Result of "ART"

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    Part 1: Why college tuition prices are rising and causes of it?
    Name Instructor Course Date Part 1: Why college tuition prices are rising and causes of it? The question of why college tuition prices are rising is quite interesting. Notably, the increasing college tuition prices have caused a tremendous concern on whether higher education will be affordable in the coming days. This question brings numerous attentions to students and anyone pursuing his or her education in colleges. As these costs escalate, several students in need of college education are worried on how they will manage to pay their tuition fee. As students, the rising tuition fee will hinder us from achieving our goal in pursuing higher education which is the significance of the above question. As much as many studies have been carried out on the rising tuition fee, few of them have given reasons why college’s tuition has increased. Therefore, this question deserves to be answered to determine the cause of rising tuition fee in colleges. In this study that I carried, I began by reviewing the result of Western Interstate Commission of Higher Education (WICHE) annual survey tuition fees and prices at their public colleges and universities and further discussed related policy implications. I proceeded by comparing the trend of several universities and colleges between 2013 and 2014 and further examine how prices have changed overtime. I carefully read over the assignment to make sure that I comprehend the purpose and requirements. I collected different information from reliable sources which have been reviewed by authors who have credentials to my subject of interest. Obtaining such credible information will support my ethos when putting down my final draft. In this study, I collected six sources that relate with my argument. The sources that I collected include “College Costs, Prices and the Great Recession” by Johnson Nate, “Trending in college pricing” retrieved from College Board websites, "Rising Tuition in Higher Education: Should we be Concerned?” by Renehan Stewart, "Effects of increase in tuition fees in the tertiary institutions of learning" by Oyelana Akeem, "The impact of tuition increases on enrollment at public colleges and universities" by Hemelt Steven and Dave Marcotte and “Tuition and Fees in the West between” retrieved from Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education(WICHE). I agree with much of these sources because they are similar to my beliefs with regard to the rising tuition fee in higher education. Johnson Nate argues that the cost of providing higher education varies among several institutions. In this article, Johnson further claims that some public colleges spend less per student and others spend more. In addition, Renehan further indicates that high tuition in higher education is one of the pressing issues among parents and students. The author further assesses the magnitude of high tuition price problem in America and addresses significant changes that control the increase. Renehan stipulates that increased tuition price do not discourage students from attending this institution but it is a potential investment as a person. Most of the sources in this paper present the causes of high tuition fee in colleges and universities in the U.S and the world. However, there is some information from these sources that challenge my beliefs and make me reconsider some of them. The sources of information were really helpful as it challenged my thinking about causes of rising tuition in higher education. They gave me sufficient information and made me understand the causes of rising tuition prices in higher institution. The different type of information collected from varied sources harmoniously connected with one another even though others disagreed with each other. They tackled similar topic and argued it from a different point of view. Therefore, acquiring and recruiting highly trained staff costs money, particularly in fields that are demanding outside academia is costly. More so, colleges also spend money on staff and compensation and they are forced to use a large amount of tuition to pay the salaries of professors. These costs are transferred to the student through an increase in tuition price. To reduce the impact of rising tuition, the government ought to increase public funding. Subsidizing education will diminish competition among higher institution. This kind of solution is expensive and therefore the government need to sharply increase taxes that will stunt the economy. Part 2: Annotated Bibliography Johnson, Nate. "College Costs, Prices and the Great Recession.Lumina Issue Papers." Lumina Foundation for Education (2014).. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED555862.pdf on 23rd March 2019 According to Johnson, the costs of providing higher education extensively vary among different institutions. Some public universities spend less per student and others spend more. This articlealso analyzes the factors that can make the cost of higher education to be higher or lower. Someof the factors as mentioned in the article include low or high cost location, type of the program offered, size, institution age as well as instructional approach. In this article, Johnson indicates how the recession has caused a surgingtuition price. In the wake of the Great Recession, the state and the local government did not supportmost institutions and tuition rose unevenly as well. Nate Johnson is currently the owner and Principal Consultants of the Postsecondary Analytics.Johnson has also served as the Associate Director of Institutional Planning and Research at theUniversity of Florida. He served as the Executive Director for Planning and Analysis on theFlorida Board of Governors for five years. These positions indicate Johnson vast knowledge of college costs, price during the Great Recession. This source is informative as it explains andelaborates factors that cause an increase in college costs as well as prices. From this source, I amable to determine factors that contribute to tuition costs and prices increase in colleges. College Board.Trends in college pricing (2013). Retrieved from https://trends.collegeboard.org/sites/default/files/college-pricing-2013-full-report.pdf on 23rd March 2019 This article highlights the concerns of increasing tuition price and responds on how students canfinancetheir main investments in higher education. The trends of college pricing illustrate the prices charged by different universities and colleges between 2013 and 2014 andfurther how prices have changed since then. The article also provides information on thenet price each student needs to pay after taking into consideration the financial aid. College Board is a mission-driven non- profit organization which links the student to collegeopportunity and success. It was founded in 1900 to expound higher education access. The College Board assists students in the preparation of a successful transitionto college throughprograms and services. This source fit in my argument as ithighlights the concerns about the rising tuition. Additionally, the source also highlights howcolleges and universities charge tuition prices and further provide information on the net payeach student need to pay. This information will be useful to project future changes in tuitionprices in colleges. Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education.Tuition and Fees in the West between 2015 and 2016 (2016).Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED586774.pdf on 23rd March 2019. This article reviews the results of WICHE annual survey of tuition price and fees at theiruniversities and public colleges and further discusses related policy implications. The article indicates that tuition and fees in WICHE region increased considerably between 2015 and 2016 but it was slightly less as compared to the national average rate of change. As much as WICHE region has a climate of positive news about higher education financing, the article indicate that families and students continue to struggle with the higher college education costs. The article further reveals that as much as free college initiatives have a lot of attention, student borrowing is part of the affordability discussion. Western Interstate Commission for High Education (WICHE) is a regional, nonprofit organization. The information from this organization may be used in my argument because it presents annual reviews of tuition and fees at WICHE public colleges which will help me to analyze the trend of how tuition and fee pricing is increasing. Renehan, Stewart. "Rising Tuition in Higher Education: Should we be Concerned?." Visions for the Liberal Arts 1.1 (2015): 3.Retrievedfrom https://scholar.oxy.edu/liberalarts/vol1/iss1/3 on 23 rd March 2019. Renehan article shows pressing concerns in higher education among parents and students is high tuition. Renehan further assesses the magnitude of high tuition price problem in America and addresses significant changes that may control the increase. In this article, he further stipulates that increased tuition price do not discourage students from attending tertiary institution but it is a potentialinvestment a person can get. He recommends that investing in online educational technology decreases costs and enhance the quality as well as accessibility of education.
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    Why College Tuition Is Rising Part I: Exploratory Narrative
    Student’s Name Professor’s Name Course Date Why College Tuition Is Rising Part I: Exploratory Narrative This question intrigued me because I am a college student straining to meet my college tuition requirements. As college students, we receive news of college tuition rise almost every opening of a new term. This has been quite devastating to us as college students because there has not been clear explanation as to why the college tuition is not stable. It is now clear that the college tuition is heading towards unmanageable level and most of us (especially those coming from poor backgrounds) will not be able to cater for the tuition requirements, and consequently may drop out of school. Fearing to be among the victims of school drop outs, I opted to embark on a research to establish the root cause of the rising college tuition. My research began through embarking on a series of Google search. The first article and the one which fascinated me the most was the one written by Farran Powel and posted on September 19, 2018, and titled, “What You Need to Know About College Tuition Costs”. In this article Powel suggested that, sticker prices at state institutions tend to be the least expensive, but they may not be the cheapest option. I read through the article and then reflected back to the time I was joining the college and compared the then tuition requirements with those of today. I thought that now I had enough to write about. After reviewing the purpose of my assignment to ensure that I understood every bit of its requirements, I started gathering more resources for my research. To ensure that all my sources are credible and enough to serve my paper requirements, I located 3 sources from my school’s database and 3 from my Google search. With such, I believe I am able to support my ethos when it comes to writing my final paper. I gathered a total of six sources that I thought would be able to support my arguments to the ultimate requirements of my assignment. Out of these sources, I uncovered five sources that explain why the college tuition is on a continuous rising situation. The sources are: “Drivers of the Rising Price of a College Education”, by Robert B. Archibald and David H. Feldman; “California’s Tuition Policy for Higher Education: The Impact of Tuition Increases on Affordability, Access, and Quality”, by Jacob Jackson and Paul Warren; “College Costs, Prices and the Great Recession”, by Nate Johnson; “What You Need to Know About College Tuition Costs”, by Farran Powel; and “Why Is College Tuition Rising So Much? And What Can You Do?” by Mary Bromley. Besides, I discovered one article that attempts to offer ways of reducing the cost of the college tuition. This article is titled “7 Ways to Reduce the Cost of a College Education”, and written by Michael Lewis. I totally agree with the first five articles that talk about the increased college tuition. This is because being a college student; I have gained enough experienced in the way the college tuition is changing from time to time; not heading towards the decreasing side, but towards unaffordable direction. One of my college friends taking Mathematics, Robert Lewis, would describe the fees as approaching positive infinity. This implies that, if something is not done in time, the future generation will face a difficult situation posed by the rising college tuition. On the other hand, while Michael Lewis tries to convince that there are still ways of mitigating the rising college tuition, I still remain skeptical on whether some of his arguments are credible. For example, one of his arguments is that, one may utilize military college and veteran benefits in order to reduce college tuition. But how many people are able to go through the process? And how many people can such military institutions accommodate? I find this argument substandard, although Lewis is still entitled to his opinion. The resources in general made me believe that my thinking about the rising college tuition was not a fiction, but a reality. In fact it is heading towards a global problem. All the sources I gathered tend to appreciate that the main cause of the rising college tuition is greediness for money by their heads. Part II: Annotated Bibliography Farran Powel. “What You Need to Know About College Tuition Costs”, September 19, 2018. (Online). Retrieved from https://www.usnews.com/education/best-colleges/paying-for-college/articles/what-you-need-to-know-about-college-tuition-costs. Accessed 24 March, 2019. According to Farran Powel, college tuition cost more today as compared to some decades ago. To build on her credibility in her work, Powel cites her source from the U.S News data which indicates that, among National Universities (private and public) has risen significantly since the late 1990s. Her purpose is to present the current situation of the college tuition; and therefore using numerical figures she quotes “The average cost of tuition and fees for the 2018–2019 school year was $35,676 at private colleges, $9,716 for state residents at public colleges and $21,629 for out-of-state students at state schools, according to data reported to U.S.” This is a clear a big figure for low income generating families and they may not afford the college tuition now and even worse in future. Farran Powel has been an investigating Editor at U.S. News and World Report for more than six years. She is a graduate at the London School of Economics and has a master in journalism from the University of Texas at Austin. Therefore, her information must be credible for citing. The article may be useful for this research as it quotes exact figures of the current fee structure and hence giving a proof of how the college tuition is rising beyond affordable level. Jacob Jackson and Paul Warren. “California’s Tuition Policy for Higher Education: The Impact of Tuition Increases on Affordability, Access, and Quality”, September 2018. Downloaded on https://www.ppic.org/wp-content/uploads/californias-tuition-policy-for-higher-education-september-2018.pdf. Accessed 24 March, 2019. In this article, Jacob Jackson and Paul Warren too conduct research on the college tuition trends and give a summary of their findings. Although they try to appreciate the state for trying to moderate the college tuition through spending significantly more on financial aid to help low- and moderate-income students attend college, they still hold that college tuition is still high owing to a number of indicators. First, higher tuition make the public four-year universities less affordable for some students; a situation which has resulted in low enrolment in some universities such as UC. Also, higher tuition and less state funding coincide with decrease in access at public institutions. Another indicator of college tuition rising to unaffordable state is when CSU and community colleges saw declines in faculty ratios and pay. Jacob Jackson is a research fellow at the PPIC Higher Education Center while Paul Warren is a research associate at the Public Policy Institute of California. The two authors have done accurate research in various learning institutions for several years and therefore they must have given accurate information in this article. This article will be useful for this research paper as it provides the contributing factors for the rising college tuition. Besides, the article gives a summary of the trends in the way the tuition fee has been on the rise each year. In addition, the article is useful in giving a clear insight about the enrolment trends in various colleges as the tuition fee rises. Mary Bromley.  “Why Is College Tuition Rising So Much? And What Can You Do?”, March 5, 2018. (Online). Retrieved from https://www.cornerstone.edu/blogs/lifelong-learning-matters/post/why-is-college-tuition-rising-so-much-and-what-can-you-do. Accessed 24 March, 2019. Mary Bromley starts his article through cautioning parents to be ready for huge cost if they are planning to take their children to college. He then goes on to examine some possible reasons as to why the college tuition is at a high cost. First, he argues that, college education is taken as a high education level with huge benefits, and hence too charged high. Secondly, college education is at a high demand and hence people are competing for its facilities, leading to high charges. Furthermore, most universities are becoming modernized and hence charged high to cater for their lucrative nature. Mary Bromley published this article at a time when he was serving as a billing and collection specialist for Cornerstone University’s Professional and Graduate Studies division. This is an indication that the article was published by a reliable person and the information contained inside must also be reliable source for citing. The article will be useful for this research paper as it provides convincingly the reasons for the rising college tuition fee. The article also provides some mitigating factors to the rising college tuition. Michael Lewis. “7 Ways to Reduce the Cost of a College Education”. (Online). Retrieved from https://www.moneycrashers.com/ways-reduce-cost-college-education/. Accessed 24 March 2019. Michael Lewis on his side considers suggesting ways of reducing the cost of college education more than the causes of the high cost of the college tuition. Some of the ways of reducing college fee include choosing colleges wisely, taking the advantage of income tax savings for college, engaging in low-interest federal loans, utilization of scholarships and grants as an alternative to paying tuition fee, working hard to minimize the length of stay at college in order to minimize its cost, and those who cannot afford college tuition to consider going through military service; because such institutions offers profound financial assistant to members who have served the institution for at least 36 months. Michael Lewis is a retired corporate executive and entrepreneur who made and sold ten different companies ranging from oil exploration to healthcare software. In addition, Lewis has been a registered Investment Advisor with the SEC in U.S. He is therefore a person of high profile and hence his article must be credible for sourcing in this research.
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    How the New Product is marketed to Consumers in Australia: A Case Study of Ismart Smartphone, a new Product in Australia
    How the New Product is marketed to Consumers in Australia: A Case Study of Ismart Smartphone, a new Product in Australia Student’s Name Institution’s Name Table of Contents Tittle Page………………………………………………………………………………..1 Table of Contents…………...…………………………………………………………….2 Chapter 1: Introduction…………………………………………………………3 Background of the Study………………………………………………….3 Statement of the Problem………………………………………………………...5 The Aim of the Study………………………………………………………….....5
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    A Case Study of Wal-Mart
    A Case Study of Wal-Mart Name Institution A Case Study of Wal-Mart Q1. What are the sources of competitive advantage for Wal-Mart? According to Adcock (2012), competitive advantage is anything a company has or does better than other competitors that customers value. It has been noted that Wal-Mart has a sustainable competitive advantage due to their differentiation strategies and centralized cost leadership. The company uses backward expansion strategy to expand its geographical coverage. Wal-Mart is known to enter into small rural towns and saturate the area before entering wider and large metropolitan areas. The international plans of Wal-mart include construction of new buildings and acquiring existing ones. The company also tries to match with the culture and taste of the local people by employing locals to administer the stores. This minimizes the local barriers that may arise in the future. Another source of Wal-Mart competitive advantage is the low-cost leadership that appeals to larger markets as compared to their competitors. The most significant difference between Wal-Mart and other competitors is that it owns the supply chain and has profound bargaining power over suppliers. The company buys in bulk from suppliers which guarantees the company higher bargaining power that permits it to ask for the lowest prices on all products (Collins and Montgomery, 1995). The company has also focused on technology to make its supply chain more efficient and raise its supply chain transparency. Additionally, Walmart has a large discount retail network. It has managed a large and worldwide network of retail stores. The company has more than 11,718 retail units in the world. To support the retail initiative, it has established around 367 distribution facilities in the world. Apart from availing various products to its customers, it has also made them accessible through its vast retail network. The huge and worldwide retail network offers a significant competitive advantage that is bigger and stronger in size (Brenner, Eidlen and Candaele, 2016). The other sources of Walmart competitive advantage are customer service. The company has always tried to make shopping at its centers and supercenters to be a superior experience. It has dedicated staff who are well equipped at customer service. The company also provide a wide product range, strong brand equity and proper pricing strategy.
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    “Letter from Birmingham Jail” Martin Luther King
    Name Institution Course Date “Letter from Birmingham Jail” Martin Luther King “Letter from Birmingham Jail” was Martin Luther King’s letter written at a when African Americans were struggling for equality. Because of the vocabulary that has been used through the letter, one can tell that it was written in a different decade. While writing the letter, King appeals to the higher sources to prove that the action he and his people took was necessary. Throughout the letter, he uses valid arguments using ethos, pathos, and logos to support his behavior and reasoning. To demonstrate that he is moral, knowledgeable and reasonable, King makes use of ethos. By knowing Socrates, Martin Luther King proves to be knowledgeable, “Just as Socrates felt that it was necessary to create a tension in the mind so that individuals could rise from the bondage of myths and half- truths to the unfettered realm of creative analysis and objective appraisal” (King, pg15). In addition to that, he also proves to be knowledgeable when he makes a comparison of the events to the days of Adolf Hitler. He notes, “…never forget that everything Adolf Hitler did in Germany was “legal” and everything that the Hungarian freedom fighters did in Hungary was “illegal” to aid and comfort a Jew in Hitler’s Germany” (King, pg16). King also uses ethos to justify that his movement does not use violence resistance. Clearly, he has some unconscious ethos since he is a well-educated and prominent figure in the society. Some people knew King as a priest, and in most cases priests are known to be honest. In most of King’s other works and speeches, they anchored on appeals to inspirations and emotion. In “Letter from Birmingham Jail” the major moments of pathos is seen in the part where he explains the suffering African Americans went through. In order for a reader to find King's argument to make sense, one has to understand why the situation was not justified. He effectively backs his peacemaking approaches using pathos. He is able to do this when he describes how the south would be if they opted to use violent actions. King also uses pathos to show how African Americans would tramp along if they complied with the separation of laws. Through a clear and emotional image, king tries to tell his readers that the best way they can handle the situation is by not using violence. He considers pilgrimages to city hall and marches as the best way. For African Americans who have already adjusted to the segregated laws, king sees them as if they have drained their own self-respect. He continuously points out that the best way to go is by not using violence and believes that in the current situation, it is best when one is pacifist. In this letter, there is also the use of logos. For example, he describes that exists between a just law and one that is unjust. In his letter, King quotes from Thomas Aquinas and says, “An unjust law is a human law that is not rooted in eternal law and natural law.” (King, pg39) The statement means that laws which are only beneficial to a small group of people and have no just or religious outcomes for the entire society are not good at all.
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    Mainstream Modernists through Artwork
    Name Institution Course Date Mainstream Modernists through Artwork An artwork does not generate a nation’s identity all the time. However, for most a time, the identity of a county is what creates an art. In other words, an artwork, and a nation’s identity help in the creation of each other’s identity. The reason behind this is because artists only create something that they find valuable to them. In most cases their national identity influence whatever they chose to create. Over the years the roles of an artist have changed drastically. Previously, artworks were mainly used for the purpose of decoration and entertainment (Halprin). Earning a living as an artist could only be determined by patrons. This is because those were the people who control what the art depicted and what was fashionable at that time. In the postmodern art world, however, the roles an artist plays in the society varies regularly and is not set in stone. Artists have played an enormous responsibility in the mainstream modernist movement. One of these roles has been acting social commentators. Throughout history, artists have created artworks that have functioned as social commentaries. Some of these works have been said to incite for changes in a society’s way of life. Most mainstream modernist artists were in one way or the other members of some political groups (Davis, and Noble). Some of them -like those from France- were greatly inspired by radical social movements of the late 1960s. To this day, arts have been used as mediums that help bring light in society. This is usually achieved by encouraging conversations and discussions. Prior to modernism, artworks used to be more exclusive to upper classes. Having a piece of art at home was in no doubt a luxury. Modernism, however, came in and this started to change. Arts were created purposely for revolution and were aimed at changing the society alongside with its norms. In the past, also the art world was mainly dominated by male artists. Female art was considered a waste of time and would only be done to pass time, and if one had that as a hobby. This however changed during the feminist movement and people now started to also recognize work done by female artists (Halprin). Frida Kahlo, a Mexican Surrealist was among the first female artist who paved the way and made art equal among all genders. One other major role artists have played in mainstream modernist movement is through exploring emotions. Artists in the past did not just aim at inspiring social changes, but they also created their works to explore people emotions, please, and of course for entertainment purpose. This is more visible when one looks at Abstract Expressionists. Movement of the time mainly involved experimentation color, paint, and their emotional properties. Since past time and to this day, arts have always been used to document human’s history. The mainstream modernist movements had many collectives and subgenres, and because of this, modern history has been documented perfectly. One beauty about art is the fact that it does not only just give some true representations of how our world looks like, but they also represent the opinions, emotions, as well as feelings (Davis, and Noble). Clearly, artworks have powers which science does not have, and it is a way that explores people’s past cultures. The role played by artists keep changing, expanding, and growing every day. Still, this has remained an important part of human’s society. Work cited Davis, Andrew, and Mike Noble. Artwork. Fox River Paper Co., 2000. Halprin, Daria. The Expressive Body In Life, Art, And Therapy. Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2003.
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    Article Critique
    Name: Institution: Course: Date: Article Critique Examining Developmental, Contextual, and Historical Effects of Civic Engagement during the Transition to Adulthood: An Integrative Interdisciplinary Approach While writing this article, John Schulenberg clearly had several aims that he want to accomplish. He has used examples where necessary and that has a great way of ensuring he delivered his point. Schulenberg starts off by letting his audience understand the importance and goals of education regardless of whether it is formal or whether it is an informal type of education. Although Schulenberg did a good job in this article and tried to cover all the primary aims of the article, he clearly could have done a much better job. From an overview of the article, one can certainly tell that among Schulenberg’s guiding purpose in preparing this work was to help is audience better understand the importance of civil development among younger generations in the United States. Schulenberg says that the “ultimate goal of both formal and informal educational opportunities during adolescence is to prepare young people to be responsible and productive members of society” (Schulenberg). However, Schulenberg only gives one way in which young people be responsible and productive members of the society. That is to be civically engaged. “Being a responsible and productive citizen includes being civically engaged”( Schulenberg). While there many other ways young people be responsible and productive members of the society, Schulenberg only states being civically engaged. Other ways in which a young person can show that he/she is a responsible and productive member of the society can be by getting educated, running for some social position, building relationship among other ways. Work Cited "Examining Developmental, Contextual, And Historical Effects Of Civic Engagement During The Transition To Adulthood: An Integrative Interdisciplinary Approach | Survey Research Center". Src.Isr.Umich.Edu, 2018, https://www.src.isr.umich.edu/proposals/examining-developmental-contextual-and-historical-effects-of-civic-engagement-during-the-transition-to-adulthood-an-integrative-interdisciplinary-approach-2/. Accessed 11 Dec 2018.
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    Experience with the Hand Washing Project in Kindergarten
    Experience with the Hand Washing Project in Kindergarten Name Institution Experience with the Hand Washing Project Kindergarten All successful projects are normally a result of having careful planning. In addition to that, for a successful project, there is a need for collaboration of talents and skills of project team members. A project cannot move ahead without efforts of its team members, however, it is not always clear the role that each team member plays. Our class group visited a Kindergarten where we carried out our hand washing project. Since the Kindergarten is quite a big school with many kids, there was a need us to be as effective as possible. Each team member had to be assigned his own roles towards the accomplishment of the project. My role in this project was to guide kids moving through the various section as well as to engage them in coloring activities. I picked on these two roles as I found them to be perfectly linked to social Cognitive theory -a topic that I had perfectly understood. This is because my roles dealt with the emotional and cognitive aspect of the kids’ behavior. Being an international student, I found the entire exercise a great experience as I got time to teach children the dangers of germs as well as the importance of washing our hands.
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    Comparison of the articles by María Lugones and Sara Goering
    Name: Institution: Course: Date: Comparison of the articles by María Lugones and Sara Goering María Lugones’s article "Playfulness, World-Traveling, and Loving Perception" is cross-racial and cross-cultural loving whereby she emphasizes people’s need to affirm as well as to understand the plurality in and among women as central to feminist epistemology and ontology. In the article, Lugones defines love by saying, “Love is seen not as fusion and erasure of difference, but as incompatible with them. Love reveals plurality (Lugones).” From this definition, Lugones argues out in the paper that love is not erasure and fusion of difference but it is, however, an incompatible with them. In addition to that, Lugones also argues that by having the quality of ambiguous and plural selves was paramount to animating the characteristics of playfulness as well as the characteristics on engaging in “world” travel so as to identify ourselves with and love other women. From her argument, Lugones concludes that love generally reveals plurality. From this article, one would conclude that in order to generate a loving perception, we ought to create a "world" traveling pedagogies. Sara Goering’s account in her article, “Choosing Our Friends: Moral Impartiality and the Value of Diversity” enhances María Lugones’s argument in that she believes that it is not possible to have total impartiality since human beings cannot pull off what she refers to as ‘the God trick’. This “God trick” according to Sara Goering overlooks the moral relevance of people’s relationship and their corresponding emotions. As noted in Sara Goering’s article, people may find it difficult to find fulfillment or to sustain themselves with their own individual plan, project, and attachment in a system requiring totals moral impartiality (Goering). Having read the articles I’m in total agreement with María Lugones’s article Playfulness, World-Traveling, and Loving Perception. To me, María Lugones’s choice of the word “world- travel” may be a way to recognize plurality. The manner in which I understand Lugones’s article particularly so when she asks us to attempt to do in her piece Pilgrimages/Peregrinajes: On the Logic of Pluralist Feminisms is that true recognition of plurality always involves conceptualizing of oneself as well as conceptualizing of other people in the world. I drew this conclusion having read both articles back to back and afterword read them simultaneously. It made sense to me that the only way to comprehend difference and plurality in women is by trying to see yourself both your world as well as other women’s world. María Lugones’s writes in her article that, “You are in part what we make you up to be, and we are in part what you make us up to be.” The true internalization of this message according to me is what Lugones asks of us. That is, we should wholeheartedly and honestly recognize the difference. Work Cited Lugones, María. “Playfulness, ‘World’-Travelling, and Loving Perception.” Hypatia, vol. 2, no. 2, 1987, pp. 3–19. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/3810013. Goering, Sara. "Choosing Our Friends: Moral Partiality And The Value Of Diversity". Journal Of Social Philosophy, vol 34, no. 3, 2003, pp. 400-413. Wiley, doi:10.1111/1467-9833.00190.
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    Professional Codes of Ethics -Part B
    Professional Codes of Ethics -Part B Name Institution Professional Codes of Ethics -Part B Part 1 When there is equal opportunity, it ultimately means that all students would have a fair chance to excel and succeed in life. Equal opportunity basically means that people in society always have a good chance to reach whatever goal they set. Equal opportunity in a learning institution such as Brooklyn Technical High School means that students coming from privileged social background do not have unfair advantage enabling them to gain a better lifestyle. My professional code of ethics includes code that explicitly identifies the equal opportunity clause. This equal opportunity clause equally references with respect to religion, ability, ethnicity, gender, race, among others. One of my chosen code of ethics was ‘be inclusive’. This code, for instance, has perfectly identified equal opportunity clause that references equality. By being inclusive, Brooklyn Technical High School will ultimately ensure that international students, first-generation students, as well as those with migration background are supported through the various custom-made programs that we currently have. By supporting students with these custom-made programs, the school ensures that education is accessible across the board. When education is accessed across the board it would ultimately mean that all students would be able to fully express their talents. Being inclusive also means that an institution such as Brooklyn Technical High School would not discriminate students based on factors such as disability, sex, race, religion, or nationality. However, when the institution is committed to equal opportunity, it also means that it would be committed towards equal opportunity which also means fair practices in the institution. For instance, there is a need for new staffs, the school might opt to first post job vacancy in-house before it advertises the position publicly. This would give the current employees the first shot at promotion. Part 2 As part of the fourteenth amendment, the equal protection clause took effect in 1868. The protection clause specifies that nobody should be denied protection under the law. The clause was meant to prevent the local and state jurisdiction from passing laws that might be discriminatory in nature and therefore made it illegal for states to pass laws that benefitted only a specified group of people. My professional code of ethics also included codes that explicitly identifies the protection clause. One of my code of ethics that identifies the protection clause was code number 5 “do not harass”. The code of ethics is quite important in a school set up as it helps reduce or totally stop harassment as well as bullying. In most institutions of learning, particularly so in high schools, bullying and harassments are known to be major challenges that affect students. Harassment and bullying have a direct negative effect on a student’s ability to purpose in his/her studies. Having such a professional code of ethic avoids the development of a culture that allows constant harassment and bullying and hence helps to promote a student’s morale while it improves his/her production. This particular PCE sensitizes the need for Brooklyn Technical High School to have in place measures that would discourage discrimination, harassment, as well as bullying. These measures are not only discouraging to protect students alone but also to protect school staff. For instance, the PCE sensitizes on the need for Brooklyn Technical High School to provide training on discrimination and harassment regardless of whether the local or state jurisdiction requires it. Brooklyn Technical High School would mitigate its risk of potential liability for unfair practices when it provides training for both students as well as for staffs. The PCE also enables people to understand and be able to identify discrimination. Apart from the basic understanding of employment laws, staff and students can learn what exactly constitutes harassment and discrimination. Brooklyn Technical High School could mitigate harassment, bullying, and discrimination by ensuring that all its staff and student are able to tell and distinguish each one of them from the other. Part 3 In her article, Cheshire Calhoun reflects on various challenges to the justice moral theory. Here Calhoun addresses in favor of care ethics. One of the argument that she addresses in her article is the concern regarding moral self and whether justice ethics take into consideration interest and rights. According to Calhoun, the true objection relates to how people’s shared experience creates a shared ideology that can ignore personal experience and interests (Calhoun, 1988). Referencing the first and second part if the assignment to Calhoun’s work, the explicit references to equal opportunity meet Calhoun’s argument. For instance, Calhoun demonstrates how Carol Gilligan used to justify care ethics. According to Gilligan, Justice is not the highest priority in ethics, something that Calhoun does not agree with. Referencing to the earlier part of the assignment one priority to ethics was justice, PCE number 5 “do not harass.” This ultimately is in line with Calhoun’s argument.
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    Biodiversity and the History of Scientific Environments: Part 1
    Biodiversity and the History of Scientific Environments: Part 1 Name Institution Biodiversity and the History of Scientific Environments: Part 1 The talk titled “Biodiversity and the History of Science Environments” took place in Oregon States University and was introduced by Dr. Anita Guerrini a professor of History at OSU. Although the entire workshop brought together five guest speakers, this first part of the talk only featured Dr. Georgina Montgomery an Associate Professor of History at Michigan State University and Dr. Kevin Brown a Postdoctoral Researcher at UCSB. The primary aim of the workshop was to analyze the manner in which scientific spaces were being utilized and how they were being reconfigured during various long-term research. This analysis focused on the historical lens on various challenges in conservation and biodiversity. The talk also examines various disciplines such as astronomy, horticulture, and ecology. In addition to that, the talk also examined talks various sites across the world these sites included observatories and seascapes. The first guest speaker was Dr. Georgina Montgomery who gave a talk she titled, “‘The Charm of Oxford:’ Wytham Woods and the Role of Aesthetics and Affect in Scientific Environment.” In the talk, Dr. Georgina does a comprehensive discussion on issues surrounding the bequeathment of Wytham Woods. She also discusses the type of emotions that tie blind people to space. Dr. Montgomery notes that a number of world’s governments have noticed a reduced rate of biodiversity loss being a global priority. Despite this, however, Dr. Montgomery notes that we do not have robust measures of progress towards this target. According to Dr. Montgomery, developing indicators which are representatives of trends in global biodiversity have certainly presented the scientific community with a major challenge. The second speaker was Dr. Kevin Brown and he gave a talk titled “Science and Landscapes of Conservation: Ichthyology and the Devils Hole Pupfish, 1890-Present.” Dr. Brown made a comprehensive discussion on the challenges that surround the efforts of Devil’s Hole Pupfish. He also discusses what story of the Devil’s Hole Pupfish can tell scientists about survival.
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    Difference between European and American Political Parties
    Difference between European and American Political Parties Name Institution Difference between the European and the American Political Parties The major difference between the European and the American political parties is the fact that, Europe has many parties due to the primacy of their parliamentary system. Generally, in European countries, at least three parties -and in some cases five or even six parties- are allowed to carry votes and have representation in the legislature. Compared to American political parties, European political parties in most cases are narrower in their political agendas. Generally, the Europeans parliamentary system work on the theory of proportional representation systems. In such systems, representations are correlated with the total votes that a party would receive (Wilson, Dilulio & Bose, 2016). Therefore, political parties in Europe have a narrower political spectrum focus compared to the American political parties. This, however, ensures European political parties a share of political powers since a party gets some powers by getting a few votes. Unlike the Europeans, Americans have a two-party political system. In the American system, a political party does not get some small political powers by getting a few votes. An American political party would only get political powers by getting a majority of votes (Wilson, Dilulio & Bose, 2016). In an effort to attract votes, American political parties would in most cases have opposing philosophies. Compared to European political parties, American political parties, therefore, have ‘wider’ ideologies. In Europe, Labour is the left of centre party and conservative are the right of the center party. In the United States, however, there is no such thing as a centre party (Wilson, Dilulio & Bose, 2016). In Europe, they have a liberal democrat party that ideologically sees itself between Labour and Conservative. Reference Wilson, J., Dilulio, J., & Bose, M. (2016). American government (12th ed.). Boston: Cengage Learning. Difference between European and American Political Parties Name Institution
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  • Tertiary education
    Lovecraft’s Cthulhu Influence on Art and Culture
    Lovecraft’s Cthulhu Influence on Art and Culture Name Institution   Lovecraft’s Cthulhu Influence on Art and Culture Lovecraft’s mode of writing has in the past as well as in the present had an impact on the way people write. Lovecraft’s influence is speculated to continue inspiring many generations of writers in the future. It is imperative to have an insight of Lovecraft’s background and upbringing to establish whether the two aspects had an impact on the way he wrote his stories. Many scholars are of the view that many times, the environment in which an individual is brought in affects the way the particular individual creates his or her narrations (Kneale, 2016). Many times, people reveal their childhood experiences or use specific events to inspire their stories. Lovecraft was born in 1890 in Rhode Island. It is stated that Lovecraft had an unusual childhood that was marked by tragedy. For instance, his father had developed a mental disorder that resulted from untreated syphilis when he was barely three years. Lovecraft was also a sickly child, something that made him spend most of his school years at home. He at one point suffered a nervous breakdown before he could get his diploma. His sickly condition made him spend most of his time reading and writing. Thus, the childhood life of Lovecraft affected who he would become later in life. Many people regard Lovecraft as one of the pioneers of modern horror. It is because all of his stories were fictional and even explicitly referred to as “weird fictions.” It would be important to describe how Lovecraft’s fictional stories differ from other conventional writers. First, a lot of fantasy and fictional plays put a lot of emphasis on the characters. On the contrary, Lovecraft’s characters appear to be meaningless in most episodes to the actual stories. People can even replace his characters with any other, and the story would remain the same. Fate plays a central role in Lovecraft’s narrations. The character in Lovecraft’s stories usually does not have options in any prevailing circumstances. In other authors’ books, the fictional characters usually are killed when they make bad decisions. Lovecraft’s characters do not get a chance to make even wrong decisions. Instead, their fate is determined by uncontrollable forces (Smith, 2014). Through, such ideas, Lovecraft attempts to explore the unknown. He also tries to show that the human race is small in comparison with everything else in the world. Lovecraft’s work has minimal dialogue. The stories were mainly based on how the characters related to the environment as opposed to character versus character. Perhaps that was how he was able to bring in the psychological horror that he was popularly known for. The environment was always in conflict with the character, and the environment always won. No matter how the characters tried too hard to overpower their surroundings, they always were subdued. Perhaps the most evident mode of writing that Lovecraft used was the first person perspective. He avoided the second or third person perspectives with a purpose. He did not want to develop the characters too much, something that would be inconsistent with his style of writing (Kneale, 2016). Instead, the first person perspective would describe the narration in detail. Some scholars say that when reading Lovecraft’s stories, readers can see themselves in the eyes of the characters. It added to the psychological mark that Lovecraft had on the readers. Some critics have lamented Lovecraft’s descriptive nature in his stories, but arguably, it was a way of enhancing the appearance of the characters. Readers can envision the looks and the scary appearance of the horrifying characters.
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    Wolves Roaming the Earth
    Wolves Roaming the Earth Name Institution Wolves Roaming the Earth This essay discusses the manner in which biodiversity relates to the interactions among different organisms and environment. The focus of the paper is on the impact of the presence of wolves in the Yellowstone National Park. Before the reintroduction of the wolves in the park in 1995, the nature of the environment was much different from the present situation after they were brought back into the park. In the absence of the wolves, the elk population of the forest exploded, which grazed their way across the landscape, killing young trees and brush. The high population of herbivorous animals, particularly the deer, fed and exhausted the available vegetation in the park. According to Beschta (2006), in the 1930s, the environmental scientists were worried about the level of degradation of the national park and the quantity of soil erosion. There was a gradual but steady change in the composition of plants and animals, as the park experienced more vegetation cover, which was greener and healthier than the one that existed before the year 1995 (Cassidy et al., 2015). High vegetation cover attracted more birds and other animals, which had an impact on the overall food web of living organisms in Yellowstone National Park. The reintroduction of the wolves brought about significant trophic cascades, as they feed on elks among other animals within the ecosystem limited the behavior and density of their prey thereby enhancing the survival of other species in the lower trophic level. As the population of elk reduced, more vegetation has grown, and the height of trees increased significantly. The thick vegetation cover and tall trees attract more birds, such as songbirds to the forest of the park. Besides, the presence of berries in the regenerating shrubs increases the population of bears, which feed on the new berries in the environment. Bears have reinforced the impact of wolves by killing calves belonging to elks. The action of bears further improved the vegetation cover and the population of the species that directly depend on the trees and shrubs. The beaver, which were absent, came into life and their population has grown exponentially. The beavers are believed to have also become ecosystem engineers, operating similar to wolves, by creating niches for other species within Yellowstone National Park. Beavers in the park build beaver dams, which provide a conducive environment for the growth of succulents. Grizzlies eat succulents enabling the former to grow and improve trout as well as aspen habitat (Jones, 2017). Beavers need aspen for food and building beaver dams, and these dams provide an elaborate habitat for the aspen. The number coyote significantly increased while wolves were absent. However, when wolves were reintroduced in the park, coyotes were killed, providing a conducive environment for the increase of the population of rabbits and mice, which subsequently brought in more foxes and hawks in the ecosystem. The regeneration of vegetation changed the nature and behavior of rivers in different ways and magnitudes. Shrubs and trees provide the necessary anchorage for the soil, thus minimizing soil erosion. More pools and started to form and the river channels narrowed because of the reduction of soil erosion. Riverbanks have become more stabilized than ever before, and the river courses become fixed because of the regenerating forests (Beschta, 2006). The introduction of wolves into the local environment has both useful and devastating effects on the existing ecosystem. First, they will face the significant challenge of survival given adversarial history they have with human beings. Despite the fact they rarely attack humans, they are still considered one of the world’s most fearsome animals and natural villains. Anti-wolves have spearheaded the belief, and it still exists in the minds of people living in the locality. Wolves are known to prey on domestic animals for food, and this tendency exposes them to human attack. Most residents in the local area rear domestic animals such as cows, goat, sheep, and pigs. Therefore, the introduction of the wolves in the environment will expose them to these domestic animals since there are a few other wild animals, such as elk and coyotes that exist in Yellow National Park. This condition reduces the chances of survival of wolves as they will be shot, trapped, or poisoned for fear of preying on domestic animals. According to Cassidy (2015), the Defenders of Wildlife have paid approximately $155,000 to compensate the ranchers for the losses incurred by the wolves. On the other hand, introducing wolves might help in improving the vegetation cover in the nearby forest by preying on the high population of zebras. The wolves will decrease the bottom-heaviness of the ecosystem by increasing the number of predators. The current large number of zebras has reduced the vegetation cover, thus interfering with other species within the ecosystem. However, this process should be done in moderation to achieve the desired objective. Too large number of wolves may eliminate their limited number of prey in the area. The elimination of zebras among other preys may force them to interfere with domestic animals, thus triggering human-animal adversary. Biodiversity has significant benefits, principal among them restoring the native ecology. Besides, the existence of various types of living organisms promotes tourism as people from different parts of the world travel around to observe them. Tourist activities generate revenue in different ways as well as creating job opportunities in the local community. Despite the effort made by different environmental groups in prevention and preservation of various species, some individuals, such as poachers and charcoal-burners continue to interfere with the natural ecosystem.
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  • Tertiary education
    Departmental Strengths
    Departmental Strengths Name Institution   Departmental Strengths As much as Westbury High School puts a lot of emphasis on academic excellence, it also positions itself as one of the leading schools in the US that imparts extra skills to students. Athletics forms an integral part of the school and is demonstrated by the school’s participation in several competitions with other local and regional schools. Westbury has on many occasions outperformed its competitors, an aspect that has made the athletic department to develop more aggressive strategies to ensure that the school remains at the top. All the achievements realized in athletics have been contributed by various strengths that the department possesses. Perhaps the most prominent strength is the presence of a good management structure in the department. One director who is also in charge of health and physical education heads the department. The installation of only one head was done intentionally to make it easy for students to access the head of the department. Scholars such as McNeal (2015) suggest that having such a system of management enables students’ needs to be dealt with promptly and effectively. A bureaucratic system of leadership is not effective for athletic departments because students need urgent attention to continue with their practice. Apart from the director who heads the department, the various athletic divisions have student captains who represent their respective teams. The decision to elect team captains was seen as an effective way of building teamwork among students, a factor that is always crucial to excellence during competitions. The team captains would also eliminate the need for every athlete to seek an appointment with the director of the department. The success of any school team usually involves the input of trainers. The exemplary performance of Westbury High School can be attributed to the input of professional as well as exceptional trainers. The athletics department has ensured that all the athletics games have trainers with a good portfolio relevant to the particular games. The department conducts thorough interviews and evaluation of applicants before they are hired (Westbury, 2018). The basic requirement is that the applicant ought to have ever participated in the game he or she seeks to be a trainer. The record of the school also attracts prominent athletes who occasionally offer coaching lessons to the student-athletes. The trainers not only impart practical skills to the students, but they also give emotional guidance which is aimed at molding an all-around athlete. Westbury High School’s training grounds are some of the best within Houston. For instance, the school has three basketball courts, two lawn tennis courts, and a large marked field for track events, among others (Westbury, 2018). The ample space of the training grounds is a result of the strategic positioning of the school. The school is built on a large parcel of land hence the presence of sufficient space to allocate to various sporting events. The facilities are well-maintained by workers that are hired specifically for renovation and maintenance purposes. Additionally, the athletics department has purchased adequate training kits and equipment. The department ensures that the equipment and training kits are of good quality. Quality equipment enhances durability hence the department can concentrate on other budgetary issues. In conclusion, as depicted by Westbury High School’s athletics department, excellence in sports, particularly in athletics arises from a combination of several factors. The first thing is that the department should provide a favorable environment to the student-athletes. Westbury involves students by giving them leadership roles to make them be part of the department. The school also invests in human resource to provide training to the athletes. Remarkable of them all is the school’s capacity to provide sufficient training ground and facilities to the students.
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  • Tertiary education
    Korean Contemporary Artist Lee Bul
    Korean Contemporary Artist Lee Bul Artist Profile/background Lee Bul is one of the “Big 3 Korean artists” of the nineties and considered as the most noticeable modern-day artists from Asia. One of the highlights of her career was when she represented Korea in the Venice Biennale, a key modern art exhibition held once every two years in Venice Italy (Macgregor). She studied in Seoul at Hongik University majoring in Sculpture and graduated in 1987. She was born in 1964 in Yongwol, South Korea, a remote village where her dissenting parents went underground. She lives in Seoul currently (Sherwin). Lee Bul is regarded as a renegade in the Korean’s world of art; her works can be described as a mixture of science and art (Quaroni p. 121). She was first recognized in the late 80s because of her avant-garde street performances. Her first designs of sculptures were intended to be worn – consist of changeable overhangs and fully decorated in sequins. They can be described as a transformation that was both sensual and outlandish. By the 90s, her mutant cyber-women creations reflected a sci-fi inspiration – sculptures that have missing heads and limbs similar to the Renaissance female upper bodies (Sherwin). These sci-fi inspired works of art gained her an international reputation. William Gibson, a cyberpunk novel writer, describes Bul’s works as pointing to a chilling future where technology is less liberating than incapacitating (Sherwin p. 2). Lee Bul’s works such as drawings, performances, sculptures and installations show the concept of femaleness with regards to organic materiality as expressed in her sensational performance - from Abortion to the surreal Hydra. Her classical Cyborgs feature a mixture of post-gender figures in pop culture and feminist cyborg theory (Kim p. 1). In addition, Lee Bul has exhibited throughout the world, including her “Live Forever” exhibit which has visited The Power Plant in Toronto and the New Museum of Contemporary Art in New York. There are other museums that exhibited her works such as the Museum of Contemporary Art in Sydney, Fondation Cartier, Paris, Salamanca, Domus Artium, MAC, Japan Foundation in Tokyo, Musee d’Art Contemporain, Le Consortium Fabric Workshop, Marseille, Kunsthalle Bern in Switzerland and Museum of Modern Art in New York (Quaroni p. 121). A permanent installation of Lee Bul’s work entitled “A Fragmentary Anatomy of Every Setting Sun” was unveiled in March 2010 at the Hara Museum. Lee Bul’s largest exhibition so far was mounted in The Mori Art Museum, Tokyo in February 2012. (Quaron p. 121). She caught the public’s attention in 1997 when the artwork that she was exhibiting caused the shutdown of the exhibition because of the stinking dead fish that she intentionally included in her artwork. This incident has put her on the spot and got noticed by the patrons of the art world. She was a finalist for the Hugo Boss prize in 1998 and a prize awardee at 48th Venice Biennale in 1999 (Quaroni p. 121). Regardless of her background in a very political family, Lee Bul has never identified herself in the country’s feminist movement. However, she has been vocal about some political ideas, specifically, her observations about utopianism (Wakeling). Lee Bul’s Work Contents Lee Bul knows that nothing is perfect; however, she also knows that imperfection cannot stand in her way in chasing her dream. So she came-out with her cyborg sculptures in the 90s. She has focused to the futuristic architectural fantasies where her installations and sculptures were created from twisted metals decorated with chains and crystal beads, either hung from the ceiling resembling castles in midair or set in mirrored boxes. Beautiful yet confusing, they propose a different post-human world where the gleaming modern buildings lie in alluring disintegration (Sherwin p. 1). The last seven years were very fruitful for Lee as she was able to make a mark through her artistic but ‘beauty-gone-mad’-themed creations. Her Sternbau in the 2007 series was inspired by Architect Bruno Taut’s suggestions for a crystalline city in the Alps sometime in 1917. It is like a chandelier hanging sculpture, darkly sparkling, sprawled outwards and loaded with out-of-control ornamentation. Moreover, Lee Bul’s Heaven and Earth probe into her country’s plagued modernization. It looks like a well of horrors – unkempt, white-tiled bathroom that looks like a torture chamber and a bath full of filthy black goop. Her works mix luxury with sinister, its rotten beauty extended from the past to the future, badly dehumanizing but always captivating (Sherwin p. 2). Lee Bul’s disabled Cyborgs made a sensation among the art community in the 80s. The public was stunned by Bul’s provocative performance, creating a bustle of questions. Her cyborgs featured as hanging upturned though nude; a pregnant woman wearing a gas mask, clad in customary Korean attire and doing a fan dance; and a woman wiping her butt with newspaper but wearing a white wedding outfit. These performances have stirred the public’s attention and opened their eyes to a new sense of freedom (Mo p. 1). Thus, critics labeled her as a feminist artist. However, her advocacy to liberate women from the limitations brought by patriarchal culture and society, the label of ‘feminist’ is short-sighted. Lee Bul’s prominent presentations of cyborgs in her works reflect her view that the body is a major narrator of thought and personification of the mind. For her, the body is another self and object. Thus, she expects the masses to view her heroic cyborgs as valiant defenders of the Earth and a rescuer of anyone in serious danger (Mo p. 1). Lee Bul’s disabled cyborgs signify those who have heroically kept away the invaders of the Earth, hurt but have the maturity of an adult. Thus, Lee Bul certainly believes that the body is “another part of our existence and its present state of being” (Mo, p. 1). Lee Bul’s Cyborg and Anagram series are the result of her interest for improvement and reinvention, an obsession shared by some Asian and Western women for cosmetic surgery. The integration of feminine curves and mechanical joints show an artistic imaginary exploration of what science may offer in the future. Disabled cyborgs (some lacking heads, others lack limbs) are synonymous to Greek’s ancient statues such as Venus de Milo and Nike of Samothrace. Such works display antiquity and human evolution (Wakeling). Also, Lee Bul’s sculptures indicate anime styles, an influence she got from her penchant for Japanese animation. Her love for Japanese animation was also reflected in her creation of karaoke pods featured in her “Live Forever” exhibition. The artist’s cyborg progresses into a type of karaoke room, where a person – alone and enclosed – sings to himself or forget himself (Mo p.1). She got the concept of her karaoke pods from a karaoke place visited by people. However, she has observed that even if an individual is with a group, everyone is occupied with their own thing so the person ends singing alone. Thus, Lee Bul made a karaoke capsule for a single person. A person may be with his friends for a get together but can still remain separated like mind and body (Mo, p. 1). Lee’s karaoke pods allow visitors to experience personal private karaoke periods. Moreover, Lee Bul’s artworks present her fascination with dichotomies such as utopia and dystopia, art and bioengineering and virtual reality and investigations of modern forms of pop entertainment. Her delicate structures of systems of industrial materials like copper, aluminum chains, stainless steel and PVC are contrasted by her outlandish costumes. Her majestic splendor installation at the New York’s Museum of Modern Art displayed the slow rotting process of the live fish, revealing the different phases of death under the guise of artificial beauty. Moreover, her multimedia karaoke pods featured as futuristic racing cars look like spaceship-like coffins (Battista p. 1). Lee Bul’s use of combining innovative technologies and new media made her famous. She tries to explore through her works the different trends in feminine identify, popular culture and science fiction. The results which include “Cyborgs” and sexualized armors with female shapes but lacking several limbs, meant to identify and analyze the relationship between machines and women (Battista p. 1). Significance of Lee Bul’s works as a represent of Korean Contemporary Artist Lee Bul’s works represent the modern women of today with a new sense of freedom, whose eyes are open to the different possibilities brought by the integration of science, imagination, and modern technology. Her works personify the valiant defenders of the Earth, weary and hurt but nonstop in inspiring those who are heavily laden. It also signifies the possibility of improvements to what is existing, the integration of new media, innovative technologies and the different trends in feminine identity, popular culture and science fiction. Though Lee Bul refuses to be labeled as a feminist artist, her genuine concern to liberate women from various limitations brought by patriarchal culture and society, makes her more than a feminist artist. Her works encapsulate her unspoken desire to give the women a new fresh sense of freedom, the chance to evolve and the capacity to improve self. Her love for anime reflects her inner desire to promote change. This was embodied in her installations of disabled cyborgs and sexualized armors with female shapes – indicating that women can also be tough and brave. Lee Bul’s penchant for dichotomies reflects her open-mindedness and the initiative to show the world how the slow rotting process of death is concealed by artificial beauty. No matter how it is decorated and perfumed, it will stink eventually and reveal the true condition of a society. Lee’s piece of ‘Beware the sweetness of things (After Bruno Taut) arouse the kind of brilliance that Taut has been imagining for his huge glass house. Also this “large and brilliant” work could be a representation of Lee Bul’s vision for a more open and peaceful international relationships. Lee Bul’s works somehow echo her country’s political progression – from military dictatorship to democracy and the kind of environment where she grew up. Her works explore the possibilities of utopias and dreams, giving women the power to improve and change. She incorporates in her works the idea of constant change and that everything that is in the state of flux can be corrected by all-conquering power of imagination. She has fully displayed the understanding of imagination to reasoning and how experience can help in attaining freedom which is very important in anyone’s survival. It could be sensed that her experiences while growing up in a family with dissent parents have opened her eyes to the value of freedom and change. Her obsession for change was revealed in her works and became an advocacy for other women trapped in a world of patriarchal culture. In Lee Bul’s Body without organs, the unstable companionship is expressed. Her installations have mirrors which reflect an ancient serpent with heads intertwined like the octopus legs. Seeing this could be confusing but it sends the message of the people’s instability. Her works structure which allows viewers to look at a space into which they cannot see what is behind the glass signifies that people could be in the same space but could be separated by distance and can only be connected through their eyes and remaining traces. This could mean bringing back the history. People can only see history through their eyes and through the history’s remaining traces. Just like the history of Korea. Lee Bul always tells a story in her work through the viewer’s imaginations. Her incorporation of modern architecture and history are made possible through her use of props such as metallic netting, glass marbles and crystal jewelry. She combines luxurious with sinister to conceal the bad and the ugly and make the piece of art beautiful to the eyes of the viewers. The success gained by Lee Bul brings the Korean contemporary artists to the eyes of international art experts. This will not only pave the way to Lee Bul’s international career but will open doors for succeeding Korean artists to aim for international opportunities. The likes of Lee Bul’s elevate the status of Korean contemporary art to a higher level.
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    Article Reaction Paper
    Article Reaction Paper Name Institution Article Reaction Paper The article acknowledges the fact that most people have so many demands placed on their time and energy. Although we find our purpose in life through our children, spouses, and spiritual communities, they, however, make it difficult for us to find time for ourselves. For one to become happier and more productive, he or she needs to learn how to balance the time they spend with other people and the time that they spend to themselves. The article suggests four ways we could effectively spend our time both to ourselves as well as with other people. First, there is a need for us to look inside ourselves. The article suggests a need for us to take some time and think of how we could take care of ourselves, both emotionally as well as physically. We can do this by trying to analyze our feeding habits. One should try analyzing the number of meals consumed on a daily basis, and if he or she smokes, then there is also a need to analyze how often they smoke. Secondly, in order to effectively spend our time the article suggests a need to try and reach outside. One gets much greater joy when he/she reaches outside themselves. Reaching out in this context means being able to share with other people things that are inside you. Although to share what is inside us may take time, the rewards are however worth the efforts. Thirdly, we are encouraged to find a balance. While reaching outside ourselves might make us exhausted, and living only for ourselves may leave us empty and lonely. There is, therefore, a need to find a balance between these two. To do this, one could look at how he/she spends his/her time. Consider writing down the main activities undertaken every day. The fourth way of how to effectively spend our time is by adapting to changes. We need to finds our balance on a daily basis. Our lives can only be made healthier and more satisfying if we manage to change our life circumstances, and if can care for ourselves as much as we care for other people.
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    NTSB Party Process
    NTSB Party Process Name Institution NTSB Party Process The National Transportation Safety Board engages in a “party process” while investigating civil aviation accidents in the United States and major accidents involving other modes of transportation including highway, railway, pipelines, and marine. NTSB incorporates technical expertise from the airlines or aircraft manufacturers, Air Line Pilot Association (ALPHA) among other professional and individuals who took part in the accident and can provide expert knowledge to help in establishing the possible cause of the of the accident (National Transportation Safety Board, 2002). Every party in the investigation contributes specific information essential for transportation safety. In addition, each party or its verified representatives are allowed to assign its specialists to particular groups to assist in the investigation process. Concerning this, aircraft manufacturer can assign a structural engineer to the structures and test pilot to the operations group (Le and Lappas). This highly specialized process aims at providing an accurate and professional report that can be used to curb future accidents. One of the limitation in the NTSB party process is exemption of the litigants and claimants from serving as party members. This prohibition denies the Board opportunity of obtaining essential background information, which cannot be provided by the employed team of experts, regarding the actual cause of a particular accident. The NTSB party process is a well-organized investigation, undertaken by professionals and experts in various fields. Each of the NTSB group chair people submits a final report entailing his or her area of responsibility at the end of the on-scene phase. Through the party process, the NTSB determines the most likely cause of the accidents and recommends methods that aims at preventing future accidents or incidents. Besides, this process helps in coordinating the resources of the Federal Government and other institutions to provide the appropriate assistance to the victims and members of families affected by major accidents in transport industry.
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  • Tertiary education
    1. Is there intentional discrimination against the third parties in the USA? If yes, should it be stopped or not? Why? If no, why are they so weak and short-lived?
    Is there intentional discrimination against the third parties in the USA? If yes, should it be stopped or not? Why? If no, why are they so weak and short-lived? There is no intentional discrimination against the third parties in the USA because they are also considered legitimate political parties but the people’s impression of their being weak and not at equal footing with the Democrats or the Republicans constitute to their lesser chances of winning. However, their weakness and short life could be attributed to other factors such as limited financial resources and the mind conditioning of the Americans that US will be best governed using the two-party system1. The electoral politics of the US have been ruled by two major parties – the Democratic and the Republican. Yet, when the citizens are not happy with the political contenders that the idea of having a third alternative arises, thus, in the 1996 elections, third parties such as Reform and Green joined the electoral race2. Unfortunately, the strength of the third parties did not show much, they only got less than 5% of the total voters3. It seems that people only vote for a third-party candidate to send a message of protest to the major parties, especially that some of the third party candidates are products of the factions from either the Democrats or the Republicans over some political principles and issues. Some of the notable break-away candidates that ran as third party contenders are former Republican President Teddy Roosevelt (Bull-Moose Party), former Democrat Strom Thurmond (States’ Rights party) and another ex-democrat George Wallace (American Independent party)4. ___________________ 1Amanda Read, Odd ones out: why third parties don’t fit in the American political system, 2008. 2John F. Bibby & L. Sandy Maisel, Two parties – or more?: The American party system, 2nd edn. (Westview Press, 2003), p. 3. 3ibid. 4Third parties in American politics, accessed 27 Apr 2013, retrieved from: www.cliffsnotes.com/WileyCDA/study_guide/Third-Parties-or-America-Politics... The weakness of the third party is caused by their fewer resources, less qualified candidates, lesser press coverage and the people’s perception that they lack the legitimacy of the two prime parties7. Due to limited financial back-up that third party candidates find difficulty in staging high profile national conventions and primaries; some are even excluded in big debates. They do below par in the elections because the voting people think they are not as good as the contenders of the Democratic and the Republicans and it shows in the election results. For the third party to be successful, they must be able to convince the voters of their difference from the majority candidates and what this difference can do to outperform the ruling parties if given the chance. However, due to the scarcity of their campaign budget that they cannot sustain the initial political support they had, thus, only few voters are able to realize their worth and most people think that third party candidates do not have good chance of winning. The people’s perception about the candidate’s win-ability or being a “sure” loser costs the political wanna-be votes, as most people do not want to waste their votes to someone who is “pre-determined” to lose. That is why some third party supporters do last minute switch to other candidates8. In addition, Americans have been pre-conditioned about their own party identification since childhood, be it indirect or direct, by their family or those that surround them during their growing years. This party identification (whether as Democrats or Republicans) has been instilled in their minds and was absorbed by the person as also his own partisanship9. Parents’ ________________ 7Steven J. Rosenstone, Roy Behr & Edward H. Lazarus, Third parties in America, (Princeton University Press, 1984), p. 16. 8CPS, National Election Study, 1980 9Marjorie Hershey, Chapter 6: party identification, Party politics in America (Longman classics in political science), 14th edn. 2010, p. 102. influence on the political orientation of their child can be powerful, enough to influence his political decision even when he reaches the age of independence. Moreover, due to this mind-conditioning that some persons develop their loyalty to the party to which his parents, relatives or friends “endorsed”, although there are still others who change parties due to some turn of events. Also, certain third party candidates are discouraged by some provisions in the electoral systems10 that they would rather join the major parties than face a gloomy candidacy. On the part of the break-away candidates from partisans, they find it hard to sustain their advocacy due to limited resources and the difficulty to change the mental perception of the public regarding the independent candidates. It is a fact that major partisans have the monopoly power because the people refuse to treat the third party candidates the same status as the majority candidates. To sum it up, the reason for the third party’s weakness is not because of intentional discrimination but because of limited budget, weak candidates, lesser press coverage and the Americans’ inclination for 2-party system.
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  • Business
    How to find Joint Venture Marketing partners
    How to find Joint Venture Marketing partners Working with another company through a joint venture marketing scheme is a good business perspective especially to those companies who have limited sources but are willing to take the risk. Teaming up together and creating a new business entity with its own assets and share whatever is the outcome from the project is like offering winds beneath the wings to two businesses in accomplishing what seems to be impossible to accomplish successfully by themselves. But the question is how to find joint venture marketing partners that will click with you. There are two possible solutions to finding the right joint venture marketing partners. Firstly, look around for possible prospective partners and talk to them directly. The other is getting in touch with them through a “feeler”. A feeler usually brings out the hint, opinions or purposes of others to a group of people who might be interested into contacting you. One of the best places to find prospects is through the internet. The web provides almost everything the world offers, just search for the kind or qualities of business partners that you are looking for and they are all just a click away. Also, there are available websites where you can post your intentions and requirements. In looking for possible joint venture marketing partners, you should ask yourself the qualities of a business partner that you are looking for. Are you lacking in funds? If you want additional capital but not interested in getting business loans, then getting a moneyed business investor is what you need. Look for them in your own business milieu, or even from your direct competitors. Sometimes your competitors are just waiting to be asked for a possible merging. Teaming up with your competitor is easier than getting somebody who has no knowledge of the business at all. Industry journals are also valuable venues. Look for its advertisers who might be interested in joining the venture. Scan your circle of business associates. It is easier to tap someone who shares the same interest with you. They can be reached in conventions, conferences or seminars that you are attending. For those companies who have enough capitalization but lacks expert people to further expand the business, schools, web or some specialty institutions are possible places. The internet has websites that offers the meeting-up of freelancing service providers. You could browse on their qualifications and the businesses that they are into, and who knows, maybe he is the one that you have been looking for to team up with. Actually there are no limitations as to where you can find your possible joint venture partner. They could be your friends, or your friends, friends and so many other friends and associates out there. You just need to share your insights and visions of the joint venture that you have in mind. The best thing is to be friendly and share what you have in mind. Who knows, may be the person sitting next to you in a restaurant or airplane turns out to be your future valuable joint venture partner. Joint venture marketing and freelancers – working together to grow Joint venture marketing and freelancers working together to grow is a proof of global competitiveness. Gone were the days when all the works were confined in one area or country. Due to global competitiveness, outsourcing and off shoring are two of the competitive measures that businesses are doing to cut costs. It is either works are sent elsewhere in the world that has cheap labors or companies get the services of freelancers from all over the world to collaborate with them. For some, this is bad news but for others, this is a good opportunity. Forming good partnership is one of the keys to success. Good business partners could be found anywhere or you could just bump into each other in a conference or meeting. There are several good, expert people who are worth working with. Creating partnership with expert freelancers increases credibility and strength. Combined forces of two experts will yield to bigger projects and revenues. As the saying goes, “two heads are better than one.” This works in families but this also works in business ventures. Nowadays, almost all kinds of expertise are available in freelancing. There are freelancer writers, CAD technicians, graphic designers, web developers, illustrators, and so many others. Teaming-up with someone of your category is valuable to accomplishing certain goals. There are times when you get lots of projects but your capacity as human limits you in performing all those works. In cases like this, teaming up with a freelancer who is equally good and qualified as you can make things possible. There will be no missed work nor missed opportunity. There are also instances wherein you get an opportunity to work on a project that is not within your niche or expertise. Instead of just letting it go, why don’t tap the services of a qualified freelancer to do the job? You both earned and did not let a rare chance to be wasted. However, there are some things to consider when working with freelancers. First, make sure that you already have worked together before signing contracts. There are instances when freelancers hop from one work to another and forget your previous agreement. Also, this minimizes the risk of working with a freelancer who is not capable of doing what was intended to be done. In teaming-up with freelancers, you should figure out the distinctive roles of each other. You should be clear on things like who is responsible for getting projects and who is in charge of promoting the business and other issues. Proper communication is a must to avoid future conflicts. Communicate through phone, text, email and any other electronic means. This is especially helpful for those partners who are in distant locations. Moreover, money matters must be discussed early in the partnership. Partners should be transparent on how much each is getting or will they be dividing equally what is earned from the joint venture. And consider making a contract. Having a contract does not mean that you do not trust each other, it’s just that in times of conflicts and disagreements, a written contract can possibly shed the light.
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    Health Services Q & A Part 2
    Health Services (2) What is the correct procedure to follow if a safety breach – an injury, or personal contact with clinical waste, for example – has occurred? In cases where a safety breach such as an injury or personal contact with clinical waste has occurred, the OSH Act states that the employer must report the injury or injuries and provide first aid procedures and facilities. All serious injuries contracted during work (loss of sight, fractures), specific infectious diseases like viral hepatitis and HIV and other injuries that may prevent the worker from working for 10 consecutive days must be reported to WorkSafe (Govt. of Western Australia, 2011). Why is it important to separate waste at the point of generation? It is important to separate waste at the point of generation to reduce the risk of contaminating the personnel involved in the disposal and the public; and its potential to pollute the environment if not managed properly. The process of separation must be done at the point of generation and the separation as per type of waste must be kept during accumulation, handling, interim storage and transportation (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2005). Australia is a product of a unique blend of established traditions and new influences. Give examples of how the Australian society has changed over time. Consider the types of food, traditions, cultural diversity, and technology. The Australian society has changed over time because of the immigration and race relations. Its culture becomes multicultural and diversity was promoted, resulting to a multicultural policy recognising diversity in lifestyle (food, dress) and linguistic. The diverse migrant communities in Australia brought with them their lifestyle, food and cultural practices. An example is the invasion of the British colonists where indigenous people were dominated by force. This invasion also produced mixed European-Aboriginal descent children, where some were forcefully taken from their aboriginal mothers to be ‘civilised’ and reared in the ‘white’ society (everyculture.com, 2014). Australia is a society embracing many different cultures. These cultural differences are demonstrated and expressed in various ways. An example is the Jawoyn indigenous communities in Katherine, Northern Territory; their culture is quite different to the city culture of a capital city. Identify two (2) other cultures within Australia that are quite different from one another, and explain their differences. One is the Islamic culture in Australia. Some of the differences between Muslims and other cultures in Australia are their way of dressing, their practice of segregating men from women, the kind of foods they eat (no pork and its byproducts) and their customs and traditions in terms of marriage and burial. Muslim women generally wear hijab and cover their legs and arms. The Tiwi people or the indigenous group in Australia that live in the Tiwi islands are distinct from other cultures when it comes to their beliefs in mourning, marriage and language. The Tiwi people when mourning paint their body and require others to feed them. Body painting has been practised in the Tiwi culture as part of ceremonies since time immemorial. When it comes to marriage, their culture dictates that newborn girls are engaged to men who are at least 60 years old, but their marriage will not be consummated until the girls reach 14 years of age. Tiwi females are allowed to marry at all times because they believe that a child should not be born fatherless. When the husband dies, the girl’s new partner takes the role of father to all the children of the girl from previous marriages (Hewett et al., 1988). A person may come from a cultural background but not hold all of the same beliefs or customs as others from that background. An example is that a family may raise their children in the Jewish faith but the children may not hold this same belief themselves and may, as adults, live a life that does not uphold any of the traditional Jewish values. For example, the children might not: marry someone from the Jewish faith; celebrate Jewish festivals; speak Hebrew; follow dietary restrictions such as refraining from eating pork or shellfish.
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  • Admission
    Fashion Institute of Technology – Art History and Museum Professions
    Fashion Institute of Technology – Art History and Museum Professions What makes you a perfect candidate for FIT? Why are you interested in the major you are applying to? The essay is also your chance to tell us more about your experiences, activities, and accomplishments. (No more than 750 words, please.) If you are a transfer student, you will be prompted to submit information about your in-progress courses, including course name and numbering and the name of the school you are currently attending. I have always believed that passion unleashes a person’s creativity and when this happens, success is within reach. My interest in art history stemmed from the cleverness of my history teacher in the elementary who creatively taught Korean history using funny stories rather than following the conventional way of narrating the events chronologically. This has caught my interest and drove me to reading more books and visiting museums and art museums, without me knowing that I was already developing my passion to arts. The work of art of Shin Yun-bok, Miindo (18C), which I saw at the Kansong Museum was a revelation of many things, such as the artist’s ingenuity as he was able to produce fantastic colors even in a period where colors were still being explored, done at a time when genre painting was becoming popular, and a manifestation of the museum curator’s great skills in keeping the artwork in good condition despite the years. I also admired how Kansong took the initiative and the risk to prevent the removal of Korean cultural properties by the Japanese during the Japanese occupation era. These observations further lured me to arts and decided to intern at Seoul Historical Museum and did curator works during my second year of high school. And these exposures finally sealed my decision on what to major and what career to pursue. To prepare for the Art History and Museum Professions major, I went to New York and explored various arts and aesthetics such as those found in musical, movies, fashion and auction. It was overwhelming to be in New York and actually see and feel the works of arts that I only see between the pages of the books, museums and art museums. This further bolstered my enthusiasm to apply to the Fashion Institute of Technology to keep abreast of the developments in the world of arts and fashion. I want to learn more of what I love and passionate about. I am ecstatic just at the thought that I will be seeing and learning more about arts once I am accepted and set foot at FIT’s museum. I am such an inquisitive person and my inquisitiveness is not confined to just learning about a work of art but goes all the way to putting to practical use my learnings. I also want to explore the possibilities of putting up a business related to art or open exhibitions that compare the eastern and western art works from the same era. I am a perfect candidate for FIT because my fascination for the work of arts motivates me to also want to collaborate with your experts in bringing arts closer to the people. At the BMCC, I took Art 102 (Survey of Art History 1) and Art 104 (Survey of Art History 2) and these courses helped me in understanding the history of arts from the ancient to modern times. However, I felt like I was yearning for more. The two courses covered the arts history in general and I was hoping to learn more of it based on the arts produced per generation and per classification of art. I also took Art 174 (Painting Studio 1) and the course gave me a peek of the perspectives of the artists. I am looking forward to getting accepted at FIT so I can take classes in Art in New York, Modern Art and History and Meaning of Museum and learn more about art history and correlate it with the experiences I would be gaining being in New York, a city that never sleeps because of its vast areas of art events and cultural shows. I have been aspiring to become a Museum Curator and an Art professor and I am positive that these aspirations will finally meet its realization through FIT. My passion in art is not limited to just learning the different art histories in all ages but also to spread its development and success to the new generations so they can better appreciate how these beautiful creations came to being. I am positive that I can best utilize my skills in a learning environment whose experts and students share the same passion as mine. With your utmost commitment to creativity and diversity, I am certain that I can achieve my visions.
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    Technology
    Student’s Name Professor’s Name Course Date Sheldon Wolin, “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” Introduction Sheldon Wolin on “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” is concerned with the political uses and significance of democracy in regard to two entirely opposed ideas that illustrate two equally contrasting states of affairs (Wolin, 29). First, Woldin states that democracy represents of government and political authority normally referred to as a constitution. Second, he speaks of the revolution, unsettling political movement. According to Woldin, the constitution symbolizes the repression of the revolution, while the revolution the demolition of the constitution. The two opposing notions are interlinked by democracy. There is a great need to reconceived democracy not as a type of government, it should be defined as a form of being that is as a result of bitter incidents, and is destined to temporarily succeed (Wolin, 43). Democracy is a rebellious and political moment that assumes destructive and revolutionary proportions. Democracy in Ancient Times Traditionally, democracy has been defined as a type of government in which citizens are vested with supreme power. A democratic state is characterized with proper equality of privileges and rights, social or political equality, and a democratic spirit. The main role of democracy was to transform politics in speech and sight, make power visible, and make decision making open so that ordinary men could have power. Over a period of time, democratic theorists such as Woldin, have primarily concerned themselves with examining the meaning and definition of the notion of democracy, while simultaneously focusing on its obligations, moral foundations, challenges, and general allure of a democratic governance. Democracy in the modern world cannot be perceived as a whole political system, provided with the great potentialities of modern power forms, and its impact on the natural and social world (Wolin, 42). Modern Democracy There is a great difference between facets of democracy in the organizational impulses of modern and ancient constitutionalism. Democracy from primeval to modern times has allegedly weakened the power of law, and the practice of compliance to government. Initially, demos were used to change the political art practice where the elite competed for office and honors. Currently, demos are used to reverse the worldwide trends of institutionalized power systems to benefit a few and exploit many citizens (Wolin, 48). The rupture between modern and ancient democracy conceptions should be considered as the needed foundation for the development of modern democracy. This is because the social complexity, large populations, and great physical dimensions make the politics of a small polis old-fashioned. Conclusion There is a need to renew democracy through relying on voluntary associations. “Voluntary associations are often see as a key to enhancing political participation in the wider community” (Eikenberry, 7). Ordinary citizens have the capability of developing new cultural patterns of unity at any moment. People who use their power for improved healthcare, better schools, safer water, low income housing among others are (without their knowledge) renewing the democracy. “Philanthropic supporters enable the provision of a broad array of activities and activities that may not be provided otherwise” (Eikenberry, 16). Self- governing and independent voluntary associations should always replace hierarchical corporate authorities. This provides the affected interests with voices, hence promoting government through consent in the entire society, and not just in the state. Through such actions, the state complexity will be reduced and the ancient democratic representative mechanisms shall be able to function effectively.
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    Health Services Q & A Part 2
    Health Services (2) What is the correct procedure to follow if a safety breach – an injury, or personal contact with clinical waste, for example – has occurred? In cases where a safety breach such as an injury or personal contact with clinical waste has occurred, the OSH Act states that the employer must report the injury or injuries and provide first aid procedures and facilities. All serious injuries contracted during work (loss of sight, fractures), specific infectious diseases like viral hepatitis and HIV and other injuries that may prevent the worker from working for 10 consecutive days must be reported to WorkSafe (Govt. of Western Australia, 2011). Why is it important to separate waste at the point of generation? It is important to separate waste at the point of generation to reduce the risk of contaminating the personnel involved in the disposal and the public; and its potential to pollute the environment if not managed properly. The process of separation must be done at the point of generation and the separation as per type of waste must be kept during accumulation, handling, interim storage and transportation (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2005). Australia is a product of a unique blend of established traditions and new influences. Give examples of how the Australian society has changed over time. Consider the types of food, traditions, cultural diversity, and technology. The Australian society has changed over time because of the immigration and race relations. Its culture becomes multicultural and diversity was promoted, resulting to a multicultural policy recognising diversity in lifestyle (food, dress) and linguistic. The diverse migrant communities in Australia brought with them their lifestyle, food and cultural practices. An example is the invasion of the British colonists where indigenous people were dominated by force. This invasion also produced mixed European-Aboriginal descent children, where some were forcefully taken from their aboriginal mothers to be ‘civilised’ and reared in the ‘white’ society (everyculture.com, 2014). Australia is a society embracing many different cultures. These cultural differences are demonstrated and expressed in various ways. An example is the Jawoyn indigenous communities in Katherine, Northern Territory; their culture is quite different to the city culture of a capital city. Identify two (2) other cultures within Australia that are quite different from one another, and explain their differences. One is the Islamic culture in Australia. Some of the differences between Muslims and other cultures in Australia are their way of dressing, their practice of segregating men from women, the kind of foods they eat (no pork and its byproducts) and their customs and traditions in terms of marriage and burial. Muslim women generally wear hijab and cover their legs and arms. The Tiwi people or the indigenous group in Australia that live in the Tiwi islands are distinct from other cultures when it comes to their beliefs in mourning, marriage and language. The Tiwi people when mourning paint their body and require others to feed them. Body painting has been practised in the Tiwi culture as part of ceremonies since time immemorial. When it comes to marriage, their culture dictates that newborn girls are engaged to men who are at least 60 years old, but their marriage will not be consummated until the girls reach 14 years of age. Tiwi females are allowed to marry at all times because they believe that a child should not be born fatherless. When the husband dies, the girl’s new partner takes the role of father to all the children of the girl from previous marriages (Hewett et al., 1988). A person may come from a cultural background but not hold all of the same beliefs or customs as others from that background. An example is that a family may raise their children in the Jewish faith but the children may not hold this same belief themselves and may, as adults, live a life that does not uphold any of the traditional Jewish values. For example, the children might not: marry someone from the Jewish faith; celebrate Jewish festivals; speak Hebrew; follow dietary restrictions such as refraining from eating pork or shellfish.
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  • Tertiary education
    Genetically modified organisms (GMO)
    GMO How are genetically modified organisms different from non-genetically modified organism? Genetically modified organisms are animals, plants and other organisms whose genetic composition was altered using genetic recombination and modification techniques performed in a laboratory. On the other hand, non-GMO organisms are those organisms that are produced naturally and were not modified (the organic & non organic report 2017; rumiano cheese 2011 & non-gmoproject 2016). The recent acts of activist intent on destruction of research plots included plants altered by molecular as well as classical genetic techniques. Is it possible to distinguish between plants altered by classical genetics and those altered by modern techniques? If it’s possible, how is it done?  It is possible and it can be distinguished by checking the DNA of the organism. Thion et al. 2002 conducted an experiment on how to extract/purify DNA of soybeans to check if the sample was transgenic and had undergone extraction and purification. The checking can be done through the use of a microscopic technology. Meanwhile, Schreiber (2013) adds that the detection could be done through a biochemical means where the present GMO will be measured. In isolating and amplifying a piece of DNA, the technique using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is used to make millions of copies of the strands of the DNA. It is easier to see visually the altered and non-altered DNA if there are millions of copies of the DNA. What safeguards are in place to protect Americans from unsafe food? Are these methods science-based? Mention at least 2 methods. The US government safeguards the Americans from unsafe foods through the FDA or US Food and Drug Administration. Their methods are science-based, i.e. its whole genome sequencing technology and its measures in controlling microbial hazards. The whole genome sequencing technology is used by the FDA in identifying pathogens isolated from food. The FDA also safeguards foods by controlling microbial hazards through the process of elimination of growth and reduction of growth. The elimination methods are either through heating or freezing while the reduction of growth method involves the use of acidity, temperature and water activity. (Bradsher et al. 2015, pp. 85 – 86; FDA 2007; FDA 2013). Name at least 10 examples of harm to citizens from unsafe food. What percentage of these illnesses was caused by genetically modified organisms? If so, mention any example Some examples of harm to people from unsafe foods are harmful diseases extending from diarrhea to cancer caused by eating foods contaminated with viruses, bacteria, chemical substances and parasites. Around 600 million people around the world fell ill after consumption of contaminated food; diarrheal diseases cause around 125,000 death of children 0-5 years of age (WHO 2015). Based on the studies made by IRT (2011), foods from genetically modified organisms cause damage to the immune system, gastrointestinal and other organs, infertility and accelerated aging. These happen because residue or bits of materials of the GMO food can be left inside the person’s body, which eventually can cause long-term problems. Statistics show that in 9 years after the introduction of GMOs in the market, Americans who had chronic illnesses rose from 7 to 13% and other diseases such as digestive problems, autism, and reproductive disorders are rising (IRT 2011).
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  • Tertiary education
    ‘Globalisation is good’ or ‘is it not?’
    ‘Globalisation is good’ or ‘is it not?’ Globalisation is good because it opens doors of opportunities to many. It was the reason for the broad and speedy worldwide interconnectedness of the current social life – from cultural to criminal and from financial to spiritual. This is synonymous to having a borderless world but critics argue stating that globalisation has in fact disconnected the world from its national geographical divisions – the countries (Yoong & Huff 2007). Although some are discounting the benefits of globalisation to the world, I still consider globalisation to be the driving force in the global partnerships between companies that created more opportunities and jobs. The world trade may have plunged, the dollar dwindled, commodities slumped, but overall, globalisation has brought good to the peoples of the world. Globalisation through the internet has unlocked the doors to the sharing of cultures, knowledge, goods and services between peoples of all countries and the modern technologies lifted the barriers for accommodating a speedy transfer. The case of Inditex in marketing their Zara brand globally manifests that in business, one formula does not fit all. Every country has its own culture and styles and a business that is going global must do their homework well before entering the new market. Inditex’s Zara brand was a success to the Europeans but struggles in America and still trying their luck with the Chinese. But despite of these differences, the company is still considering going global because they needed new markets and they knew they will be opening bigger opportunities and jobs to more people (La Coruna 2012). Moreover, globalisation has also done well to the manufacturing sector. Statistics show that the global industrial output in 2010 registered fifty-seven times more than the production in the 1900. Also, globalisation has changed the way things are produced. The manufacturers going global take advantage of the skills and the costs of producing products in different countries. This means that the design of the product may be done in the US, manufactured in China or Taiwan then assembled in the Philippines. So every item – be it an iPad, a doll or a washing machine is collaboratively produced by the best skilled workers in the world at the lowest labor cost (The economist 2012). Consequently, since the product was a collaboration of different countries so it can be also marketed and patronized in those countries (The economist 2012). However, there are some who are openly argues that it failed to deliver the many publicized benefits to the poor. A Filipino economist, Walden Bello, coins a new term to describe the present global economic situation as caused by “deglobalisation” due to the downturn of the economies of big countries such as Singapore, Taiwan, Germany, Japan and Brazil. However, the poor countries are the ones that show faster growth than the rich countries, making globalisation still good because of the opportunities it gives to the needy. On the other hand, Dunning, et al (2007) claims that the current inclinations in the global economy reflect a more distributed rather than a geographical sharing of multi-national enterprise activity and foreign direct investments and to the carrying-out of transactions that are globally oriented. Contrary to the common beliefs, globalisation is not a new thing in the global business world. According to McMahon (2004) it existed since the late parts of the fifteenth century when a society of nations consisting of the countries in Northern Europe entered the rest of the world through exploration, trade and then conquest. This process which involves the exploitation of wealth and power by the European voyagers lead to industrialization in Britain, then mass international industrialization and eventually globalisation (McMahon 2004). Sheel (2005) adds that the interchange of technology and markets between countries have been among the first human innovations since the most primitive times. Globalisation was termed that time as “exchange” where the country’s surpluses were exchanged with other surpluses of peoples from other countries. This old system of exchange was developed, continued to grow and increased to greater heights in the modern times (Waters 2001 as cited in van Krieken, et al 2006). Robertson (2003) asserts that globalisation is inherent in people, motivated by their desire for self-interest and cooperation for survival. The author theorizes that globalisation existed due to the encouragement of interconnectedness by the social, political, economic and technological growths performing as catalysts for both local and global developments (Robertson 2003). Robertson (2003) claims that globalisation has emerged in three waves – during the 1500 to 1800 for the first wave, 18th century up to the 20th century for the second wave and the third wave is after the World War 2. However, Sheel (2008) categorizes globalisation in four phases – the 1st phase took place on the 16th century, the 2nd phase on the late 18th century, the 3rd phase during the 19th to 20th century and the fourth phase is during the end of the 20th century. According to the analysis of Robertson (2003), the first wave (1500 to 1800) saw the upsurge of colonization, invasion, imperialism, misery of the indigenous people, migration and changes in politics, economy and culture. The first wave has encouraged the creation of interconnectedness between peoples, countries and cultures, as instigated by commerce and trade. The second phase (18th to 20th century) was characterized by the start of Industrial Revolution, paving the way for industrialization and increase of income and profits especially to those who had technological skills. The trade routes created during the first wave were utilized by the manufacturers in sourcing their raw materials from other countries. However, by the end of the second wave, civil conflicts in many countries arose, same with the unfortunate events of World Wars 1 and 2 and the Great Depression. The third phase of globalisation transpired after World War 2. This was the phase when European economies were down whilst USA was enjoying a flourishing economy with tough industrial foundation and strong military. The latter part of the third phase (during the middle of the 20th century), the growth of globalisation was challenged by the emergence of communist ideology and the military force of Soviet Union. This challenge resulted to cold war between USA and Soviet Union where Soviet Union collapsed in 1989 (Robertson 2003). In addition to Robertson’s analysis, Sheel (2005) adds that there exists a fourth phase of globalisation that happened during the end of the 20th century where countries the developing and developed countries merged as partners in cross border trade and investments, stimulating the convergence of India and China. However, issues about globalisation’s worthiness have surfaced, some critics consisting of anti-globalisation groups argue that globalisation in corporate organisations have increased povery and inequality (Engler 2007). A study was made by World Value Survey regarding globalisation and 57% of the survey respondents consider globalisation as good. Most of the approving respondents were optimistic that globalisation would encourage the improvement of the workers’ working conditions, economic equality, global peace, global stability and human rights (Leiserowitz, et al 2006). But still, anti-globalisation groups insist that poverty, homelessness and environmental destruction will be highlighted if globalisation continues as it only centers on increasing trade and investment but ignores environmental protections and human rights (Engler 2007). But Edwards & Usher (2008) comment that the argument of the anti-globalisation groups are only superficial because despite their protests against globalisation they still engage in globalisation practices such the use of computers, internets and mobiles in their dissemination of their opposition. This manifests that these protesters are only selective in their opposition. They are not against the good effects of globalisation in communication but only on the aspect of capitalism. The inequality of wealth and poverty is one of the issues that plagued globalisation where critics claim that it makes the poor countries poorer and the rich countries richer as they exploit and amass the wealth of the minority country. But Holmes, et al (2007) reason that there is really a big difference on the distribution of benefits as the developed country provides the money or the capital whilst the developing country (minority) offers its resources and labor. This set-up ends-up with the developed country that provided the financial capitalization getting the bigger share of the profit. However, one aspect of globalisation that really brought good benefits to the people is the technological globalisation. Dahlman (2007) describes technological globalisation as the development of knowledge and skills through research by capable engineers and scientists and offering them to countries that have no inventive capability. The acquisition of these inventions by other countries enables them of acquiring technological transfer. Technologies can be transferred through technical assistance, direct foreign investment, importation of goods and components of products, licensing, copying and reverse engineering (Dahlman 2007). The advancement of communication technology through networking has opened more opportunities and economic growth. In addition, the video of Johan Norberg entitled “Globalisation is good – the case of Taiwan” illustrates the importance of globalisation in uplifting the poor conditions of poor countries. The video presented two former poor countries – Taiwan and Kenya – and compare and contrast what have they become 50 years after. Taiwan became 20 times progressive than Kenya whilst Kenya remained a poor country. Norberg explains that the reason for this difference is the globalisation that Taiwan embraced 50 years ago. Taiwan allowed capitalists to invest in their country whilst they provide the resources and labor. Moreover, Taiwan allowed the integration of their economy to the global trade whilst Kenya continued to shun globalisation. The video also presented the value of the multinational companies like Nike that employs the labor force of Vietnam in their sweatshop. Instead of being exploited, the Vietnamese were given good working conditions, high salaries and more benefits. Contrary of the claim of anti-globalisation groups that multinational investors will only exploit local workers, Vietnamese workers were given the opportunity to rise from their poverty through the works provided for them by globalisation. Conclusion: Contrary to what most people believe, globalisation has been in existence since time immemorial through surplus “exchange” and though the people were not yet privy to the term, they were already using the method of globalisation in their interconnection with other people’s business and lives. Now that the term globalisation is out in the open, people all around the world become mindful of each other’s affairs and consequences, disapproving how the system of globalisation makes the rich countries richer and the poor countries poorer. But as Norberg (2012) has seen it, globalisation is good as it intends to improve productivity and working condition. Though critics argue that it only exploits and amass the wealth of the poor country, Norberg was right when he said that if it is exploitation, then the world’s problem is by not exploiting the poor properly. The case of Taiwan and Kenya is already an eye-opener to those who still shut the door to globalisation. There may be ups and downs in the world of business but it cannot be blamed everything to globalisation because globalisation is only a method of interaction and not the one that is making the business or the deal. Globalisation through the internet has opened the doors to the sharing of cultures, knowledge, goods and services between peoples of all countries and the modern technologies lifted the barriers for accommodating a speedy transfer. The case of Inditex in marketing their Zara brand globally manifests that in business, one formula does not fit all. Every country has its own culture and styles and a business that is going global must be well prepared before entering the new market. Inditex’s Zara brand was a success to the Europeans but struggles in America and still trying their luck with the Chinese. But despite of these differences, the company is still considering going global because they needed new markets and they knew they will be opening bigger opportunities and jobs to more people. This proves that globalization brings good to many but one must know how to diversify and take advantage of the various benefits of globalization to reach greater success in the future.
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  • Admission
    George Washington University: International Business
    George Washington University: International Business Essay Prompt 1: At George Washington University, our students frequently interact with policymakers and world leaders. These experiences and those of our alumni can shape the future of global affairs. If you had the power to change the course of history in your community or the world, what would you do and why? When BBC confirmed the process towards the Korea reunification through their breaking news in 2018, I was among those who overjoyed. And who would not? Anderson Cooper confirmed that South and North Korea were going to sign a reunification agreement that day, an indication that all the years of tension and conflict between the two Koreas would be finally put behind. Finally, the Korean Peninsula would soon be a hub of peace. As a Korean, my desire to the reunification and the promotion of peace throughout the world has led me to dream to become the South Korean Secretary of Foreign Affairs someday so I can smooth out all the problems and hindrances towards the realization of the unification. However, not everyone was in favor of the reunification; and mostly, the younger South Koreans disagree with the idea as they were afraid of the consequences such as the cost that the South Koreans would have to shoulder and the political arrangement that the two leaders would have to arrange. But if I had the power to change the course of history, I would accelerate all the process while all the current political leaders involved in the reunification, namely, President Trump and the two leaders of South and North Koreas are talking and determined to realize the unification. I will use the media and the citizens of the two Koreas in expediting the process and in telling the whole world that they are brothers and should remain as one.
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  • Tertiary education
    Explicit Teaching
    Explicit Teaching Introduction Not all students are equal. Some are fast learners; others need assistance while others are unruly – not because they are doing it intentionally, but because they are suffering from learning disabilities causing hyperactivity, inattention and impulsiveness. Some adjustments are needed in the learning environment and these adjustments should be tailored based on the individual learning needs of the students. Explicit teaching provides active communication and interaction between the student and the teacher and it involves direct explanation, modeling and guided practice (Rupley & Blair 2009). This paper will demonstrate Explicit Teaching applied to a class scenario with students suffering from a learning disability known as Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity. Furthermore, a lesson will be developed featuring an example of an explicit teaching approach showing how to differentiate the lesson to meet the needs of every student, with or without learning disability before finally concluding. 2A: ET Creating a Scenario One of the learning disabilities encountered is AD/HD or Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, a neurological disorder that is likely instigated by biological factors that impact chemical messages (neurotransmitters) in some specific parts of the brain. In this type of learning disability, the parts of the brain that control reflective thought and the restriction of ill-considered behavior are affected by the slight imbalances in the neurotransmitters (ADCET 2014). AD/HD is characterized by hyperactivity, inattention and impulsiveness. Students with ADHD are those who never seem to listen, cannot sit still, do not follow instruction no matter how clear the instructions are presented to them, or those who just interrupt others and blurt-out improper comments at improper times. Moreover, these students are oftentimes branded as undisciplined, troublemakers or lazy (NHS 2008). In managing students with AD/HD, some adjustments in the learning environment are needed and these adjustments should be tailored based on the individual needs of the student. It should be noted that persons with AD/HD have different manifestations and the nature of disability as well as its effect on the student’s learning also vary (ADCET 2014). Direct instruction is considered as one of the best approaches in teaching students with AD/HD, but it must be used skilfully and the teacher should think of strategies to prevent it from becoming boring. Killen (2003) states that in using direct instruction, the teacher should emphasise teaching in small steps so the student will be able to practice every step and their practice will be guided to come-up with high level of success. In teaching a student with AD/HD, creative presentation of course material is advisable and this could be done through the use of visual aids and hands-on experience to stimulate the student’s senses. The teacher may use personal stories such as the student’s ideas and experiences (Killen (2003). It will also help if the teacher encourages the student with AD/HD to sit in front or near in front of the classroom to limit distractions (Tait 2010). Telling the student of what the teacher wants him to learn or be able to do – such as reading, writing, etc. - will help in the student’s better understanding of the lesson. In presenting the lesson, the teacher should present the lesson at a pace that the student can handle, such as not too slow or too fast. Important points should be emphasised so the student will realise its significance. To check if the student understands the lesson, the teacher may ask questions and if the student cannot answer, the teacher should re-explain everything that the student gets confused with. New words or new terms should be explained through examples. Assigning colors to different objects is a good visual aid in processing visual information. To help the student with AD/HD process written material, the teacher may use various verbal descriptions as possible. A list of acronyms and terms will also help, as well as a variety of teaching formats like films, flow charts or handouts. At the end of the lesson, a summary should be given, stressing the important points of the lesson. 2B: ET Lesson PlanKey Learning Area: Math Stage: 7 Year level: Year 7 Unit/Topic: Algebra Learner Outcomes: This lesson focuses in essential algebraic topics intended to prepare students for the study of Algebra and its applications. Students are introduced to topics involving mathematical operations with whole numbers, decimals and integers. Upon completion of this lesson, students are expected to answer and use mathematical language to show understanding; use reasoning to identify mathematical relationships; and continue and be familiar with repeating patterns. Indicators: At the end of the lesson, students are able to recognise what comes next in repeating patterns, identify patterns used in familiar activities, recognise an error in a pattern, able to simplify algebraic fractions, factorise quadratic expressions and operate with algebraic expressions. Resources: Whiteboard, colored visual aids, workbooks and class notes where the procedures are listed. Prior Knowledge: Students possess basic math knowledge (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division). They also have basic understanding of the terms such as whole numbers, positive, negative, decimals and integers. Assessment Strategies: To assess the students’ learning, students will be asked to do mathematical operations. Their answers will be checked, marked and recorded; and those who are unable to answer correctly will be asked what is it that they are getting confused. For students with learning disability, their computations will be checked and evaluated. Comments will be recorded in a record book regarding the student’s performance.
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  • Tertiary education
    Ethical Promotion Paper (Nursing)
    Ethical Promotion Paper In today’s globalization, the use of electronic health record significantly helps in sharing patient’s information to other healthcare providers across health organizations for patient’s better access to health care, decrease of costs and improvement of the quality of care (Ozair et al. 2015). However, the increasing use of electronic health record of patients over paper records sometimes generates ethical issues that should be given attention. Nurses are bound to follow the Code of Ethics and sharing of patient information, even digitally, should be done within the right conduct. This paper will discuss the article written by Ozair, Jamshed, Sharma & Aggrawal (2015) entitled, “Ethical issues in electronic health records: a general overview”, which was published in Perspectives in Clinical Research. My thoughts on the role that health care professionals should play in resolving the said ethical issue will also be discussed, as well as the specific theory that will support my position. Article’s Summary Ozair et al. (2015) aimed to explore the ethical issues created in the use of electronic health record (EHR), as well as to discuss its possible solutions. Although the use of digital health record could improve the patient’s quality of healthcare and decrease cost, transferring or sharing information through digital technology poses hazards that could lead to security breaches and endanger safety of information. When the patient’s information or health data are shared to others without the patient’s consent, then their autonomy is put at risk. Electronic health record contains the patient’s health data including his/her medical diagnoses, history, immunization dates, treatment plans and laboratory results. Every person has the right to privacy and confidentiality and his information can only be shared if he permits it or dictated by law. If the information was shared because of clinical interaction, then that information should be treated as confidential and be protected. The confidentiality of information can be protected by allowing only the authorized personnel to have access. Thus, the users are identified and assigned with passwords and usernames. However, these may not be enough to protect the confidentiality of the patient’s information and stronger policies on security and privacy are needed to secure the information. According to a survey, around 73% of doctors communicate with other doctors through text about work and when mobile devices get lost or stolen, the confidentiality of the information about patients are put at stake. Hence, security measures such as intrusion detection software, antivirus software and firewalls should be used to protect the integrity of data and maintain patient’s confidentiality and privacy. When patient data is transferred, there is a possibility of the data getting lost or destructed especially when errors are made during the “cut and paste” process. The integrity of data may also be compromised when the physician uses drop down menu and his/her choices become limited due to the choices available in the menu, causing him/her to select the wrong choice, thus, leading to huge errors. However, the authors claim that these ethical issues can be resolved through the creation of an effective EHR system, involving clinicians, educators, information technologies and consultants in the development and implementation of the ERH system. My Thoughts on the role of health care professionals The role of health care professionals is vital in ensuring that the right of patients to privacy and confidentiality are observed even in the use of electronic health record (EHR). Patient’s human rights in care include their rights to confidentiality and privacy (Cohen & Ezer 2013). To ensure that there will be no ethical issues created in the use of EHR, health care professionals should be properly informed about the importance of the system, as well as the ethical issues that could arise if the rights of the patient are not properly observed. Hence, it is vital that the knowledge of the health care professionals regarding the right implementation of EHR starts from their education curriculum, as well as in their continuous training and nurses’ participation in the workflow of EHR (Koolaee, Safdan & Bouraghi 2015). Computer literacy is a must for health care professionals to ensure that the sharing of health data information are not lost or destructed during the process and medical errors are not committed. Conclusion The use of electronic health record improves and increases efficiency in patient care, as well as patients’ access to care across health organizations. However, health care professionals should never ignore the rights of patients to their privacy and confidentiality so they should be properly informed if ever there is a need for their health data information to be shared to others to avoid ethical issues. List of References Cohen J. & Ezer T. (2013). ‘Human rights in patient care: a theoretical and practical
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