be given, check signs of hypovolemia. It is important that patients are educated on proper monitoring of their signs and symptoms by keeping diaries at home when discharged. An appropriate therapy (such as oxygen therapy) can be effective in improving acute pulmonary oedema within a few hours; however, if left untreated, can be life-threatening. The ability of the nurse to identify problems and decide for the right management is very vital (Baird, 2010). Intravenous furusemide (Lasix) is used in the management of an acute exacerbation of chronic heart failure. c) Explain the mechanism of action of frusemide
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  • Design
    Central Saint Martin – M.A. Innovation Management
    Central Saint Martin – M.A. Innovation Management Reflecting from a popular quote, “What’s meant to be will always find a way”, I finally understood that all along, my late mother was right in suggesting that I follow her footsteps as I got her artistic knack for designing and creating beautiful things. But the youth in me wanted to explore more of what life has to offer and went on with discovering other things. However, as my knowledge increases and I slowly gain wisdom out of my cumulative learnings and experiences on life’s intricacies, I realised the purpose of my existence: I wanted to be a creator of beautiful things, just like my mother. My mother was known for her intricately designed Hanbok, a Korean traditional dress, but the hard work that goes with each and every piece made me lose interest with the job and to the Hanbok itself. I always had this passion to bring joy and happiness to others and as much as possible, be famous and successful and to be able to use this success to affect the lives of others. Hence, I tried to associate myself to activities that will enhance my personality development and social skills. I specialised my major in English Literature at Uiduk University to increase my chances of building a career as a flight attendant because Korean university girls love to be one. But fate had its way and I got hooked to becoming a fashion and wedding model during my second year at the university. Then the following year, I had the chance to join the “Miss University” beauty pageant and went home 4th place. Unknowingly, I was already getting exposed to the world of fashion and dresses; and eventually in developing compassion to the unfortunates, especially the abandoned children in orphanages and nursing homes. Later in life, I also aspired to become a news presenter at the Korean Broadcasting Company since I had eight-month training and worked for 2 years as a reporter. Yet, I landed working at an investment management company where I learned business strategies and initiated my interest to start a business. But after 6 years of working, I found myself empty, tired of the routine and was looking for a change; perhaps, my true purpose in life. And I found the answer when my mother died and I saw her beautiful creations. I remembered all her advices and her wish of seeing me continuing her legacy. Every piece of the puzzle went into place and I realized that what I was wanting all along was the same as what my mum had wanted me to become: a creator of beautiful dresses. Only this time, it will be a sort of conjoin- the Korean culture mixed with ideas from the Western culture. I am confident that your MA Innovation Management program will provide me the expertise to properly manage my business. I am also hopeful to find talented designers as collaborators in my dream of putting into life my beautiful creations.
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  • Design
    Boston University - Arts
    Boston University Please provide a statement that addresses your reasons for transferring and objectives you hope to achieve.  Being born in the USA but raised and educated in South Korea has stimulated my curiosity on what it is to live and study in a different culture, lifestyle and language. Both my parents went to college in the USA and this further increased my interest to take the same path as theirs. Today’s globalization has also influenced my views and inquisitiveness resulting to my eagerness to learn more about the various cultures and races in the world; and the USA is the best place to experience this as the country has the perfect mix of cultures and races. Studying at a US-based university would mean that I could have a valuable intercultural experience because these universities put high significance in respecting each’s cultural diversity. They always encourage academic freedom, which is highly critical in developing my critical thinking skills and confidence in presenting views and stands on issues. I am certain that my expectations of learning the bests on art history will be met in a US-based university as they have all the resources and the experiences of running museums and art exhibitions. As much as possible, I want to be an erudite in various fields, such as history, politics, philosophy, art, economics, management and media. As somebody aspiring to become an Art professor or an Arts administrator, studying in a US-based university would give me the perfect opportunity to interact with the best Arts professors and the chance to understand arts better in diverse perspectives. I am also looking forward to have an opportunity of internship in a world-renowned museum located in America and to collaborate with arts experts in bringing arts closer to the people. I am also ecstatic to the possibility that I can be experiencing the US educational system which is more based on open learning and sharing of knowledge through group works and discussion. Though this is different to the Korean educational system that I was used to, I am still thrilled to the fact that I will not be confined to memorizations only but can develop my critical thinking skills in acquiring knowledge and wisdom. Furthermore, studying in the United States of America will definitely provide me a global perspective of how things operate and how countries connect in making this world a better place to live in. To prepare for my entrance to the US-based universities, I went to New York and explored various arts and aesthetics such as those found in musical, movies, fashion and auction. It was overwhelming to be in New York and actually see and feel the works of arts that I only see between the pages of the books, museums and art museums. This further bolstered my enthusiasm to study in America and be there where the actions take place. I want to learn more of what I love and passionate about. I am such an inquisitive person and my inquisitiveness is not confined to just learning about a thing but goes all the way to putting to practical use my learnings. I also want to explore the possibilities of putting up a business related to art or open exhibitions that compare the eastern and western art works from the same era. Furthermore, I enriched my knowledge in Art by taking courses at the BMCC, not just to help me better understand the history of arts from the ancient down to modern times but to acclimatize on how does it really feel to actually study in the USA. At the BMCC, I took Art 102 (Survey of Art History), Art 104 (Survey of Art History 2) and Art 174 (Painting Studio) to learn more about art histories and have a peek of the perspectives of the artists. I am certain that my potentials will be further utilized in a learning environment that is committed to creativity and diversity, which most US-based universities promote. Do you wish to provide details of circumstances or qualifications not reflected in the application? You may use the space below to provide any additional information you wish to share. Min: 0 / Max: 650 Here is the additional information that was not reflected in the application but will provide you insights on how I am as a person and as a student:
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  • Design
    Athens and Sparta
    Name: Professor: Subject: Date: According to Thucydides, what caused the war between Athens and Sparta? Explain how his claims are similar to or different from at least one of the following: the spiral model; the commitment problem (from the bargaining model); the problem of private information (from the bargaining model); and/or Gilpin’s theory of war and change Based on the accounts of Thucydides, the war between Athens and Sparta centered on the disagreements of the two city-states about their complete authority in dealing with their own allies. However, other historians believe that the main cause of the war is when Athens imposed economic sanctions against Megara, a city-state that is an ally of Sparta and implement military blockage of Potidaea which used to be an ally of Athens but revolt and sought help from Corinth, a major ally of Sparta. However, the deeper causes of their war are the ambition of the rivaling city-states for hegemony, fear for the increasing power of the other and concern for freedom from meddling by a powerful rival (Buckley, pp. 319 – 322; Martin, p. 188). This claim of Thucydides is similar to Gilpin’s theory of war and change because the argument of Gilpin states that the international system is made in the same manner that any political or social system is established; that is, actors in the political or social system enter the structure so as to promote specific sets of interests, be it political, economic or other types (Gilpin, p. 9). However, since it is inevitable that interests of some actors may conflict with the interests promoted by other actors, the particular interests that are ideally preferred by these social arrangements are most likely to mirror the relative powers of the involved actors. Political or social systems execute limitations on the behaviors of all the political or social actors and they are either punished or rewarded but these punishments or rewards coincide with the interests of the majority of the powerful members of the political or social system. Yet, overtime, individual interests of the actors change and simultaneously, the balance of power amid the actors also changes due to technological, economic and political outcomes or other developments. Consequently, those who are instrumental to effect the change will seek to change the system that favors their interests. Thus, the new changed system will reveal the new distribution of interests and power of the new dominant members (Gilpin, p. 9). The war between Athens and Sparta manifests the effect of ‘gaining power’ as the motivating factor in the aggression between the two city-states. Athens try to punish the ally of Sparta (in this case, Megara) to destroy the control of Sparta over its member in the Peloponnesian league. It also demonstrates how Sparta rewards a former ally of Athens (Potidaea) through its principal ally, Corinth, in taking revolt against Athens, therefore strengthening their force against Athens. Aside from gaining power as the prime mover of both Athens and Sparta, the two also fear the increasing power of the other because they were aware that the superiority of the other could be an offensive weapon in destroying their control over their members in their respective leagues. The interests of Athens conflict with the interests of Potidaea so even if the latter was an ally, it still took revolt and sought help from Corinth who happened to be promoting the same sets of interests with Potidaea. The shift of alliance have changed the balance of power of Athens and Sparta, and the one that benefit from the change (Sparta) imposed changes in the political system that favored their interests. At the end of the war, Athens who used to be the strongest city-state in Greece was almost devastated and Sparta turned out to be the new leading power (Fine, pp. 528 – 533). Just like Gilpin’s theory of war and change, those who are instrumental to effect the change will seek to change the system that favors their interests. Works Cited Buckley, Terry. Aspects of Greek history. New York: Routledge. 2010. Print. Fine, John. The ancient Greek. Belknap Press of Harvard University. 1985. Print. Gilpin, Robert. War and change in world politics. Cambridge University Press. 1981. Print. Martin, Thomas. An overview of classical Greek history from Mycenea to Alexander. Yale University Press. 2000. Print.
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  • Design
    Art and Material Culture of Early Imperial China 202 BC
    The rediscovery of the ruins of the Wu Family Shrine was important in the study of the art and material culture of Early Imperial China. The remnants were rediscovered by Huang Yi, a Shandong official and amateur archaeologist in 1786 and since then, the rediscovered stones have become a subject of art-historical debate and scholarly research1. The Wu Family Shrine which was excavated in Jaixiang in the Shandong Providence of China had stone architecture. The shrine was small and located at the foot of a tomb-mound. Moreover, it was decorated in the front with two stone que pillars, a stone tablet and two stone lions; a manifestation that the family cemetery was structured during the Han dynasty2. It was during the Han dynasty that the structures of tombs were changed – from a simple tomb surrounding the coffin with a frame to a more elaborate style that looked like an underground house similar to the house of the dead person when he was still alive. Due to the belief that life continues after death because of the descendants’ filial rites, a passage linking up to the ground was built in the underground house to serve as the spirits’ pathway to the outside world. Also, the Wu family shrine had pictorial carvings which were believed to have been engraved during the Han dynasty because they followed the outlines of Han historiography3. The carved decorations were repeated from shrine to shrine and two of the motifs used were omens and fusang tree. This paper will explore the two motifs used (omens and fusang). Moreover, it will discuss what these motifs tell in connection with the ideology of the Han dynasty before finally concluding. ________________ 1Cary Liu, ‘Reconfiguring the ‘Wu family shrines’: a typological study’, Recovering China: Past: Art, archeology and architecture of the ‘Wu family shrine’, (The University Art Museum, 2005), p. 1. 2Ibid. 3Uno Mizuki, ‘Rethinking ‘filial piety’ through a reinterpretation of the ‘fusang’ tomb motif’, The 3rd Beseto conference of philosophy, session 6. Omens The rediscovered ruins of the Wu Family Shrine contained reliefs depicting everyday life scenes, an indicator that the family was a follower of Confucius teachings, the official imperial philosophy during the Han dynasty4. A relief is a sculptural technique that shows the impression of a raised sculpted material above the background plane5. One relief dated 151 CD shows subjects paying respect to the emperor at his imperial residence. The relief has four horizontal divisions and in its uppermost level (the roof of the building) has carvings of a phoenix and other figures. The appearance of a phoenix, precious objects like gold and jade, unicorns, white deer and red crows signify omens or good message from Heaven to man6. Moreover, the motif of omens was used by Wu Liang to symbolize Heaven as his clear manifestations of the will of Heavens. This motif of omens as Heaven’s will was extended to his political principles and was made clear in his inscriptions as follows: “The jade horse appears when a ruler is pure and incorrupt and honors the worthy”; and “the red-mane white horse appears when a ruler employs virtuous and good officials”7. _________________
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  • Design
    [SMARTEK] 보조배터리 5000mAh
    기존의 보조배터리와는 차원이 다른 무게와 슬림함으로 휴대성과 디자인은 물론 동급 최고의 입/출력을 전해 드립니다.
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