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    Name Tutor Course Date Short Story Analysis Introduction Annie Proulx waited until she was 76 years to start writing. However, she was always a reader when young, and enjoyed reading books based on their cover colors. She, like the rest of her family constantly read. When Proulx joined school in her advanced years, her reading culture greatly helped her. She progressed to become an award-winning author of Shipping News, and short stories such as Brokeback Mountain. Proulx has an outstanding talent for seizing the American West spirit in beautiful, dangerous, magical and biting prose. She has her own unique style of writing that leaves her readers engrossed to her novels and short stories. Proulx strongly shines in her short stories. Common Themes in Brokeback Mountain and A Lonely Coast Both stories focus on loneliness and all types of wrong loves. Brokeback focuses on two wandering ranch-hands in the 1960s, Jack and Ennis. They acquire a summer work on Brokeback Mountain (Wyoming). The two find themselves thrown together at the same place and are both frustrated and lonely. Jack and Ennis discover that their relationship has developed deeper and is more that the “normal friendship” as they have sex. It a revelatory and glorious experience that is safeguarded from the disapproval of the society. Jane and Ennis remain unhappily married for the rest of their lives, however they constantly make effort to see each other during “fishing trips” (Needham, 94). They frequently yearn to relive the brief moments of truth and happiness. Concomitantly, A lonely coast also focuses on the lives of lonely women in society. The narrator describes how she chooses to leave her husband to whom she has been married for 9 years. She found her husband having sex with a fifteen year old daughter of their servant (Prouxl, 112). The narrator also describes the unfortunate experiences of Josanna Skiles who is about to lose her husband and job. The stories are a lyrical analysis of a multifaceted tangle of emotions such as loneliness, jealousy, anger, sexual longing. In Brokeback Mountain, it is evident that Jack and Ennis have intense sexual longing for each other (Stacy, 152). The two fell in love at a period where they were both lonely and frustrated, and developed complex emotions towards each other. For example, Ennis constantly see Jack in his dream as seen in the story, “He might have to stay with his married daughter until he picks up another job, yet he is suffused with a sense of pleasure because Jack Twist was in his dream” (Proulx, 2). Concomitantly, A Lonely Coast is full of women who are lonely, and angry from the frustrations brought to them by their husbands. The women also engage in romance and sex with violent men. For example, the narrator states “but people here are always handshaking, patting, smooching, caressing, enfolding” (Rood, 176). Both stories portray the role of men in society. Men appear macho and masculine in the stories. Proulx has extraordinary knowledge on males which she transfers to her readers. She speaks of the bodies, wary companionship, and roughness with lyrical respect. As seen in Brokeback Mountain “Both high school dropout country boys with no prospects, brought up to hard work and privation, both rough-mannered, rough- spoken, inured to the stoic life” (Prouxl, 294). The two stories seem to glorify men who are masculine and also elaborate the macho society in which women found themselves in the two stories. In a nut shell, the two stories focus on hard times and desperation set in a brutal but magnificent landscape. The characters in the two stories are encompassed by flights of desire and fancy, and details of rural and ranch work. Moreover, the characters juxtapose Wyoming’s attitudes and character- this entails confrontation of prejudice, tough problems and persistence in times of trouble and other benevolent morals of the new west. Literary Elements Common in the Two Stories Proulx uses symbolism and imagery in the two stories. For example, the title Brokeback Mountain symbolizes all that took place between the two men during summer in 1963 and all that they have lost ever since. This is demonstrated when Jack says “what we got now is Brokeback Mountain” (Stacy, 76). The term Brokeback Mountain implies the thoughts, emotions and acts that he and Ennis share. Concurrently, the title A Lonely Coast symbolizes the lonely vacation that the narrator and her husband once took at the Oregon coast. The coast was lonely just like Wyoming apart for one thing “Up the lonely coast a stuttering blink warned ships away.  I said to Riley that was what we needed in Wyoming – lighthouses.  He said no, what we needed was a wall around the state and turrets with machine guns in them” (Dale, 1). Proulx also uses imagery in her two works. She describes Wyoming as place with unyielding soil, harsh spaces, blistering summers, and deadly winters. The writer appears very familiar with Wyoming, her knowledge does not come merely through living in Wyoming, but through the infrared that allows few authors to gain vivid sight in the shadowy of the imagination. Conclusively, both short stories bears Proulx’s brand of hard irony, hard weather, hard drama and soft and hard characters blown about and several times destroyed by the intense mix. The stories are admirable, she has artful sentences, and passionately writes. She nicely disrupts the Old West mythology. Works Cited Dale. “Annie Proulx Week, Day 6- A Lonely Cosat.” Mirror with Clouds (2015): 1-2. Needham, G. Brokeback Mountain. Edinburgh: Edinburgh Univ. Press, 2008. Print. Prouxl, Annie. Close Range: Wyoming Stories. New York: Pocket Books, 2000. Proulx, Annie. Brokeback Mountain. London: Fourth Estate, 1998. Print. Rood, Karen Lane. Understanding Annie Proulx. New York: Univ of South Carolina Press, 2001. Stacy, James. Reading Brokeback Mountain: Essays on the Story and the Film. Jefferson, N.C: McFarland, 2007.
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    Short Questions: Anthropology Question 1 A concrete metaphor is used in making comparison between two unlike items or ideas. For example, Mary was a naive girl who thought life was a fashion show. This metaphor “life is a fashion show” in the sentence explains that Mary thought life was easy. However, in real sense life is full of challenges and ups and downs. The metaphor has provided an opposite comparison of Mary’s perspective and reality. Question 2 The political anatomy of many American classrooms is liberal. The classrooms are structured in a way that promotes creativity and individuality. For example, every individual normally have their own chair and this allows a person to individually focus on their work. Interestingly, the classroom also promotes teamwork. The chairs are closely arranged and this allows students to engage with one another when in need of help. The seats are also arranged in a manner that allows the students to keenly focus on the teacher. Therefore, the “proper” values taught in the American classrooms are autonomy, discipline, teamwork, focus, creativity and honesty. Question 3 Many white men felt very safe around Robin Kelley when he had his long hair. He was one of the few black or coloured men that white people trusted. However, this drastically changed when he decided to shave his hair. Robin Kelley was purchasing a ticket at a movie theatre when the cashier mistakenly confused him for a robber as he had cut his hair. Race, hair and gender played a significant part in shaping Kelley’s identity after he cut his hair. Black was often associated as the “colour of crime”, additionally, the white dreaded black bald men and associated them with violence. Question 4 The Cannibal Dance teaches the Kwakwaka'wakw children several moral and social lessons. The dance consists of both outer and inner aspects of the community that immensely inspire the Kwakwaka’wakw children. It teaches the children the moral value of purity, and how to make life instead of destroying it. Moreover, it also inspires some social values to the children. According to the dance, the Kwakwaka'wakw children need to be united or unified with the society. The song is also characterized with dominant symbols such as masks and costumes that teach the children to be in close contact with jural and ethical norms of their community. Question 5 The “Mirror of Heart” video features the indigenous individuals of Bolivia. According to the film, there is a split in Bolivia between Spanish and mestizos. The film demonstrates how race and clothing are used to either express or downplay Imari (indigenous Bolivian) identity today. The Bolivian Indians were harshly treated as slaves for centuries and strived to advance economically and socially. They also struggled to maintain a distinct cultural identity. Therefore, they used (and still use) ethnicity, clothing and race as indicators of social standing and self image. Question 6 A symbolic action is a form of art where a word or an object represents another idea. It is an important tool of communication that fosters understanding. The Cannibal dance is a vivid demonstration of the interrelation of symbolic action. The dance makes use of the dominant symbols in the Kwakiutl culture and expresses it in a static form. The masks, costumes, speeches, dialogues, songs, crests and drama are used to present the worldview of the Kwakiutl.
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    Student’s Name Professor’s Name Course Date Sheldon Wolin, “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” Introduction Sheldon Wolin on “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” is concerned with the political uses and significance of democracy in regard to two entirely opposed ideas that illustrate two equally contrasting states of affairs (Wolin, 29). First, Woldin states that democracy represents of government and political authority normally referred to as a constitution. Second, he speaks of the revolution, unsettling political movement. According to Woldin, the constitution symbolizes the repression of the revolution, while the revolution the demolition of the constitution. The two opposing notions are interlinked by democracy. There is a great need to reconceived democracy not as a type of government, it should be defined as a form of being that is as a result of bitter incidents, and is destined to temporarily succeed (Wolin, 43). Democracy is a rebellious and political moment that assumes destructive and revolutionary proportions. Democracy in Ancient Times Traditionally, democracy has been defined as a type of government in which citizens are vested with supreme power. A democratic state is characterized with proper equality of privileges and rights, social or political equality, and a democratic spirit. The main role of democracy was to transform politics in speech and sight, make power visible, and make decision making open so that ordinary men could have power. Over a period of time, democratic theorists such as Woldin, have primarily concerned themselves with examining the meaning and definition of the notion of democracy, while simultaneously focusing on its obligations, moral foundations, challenges, and general allure of a democratic governance. Democracy in the modern world cannot be perceived as a whole political system, provided with the great potentialities of modern power forms, and its impact on the natural and social world (Wolin, 42). Modern Democracy There is a great difference between facets of democracy in the organizational impulses of modern and ancient constitutionalism. Democracy from primeval to modern times has allegedly weakened the power of law, and the practice of compliance to government. Initially, demos were used to change the political art practice where the elite competed for office and honors. Currently, demos are used to reverse the worldwide trends of institutionalized power systems to benefit a few and exploit many citizens (Wolin, 48). The rupture between modern and ancient democracy conceptions should be considered as the needed foundation for the development of modern democracy. This is because the social complexity, large populations, and great physical dimensions make the politics of a small polis old-fashioned. Conclusion There is a need to renew democracy through relying on voluntary associations. “Voluntary associations are often see as a key to enhancing political participation in the wider community” (Eikenberry, 7). Ordinary citizens have the capability of developing new cultural patterns of unity at any moment. People who use their power for improved healthcare, better schools, safer water, low income housing among others are (without their knowledge) renewing the democracy. “Philanthropic supporters enable the provision of a broad array of activities and activities that may not be provided otherwise” (Eikenberry, 16). Self- governing and independent voluntary associations should always replace hierarchical corporate authorities. This provides the affected interests with voices, hence promoting government through consent in the entire society, and not just in the state. Through such actions, the state complexity will be reduced and the ancient democratic representative mechanisms shall be able to function effectively.
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    The Changing Role of Global Human Capital Managers and Sustaining the Competitive Edge Name Institution Introduction Organizations presently face internal and external threats that were not inexistence decades ago. An organization’s internal environment refers to factors and conditions inside the company that can be managed by the organization (Cole, 2012). Factors that influence a company’s internal environment are; employee attitudes and behaviours, leadership style, organization culture, and decisions made by the management. External environment refers to conditions that take place outside the organization. These factors are often beyond the organization’s control, they include; technology, resources, competition, the economy, social and political conditions (Cole, 2012). The external environment has significant influence on a company’s performance despite it occurring outside of a firm. Managers are required not to ignore external forces. They are advised to constantly adapt and monitor the external environment. Managers and leaders in a company are required to implement proactive changes rather than effecting reactive approaches (Lesca, 2013). This article discusses internal and external threats that organizations face, how to detect them and how to protect companies from threats. It also formulates a proactive plan for environmental scanning to evaluate any existing threat from AGC. Forms of Internal Threats Organizations today have a broader understanding of internal threats. These type of threats can be sub-divided in to 3 categories: Third party employees, present employees and former employees. Evidently, current managers should not only focus on dissatisfied and disgruntled employees in the company. Organizations have malicious existing employees characterized with grudges against the firm and malevolent intentions and formulate situations that disrupt business operations (Cole, 2012). Existing employees have greater access to data and systems in the organization. Therefore, they can implant a minute piece of software on a computer system that can damage the internal network of a company. Malicious programme harm the corporate network of an organization in various ways. Unauthorised access to data and unauthorised users result to loss of an organization’s reputation to investors, partners and customers. Untrained existing employees can also unknowingly make mistakes that can pose as huge internal threats to an organization. Former employees also pose security threats in a company. Former employees can also have grudges towards the company. In some cases they can be used by competitors to provide old passwords of the company’s they used to work in. The most well known example regards a former employee of Air Canada who secured employment in West Jet. The employee used Air Canada’s user ID and password to gain access of the company’s passenger information (Cole, 2012). Clearly, security threats highly threaten the operational risk of an organization. They result in violation and interruption of regulatory and legal requirement that safeguard confidential customer information. Third party employees increase the probability of Identity theft. Identity fraud and theft occurs when someone attempts to wrongfully use and obtain another individual’s person information in a deceptive way mainly for economic gain. Third party employees can manipulate social engineering to obtain private information and they also trick other users to give access to confidential information. Social engineers are aware of that many people are ignorant of the significance of information they have and carelessly protect it. Social engineering is a vital threat to an organization internal environment. Other forms of internal threats are data corruption, data loss and backup failures that results to major business losses. There can also be theft and embezzlement of CDRs (Call Detail Records) from the file by malicious users. Forms of External Threat External threats are factors outside a company’s environment that can greatly impact its performance and goals. Common forms of external threats that a company faces are; regulations, competitors, economic downturns, technologies and foreign market. External threats can also be referred to as mixed threats as they encompass multifaceted characteristics such as virus, worm, spam and DoS (Denial of Service). Every minute, hackers and intruders invent new ways of damaging organizations. Common and current forms of external threats in organizations are: system disruption, intercept messages, worms and viruses and DoS. System disruption refers to the destruction or damage of physical environment due to political violence, earthquake and fire. Intercept messages take place when a malicious user may gain access to restricted information, hence, damaging an organization’s reputation. Worms and Viruses originate from external sources and spread to the company’s network via the internet. It results to scenarios such as nasty viruses, Web site disfigurement and worms that destroy applications and data. Moreover, they monopolise structure resources by spreading and duplicating themselves. DoS happen when attackers flood the corporate network with a huge number of messages. These results to system overload and causes DoS (Denial of service) scenario where customers or clients are unable to use the service. Methods to detect internal and external threats to the organization Indentifying possible threats is a vital element of the SWOT analysis. It is an efficient method of detecting internal and external threats to an organization. It is also an acronym that analyzes a company’s strength, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. The last part of SWOT analysis entails assessing internal and external risks that your company encounters. In this phase managers, leaders and employees should openly express their worst fears. Some fears or issues might be unrealistic or highly speculative, however, they are of immense importance to the SWOT analysis. When analyzing the probability of external or internal factors many companies make use of a matrix for the threats and opportunities. This aids in comparing the likelihood of threats happening and the effect it will have in the company. A company can give each issue a score, factors that have high scores on the probability of occurrence and the effect on the company should be thoroughly investigated.
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    Project Scope Statement Project Name Construction of New Plant in Huntsville Project Number Project Manager
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    Project Name Huntsville Plant Project Project Number Project Manager Name Prioritization Construction of a New Plant
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    Name Professor Course Date Bullying in schools Bullying in school entails intentional hurt of a person by another or others, either physically, psychologically or emotionally in an educational setting. This includes calling of names, sexual harassment, spitting, fighting, isolation and rumors. It would result in anxiety, sensitivity, aggression and depression thus impacting negatively on the victims’ self- esteem and education. Research has shown that school bullying has affected many students and it tends to grow more fierce and rampant than before. However, bullying would be addressed through various ways including punishing those who bully others and encouraging students to report incidence of bullies to either parents or teachers. Bullying as Anti-social Behavior Bullying has been perceived by many people to be an antisocial and unwanted activity in schools because of various reasons. First, many people view it as unnecessary activity that facilitates animism and hostility. This is because the report by National School Safety Center, USA, showed that victims tend to hate those who bullied them and hence creating enmity and malicious intentions of revenge missions. Secondly, bullying has made some students to shift from one school to the other while others have opted to stay back at home. Various researches including the Bill Besleys’ one showed that bullying affect students all over the world and thus it is very crucial for all the stakeholders to implement corrective measures to ensure such students resume their studies. Bullying targets students from the poor and mid-class families who may fail to sue the culprits for fear of high costs of judgment. However, many of them think that bully cannot be stopped since it has been there since the 18th century and it researches have shown an a rise in incidence of more fierce bullying in recent years. Various sources show that students are the major victims of bullying in schools and thus parents and teachers should initiate ways of curbing it. This would be by collecting information from the victims through interacting, monitoring and observing the behaviors of the kids. Finally, bullies are meant to impact negatively on the victims by hurting them either physically or emotionally. Opposing Opinions Many people believe that bully in schools could be stopped. However, I believe this vice could be curbed if all the relevant stakeholders including parents, teachers and security departments work together to fight it. When parents and teachers engage the students and enquire of their progresses, any case of bully traced and corrective action is effected under stringent rules, the bullies would cease. Many victims of bully in schools are students. Although many victims of bully are students, teachers and non-teaching staffs would also be bullied as seen in the report by BBC TV where some of teachers were bullied by name-calling. However, about 40% of students are experience bully at school as shown by APA Monitor. Bully would be one of the good ways of teaching and correcting someone. This would be possible when the right type of bully is used well and carefully to act as a means of punishment. When someone is called a name that reflects his bad character, such a person would tend to change and avoid the bad character because he/she will feel ashamed. Conclusion Bully in schools could be stopped if all the stakeholders work together to design and adhere to strategies like effective stringent rules against the bully, and also educate everyone of its impacts. However, bully would also be modified to suit corrective actions against bad characters.
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    Name Professor Course Date Foundations of explanations Question#1 Schema is a portrayal of subjects that puts logic to information about the items in the brain. Schema guides people about the actions to partake when they have much information flowing in their brains. Most of the time, the brain usually handles so many data that may overwhelm it unless it is guided by some template. Question#2 Schemas called scripts involve an arrangement of behavior. A script usually includes the order in which people act and the behavior they attach to the action. Schemas change every time depending on cultural interaction. People act according to specific scenarios. For example, during that is giving people act differently from during a concert. Question#3 It is important to present information to the audience in optimum speed; this is the speed that is neither too fast nor too slow. When information is given too quickly, the audience may not keep up with the speed and may fail to understand. When the information is too slow, listeners may lose focus. Question#4 Speakers can help their listeners remember in several ways. One of them is to ensure the message is core and compact. For instance, instead of using long and complicated statements, summarize the information in a short statement. The second way is by thinking and planning with care before presenting information. Question#5 The speaker should also make the explanations simpler than the subject the explanation should be put in words that the audience can relate to and understand more than the subject matter. Question#6 Definition of words is giving the meaning of the words as used. Vivid description is the processes of making the listener visualize clearly the information. There are three ways of making listeners understand the subject. These include; comparison and contrast mean likening and differentiating information. Contrast is to differentiate between things. A metaphor, on the other hand, is a statement that connects something people do not know to something they can connect with. Question#7 Maintaining visual contact with the audience is most important when using visual aids. When presenting to an audience using a visual aid, one may maintain visual contact by preparing the visual aid prior to the presentation. Question#8 The presenter should turn back to the listeners, not face the visual aid. The speaker may write on the board and turn back as soon as the writing is over. In case, there is need to write during the presentation. Question#9 Steps of presenting information that help explain an idea include; state the point, introduce the material using tools of presentation and then make the connection between the point and the support from the presentation. Question#10 Information is knowledge passed during communication while an explanation is a set of statements or a statement that clarifies information.
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    Salmon Fish FarmProject Name Course Professor Date Opportunity
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    Name Course Professor Date Introduction The proposed project is the ‘Salmon Fish Farm.’ There is a high demand for food in the UAE. The rapid increase in population in the region influences the demand. The population of UAE has tripled in the past 12 years to 50million. The amount of aqua food being caught in the United Arab Emirates has been growing rapidly over the past. In the year 2006, an approximate of 10,000 tones was recorded. The increase demonstrates the growing demand for seafood. Besides, the education on the benefits of the sea food boosts the demand further. Various markets have been opened as a result of developed infrastructure. Also, Abu Dhabi has a huge unused fish resource along the coastal area. Salmon Fish farm aims at exploring the opened markets to maximize its profits. Primarily, it will focus at rearing fish and selling in the existing markets. Salmon Fish Firm will highly utilize the coastal region to the optimum to culture Salmon Species. Enclosure and cage net culture for Salmon Fish Farm are Considerable. What was done? The market research was done to inform the decision of starting the Salmon Fish Farm. The research was done in three levels; competitive analysis, industry analysis and expert interview. The competitive analysis done aimed at establishing the existing competition in the aqua-food industry. This would enhance the establishment of a better competitive advantage. Indeed there is competition in the aquaculture business. However, the competition is limited since the market has not yet been fully exploited. The demand for the seafood exceeds the supply. The consumption of seafood in EAU is the highest in the entire world. The number of aquaculture firms is less and cannot meet the existing demand. In the industry analysis, it was evident that there is an opportunity to invest in aqua-business. The population increase, increases demand for fish. The market demand is therefore high than the supply. A visit to the proposed location for obse4rvation was made. The proposed location was the East Coast of Abu Dhabi; Mughirah Palace. 5 species for Mullet was found to live in Abu Dhabi Water. Expert analysis was sought in analyzing the risks in the sector as well as the requirements necessary to establish the Fish Farm for instance, the cage design. Market Analysis Demand Pull-: Salmon species is rated the 4th species on high demand. The specie is imported in high numbers. An estimate of 586 tones is imported annually. However, there are no exports made on the specie. From this we can deduce that there is a high demand for Salmon since it is scarce. The domestic and international demand is high than the supply. In addition, the population increases over the past in UAE have been rapid. The increase in population increases the demand for fish consequently increasing fishing stress as well as decrease in fish resources. The increase in demand creates a market opportunity for more entry into the sector. LibreOffice/5.1.6.2$Linux_X86_64 LibreOffice_project/10m0$Build-2 / /
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    RFID Technology Name Institution RFID Technology Radio frequency identification (RFID) is one of the greatest contributory information technologies in the 21st century. RFID technology is an advanced system that could be used to facilitate accurate, faster, cheaper and efficient operations across a wide array of industries ( Evdokimov, Benjamin & Oliver, 5-10). The purpose of the article is to examine the benefits of RFID that various researchers have suggested in diverse industries. The RFID technology The RFID technology and electromagnetic waves enable users to send and receive data with no contacts between interrogators and tags (Dobkin, 3). RFID tags can hold huge amounts of information and are classified as: Passive Tag; obtains their energy from a remote RFID reader, have unlimited lifespan, are relatively lighter and cheaper. Active Tags; uses battery for transmission of data on the antenna and for the chip, are relatively heavier and more expensive and have limited lifespan. Semi-Passive Tag; uses small fixed battery to power the chip.
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    Explaining the Limitations of the Capital Pricing Model and the Extent to Which the Multi-Factors Approach Has Overcome These Limitations Student’s name Course code Course name Professor’s name University name City, state Date Abstract In business world, business engage in their businesses very keenly so as to ensure they make profits in terms of time value of the money and the risks involved during the particular businesses they engage in. capital markets are risky businesses to engage in and therefore a person ought to fully understand capital asset pricing model (CAPM) and its limitations and also the extent to which the multi-factors approach has overcome these particular limitations. This research paper therefore looks forward to giving insights on this matter. It will review CAPM limitations v\s multi-factor approach upon introduction of the topic. It will also discuss multi-factor models using the provided articles. Finally the paper will give a conclusion based on the writer’s opinion or judgment. Introduction CAPM- refers to capital asset pricing model. This model describes the existing relationship between the expected return and the risk and it is used in the determination of prices of securities that are considered very risky (Dawson, 2015, p.47). The general idea behind it as stated earlier is that investors requires to be compensated in two ways: risk and the time value of the money. The risk free (rf) rate represents the time value of money in the given formula and therefore compensates the investors for having their money placed in any given investment over a given time period. This is particularly calculated by taking a measure that is risky (beta) that does the comparison of the returns of the assets to markets over a time period and to the premiums of the market (Rm-rf). Other definition simply states that the capital asset pricing model (CAPM) is a model used to calculate the rate of return required of any asset that is considered risky. CAPM works in the following way in that, you could use it to decide one should pay for a particular stock. Take an example of stock X and stock Y. if stock X is considered riskier than stock Y, the price of stock x should be lower so as to compensate investors for taking part on the increased risk. The following are the main limitations of capital asset pricing model: Capital asset pricing model is in most cases based assumptions that are considered unrealistic Capital asset pricing model’s validity is so difficult to test.
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    Radical Teaching Name Institution Introduction Radical teaching, draws on the student’s experience, empowers, and reveals injustice, focusing at political and social transformation. It motivates the oppressed to regain control over their lives. It offers the oppressed with tools to liberate themselves, and is a threat to individuals in power and oppressors (Hicks, 2003). Radical education exposes the tools of repression, and means in which powerful groups or individuals kept others in suppression. However, its main aim is not to assail oppressors, but to reveal the political and social structures which cause injustice and inequality. Radical teaching is the belief political, economic, and social changes are direct effects of education. Accountability arrangements, especially inspection, should encourage and evaluate the successful embedment of radical teaching in the curriculum. How to Implement Radical Teaching Teachers play a significant role in radical education. I need to acquire three key qualities to implement radical education in my instructional setting. I need to adapt realness, and show myself as a real individual who is willing to listen and share my feelings with the students. It is important for students to meet the person rather than just the teacher in order to facilitate radical education (Neil, 1966). I also need to accept, trust, and prize the learner. I need to prize my students, prizing their opinions, feelings, and their person. Learners will then perceive the teacher as trustworthy. Most importantly, I need to empathetically understand my learner’s reactions and response from the inside. This makes the learners feel understood rather than feeling judged or evaluated. My curriculum should also entail both a global and international perspective. It should also deal with main issues such as poverty, war, multicultural society, human rights, development, and interdependent world. Conclusion Radical teaching empowers students and highlights injustice focusing at political and social transformation. It motivates oppressed individuals to regain control over their lives. It provides them with tools to liberate themselves from oppressors and individual in power. Teachers play a key role in radical education. It is important for me to be open and real to my students. Moreover, I should also accept, trust, and prize my learners’ feelings, opinions, and their unique personalities.
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    Name Instructor Subject Date Critical Review; an Act of God Synopsis Directed by David Javerbaum in TheatreMania Los Angeles, the play seeks to relate on how God perceive some of the activities that a humanindulge in on daily basis. It seeks to outline some of the misconceptions, perceptions, ideas and the extent of damage that can be caused by merely “thinking”. Jim Parson is the main character playing “God” and he is the one to establish punishment on any individual who goes against the will of “God”. In the play, gays are “lucky” given that God supports them and the same “God” does not hesitate to “murder” anyone who commits blasphemy. Notably, blasphemy is witnessed in the Middle East nation and any other Islamic nations, who practice another religion apart from Christianity. Typical of God, he punishes those who do not maintain and heed in his laws. Generally, the play tries to depict the kind of lifestyle that human beings depict in the eyes of The Lord. It gives a reflection on the good and bad, evil and good. It encourages human beings, especially Christians, to abide by the law of God lest they are punished for their doings. The play shows the perception of heave, in that it involves the CEO, God, and his workers; Angels. It basically shows the chain of command, the authority and how Heaven works as well in terms of ensuring that authority and commands reach the human beings. The play is based on the book, “The Last Testament: A Memoir by God”. It is based on the real life events of a Christian life and what suit the Christian living best. From the play, the writer of the play iscommunicating good deeds that seek to please the High Deity. It symbolizes the human being life and uphold what is right not only in the society, but to God’s eye as well. In as much as it focuses more on Christianity, it serves as a indiscriminating message to educate any individual interested in a life full of blessings from above; heavens. It dives the human nature to virtues that are pleasant, respectful and full of the gifts of Holy Spirit as well. Presentation Style To begin with, the type of presentation style in the play is representational. This is because the idea of “God” and how “Heaven” works are presented in a way that the audience believe it is true. “God” is portrayed to have wings and when he calls out on his angels, Angel Gabriel, they appear with wings and in white outfit to make it more real. God punishes those who fail to heed in him with lightening, which is the case as compared to the Bible. Arguably, the audience of Broadway came to understand the creator of the universe if jealous and wrathful, with a few citations form the Bible to drive the point home. The ninety minutes presentationjustifies the logical reasoning behind the actions of his rule, which reflects on earthly matters such as abortion, religion among others. The play itself was fascinating, with the actors on stage outstanding as well. However, Jim Parson swept the whole play as the main character, with Tim Kazurinsky outstanding in his role as Angel Gabriel. Arguably, Christians understand Angel Gabriel’s role as per the Bible, but the fact that he appeared old and ready to retire. His character marked an Angel who have had much of the roles in ensuring that the world is full of justice, which makes him more known on earth than any other angel. Of course he has been there over the times and the fact that he is growing old and God strikes one of his wings with lightening was the ultimate. The audience was moved during this time, many astonished and surprised at how Angel Gabriel looked like. From films, God’s face could easily be described compared to Angel Gabriel’s, thus, Gabriel stood out as the outstanding character. In terms of the performances, the performers could be described as believable. This can be attributed to the fact that the characters used examples in real life to either reward good deeds or punish the wrong doings. Taking example of gay marriages in today’s society, “God” mentions it in the play and supports the gay. On the other hand; thosewho abort, who practice blasphemy, who blindly follow other religions and do not abide by his commands are punished. He mentions recent artists such as Kanye West and Bruce Jenner in reference to Buzz-worthy celebrities, as well as makes references to 1980’s soap to imply that he has been watching over earth all along. His might is portrayed through the lightening he strikes on Angel Gabriel as well, which makes the presentation more believable. In addition, the attire that God puts on and his Angels depicts how Heaven is described in the Bible. Angel Gabriel lands with his wings to prove the whole idea of Angels. All this instances makes the performances believable. Trickling down to honesty, the performances reflect the life on earth and mere human thinking by trying to “crack” what God thinks of his people on earth. The incidences on earth are quite relatable, however, on how God works proves not to be honest. Even when “God” the actor refers to a 1980 soap, he giggles on stage just to prove he is human. Angel Gabriel appearance is more human like which beats the presentation as honest. Directorial Concept Based on Javerbaum’s book, the director of the play meant to make some misconceptions straight via the “God” in the play. From the observation, the misconceptions were “set straight” through a comical presentation, which was the promise of the director initially. The audience referred to the play as an extension of the film “The Bing Bang Theory”, which was a reference ofhow humorous and comical the art was. On a personal note, the play was fascinating and one of a kind. However, to make it more interesting, comical and appealing to the audience, the misconceptions to be put across should have been broad enough and it biased on any religion for the purpose of improving the presentation. Use of Lighting From how the stage was centered and the intention of the play, the lighting was remarkable. The combination of Fresnel and Profile lighting made the play quite clear and focus on the series of acts. Fresnel was used once the actors were on stage, whereas profile was used as an introductory of any other actor, such as Angel Gabriel, while making his introduction to the stage. The fact that the actors were in white attires was good enough not to add any other colors. The center of the lighting was good enough, which did not require any additional or subtraction of the lighting factors. Overall Event Design In terms of format and presentation, the play itself conveyed the message absolutely well and it was I itsbestformat in relation to film. This is because, given that it is meant to address the contemporary society and the audience get to have a one on one reaction based on stage performances, it is well played as a play. When the play is expressed as a film, itmight lack originality and might lack believable presentation as compared to the live audience. The film audience will take it as a mere entertainment, coupled with issues on the daily practices as compared to the perception when it is a play. Apart from lighting, the attire was a special effect on the presentation of the play, which gave imagery ideas to the audience on what heaven is made off. The costumes made the live audience have an idea of heavenly feeling as well as the uncouth practices that goes around on earth. Focusing on the faculty of the theatre that hosted the play, the provision of tickets through online and non-online services marked an early preparation on the subject as well as organize on the possible number of audience during the session. Generally, the session was organized, which reflected the degree of organization of TheatreMania, and served the purpose for all audience. Most Memorable Moment One of the memorable moment, that did not only impress me but a number of audience as well, was when the actors took a “selfie “on stage. This was remarkable, as one would argue it is an incident that is rare in Broadway. Arguably, the theatre shows how evolved it is and depicts an age where actors need not to be celebrated, as they can also celebrate themselves through such gaggles. As a representation, the moment meant to capture the best actors in this era, Jim Parson creating a timeline and a monologue feature as one of the greatest actors. The approval of this moment is evident through reactions that are still witnessed by the audience. Remarkably, it is the second time such a moment is witnessed in stage and has been the talk via social media such as twitter. Audience/ Personal Response From the play, it is clear that the audience was glued on the act from the first incident to the last. This was clear through the expressions and the comical feedback the audience gave back to the stage actors. The fact that the audience still have something to say via social Medias and gatherings pertaining the play is enough proof of their reaction and impression throughout the act. The play was focused more on Christianity, not only as a religion but as a way of lifestyle as well. Well, it can be argues that there were none or one among a hundred of every other religion in the crowd, however, the play was meant to serve as a symbol on how human can live and should live their lives during their stay on earth. For this reason, I would recommend the play to mainly Christian and any other believer who is open minded. This is because the play upholds Christianity virtue and can entertain any other religion only if he/she is open to the idea that the play seeks to bring out humor through religion.
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    Paper Consumption in the US Introduction For years now, paper has been a precious and rare commodity. Presently, paper is basic part of life, but it is taken for granted. The world produces approximately 300 million tons of paper every year (RESOURCE CONSERVATION ALLIANCE). Annually, the United States uses 4 million tons of paper of paper, 25 billion newspapers, 2 billion books and 350 million magazines. Moreover, households in US receive approximately about 90 million “junk mails” yearly. The proof of US paper addiction and waste can also be seen in the garbage waste, 40% of US municipal waste consists of paper (RESOURCE CONSERVATION ALLIANCE). With the above said, it is evident that paper consumptions has adverse environmental impacts. Natural forests are being cut down at an unsustainable rate, an estimated 30 million acre of forests are annually lost due the insatiable demand for paper in society (ADAMS and HAYNES, 2007). Around 2-4 tons of trees are brought to the mills. Paper manufacturing also requires large inputs of water, energy, and chemicals. Paper mills and pulps are the greatest polluters of land, water and air compared to other industries in the US. For example, they release millions of pounds of extremely dangerous chemicals such as methanol, toluene, hydrochloric acid, chlorine dioxide, and formaldehyde. According to the Worldwatch Insitute the statistics are similar in the rest of the world (RESOURCE CONSERVATION ALLIANCE). There is a need to recycle paper and maximize opportunities that help in paper conservation through Formulating electronic publications Make use of standard paper sizes, low paper weights, and double sided printing. Only print updates or summaries rather than the whole document. Use accurate lists to minimize wasteful and duplicate mailings. Size down, eliminate and reuse envelopes. It is evident that if paper is not recycled, and its use minimized then mother earth will not thrive. Forests will be destroyed, the environment polluted and this will ultimately affect the future of upcoming generations. It is paramount to develop both demand and supply for potent new raw materials in order for recycled materials to have significant value, therefore, the idea of reverse logistics is significant (DAUGHTERY, MYERS, & RICHEY, 2002). Table 1 Material Reverse logistics Activities
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    Case Management Name Institution Affiliation Case Management Introduction The case management plan below is used to identify the possible outcome of the troubles that have entangled Jane and her family. The ultimate troubles that Jane has gone through since the divorce with her husband and the continued suffering she undergoes and the possible solution are given in the case management plan. The goals and interventions in realizing them are to be stipulated in the case management plan following the seven steps. The phases of this case management plan are divided into engagement, assessment, planning, implementation, monitoring, review, and closure. One needs to set goals for Jane, and thus the use of case management plan comes in handy. Case Management Plan Need Goal Intervention/strategy
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    Name: Professor: Course: 10th June, 2015 Irish Studies Michael Collins and the Wind that Shakes the Barley Film Introduction and Abstract Michel Collins is an 18th century movie depicting the humble beginning and the rise of the most controversial and important political figures of all time in history. The film brings into existence the Irish patriot Michel Collins who throughout his entire career life went through hard times for the love of his country. Michael Collins was against the British rule over Ireland a habit the British had acquired many years earlier. The hard times of Collins from the Easter Uprising of the 1916 is brought into view as the bloody resistance movement that he organized. The film talks on how the peace talks negotiation led by Collins and the formation of Home rule that gave Ireland partial independence from the Great Britain. As much as the peaceful talks brought self-rule to the people of Ireland, still the film depict of the rising civil war that followed and the ultimate assassination of Michel Collins. The wind that shakes the barley is a film directed and aims at introducing the civil war in Irish. The film depicts the civil strife that broke out in Irish in the aim of fighting for their freedom. In this film, the director tries to show how two brothers who were on opposing sides are tangled together due to extraordinary circumstances. Damien and teddy are siblings who found themselves in the entangled in the environment of torture and rule. In a much broader sense, the film tries to show how education can impact on ones reasoning and the way one understand things. The struggle to peace and self-rule is accelerated by the two brothers and how they fight shoulder to shoulder show the love they both have. The film demonstrates the effects of a civil war, how without plan and order the war can turn one against the other, brother to fight a brother, Damien against Teddy. Easter 1916 Poem The poem describes the rebellion by the Irish people who attacked Dublin’s general post office. The response to this was that the British executed many of the locals. The poet repeats the first personal pronoun ‘I’ and ‘we’. At the first stanzas the persona indicates hi distance with the cause but later his empathy is introduced. The tone in the poem indicates the heroic acts for the role of nobility and Yeats might be regretting the lack of participation and conviction that followed him. The poet uses the art of both alliteration and repetition such as “beauty… born”, “force…fame”, and “polite meaningless words…polite meaningless words” the incorporation of onomatopoeia such as “shrill” is also am art in the poem. The theme of the poem is violence related. This is because its origin traces back in the ancient Rome and Greece during a time when there was a very high tension. The poet uses a superb technique whereby he has four stanzas and the story moves from something general to specific. Spring 1916 The poet expresses the lamentation of the oppressed, hate that is embedded in them, mystery, enemy and the past sufferings. The poet uses a grieving tone to express the lack of faith by the oppressed. Repetition “now we are…now we are” is also used to emphasize what the poet puts across. The theme of violence is presented in a logical manner as the poet describes the sounding of drums and trumpets that signifies war and battle and the resultant death that is upon the people. The poem is divided into nine stanzas which entirely captures the poet’s message. The Plough and the Stars and the Patriot game The first scene does not have a good direction but a show of normal life. Mrs. Gogan snoops and says something to Nora, we are also introduced to the teasing of Peter and how he quarreled with Covey. Peter is a coward while Covey is into politics though both characters are comic. The play seems to be lacking direction and elements mixed up. As much as the play tries to provide significant information it does not clearly bring out this effect and the Clitheroes. The play uses vivid colloquialism, malapropisms and colorful speech to present the play’s theme to the audience. The actions such as exit and entrances seem to be uncontrived, when peter walks around with half-dressed clothe while his shirt is open Fluther starts to mend a lock. Contrast has been demonstrated by the vast character roles, the play outlook, strength and speech. Fluther and Covey are the main example of character contrast. The patriot game describes the activities tracing back to the 1916 Easter rising. The theme of the play focuses on the need for national identity. Sons of Ulster The eight men in the play want to fight for Somme after they enlist in joining the war. The play is set in an environment of social realism and a time of battle and war. In this battle, the French were suffering in the Verdun and thus fighting in this war could help relieve their tension. The plays tries depicts vivid images from the war and thus the mood of the play is rather sad. Michael Collins film “Michael Collins” is an Irish film that shows a man’s love for his country. Collins is depicted as a patriot who will not bow to anything as long as his country is under subjection of an unjust leadership. The film describes a time in history when Ireland was fully colonized by the Great Britain. At that point in time a rose patriotic leader among them was Michael Collins who was against the British invasion of their country. Britain was ruling Ireland with torture, inhumanly way and so much cruelty that forced the locals to crave for self-rule and the ultimate desire for independence (Soodalter p.47). Michael Collins became the person who marched forward and demanded for self-governance for his people and country. The film brings out the ability and power of a united nation and hoe it can result to a successful campaign. The use of violence in demanding for independence in Ireland is also expressed by Collins. During the same time, some Irish rebels organized and staged a six-day siege the main post office in Dublin. The ruling government of Britain fought against this move and a large number of the locals were arrested and detained with only a few managed to escape. After the release, Collins was so much convinced that the use of force in claiming for the country’s freedom was the only way to free his country from the grip of the ruthless rule of the British. Collins therefore sought a new method to approach the issue of independence for his country. He wanted to come up with a more elaborate counter that will match the power of the British. He therefore approached his fellow patriot Harry Boland who with his help formed the Irish volunteers. This group of rebels was a bit ambitious and demanding. They formed what was called the guerilla type of warfare where they could attack the British from their weakest point. To add on this, the rebels employed espionage and sent spies and counter informants who could spy on the British defense system and report to the fellow rebels. In analyzing this type of where one can easily say that Collins was well knowledgeable and courageous. This is so because he was able to understand that his small army of rebels was not quite a match against the large British army and this prompted him to be employ extraordinary warfare. This film demonstrates how the use of dramatic devices can easily distort accuracy in one’s history. Having a critical discussion on this film can provide one with the opportunity to correct what was left by the film. In the film we see how Eamon De Valera is depicted as the film villain. The film is not clear on is utterance as there is no prove that there was a plot to kill Collins by Eamon De Valera (O’Connor p.67). The rejection of De Valera’s position that full independence is the only way to justify peace was never included nor explained in the film. The film does not also show in the later years how De Valera came to be a serving president of the free Irish state long before the country attained its full independence. In my opinion, the film did not require a villain and the presence of one overpowered the historical accuracy and thus the film is a totally misleading in using De Valera as the villain. Wind that Shakes the Barley
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    NameCourseProfessorDate Effectiveness of Group Decision Making Process Group Decision Making Process
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    WW Norton Too Heavy a Load. By Debra Grey White (Social Sciences, 1999) vii + 271pp reviewed by name, 20th July 2015 Introduction Deborah Gray White is a distinguished author having a Ph.D. from the University of Illinois based in Chicago. She also acquired her master’s degree at Columbia University. She has been working at the Rutgers University as a member of the Board of Governors as a history Professor for more than forty years. Dr. White apart from “Too Heavy a Load” has written other books such as the “Female Slaves in the Plantation South”. At this point, White is completing a project that examines how class, race, sexuality, religion, and sexuality were reflected during the 1990s matches. Being a distinguished history professor and a specialist in the history of American Women and African American, Deborah White is also interested in the identity issues together with the intersection and interaction of class, race, sexuality, and gender. Dr. White saw the need to integrate several issues that go around the African American women. It is certain that the level of equality of the African American was not systematic. White is seen as a woman who believes in equality for gender, race, and leadership. As such, there was a great dilemma that there was the need to incorporate this issue of inequality in the subject of restructuring the situation. It is from this idea that Deborah White, a historian and an author, increased her intention and proclamation of the inequality issue in her this book. Being a black woman, White’s main purpose of writing the book was intended to explore and show how, through the past century, the black women have risen to speak on their behalf on issues pertaining to leadership, race, women’s suffrage, civil rights, civil liberties, and negative stereotypes. Author’s Theses The author in her books is motivated by some questions that led her to the inquiry of the situation of African American women. First, the need to justify the reasons for the inequality is brought out. She presents her beliefs and justifications for this. It is clear that several factors could have caused the situation of inequality, and that’s why Deborah stipulated them down as a question that needs to be answered. It is thus from this situation that the author came up with the idea of writing the book and present the question to women inequality and better still provide answers to the same. White is concerned by the difference in treatment of the women in every aspect such as the political and leadership position, how women from the adverse political race are treated. This kind of social inequality must have been generated from a given source and thus the need to ask questions on the same issue. In her work, White is pushed to finding the reasons behind such happenings of women inequality. The author is also concerned with the history of the black women and the way they defend their rights. There has been a long struggle in time against male chauvinism and racism, and thus, Deborah tries to ask questions and tries to explore this history for the women. Although this situation is not so new to the people, White still goes ahead and establishes the situation. It is clear that both racism and male chauvinism is not a current thing but has been present over the century. This tragic history turned out to be a personal experience to any reader that shows interest towards the book. The author takes her bold stand on the idea of the history of inequality and presents his stand in writing. She analyzes the whole situation and justifies it according to her reasoning and understanding. It is in this light that Dr. White tries to go about and getting to know how this situation had been. It is from the above problem situation that Deborah became concerned with the people’s struggle for self-discovery and freedom. She was concerned on how the struggle against racism came into being, thus describing the long-term struggle against racism that the women were involved in. The author tried to find how the women struggled for their both gender and racial identities which, according to them, was being compromised. It is a common practice for the writers to try to ask questions that revolve around the story they develop when writing a book. It is thus from this point of view that we understand how Deborah came up with the question on how the women struggled for their freedom and rights in almost every aspect of the social, economic, and political viewpoint. There had been no or very little such previous woman struggles as they proved inferior even to try and fight for their rights and freedom. This made these struggles a big intervention, and thus, it gave Deborah a reason to come up with a story that tries to show how the women were able to struggle for equality though it was their first encounter, and this one particularly was a big intervention. The author then takes her stand on the fight and tries to justify for the same. Author’s Evidence for the Theses The reasons for the struggle for freedom as depicted by the author are not many but specific. Deborah acclaims that the widespread inequality of the African American women was not a pleasant thing. The segregation in terms of race was a major blow to the women as depicted in the book, and thus, the issue brought some dilemmas that forced the women to demand their rights and freedom. This saw an increase of attention directed to the freedom of the women. Deborah White expresses how the black woman experienced pain in the rush to fight for freedom. According to the author, it reached a point when the Americans started measuring the racial progress by the black woman status. This move was not accepted by the black woman as she saw it as a disgrace to her race. Apart from that, other reasons forced the woman to increase her participation for freedom. The history of the black woman and the situation of the struggle are clearly brought out in the text. It has been seen as the black women defending, defining, and explaining themselves historically in such a manner that is relevant to the reader. Any good reader once has gone through the book will identify the instances in history of the woman that the author tries to bring out. Apart from this, the author better still tries to explain history that is chained in the male chauvinism and a long history of disputing the inequality. To add on this, the author justifies her stand on the woman history by bringing into light the celebrations of the twentieth-century support for the African American. The author also takes us to the extraordinary history of woman’s struggle for equality for both black women and lack men. The author believes that the situation in the woman history shaped her on who she is today. Dr. White sees a woman as a strong species, who can understand herself, learns by the past happenings, and still is able to shape her life for the betterment of her special gender. The position and the situation of the women struggle for independence are evident in the text. It is clear that the author has structured her book in parts such as the “National Black Feminist Organization”. The book brings out the fight in a more eloquent procedure showing how the women were aggressive in their struggle for equality. The book is also an aggressive presentation of how the African American women were gripped in the racial dilemma in class elements and gender. The impact of this was the idea of self-reorganization by the women that finally was the backbone of their struggle for equality. The author brings out the position of women in defending, explaining, and defining themselves, and thus, they became the forerunners in fighting male chauvinism and racism. In a book, written with a strong magisterial eye, White provides a strong historical struggle for freedom by the women. It is thus evident that the struggle to self-independence by the women was aggravated by the women themselves as the need for freedom was duty-bound. The author’s argument is very effective. This is because it provides evidence from the book that supports the arguments. It is apparent from the text that Dr. White illuminates the pain that the African women face in the struggle. This is in line with what the author believes as the evidence of struggle to freedom by the women. The fact that Deborah Gray White used a descriptive essay to present the whole situation meant that the message passed was effective. She presented the situation in bits and bits, analyzing each stage, making the text relevant to the reader. The fact that the book is written chronologically in terms of events makes the text very interesting. Conclusion The author has presented the book in a context where there is a continued fight for the rights of the African American women in the current world. Deborah describes a society where there is a need for a free state of mind and freedom against any form of oppression. It is therefore for this reason that the book appeals to anyone who is interested in a women history. In the classroom, the text will appeal to the undergraduate students and the secondary level students who are taught the traditional texts regarding the history of the African American. The woman’s history can also be taught at the undergraduate level. The A-level students writing the extended studies will also find it appealing to study the book. It is, therefore, a book of importance to the academics of the students not only at one specific level but more which is very relevant to the course of study. With this reason, it is therefore of great importance to includ the book in the course work for students.
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    Name Professor Course 29th may 2015 The lost kingdoms of Africa Introduction Africa over the past centuries has been considered a Dark Continent. This owes to the fact that practices and culture done in these countries are not directed by civilization. This report tries to bring into light the political organization of the Zulu kingdom, how the legislature handled its duties and the powers that were entitled to the king. In addition, the paper gives the lessons that learn from the structure of the kingdom. The Zulu Kingdom The kingdom was involved in conflicts with the local communities, and it emerged victorious owing to the strategic location. Its location at the coast of Indian Ocean made it is for the soldiers to see any incoming danger from the ocean. Despite this, the kingdom came under defeat during the Anglo-Zulu War. Due to its great victory and success, we learn about its absorption into the Natal Colony. In short we learn that a kingdom that is not divided but divided can rise to the highest limits (Deflem p371). Rise of the Zulu People under King Shaka Zulu Initially, the Zulu was just a tiny tribe that paid tribute to Dingiswayo recognized as the paramount chief. The population of the tribe consisted of about two thousand people having a chief named Senzangakona. During this period, the chief begat a son and named him Shaka, who later became the king of Zulu. Strife arose among the Shaka family tempting them to migrate to Nandi’s family. From this, we learn the importance of family bond. If the Shaka family had a strong bond among them, strife wouldn’t have risen, and there could be no displacement. The Zulu-kinship and Sociopolitical Organization Political organization of the Zulu was hierarchical having the king occupying the highest office. Chiefs were delegated with authority and down to heads of homestead. Umuzi (village) was the lowest form of kinship and political organization. The villages included the extended families and they practiced polygamy. Each male had a homestead with separate hut where each of his wives stayed. Each male, being the head of the hut could settle local dispute and incase the disputes were too hard to be settled locally, they were taken to the district head. Organization of the Zulu Society The organization of the Zulu society was that of patrilineal sibs. Development of the sib into a tribe was through the process of subdivision, growth and the incorporation of the aliens. Lineages were smaller subdivisions of the sibs and were made up of descendants who had a common ancestor in the recent past. The Legislature of the Zulu Kingdom The Zulu tribe had a head, the king who had legislative and judicial power. Formation of the legislature was by the immense consultation of the council or the old men. Campaigns were done by this legislation formed by the council. Comprising the council of the kings were the headmen who were leaders of the renowned families and were called upon to live in the royal kraal for the purpose of giving advice to the king (Stone p.40). Military Contributions of Shaka to the Zulu Kingdom In his time as king, Shaka came up with renovations in the military through reorganizing the system of regime. He established a group of young men- the intanga who were of the same age to herd the king’s cattle and were the standing army of the kingdom. This regimental system, according to the Reader (1966) is still standing as an institution to the Zulu society. Zulu Kingdom under Shaka In the rise to glory, Shaka, the ruler of Zulu did not use peaceful means but protracted wars making him gain control over a number of the Zulu clans. He commanded his warriors to raid the local villages and burning those who resisted. Also, children and women were tortured to death; young, able men were forcefully taken to train as warriors’ camp. The local chiefs were subjected to torture and later forced to align with the demands of the king. From this, we learn how political power and tyranny is a danger to human life. Factors behind the Rise of the Zulu Kingdom The rise of Zulu Kingdom was also attributed to the fact that there was the availability of fertile land for agriculture. This is the environmental, ecological condition for growth, and we learn that for a kingdom to rise there should be a sufficient supply of food to sustain the kingdom. This is because at times of war the kingdom was able to supply food to its warriors that gave them the energy to fight on. The enemy communities that did not have access to favorable agriculture suffered starvation in the fields making them weak and a subsequent defeat in battle. The fall of The Zulu Kingdom The political nature of Zulu was very ruthless making it infamous to many people. It was filled with bloody expeditions and terror. King Mpande succeeded Shaka in ruling the Zulu people. He consolidated the political system that saw it function as an economically base region. The economy was boosted compared to the reign of King Shaka. We, therefore, learn how corrupt governance could be a mess to the growth of a kingdom (Mahoney p.271). Conclusion
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    Student’s Name Professor’s Name Subject DD MM YYYY Implementation of Technology in Business Businesses have certainly experienced an essential shift in the approaches to operation from the traditional engagements. The presence of the Internet and communication technology and the limited power of the information transfer quicken the rate of Zara’s success than it does to the chances of failure. The impact of technology is felt in nearly all facets of the daily activities of businesses, whether small or large. As technology keeps advancing each day, the changes apply great influences on the business capacities. This technological advancement removes all the commercial and technical barricades that have in the past hampered the freedom of communication between various business entities (McKeen and Smith 59). Significant improvements in mobile technology and web technology imply that people can do online marketing and shopping, business advertisement, reading, purchasing and conducting banking services with their mobile tools. The presence of technologies provides an avenue for success by challenging the ordinary commercial models, the combination of the readily accessible services and mobile devices have offered incredible success to Zara (Roll). Mobility that comes with mobile technology has revolutionized the business environments and expanded the scope of choices for the consumers apart from reducing the barriers to the entry of external parties. Zara, through the integration of the traditional business models with the contemporary models has provided extensive options to all categories of people and cross-cultural settings. Internet or based markets continue to open up the full potential of mobility in technology for all types of businesses. Works Cited McKeen, James D., and Smith, Heather A., Making IT Happen: Critical Issues in IT Management. New York, NY: Wiley Series in Information Systems, 2003. Roll, Martin. “The Secret of Zara’s Success: a Culture of Customer Co-creation.” Business
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    Advantages of technology
    Student’s Name Professor’s Name Subject Date of Submission Technologies in Business: enhancing or hurting the chances for success Having technology in business improves the improvement of business operations. Automating business activities enhances the performance of the company in different sectors. The use of machinery in production processes such as manufacturing allows faster processing, high levels of accuracy, standardization, and improved efficiency. The application of computer systems such as Business Intelligent (BI) tools help in analyzing finances, behavior of clients, and cash flows and provides necessary reports to managers. Key Performance Indicators (KPI) helps in monitoring, assessing, and measuring the performance of employees and classifies their contributions in business (Martin 150). Alternatively, decision Support Systems (DSS) among others systems help managers in making informed decisions. Precisely, the use of technologies in such particular analysis tools such as Customer Relationship Management (CRM) helps in determining business performance, market trends, and customer preferences (Martin 160). The reports and data generated help in identifying the patterns and best designs on demand. Zara Corporation is a cloth manufacturing company that has automated its business operations leading to success in their activities. The strategies implemented include the use of an integrated database that helps in collecting customer insights. It analyzes customer trends and information flows whose report help their designers in creating new lines and modifying existing ones. Zara Company has standardized their products information allowing them to define quick and accurate preparation of designs as well as clear manufacturing of instructions. The company has a way of controlling, managing, and directing inventory data. The company has enough information on the number of fabrics, trims, and designs needed for specific raw materials (Martin, 8). The distribution process also operates with minimal human intervention with the help of optical reading devices that distributes more than 60,000 items of clothing an hour (Martin, 12). Zara Company has clear procurement strategies that govern various manufacturing approaches. They make current products according to demands in the market as provided by the identified customers. The manufacturing approach used by Zara involves testing and piloting of cloths demanded by various people. Work Cited Marcel, A.F Dierckx and Jan, H.M Stroeken. Information technology and innovation in small and medium-sized enterprises. Technol. Forecast. Soc. Change 60.1 (2012): 149–166. Martin R. The Secret of Zara’s Success: A Culture of Customer Co-creation. 6. 2 (2018): 1–6 https://martinroll.com/resources/articles/strategy/the-secret-of-zaras-success-a-culture-of-customer-co-creation/
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    Technology
    Student’s Name Professor’s Name Course Date Sheldon Wolin, “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” Introduction Sheldon Wolin on “Fugitive Democracy” and “Norm & Form” is concerned with the political uses and significance of democracy in regard to two entirely opposed ideas that illustrate two equally contrasting states of affairs (Wolin, 29). First, Woldin states that democracy represents of government and political authority normally referred to as a constitution. Second, he speaks of the revolution, unsettling political movement. According to Woldin, the constitution symbolizes the repression of the revolution, while the revolution the demolition of the constitution. The two opposing notions are interlinked by democracy. There is a great need to reconceived democracy not as a type of government, it should be defined as a form of being that is as a result of bitter incidents, and is destined to temporarily succeed (Wolin, 43). Democracy is a rebellious and political moment that assumes destructive and revolutionary proportions. Democracy in Ancient Times Traditionally, democracy has been defined as a type of government in which citizens are vested with supreme power. A democratic state is characterized with proper equality of privileges and rights, social or political equality, and a democratic spirit. The main role of democracy was to transform politics in speech and sight, make power visible, and make decision making open so that ordinary men could have power. Over a period of time, democratic theorists such as Woldin, have primarily concerned themselves with examining the meaning and definition of the notion of democracy, while simultaneously focusing on its obligations, moral foundations, challenges, and general allure of a democratic governance. Democracy in the modern world cannot be perceived as a whole political system, provided with the great potentialities of modern power forms, and its impact on the natural and social world (Wolin, 42). Modern Democracy There is a great difference between facets of democracy in the organizational impulses of modern and ancient constitutionalism. Democracy from primeval to modern times has allegedly weakened the power of law, and the practice of compliance to government. Initially, demos were used to change the political art practice where the elite competed for office and honors. Currently, demos are used to reverse the worldwide trends of institutionalized power systems to benefit a few and exploit many citizens (Wolin, 48). The rupture between modern and ancient democracy conceptions should be considered as the needed foundation for the development of modern democracy. This is because the social complexity, large populations, and great physical dimensions make the politics of a small polis old-fashioned. Conclusion There is a need to renew democracy through relying on voluntary associations. “Voluntary associations are often see as a key to enhancing political participation in the wider community” (Eikenberry, 7). Ordinary citizens have the capability of developing new cultural patterns of unity at any moment. People who use their power for improved healthcare, better schools, safer water, low income housing among others are (without their knowledge) renewing the democracy. “Philanthropic supporters enable the provision of a broad array of activities and activities that may not be provided otherwise” (Eikenberry, 16). Self- governing and independent voluntary associations should always replace hierarchical corporate authorities. This provides the affected interests with voices, hence promoting government through consent in the entire society, and not just in the state. Through such actions, the state complexity will be reduced and the ancient democratic representative mechanisms shall be able to function effectively.
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    Health Services Q & A Part 2
    Health Services (2) What is the correct procedure to follow if a safety breach – an injury, or personal contact with clinical waste, for example – has occurred? In cases where a safety breach such as an injury or personal contact with clinical waste has occurred, the OSH Act states that the employer must report the injury or injuries and provide first aid procedures and facilities. All serious injuries contracted during work (loss of sight, fractures), specific infectious diseases like viral hepatitis and HIV and other injuries that may prevent the worker from working for 10 consecutive days must be reported to WorkSafe (Govt. of Western Australia, 2011). Why is it important to separate waste at the point of generation? It is important to separate waste at the point of generation to reduce the risk of contaminating the personnel involved in the disposal and the public; and its potential to pollute the environment if not managed properly. The process of separation must be done at the point of generation and the separation as per type of waste must be kept during accumulation, handling, interim storage and transportation (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2005). Australia is a product of a unique blend of established traditions and new influences. Give examples of how the Australian society has changed over time. Consider the types of food, traditions, cultural diversity, and technology. The Australian society has changed over time because of the immigration and race relations. Its culture becomes multicultural and diversity was promoted, resulting to a multicultural policy recognising diversity in lifestyle (food, dress) and linguistic. The diverse migrant communities in Australia brought with them their lifestyle, food and cultural practices. An example is the invasion of the British colonists where indigenous people were dominated by force. This invasion also produced mixed European-Aboriginal descent children, where some were forcefully taken from their aboriginal mothers to be ‘civilised’ and reared in the ‘white’ society (everyculture.com, 2014). Australia is a society embracing many different cultures. These cultural differences are demonstrated and expressed in various ways. An example is the Jawoyn indigenous communities in Katherine, Northern Territory; their culture is quite different to the city culture of a capital city. Identify two (2) other cultures within Australia that are quite different from one another, and explain their differences. One is the Islamic culture in Australia. Some of the differences between Muslims and other cultures in Australia are their way of dressing, their practice of segregating men from women, the kind of foods they eat (no pork and its byproducts) and their customs and traditions in terms of marriage and burial. Muslim women generally wear hijab and cover their legs and arms. The Tiwi people or the indigenous group in Australia that live in the Tiwi islands are distinct from other cultures when it comes to their beliefs in mourning, marriage and language. The Tiwi people when mourning paint their body and require others to feed them. Body painting has been practised in the Tiwi culture as part of ceremonies since time immemorial. When it comes to marriage, their culture dictates that newborn girls are engaged to men who are at least 60 years old, but their marriage will not be consummated until the girls reach 14 years of age. Tiwi females are allowed to marry at all times because they believe that a child should not be born fatherless. When the husband dies, the girl’s new partner takes the role of father to all the children of the girl from previous marriages (Hewett et al., 1988). A person may come from a cultural background but not hold all of the same beliefs or customs as others from that background. An example is that a family may raise their children in the Jewish faith but the children may not hold this same belief themselves and may, as adults, live a life that does not uphold any of the traditional Jewish values. For example, the children might not: marry someone from the Jewish faith; celebrate Jewish festivals; speak Hebrew; follow dietary restrictions such as refraining from eating pork or shellfish.
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  • Tertiary education
    Genetically modified organisms (GMO)
    GMO How are genetically modified organisms different from non-genetically modified organism? Genetically modified organisms are animals, plants and other organisms whose genetic composition was altered using genetic recombination and modification techniques performed in a laboratory. On the other hand, non-GMO organisms are those organisms that are produced naturally and were not modified (the organic & non organic report 2017; rumiano cheese 2011 & non-gmoproject 2016). The recent acts of activist intent on destruction of research plots included plants altered by molecular as well as classical genetic techniques. Is it possible to distinguish between plants altered by classical genetics and those altered by modern techniques? If it’s possible, how is it done?  It is possible and it can be distinguished by checking the DNA of the organism. Thion et al. 2002 conducted an experiment on how to extract/purify DNA of soybeans to check if the sample was transgenic and had undergone extraction and purification. The checking can be done through the use of a microscopic technology. Meanwhile, Schreiber (2013) adds that the detection could be done through a biochemical means where the present GMO will be measured. In isolating and amplifying a piece of DNA, the technique using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is used to make millions of copies of the strands of the DNA. It is easier to see visually the altered and non-altered DNA if there are millions of copies of the DNA. What safeguards are in place to protect Americans from unsafe food? Are these methods science-based? Mention at least 2 methods. The US government safeguards the Americans from unsafe foods through the FDA or US Food and Drug Administration. Their methods are science-based, i.e. its whole genome sequencing technology and its measures in controlling microbial hazards. The whole genome sequencing technology is used by the FDA in identifying pathogens isolated from food. The FDA also safeguards foods by controlling microbial hazards through the process of elimination of growth and reduction of growth. The elimination methods are either through heating or freezing while the reduction of growth method involves the use of acidity, temperature and water activity. (Bradsher et al. 2015, pp. 85 – 86; FDA 2007; FDA 2013). Name at least 10 examples of harm to citizens from unsafe food. What percentage of these illnesses was caused by genetically modified organisms? If so, mention any example Some examples of harm to people from unsafe foods are harmful diseases extending from diarrhea to cancer caused by eating foods contaminated with viruses, bacteria, chemical substances and parasites. Around 600 million people around the world fell ill after consumption of contaminated food; diarrheal diseases cause around 125,000 death of children 0-5 years of age (WHO 2015). Based on the studies made by IRT (2011), foods from genetically modified organisms cause damage to the immune system, gastrointestinal and other organs, infertility and accelerated aging. These happen because residue or bits of materials of the GMO food can be left inside the person’s body, which eventually can cause long-term problems. Statistics show that in 9 years after the introduction of GMOs in the market, Americans who had chronic illnesses rose from 7 to 13% and other diseases such as digestive problems, autism, and reproductive disorders are rising (IRT 2011).
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  • Tertiary education
    ‘Globalisation is good’ or ‘is it not?’
    ‘Globalisation is good’ or ‘is it not?’ Globalisation is good because it opens doors of opportunities to many. It was the reason for the broad and speedy worldwide interconnectedness of the current social life – from cultural to criminal and from financial to spiritual. This is synonymous to having a borderless world but critics argue stating that globalisation has in fact disconnected the world from its national geographical divisions – the countries (Yoong & Huff 2007). Although some are discounting the benefits of globalisation to the world, I still consider globalisation to be the driving force in the global partnerships between companies that created more opportunities and jobs. The world trade may have plunged, the dollar dwindled, commodities slumped, but overall, globalisation has brought good to the peoples of the world. Globalisation through the internet has unlocked the doors to the sharing of cultures, knowledge, goods and services between peoples of all countries and the modern technologies lifted the barriers for accommodating a speedy transfer. The case of Inditex in marketing their Zara brand globally manifests that in business, one formula does not fit all. Every country has its own culture and styles and a business that is going global must do their homework well before entering the new market. Inditex’s Zara brand was a success to the Europeans but struggles in America and still trying their luck with the Chinese. But despite of these differences, the company is still considering going global because they needed new markets and they knew they will be opening bigger opportunities and jobs to more people (La Coruna 2012). Moreover, globalisation has also done well to the manufacturing sector. Statistics show that the global industrial output in 2010 registered fifty-seven times more than the production in the 1900. Also, globalisation has changed the way things are produced. The manufacturers going global take advantage of the skills and the costs of producing products in different countries. This means that the design of the product may be done in the US, manufactured in China or Taiwan then assembled in the Philippines. So every item – be it an iPad, a doll or a washing machine is collaboratively produced by the best skilled workers in the world at the lowest labor cost (The economist 2012). Consequently, since the product was a collaboration of different countries so it can be also marketed and patronized in those countries (The economist 2012). However, there are some who are openly argues that it failed to deliver the many publicized benefits to the poor. A Filipino economist, Walden Bello, coins a new term to describe the present global economic situation as caused by “deglobalisation” due to the downturn of the economies of big countries such as Singapore, Taiwan, Germany, Japan and Brazil. However, the poor countries are the ones that show faster growth than the rich countries, making globalisation still good because of the opportunities it gives to the needy. On the other hand, Dunning, et al (2007) claims that the current inclinations in the global economy reflect a more distributed rather than a geographical sharing of multi-national enterprise activity and foreign direct investments and to the carrying-out of transactions that are globally oriented. Contrary to the common beliefs, globalisation is not a new thing in the global business world. According to McMahon (2004) it existed since the late parts of the fifteenth century when a society of nations consisting of the countries in Northern Europe entered the rest of the world through exploration, trade and then conquest. This process which involves the exploitation of wealth and power by the European voyagers lead to industrialization in Britain, then mass international industrialization and eventually globalisation (McMahon 2004). Sheel (2005) adds that the interchange of technology and markets between countries have been among the first human innovations since the most primitive times. Globalisation was termed that time as “exchange” where the country’s surpluses were exchanged with other surpluses of peoples from other countries. This old system of exchange was developed, continued to grow and increased to greater heights in the modern times (Waters 2001 as cited in van Krieken, et al 2006). Robertson (2003) asserts that globalisation is inherent in people, motivated by their desire for self-interest and cooperation for survival. The author theorizes that globalisation existed due to the encouragement of interconnectedness by the social, political, economic and technological growths performing as catalysts for both local and global developments (Robertson 2003). Robertson (2003) claims that globalisation has emerged in three waves – during the 1500 to 1800 for the first wave, 18th century up to the 20th century for the second wave and the third wave is after the World War 2. However, Sheel (2008) categorizes globalisation in four phases – the 1st phase took place on the 16th century, the 2nd phase on the late 18th century, the 3rd phase during the 19th to 20th century and the fourth phase is during the end of the 20th century. According to the analysis of Robertson (2003), the first wave (1500 to 1800) saw the upsurge of colonization, invasion, imperialism, misery of the indigenous people, migration and changes in politics, economy and culture. The first wave has encouraged the creation of interconnectedness between peoples, countries and cultures, as instigated by commerce and trade. The second phase (18th to 20th century) was characterized by the start of Industrial Revolution, paving the way for industrialization and increase of income and profits especially to those who had technological skills. The trade routes created during the first wave were utilized by the manufacturers in sourcing their raw materials from other countries. However, by the end of the second wave, civil conflicts in many countries arose, same with the unfortunate events of World Wars 1 and 2 and the Great Depression. The third phase of globalisation transpired after World War 2. This was the phase when European economies were down whilst USA was enjoying a flourishing economy with tough industrial foundation and strong military. The latter part of the third phase (during the middle of the 20th century), the growth of globalisation was challenged by the emergence of communist ideology and the military force of Soviet Union. This challenge resulted to cold war between USA and Soviet Union where Soviet Union collapsed in 1989 (Robertson 2003). In addition to Robertson’s analysis, Sheel (2005) adds that there exists a fourth phase of globalisation that happened during the end of the 20th century where countries the developing and developed countries merged as partners in cross border trade and investments, stimulating the convergence of India and China. However, issues about globalisation’s worthiness have surfaced, some critics consisting of anti-globalisation groups argue that globalisation in corporate organisations have increased povery and inequality (Engler 2007). A study was made by World Value Survey regarding globalisation and 57% of the survey respondents consider globalisation as good. Most of the approving respondents were optimistic that globalisation would encourage the improvement of the workers’ working conditions, economic equality, global peace, global stability and human rights (Leiserowitz, et al 2006). But still, anti-globalisation groups insist that poverty, homelessness and environmental destruction will be highlighted if globalisation continues as it only centers on increasing trade and investment but ignores environmental protections and human rights (Engler 2007). But Edwards & Usher (2008) comment that the argument of the anti-globalisation groups are only superficial because despite their protests against globalisation they still engage in globalisation practices such the use of computers, internets and mobiles in their dissemination of their opposition. This manifests that these protesters are only selective in their opposition. They are not against the good effects of globalisation in communication but only on the aspect of capitalism. The inequality of wealth and poverty is one of the issues that plagued globalisation where critics claim that it makes the poor countries poorer and the rich countries richer as they exploit and amass the wealth of the minority country. But Holmes, et al (2007) reason that there is really a big difference on the distribution of benefits as the developed country provides the money or the capital whilst the developing country (minority) offers its resources and labor. This set-up ends-up with the developed country that provided the financial capitalization getting the bigger share of the profit. However, one aspect of globalisation that really brought good benefits to the people is the technological globalisation. Dahlman (2007) describes technological globalisation as the development of knowledge and skills through research by capable engineers and scientists and offering them to countries that have no inventive capability. The acquisition of these inventions by other countries enables them of acquiring technological transfer. Technologies can be transferred through technical assistance, direct foreign investment, importation of goods and components of products, licensing, copying and reverse engineering (Dahlman 2007). The advancement of communication technology through networking has opened more opportunities and economic growth. In addition, the video of Johan Norberg entitled “Globalisation is good – the case of Taiwan” illustrates the importance of globalisation in uplifting the poor conditions of poor countries. The video presented two former poor countries – Taiwan and Kenya – and compare and contrast what have they become 50 years after. Taiwan became 20 times progressive than Kenya whilst Kenya remained a poor country. Norberg explains that the reason for this difference is the globalisation that Taiwan embraced 50 years ago. Taiwan allowed capitalists to invest in their country whilst they provide the resources and labor. Moreover, Taiwan allowed the integration of their economy to the global trade whilst Kenya continued to shun globalisation. The video also presented the value of the multinational companies like Nike that employs the labor force of Vietnam in their sweatshop. Instead of being exploited, the Vietnamese were given good working conditions, high salaries and more benefits. Contrary of the claim of anti-globalisation groups that multinational investors will only exploit local workers, Vietnamese workers were given the opportunity to rise from their poverty through the works provided for them by globalisation. Conclusion: Contrary to what most people believe, globalisation has been in existence since time immemorial through surplus “exchange” and though the people were not yet privy to the term, they were already using the method of globalisation in their interconnection with other people’s business and lives. Now that the term globalisation is out in the open, people all around the world become mindful of each other’s affairs and consequences, disapproving how the system of globalisation makes the rich countries richer and the poor countries poorer. But as Norberg (2012) has seen it, globalisation is good as it intends to improve productivity and working condition. Though critics argue that it only exploits and amass the wealth of the poor country, Norberg was right when he said that if it is exploitation, then the world’s problem is by not exploiting the poor properly. The case of Taiwan and Kenya is already an eye-opener to those who still shut the door to globalisation. There may be ups and downs in the world of business but it cannot be blamed everything to globalisation because globalisation is only a method of interaction and not the one that is making the business or the deal. Globalisation through the internet has opened the doors to the sharing of cultures, knowledge, goods and services between peoples of all countries and the modern technologies lifted the barriers for accommodating a speedy transfer. The case of Inditex in marketing their Zara brand globally manifests that in business, one formula does not fit all. Every country has its own culture and styles and a business that is going global must be well prepared before entering the new market. Inditex’s Zara brand was a success to the Europeans but struggles in America and still trying their luck with the Chinese. But despite of these differences, the company is still considering going global because they needed new markets and they knew they will be opening bigger opportunities and jobs to more people. This proves that globalization brings good to many but one must know how to diversify and take advantage of the various benefits of globalization to reach greater success in the future.
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  • Admission
    George Washington University: International Business
    George Washington University: International Business Essay Prompt 1: At George Washington University, our students frequently interact with policymakers and world leaders. These experiences and those of our alumni can shape the future of global affairs. If you had the power to change the course of history in your community or the world, what would you do and why? When BBC confirmed the process towards the Korea reunification through their breaking news in 2018, I was among those who overjoyed. And who would not? Anderson Cooper confirmed that South and North Korea were going to sign a reunification agreement that day, an indication that all the years of tension and conflict between the two Koreas would be finally put behind. Finally, the Korean Peninsula would soon be a hub of peace. As a Korean, my desire to the reunification and the promotion of peace throughout the world has led me to dream to become the South Korean Secretary of Foreign Affairs someday so I can smooth out all the problems and hindrances towards the realization of the unification. However, not everyone was in favor of the reunification; and mostly, the younger South Koreans disagree with the idea as they were afraid of the consequences such as the cost that the South Koreans would have to shoulder and the political arrangement that the two leaders would have to arrange. But if I had the power to change the course of history, I would accelerate all the process while all the current political leaders involved in the reunification, namely, President Trump and the two leaders of South and North Koreas are talking and determined to realize the unification. I will use the media and the citizens of the two Koreas in expediting the process and in telling the whole world that they are brothers and should remain as one.
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  • Tertiary education
    Explicit Teaching
    Explicit Teaching Introduction Not all students are equal. Some are fast learners; others need assistance while others are unruly – not because they are doing it intentionally, but because they are suffering from learning disabilities causing hyperactivity, inattention and impulsiveness. Some adjustments are needed in the learning environment and these adjustments should be tailored based on the individual learning needs of the students. Explicit teaching provides active communication and interaction between the student and the teacher and it involves direct explanation, modeling and guided practice (Rupley & Blair 2009). This paper will demonstrate Explicit Teaching applied to a class scenario with students suffering from a learning disability known as Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity. Furthermore, a lesson will be developed featuring an example of an explicit teaching approach showing how to differentiate the lesson to meet the needs of every student, with or without learning disability before finally concluding. 2A: ET Creating a Scenario One of the learning disabilities encountered is AD/HD or Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, a neurological disorder that is likely instigated by biological factors that impact chemical messages (neurotransmitters) in some specific parts of the brain. In this type of learning disability, the parts of the brain that control reflective thought and the restriction of ill-considered behavior are affected by the slight imbalances in the neurotransmitters (ADCET 2014). AD/HD is characterized by hyperactivity, inattention and impulsiveness. Students with ADHD are those who never seem to listen, cannot sit still, do not follow instruction no matter how clear the instructions are presented to them, or those who just interrupt others and blurt-out improper comments at improper times. Moreover, these students are oftentimes branded as undisciplined, troublemakers or lazy (NHS 2008). In managing students with AD/HD, some adjustments in the learning environment are needed and these adjustments should be tailored based on the individual needs of the student. It should be noted that persons with AD/HD have different manifestations and the nature of disability as well as its effect on the student’s learning also vary (ADCET 2014). Direct instruction is considered as one of the best approaches in teaching students with AD/HD, but it must be used skilfully and the teacher should think of strategies to prevent it from becoming boring. Killen (2003) states that in using direct instruction, the teacher should emphasise teaching in small steps so the student will be able to practice every step and their practice will be guided to come-up with high level of success. In teaching a student with AD/HD, creative presentation of course material is advisable and this could be done through the use of visual aids and hands-on experience to stimulate the student’s senses. The teacher may use personal stories such as the student’s ideas and experiences (Killen (2003). It will also help if the teacher encourages the student with AD/HD to sit in front or near in front of the classroom to limit distractions (Tait 2010). Telling the student of what the teacher wants him to learn or be able to do – such as reading, writing, etc. - will help in the student’s better understanding of the lesson. In presenting the lesson, the teacher should present the lesson at a pace that the student can handle, such as not too slow or too fast. Important points should be emphasised so the student will realise its significance. To check if the student understands the lesson, the teacher may ask questions and if the student cannot answer, the teacher should re-explain everything that the student gets confused with. New words or new terms should be explained through examples. Assigning colors to different objects is a good visual aid in processing visual information. To help the student with AD/HD process written material, the teacher may use various verbal descriptions as possible. A list of acronyms and terms will also help, as well as a variety of teaching formats like films, flow charts or handouts. At the end of the lesson, a summary should be given, stressing the important points of the lesson. 2B: ET Lesson PlanKey Learning Area: Math Stage: 7 Year level: Year 7 Unit/Topic: Algebra Learner Outcomes: This lesson focuses in essential algebraic topics intended to prepare students for the study of Algebra and its applications. Students are introduced to topics involving mathematical operations with whole numbers, decimals and integers. Upon completion of this lesson, students are expected to answer and use mathematical language to show understanding; use reasoning to identify mathematical relationships; and continue and be familiar with repeating patterns. Indicators: At the end of the lesson, students are able to recognise what comes next in repeating patterns, identify patterns used in familiar activities, recognise an error in a pattern, able to simplify algebraic fractions, factorise quadratic expressions and operate with algebraic expressions. Resources: Whiteboard, colored visual aids, workbooks and class notes where the procedures are listed. Prior Knowledge: Students possess basic math knowledge (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division). They also have basic understanding of the terms such as whole numbers, positive, negative, decimals and integers. Assessment Strategies: To assess the students’ learning, students will be asked to do mathematical operations. Their answers will be checked, marked and recorded; and those who are unable to answer correctly will be asked what is it that they are getting confused. For students with learning disability, their computations will be checked and evaluated. Comments will be recorded in a record book regarding the student’s performance.
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  • Tertiary education
    Ethical Promotion Paper (Nursing)
    Ethical Promotion Paper In today’s globalization, the use of electronic health record significantly helps in sharing patient’s information to other healthcare providers across health organizations for patient’s better access to health care, decrease of costs and improvement of the quality of care (Ozair et al. 2015). However, the increasing use of electronic health record of patients over paper records sometimes generates ethical issues that should be given attention. Nurses are bound to follow the Code of Ethics and sharing of patient information, even digitally, should be done within the right conduct. This paper will discuss the article written by Ozair, Jamshed, Sharma & Aggrawal (2015) entitled, “Ethical issues in electronic health records: a general overview”, which was published in Perspectives in Clinical Research. My thoughts on the role that health care professionals should play in resolving the said ethical issue will also be discussed, as well as the specific theory that will support my position. Article’s Summary Ozair et al. (2015) aimed to explore the ethical issues created in the use of electronic health record (EHR), as well as to discuss its possible solutions. Although the use of digital health record could improve the patient’s quality of healthcare and decrease cost, transferring or sharing information through digital technology poses hazards that could lead to security breaches and endanger safety of information. When the patient’s information or health data are shared to others without the patient’s consent, then their autonomy is put at risk. Electronic health record contains the patient’s health data including his/her medical diagnoses, history, immunization dates, treatment plans and laboratory results. Every person has the right to privacy and confidentiality and his information can only be shared if he permits it or dictated by law. If the information was shared because of clinical interaction, then that information should be treated as confidential and be protected. The confidentiality of information can be protected by allowing only the authorized personnel to have access. Thus, the users are identified and assigned with passwords and usernames. However, these may not be enough to protect the confidentiality of the patient’s information and stronger policies on security and privacy are needed to secure the information. According to a survey, around 73% of doctors communicate with other doctors through text about work and when mobile devices get lost or stolen, the confidentiality of the information about patients are put at stake. Hence, security measures such as intrusion detection software, antivirus software and firewalls should be used to protect the integrity of data and maintain patient’s confidentiality and privacy. When patient data is transferred, there is a possibility of the data getting lost or destructed especially when errors are made during the “cut and paste” process. The integrity of data may also be compromised when the physician uses drop down menu and his/her choices become limited due to the choices available in the menu, causing him/her to select the wrong choice, thus, leading to huge errors. However, the authors claim that these ethical issues can be resolved through the creation of an effective EHR system, involving clinicians, educators, information technologies and consultants in the development and implementation of the ERH system. My Thoughts on the role of health care professionals The role of health care professionals is vital in ensuring that the right of patients to privacy and confidentiality are observed even in the use of electronic health record (EHR). Patient’s human rights in care include their rights to confidentiality and privacy (Cohen & Ezer 2013). To ensure that there will be no ethical issues created in the use of EHR, health care professionals should be properly informed about the importance of the system, as well as the ethical issues that could arise if the rights of the patient are not properly observed. Hence, it is vital that the knowledge of the health care professionals regarding the right implementation of EHR starts from their education curriculum, as well as in their continuous training and nurses’ participation in the workflow of EHR (Koolaee, Safdan & Bouraghi 2015). Computer literacy is a must for health care professionals to ensure that the sharing of health data information are not lost or destructed during the process and medical errors are not committed. Conclusion The use of electronic health record improves and increases efficiency in patient care, as well as patients’ access to care across health organizations. However, health care professionals should never ignore the rights of patients to their privacy and confidentiality so they should be properly informed if ever there is a need for their health data information to be shared to others to avoid ethical issues. List of References Cohen J. & Ezer T. (2013). ‘Human rights in patient care: a theoretical and practical
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